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add_missing_from off \N Version and Platform Compatibility / Previous PostgreSQL Versions Automatically adds missing table references to FROM clauses. \N user bool \N \N \N off
allow_system_table_mods off \N Developer Options Allows modifications of the structure of system tables. \N postmaster bool \N \N \N off
archive_command (disabled) \N Write-Ahead Log / Settings Sets the shell command that will be called to archive a WAL file. \N sighup string \N \N \N
archive_mode off \N Write-Ahead Log / Settings Allows archiving of WAL files using archive_command. \N postmaster bool \N \N \N off
archive_timeout 0 s Write-Ahead Log / Settings Forces a switch to the next xlog file if a new file has not been started within N seconds. \N sighup integer 0 2147483647 \N 0
array_nulls on \N Version and Platform Compatibility / Previous PostgreSQL Versions Enable input of NULL elements in arrays. When turned on, unquoted NULL in an array input value means a null value; otherwise it is taken literally. user bool \N \N \N on
authentication_timeout 60 s Connections and Authentication / Security and Authentication Sets the maximum allowed time to complete client authentication. \N sighup integer 1 600 \N 60
autovacuum on \N Autovacuum Starts the autovacuum subprocess. \N sighup bool \N \N \N on
autovacuum_analyze_scale_factor 0.1 \N Autovacuum Number of tuple inserts, updates or deletes prior to analyze as a fraction of reltuples. \N sighup real 0 100 \N 0.1
autovacuum_analyze_threshold 50 Autovacuum Minimum number of tuple inserts, updates or deletes prior to analyze. \N sighup integer 0 2147483647 \N 50
autovacuum_freeze_max_age 200000000 Autovacuum Age at which to autovacuum a table to prevent transaction ID wraparound. \N postmaster integer 100000000 2000000000 \N 200000000
autovacuum_max_workers 3 Autovacuum Sets the maximum number of simultaneously running autovacuum worker processes. \N postmaster integer 1 536870911 \N 3
autovacuum_naptime 60 s Autovacuum Time to sleep between autovacuum runs. \N sighup integer 1 2147483 \N 60
autovacuum_vacuum_cost_delay 20 ms Autovacuum Vacuum cost delay in milliseconds, for autovacuum. \N sighup integer -1 1000 \N 20
autovacuum_vacuum_cost_limit -1 Autovacuum Vacuum cost amount available before napping, for autovacuum. \N sighup integer -1 10000 \N -1
autovacuum_vacuum_scale_factor 0.2 \N Autovacuum Number of tuple updates or deletes prior to vacuum as a fraction of reltuples. \N sighup real 0 100 \N 0.2
autovacuum_vacuum_threshold 50 Autovacuum Minimum number of tuple updates or deletes prior to vacuum. \N sighup integer 0 2147483647 \N 50
backslash_quote safe_encoding \N Version and Platform Compatibility / Previous PostgreSQL Versions Sets whether "\\'" is allowed in string literals. \N user enum \N \N {safe_encoding,on,off} safe_encoding
bgwriter_delay 200 ms Resource Usage Background writer sleep time between rounds. \N sighup integer 10 10000 \N 200
bgwriter_lru_maxpages 100 Resource Usage Background writer maximum number of LRU pages to flush per round. \N sighup integer 0 1000 \N 100
bgwriter_lru_multiplier 2 \N Resource Usage Multiple of the average buffer usage to free per round. \N sighup real 0 10 \N 2
block_size 8192 Preset Options Shows the size of a disk block. \N internal integer 8192 8192 \N 8192
bonjour_name \N Connections and Authentication / Connection Settings Sets the Bonjour broadcast service name. \N postmaster string \N \N \N
check_function_bodies on \N Client Connection Defaults / Statement Behavior Check function bodies during CREATE FUNCTION. \N user bool \N \N \N on
checkpoint_completion_target 0.5 \N Write-Ahead Log / Checkpoints Time spent flushing dirty buffers during checkpoint, as fraction of checkpoint interval. \N sighup real 0 1 \N 0.5
checkpoint_segments 3 Write-Ahead Log / Checkpoints Sets the maximum distance in log segments between automatic WAL checkpoints. \N sighup integer 1 2147483647 \N 3
checkpoint_timeout 300 s Write-Ahead Log / Checkpoints Sets the maximum time between automatic WAL checkpoints. \N sighup integer 30 3600 \N 300
