The Silver Searcher
A code searching tool similar to
ack, with a focus on speed.
What's so great about Ag?
- It searches code about 3–5× faster than
- It ignores file patterns from your
- If there are files in your source repo you don't want to search, just add their patterns to a
.agignorefile. *cough* extern *cough*
- The command name is 33% shorter than
ack, and all keys are on the home row!
How is it so fast?
- Searching for literals (no regex) uses Boyer-Moore-Horspool strstr.
- Files are
mmap()ed instead of read into a buffer.
- If you're building with PCRE 8.21 or greater, regex searches use the JIT compiler.
- Ag calls
pcre_study()before executing the regex on a jillion files.
- Instead of calling
fnmatch()on every pattern in your ignore files, non-regex patterns are loaded into an array and binary searched.
- Ag uses Pthreads to take advantage of multiple CPU cores and search files in parallel.
I've written several blog posts showing how I've improved performance. These include how I added pthreads, wrote my own
scandir(), benchmarked every revision to find performance regressions, and profiled with gprof and Valgrind.
brew install the_silver_searcher
port install the_silver_searcher
pacman -S the_silver_searcher
apt-get install silversearcher-ag
Ubuntu 13.10 or later
apt-get install silversearcher-ag
pkg install the_silver_searcher
pkg_add -r the_silver_searcher
To build from source on FreeBSD:
make -C /usr/ports/textproc/the_silver_searcher install clean
To build from source on OpenBSD:
cd /usr/ports/textproc/the_silver_searcher && make install
If you want a CentOS rpm or Ubuntu deb, take a look at Vikram Dighe's packages.
Building from source
Install dependencies (Automake, pkg-config, PCRE, LZMA):
apt-get install -y automake pkg-config libpcre3-dev zlib1g-dev liblzma-dev
yum -y install pkgconfig automake gcc zlib-devel pcre-devel xz-devel
yum -y groupinstall "Development Tools" yum -y install pcre-devel xz-devel
brew install automake pkg-config pcre
port install automake pkgconfig pcre
Windows: It's complicated. See this wiki page.
Run the build script (which just runs aclocal, automake, etc):
mingw32-make -f Makefile.w32
sudo make install
Current development status
It's quite stable now. Most changes are new features, minor bug fixes, or performance improvements. It's much faster than Ack in my benchmarks.
ack blahblahblah ~/code 6.59s user 1.94s system 99% cpu 8.547 total ag blahblahblah ~/code 1.39s user 1.81s system 229% cpu 1.396 total
TextMate users can use Ag with my fork of the popular AckMate plugin, which lets you use both Ack and Ag for searching. If you already have AckMate you just want to replace Ack with Ag, move or delete
"~/Library/Application Support/TextMate/PlugIns/AckMate.tmplugin/Contents/Resources/ackmate_ack" and run
ln -s /usr/local/bin/ag "~/Library/Application Support/TextMate/PlugIns/AckMate.tmplugin/Contents/Resources/ackmate_ack"
You can use Ag with [ack.vim] by adding the following line to your
let g:ackprg = 'ag --nogroup --nocolor --column'
You can use use ag.el as an Emacs fronted to Ag.
I like when people send pull requests. It validates my existence. If you want to help out, check the issue list or search the codebase for
TODO. Don't worry if you lack experience writing C. If I think a pull request isn't ready to be merged, I'll give feedback in comments. Once everything looks good, I'll comment on your pull request with a cool animated gif and hit the merge button.
A special thanks goes out to Alex Davies. He has given me some excellent recommendations to improve Ag. Many of these things are still on my list:
- Write a benchmarking script that tweaks various settings to find what's fastest.
- Behave better when matching in files with really long lines.
- Report "match found at position X of line N" if line is > 10k chars.
- Windows support
stat()are much slower on Windows. Use
- Support Visual Studio instead of autotools?
- Need to use pthreads-win32 or something similar.
Other stuff you might like
- Ack - Better than grep. Without Ack, Ag would not exist.
- AckMate - An ack-powered replacement for TextMate's slow built-in search.
- Exuberant Ctags - Faster than Ag, but it builds an index beforehand. Good for really big codebases.
- Git-grep - As fast as Ag but only works on git repos.
- Sack - A utility that wraps Ack and Ag. It removes a lot of repetition from searching and opening matching files.