checkpoint_warning 30 s Write-Ahead Log / Checkpoints Enables warnings if checkpoint segments are filled more frequently than this. Write a message to the server log if checkpoints caused by the filling of checkpoint segment files happens more frequently than this number of seconds. Zero turns off the warning. sighup integer 0 2147483647 \N 30
client_encoding UTF8 \N Client Connection Defaults / Locale and Formatting Sets the client's character set encoding. \N user string \N \N \N SQL_ASCII
client_min_messages notice \N Reporting and Logging / When to Log Sets the message levels that are sent to the client. Each level includes all the levels that follow it. The later the level, the fewer messages are sent. user enum \N \N {debug5,debug4,debug3,debug2,debug1,log,notice,warning,error} notice
commit_delay 0 Write-Ahead Log / Settings Sets the delay in microseconds between transaction commit and flushing WAL to disk. \N user integer 0 100000 \N 0
commit_siblings 5 Write-Ahead Log / Settings Sets the minimum concurrent open transactions before performing commit_delay. \N user integer 1 1000 \N 5
constraint_exclusion off \N Query Tuning / Other Planner Options Enables the planner to use constraints to optimize queries. Child table scans will be skipped if their constraints guarantee that no rows match the query. user bool \N \N \N off
cpu_index_tuple_cost 0.005 \N Query Tuning / Planner Cost Constants Sets the planner's estimate of the cost of processing each index entry during an index scan. \N user real 0 1.79769e+308 \N 0.005
cpu_operator_cost 0.0025 \N Query Tuning / Planner Cost Constants Sets the planner's estimate of the cost of processing each operator or function call. \N user real 0 1.79769e+308 \N 0.0025
cpu_tuple_cost 0.01 \N Query Tuning / Planner Cost Constants Sets the planner's estimate of the cost of processing each tuple (row). \N user real 0 1.79769e+308 \N 0.01
cursor_tuple_fraction 0.1 \N Query Tuning / Other Planner Options Sets the planner's estimate of the fraction of a cursor's rows that will be retrieved. \N user real 0 1 \N 0.1
custom_variable_classes \N Customized Options Sets the list of known custom variable classes. \N sighup string \N \N \N \N
DateStyle ISO, MDY \N Client Connection Defaults / Locale and Formatting Sets the display format for date and time values. Also controls interpretation of ambiguous date inputs. user string \N \N \N ISO, MDY
db_user_namespace off \N Connections and Authentication / Security and Authentication Enables per-database user names. \N sighup bool \N \N \N off
deadlock_timeout 1000 ms Lock Management Sets the time to wait on a lock before checking for deadlock. \N sighup integer 1 2147483 \N 1000
debug_assertions on \N Developer Options Turns on various assertion checks. This is a debugging aid. user bool \N \N \N on
debug_pretty_print on \N Reporting and Logging / What to Log Indents parse and plan tree displays. \N user bool \N \N \N on
debug_print_parse off \N Reporting and Logging / What to Log Logs each query's parse tree. \N user bool \N \N \N off
debug_print_plan off \N Reporting and Logging / What to Log Logs each query's execution plan. \N user bool \N \N \N off
debug_print_rewritten off \N Reporting and Logging / What to Log Logs each query's rewritten parse tree. \N user bool \N \N \N off
default_statistics_target 10 Query Tuning / Other Planner Options Sets the default statistics target. This applies to table columns that have not had a column-specific target set via ALTER TABLE SET STATISTICS. user integer 1 1000 \N 10
default_tablespace \N Client Connection Defaults / Statement Behavior Sets the default tablespace to create tables and indexes in. An empty string selects the database's default tablespace. user string \N \N \N
default_text_search_config pg_catalog.english \N Client Connection Defaults / Locale and Formatting Sets default text search configuration. \N user string \N \N \N pg_catalog.simple
default_transaction_isolation read committed \N Client Connection Defaults / Statement Behavior Sets the transaction isolation level of each new transaction. \N user enum \N \N {serializable,"repeatable read","read committed","read uncommitted"} read committed
default_transaction_read_only off \N Client Connection Defaults / Statement Behavior Sets the default read-only status of new transactions. \N user bool \N \N \N off
default_with_oids off \N Version and Platform Compatibility / Previous PostgreSQL Versions Create new tables with OIDs by default. \N user bool \N \N \N off
dynamic_library_path $libdir \N Client Connection Defaults / Other Defaults Sets the path for dynamically loadable modules. If a dynamically loadable module needs to be opened and the specified name does not have a directory component (i.e., the name does not contain a slash), the system will search this path for the specified file. superuser string \N \N \N $libdir
effective_cache_size 16384 8kB Query Tuning / Planner Cost Constants Sets the planner's assumption about the size of the disk cache. That is, the portion of the kernel's disk cache that will be used for PostgreSQL data files. This is measured in disk pages, which are normally 8 kB each. user integer 1 2147483647 \N 16384
enable_bitmapscan on \N Query Tuning / Planner Method Configuration Enables the planner's use of bitmap-scan plans. \N user bool \N \N \N on
enable_hashagg on \N Query Tuning / Planner Method Configuration Enables the planner's use of hashed aggregation plans. \N user bool \N \N \N on
enable_hashjoin on \N Query Tuning / Planner Method Configuration Enables the planner's use of hash join plans. \N user bool \N \N \N on
enable_indexscan on \N Query Tuning / Planner Method Configuration Enables the planner's use of index-scan plans. \N user bool \N \N \N on
enable_mergejoin on \N Query Tuning / Planner Method Configuration Enables the planner's use of merge join plans. \N user bool \N \N \N on
enable_nestloop on \N Query Tuning / Planner Method Configuration Enables the planner's use of nested-loop join plans. \N user bool \N \N \N on
enable_seqscan on \N Query Tuning / Planner Method Configuration Enables the planner's use of sequential-scan plans. \N user bool \N \N \N on
enable_sort on \N Query Tuning / Planner Method Configuration Enables the planner's use of explicit sort steps. \N user bool \N \N \N on
enable_tidscan on \N Query Tuning / Planner Method Configuration Enables the planner's use of TID scan plans. \N user bool \N \N \N on
escape_string_warning on \N Version and Platform Compatibility / Previous PostgreSQL Versions Warn about backslash escapes in ordinary string literals. \N user bool \N \N \N on
external_pid_file \N File Locations Writes the postmaster PID to the specified file. \N postmaster string \N \N \N \N
extra_float_digits 0 Client Connection Defaults / Locale and Formatting Sets the number of digits displayed for floating-point values. This affects real, double precision, and geometric data types. The parameter value is added to the standard number of digits (FLT_DIG or DBL_DIG as appropriate). user integer -15 2 \N 0
from_collapse_limit 8 Query Tuning / Other Planner Options Sets the FROM-list size beyond which subqueries are not collapsed. The planner will merge subqueries into upper queries if the resulting FROM list would have no more than this many items. user integer 1 2147483647 \N 8
fsync on \N Write-Ahead Log / Settings Forces synchronization of updates to disk. The server will use the fsync() system call in several places to make sure that updates are physically written to disk. This insures that a database cluster will recover to a consistent state after an operating system or hardware crash. sighup bool \N \N \N on
full_page_writes on \N Write-Ahead Log / Settings Writes full pages to WAL when first modified after a checkpoint. A page write in process during an operating system crash might be only partially written to disk. During recovery, the row changes stored in WAL are not enough to recover. This option writes pages when first modified after a checkpoint to WAL so full recovery is possible. sighup bool \N \N \N on
geqo on \N Query Tuning / Genetic Query Optimizer Enables genetic query optimization. This algorithm attempts to do planning without exhaustive searching. user bool \N \N \N on
geqo_effort 5 Query Tuning / Genetic Query Optimizer GEQO: effort is used to set the default for other GEQO parameters. \N user integer 1 10 \N 5
geqo_generations 0 Query Tuning / Genetic Query Optimizer GEQO: number of iterations of the algorithm. Zero selects a suitable default value. user integer 0 2147483647 \N 0
geqo_pool_size 0 Query Tuning / Genetic Query Optimizer GEQO: number of individuals in the population. Zero selects a suitable default value. user integer 0 2147483647 \N 0
geqo_selection_bias 2 \N Query Tuning / Genetic Query Optimizer GEQO: selective pressure within the population. \N user real 1.5 2 \N 2
geqo_threshold 12 Query Tuning / Genetic Query Optimizer Sets the threshold of FROM items beyond which GEQO is used. \N user integer 2 2147483647 \N 12
gin_fuzzy_search_limit 0 Client Connection Defaults / Other Defaults Sets the maximum allowed result for exact search by GIN. \N user integer 0 2147483647 \N 0
ignore_system_indexes off \N Developer Options Disables reading from system indexes. It does not prevent updating the indexes, so it is safe to use. The worst consequence is slowness. backend bool \N \N \N off
integer_datetimes on \N Preset Options Datetimes are integer based. \N internal bool \N \N \N on
IntervalStyle postgres \N Client Connection Defaults / Locale and Formatting Sets the display format for interval values. \N user enum \N \N {postgres,postgres_verbose,sql_standard,iso_8601} postgres
join_collapse_limit 8 Query Tuning / Other Planner Options Sets the FROM-list size beyond which JOIN constructs are not flattened. The planner will flatten explicit JOIN constructs into lists of FROM items whenever a list of no more than this many items would result. user integer 1 2147483647 \N 8
krb_caseins_users off \N Connections and Authentication / Security and Authentication Sets whether Kerberos and GSSAPI user names should be treated as case-insensitive. \N postmaster bool \N \N \N off
krb_realm \N Connections and Authentication / Security and Authentication Sets realm to match Kerberos and GSSAPI users against. \N postmaster string \N \N \N \N
krb_server_hostname \N Connections and Authentication / Security and Authentication Sets the hostname of the Kerberos server. \N postmaster string \N \N \N \N
krb_server_keyfile \N Connections and Authentication / Security and Authentication Sets the location of the Kerberos server key file. \N postmaster string \N \N \N
krb_srvname postgres \N Connections and Authentication / Security and Authentication Sets the name of the Kerberos service. \N postmaster string \N \N \N postgres
lc_messages en_US.UTF-8 \N Client Connection Defaults / Locale and Formatting Sets the language in which messages are displayed. \N superuser string \N \N \N
lc_monetary en_US.UTF-8 \N Client Connection Defaults / Locale and Formatting Sets the locale for formatting monetary amounts. \N user string \N \N \N C
lc_numeric en_US.UTF-8 \N Client Connection Defaults / Locale and Formatting Sets the locale for formatting numbers. \N user string \N \N \N C
lc_time en_US.UTF-8 \N Client Connection Defaults / Locale and Formatting Sets the locale for formatting date and time values. \N user string \N \N \N C
listen_addresses localhost \N Connections and Authentication / Connection Settings Sets the host name or IP address(es) to listen to. \N postmaster string \N \N \N localhost
local_preload_libraries \N Client Connection Defaults / Other Defaults Lists shared libraries to preload into each backend. \N backend string \N \N \N
log_autovacuum_min_duration -1 ms Reporting and Logging / What to Log Sets the minimum execution time above which autovacuum actions will be logged. Zero prints all actions. -1 turns autovacuum logging off. sighup integer -1 2147483 \N -1
log_checkpoints off \N Reporting and Logging / What to Log Logs each checkpoint. \N sighup bool \N \N \N off
log_connections off \N Reporting and Logging / What to Log Logs each successful connection. \N backend bool \N \N \N off
log_destination stderr \N Reporting and Logging / Where to Log Sets the destination for server log output. Valid values are combinations of "stderr", "syslog", "csvlog", and "eventlog", depending on the platform. sighup string \N \N \N stderr
log_directory pg_log \N Reporting and Logging / Where to Log Sets the destination directory for log files. Can be specified as relative to the data directory or as absolute path. sighup string \N \N \N pg_log
log_disconnections off \N Reporting and Logging / What to Log Logs end of a session, including duration. \N backend bool \N \N \N off
log_duration off \N Reporting and Logging / What to Log Logs the duration of each completed SQL statement. \N superuser bool \N \N \N off
log_error_verbosity default \N Reporting and Logging / When to Log Sets the verbosity of logged messages. \N superuser enum \N \N {terse,default,verbose} default
log_executor_stats off \N Statistics / Monitoring Writes executor performance statistics to the server log. \N superuser bool \N \N \N off
log_filename postgresql-%Y-%m-%d_%H%M%S.log \N Reporting and Logging / Where to Log Sets the file name pattern for log files. \N sighup string \N \N \N postgresql-%Y-%m-%d_%H%M%S.log
log_hostname off \N Reporting and Logging / What to Log Logs the host name in the connection logs. By default, connection logs only show the IP address of the connecting host. If you want them to show the host name you can turn this on, but depending on your host name resolution setup it might impose a non-negligible performance penalty. sighup bool \N \N \N off
log_line_prefix \N Reporting and Logging / What to Log Controls information prefixed to each log line. If blank, no prefix is used. sighup string \N \N \N
log_lock_waits off \N Reporting and Logging / What to Log Logs long lock waits. \N superuser bool \N \N \N off
log_min_duration_statement -1 ms Reporting and Logging / When to Log Sets the minimum execution time above which statements will be logged. Zero prints all queries. -1 turns this feature off. superuser integer -1 2147483 \N -1
log_min_error_statement error \N Reporting and Logging / When to Log Causes all statements generating error at or above this level to be logged. Each level includes all the levels that follow it. The later the level, the fewer messages are sent. superuser enum \N \N {debug5,debug4,debug3,debug2,debug1,info,notice,warning,error,log,fatal,panic} error
log_min_messages warning \N Reporting and Logging / When to Log Sets the message levels that are logged. Each level includes all the levels that follow it. The later the level, the fewer messages are sent. superuser enum \N \N {debug5,debug4,debug3,debug2,debug1,info,notice,warning,error,log,fatal,panic} warning
log_parser_stats off \N Statistics / Monitoring Writes parser performance statistics to the server log. \N superuser bool \N \N \N off
log_planner_stats off \N Statistics / Monitoring Writes planner performance statistics to the server log. \N superuser bool \N \N \N off
log_rotation_age 1440 min Reporting and Logging / Where to Log Automatic log file rotation will occur after N minutes. \N sighup integer 0 35791394 \N 1440
log_rotation_size 10240 kB Reporting and Logging / Where to Log Automatic log file rotation will occur after N kilobytes. \N sighup integer 0 2097151 \N 10240
log_statement none \N Reporting and Logging / What to Log Sets the type of statements logged. \N superuser enum \N \N {none,ddl,mod,all} none
log_statement_stats off \N Statistics / Monitoring Writes cumulative performance statistics to the server log. \N superuser bool \N \N \N off
log_temp_files -1 kB Reporting and Logging / What to Log Log the use of temporary files larger than this number of kilobytes. Zero logs all files. The default is -1 (turning this feature off). superuser integer -1 2147483647 \N -1
log_timezone US/Eastern \N Reporting and Logging / What to Log Sets the time zone to use in log messages. \N sighup string \N \N \N UNKNOWN
log_truncate_on_rotation off \N Reporting and Logging / Where to Log Truncate existing log files of same name during log rotation. \N sighup bool \N \N \N off
logging_collector off \N Reporting and Logging / Where to Log Start a subprocess to capture stderr output and/or csvlogs into log files. \N postmaster bool \N \N \N off
maintenance_work_mem 16384 kB Resource Usage / Memory Sets the maximum memory to be used for maintenance operations. This includes operations such as VACUUM and CREATE INDEX. user integer 1024 2147483647 \N 16384
max_connections 100 Connections and Authentication / Connection Settings Sets the maximum number of concurrent connections. \N postmaster integer 1 536870911 \N 100
max_files_per_process 1000 Resource Usage / Kernel Resources Sets the maximum number of simultaneously open files for each server process. \N postmaster integer 25 2147483647 \N 1000
max_function_args 100 Preset Options Shows the maximum number of function arguments. \N internal integer 100 100 \N 100
max_identifier_length 63 Preset Options Shows the maximum identifier length. \N internal integer 63 63 \N 63
max_index_keys 32 Preset Options Shows the maximum number of index keys. \N internal integer 32 32 \N 32
max_locks_per_transaction 64 Lock Management Sets the maximum number of locks per transaction. The shared lock table is sized on the assumption that at most max_locks_per_transaction * max_connections distinct objects will need to be locked at any one time. postmaster integer 10 2147483647 \N 64
max_prepared_transactions 5 Resource Usage Sets the maximum number of simultaneously prepared transactions. \N postmaster integer 0 2147483647 \N 5
max_stack_depth 2048 kB Resource Usage / Memory Sets the maximum stack depth, in kilobytes. \N superuser integer 100 2147483647 \N 100
password_encryption on \N Connections and Authentication / Security and Authentication Encrypt passwords. When a password is specified in CREATE USER or ALTER USER without writing either ENCRYPTED or UNENCRYPTED, this parameter determines whether the password is to be encrypted. user bool \N \N \N on
port 5432 Connections and Authentication / Connection Settings Sets the TCP port the server listens on. \N postmaster integer 1 65535 \N 5432
post_auth_delay 0 s Developer Options Waits N seconds on connection startup after authentication. This allows attaching a debugger to the process. backend integer 0 2147483647 \N 0
pre_auth_delay 0 s Developer Options Waits N seconds on connection startup before authentication. This allows attaching a debugger to the process. sighup integer 0 60 \N 0
random_page_cost 4 \N Query Tuning / Planner Cost Constants Sets the planner's estimate of the cost of a nonsequentially fetched disk page. \N user real 0 1.79769e+308 \N 4
regex_flavor advanced \N Version and Platform Compatibility / Previous PostgreSQL Versions Sets the regular expression "flavor". \N user enum \N \N {advanced,extended,basic} advanced
search_path "$user",public \N Client Connection Defaults / Statement Behavior Sets the schema search order for names that are not schema-qualified. \N user string \N \N \N "$user",public
segment_size 131072 8kB Preset Options Shows the number of pages per disk file. \N internal integer 131072 131072 \N 131072
seq_page_cost 1 \N Query Tuning / Planner Cost Constants Sets the planner's estimate of the cost of a sequentially fetched disk page. \N user real 0 1.79769e+308 \N 1
server_version 8.4devel \N Preset Options Shows the server version. \N internal string \N \N \N 8.4devel
server_version_num 80400 Preset Options Shows the server version as an integer. \N internal integer 80400 80400 \N 80400
session_replication_role origin \N Client Connection Defaults / Statement Behavior Sets the session's behavior for triggers and rewrite rules. \N superuser enum \N \N {origin,replica,local} origin
shared_buffers 4096 8kB Resource Usage / Memory Sets the number of shared memory buffers used by the server. \N postmaster integer 16 1073741823 \N 1024
shared_preload_libraries \N Resource Usage / Kernel Resources Lists shared libraries to preload into server. \N postmaster string \N \N \N
silent_mode off \N Reporting and Logging / When to Log Runs the server silently. If this parameter is set, the server will automatically run in the background and any controlling terminals are dissociated. postmaster bool \N \N \N off
sql_inheritance on \N Version and Platform Compatibility / Previous PostgreSQL Versions Causes subtables to be included by default in various commands. \N user bool \N \N \N on
ssl off \N Connections and Authentication / Security and Authentication Enables SSL connections. \N postmaster bool \N \N \N off
standard_conforming_strings off \N Version and Platform Compatibility / Previous PostgreSQL Versions Causes '...' strings to treat backslashes literally. \N user bool \N \N \N off
statement_timeout 0 ms Client Connection Defaults / Statement Behavior Sets the maximum allowed duration of any statement. A value of 0 turns off the timeout. user integer 0 2147483647 \N 0
stats_temp_directory pg_stat_tmp \N Statistics / Query and Index Statistics Collector Writes temporary statistics files to the specified directory. \N sighup string \N \N \N pg_stat_tmp
superuser_reserved_connections 3 Connections and Authentication / Connection Settings Sets the number of connection slots reserved for superusers. \N postmaster integer 0 536870911 \N 3
synchronize_seqscans on \N Version and Platform Compatibility / Previous PostgreSQL Versions Enable synchronized sequential scans. \N user bool \N \N \N on
synchronous_commit on \N Write-Ahead Log / Settings Sets immediate fsync at commit. \N user bool \N \N \N on
syslog_facility local0 \N Reporting and Logging / Where to Log Sets the syslog "facility" to be used when syslog enabled. \N sighup enum \N \N {local0,local1,local2,local3,local4,local5,local6,local7} local0
syslog_ident postgres \N Reporting and Logging / Where to Log Sets the program name used to identify PostgreSQL messages in syslog. \N sighup string \N \N \N postgres
tcp_keepalives_count 0 Client Connection Defaults / Other Defaults Maximum number of TCP keepalive retransmits. This controls the number of consecutive keepalive retransmits that can be lost before a connection is considered dead. A value of 0 uses the system default. user integer 0 2147483647 \N 0
tcp_keepalives_idle 0 s Client Connection Defaults / Other Defaults Time between issuing TCP keepalives. A value of 0 uses the system default. user integer 0 2147483647 \N 0
tcp_keepalives_interval 0 s Client Connection Defaults / Other Defaults Time between TCP keepalive retransmits. A value of 0 uses the system default. user integer 0 2147483647 \N 0
temp_buffers 1024 8kB Resource Usage / Memory Sets the maximum number of temporary buffers used by each session. \N user integer 100 1073741823 \N 1024
temp_tablespaces \N Client Connection Defaults / Statement Behavior Sets the tablespace(s) to use for temporary tables and sort files. \N user string \N \N \N
TimeZone US/Eastern \N Client Connection Defaults / Locale and Formatting Sets the time zone for displaying and interpreting time stamps. \N user string \N \N \N UNKNOWN
timezone_abbreviations Default \N Client Connection Defaults / Locale and Formatting Selects a file of time zone abbreviations. \N user string \N \N \N UNKNOWN
trace_notify off \N Developer Options Generates debugging output for LISTEN and NOTIFY. \N user bool \N \N \N off
trace_sort off \N Developer Options Emit information about resource usage in sorting. \N user bool \N \N \N off
track_activities on \N Statistics / Query and Index Statistics Collector Collects information about executing commands. Enables the collection of information on the currently executing command of each session, along with the time at which that command began execution. superuser bool \N \N \N on
track_activity_query_size 1024 Resource Usage / Memory Sets the size reserved for pg_stat_activity.current_query, in bytes. \N postmaster integer 100 102400 \N 1024
track_counts on \N Statistics / Query and Index Statistics Collector Collects statistics on database activity. \N superuser bool \N \N \N on
track_functions none \N Statistics / Query and Index Statistics Collector Collects function-level statistics on database activity. \N superuser enum \N \N {none,pl,all} none
transform_null_equals off \N Version and Platform Compatibility / Other Platforms and Clients Treats "expr=NULL" as "expr IS NULL". When turned on, expressions of the form expr = NULL (or NULL = expr) are treated as expr IS NULL, that is, they return true if expr evaluates to the null value, and false otherwise. The correct behavior of expr = NULL is to always return null (unknown). user bool \N \N \N off
unix_socket_directory \N Connections and Authentication / Connection Settings Sets the directory where the Unix-domain socket will be created. \N postmaster string \N \N \N
unix_socket_group \N Connections and Authentication / Connection Settings Sets the owning group of the Unix-domain socket. The owning user of the socket is always the user that starts the server. postmaster string \N \N \N
unix_socket_permissions 511 Connections and Authentication / Connection Settings Sets the access permissions of the Unix-domain socket. Unix-domain sockets use the usual Unix file system permission set. The parameter value is expected to be a numeric mode specification in the form accepted by the chmod and umask system calls. (To use the customary octal format the number must start with a 0 (zero).) postmaster integer 0 511 \N 511
update_process_title on \N Statistics / Query and Index Statistics Collector Updates the process title to show the active SQL command. Enables updating of the process title every time a new SQL command is received by the server. superuser bool \N \N \N on
vacuum_cost_delay 0 ms Resource Usage Vacuum cost delay in milliseconds. \N user integer 0 1000 \N 0
vacuum_cost_limit 200 Resource Usage Vacuum cost amount available before napping. \N user integer 1 10000 \N 200
vacuum_cost_page_dirty 20 Resource Usage Vacuum cost for a page dirtied by vacuum. \N user integer 0 10000 \N 20
vacuum_cost_page_hit 1 Resource Usage Vacuum cost for a page found in the buffer cache. \N user integer 0 10000 \N 1
vacuum_cost_page_miss 10 Resource Usage Vacuum cost for a page not found in the buffer cache. \N user integer 0 10000 \N 10
vacuum_freeze_min_age 100000000 Client Connection Defaults / Statement Behavior Minimum age at which VACUUM should freeze a table row. \N user integer 0 1000000000 \N 100000000
wal_block_size 8192 Preset Options Shows the block size in the write ahead log. \N internal integer 8192 8192 \N 8192
wal_buffers 8 8kB Write-Ahead Log / Settings Sets the number of disk-page buffers in shared memory for WAL. \N postmaster integer 4 2147483647 \N 8
wal_segment_size 2048 8kB Preset Options Shows the number of pages per write ahead log segment. \N internal integer 2048 2048 \N 2048
wal_sync_method fdatasync \N Write-Ahead Log / Settings Selects the method used for forcing WAL updates to disk. \N sighup enum \N \N {fsync,fdatasync,open_sync} fdatasync
wal_writer_delay 200 ms Write-Ahead Log / Settings WAL writer sleep time between WAL flushes. \N sighup integer 1 10000 \N 200
work_mem 1024 kB Resource Usage / Memory Sets the maximum memory to be used for query workspaces. This much memory can be used by each internal sort operation and hash table before switching to temporary disk files. user integer 64 2147483647 \N 1024
xmlbinary base64 \N Client Connection Defaults / Statement Behavior Sets how binary values are to be encoded in XML. \N user enum \N \N {base64,hex} base64
xmloption content \N Client Connection Defaults / Statement Behavior Sets whether XML data in implicit parsing and serialization operations is to be considered as documents or content fragments. \N user enum \N \N {content,document} content
zero_damaged_pages off \N Developer Options Continues processing past damaged page headers. Detection of a damaged page header normally causes PostgreSQL to report an error, aborting the current transaction. Setting zero_damaged_pages to true causes the system to instead report a warning, zero out the damaged page, and continue processing. This behavior will destroy data, namely all the rows on the damaged page. superuser bool \N \N \N off