Skip to content
🌶️ Create reactive frontends without ever writing frontend code.
Branch: master
Clone or download
elliotchance Added peppertest package (#4)
The peppertest package provides tools to make unit testing easier.

RenderToDocument renders then parses the component into a *Document from the github.com/PuerkitoBio/goquery package.

An example is included in the README and each of the examples now contain unit tests.
Latest commit a09f7eb Jul 6, 2019

README.md

🌶️ pepper

Create reactive frontends without ever writing frontend code.

How Does It Work?

pepper runs a HTTP server that returns a tiny empty HTML page with just a few lines of inline javascript. Immediately after the initial page loads it will connect through a websocket.

All event triggered on the browser will be sent through the websocket where state changes and rerendering occurs. The result is passed back to the websocket to update the UI.

At the moment it returns the whole rendered component. However, this could be optimized in the future to only return the differences.

What Should/Shouldn't I Use It For?

pepper requires a constant connection to the server (for the websocket) so it wouldn't work for anything that must function offline, or used in cases where the internet is flaky.

I imagine some good use cases for pepper would be:

  1. Showing real time data. Streaming metrics, graphs, logs, dashboards, etc.
  2. Apps that rely on a persistent connection. Such as chat clients, timed interactive exams, etc.
  3. Apps that would benefit from persistent state. The entire state can be saved or restored into a serialized format like JSON. Great for forms or surveys with many questions/steps.
  4. Prototyping a frontend app. It's super easy to get up and running and iterate changes without setting up a complex environment, build tools and dependencies.

Testing

Unit Testing

The peppertest package provides tools to make unit testing easier.

RenderToDocument renders then parses the component into a *Document from the github.com/PuerkitoBio/goquery package:

import (
	"github.com/elliotchance/pepper/peppertest"
	"github.com/stretchr/testify/require"
	"testing"
)

func TestPeople_Add(t *testing.T) {
	c := &People{
		Names: []string{"Jack", "Jill"},
	}

	c.Name = "Bob"
	c.Add()

	doc, err := peppertest.RenderToDocument(c)
	require.NoError(t, err)

	rows := doc.Find("tr")
	require.Equal(t, 3, rows.Length())
	require.Contains(t, rows.Eq(0).Text(), "Jack")
	require.Contains(t, rows.Eq(1).Text(), "Jill")
	require.Contains(t, rows.Eq(2).Text(), "Bob")
}

Each of the examples in the examples/ directory include unit tests.

Examples

#1: A Simple Counter

package main

import "github.com/elliotchance/pepper"

type Counter struct {
	Number int
}

func (c *Counter) Render() (string, error) {
	return `
		Counter: {{ .Number }}
		<button @click="AddOne">+</button>
	`, nil
}

func (c *Counter) AddOne() {
	c.Number++
}

func main() {
	panic(pepper.StartServer(func(_ *pepper.Connection) pepper.Component {
		return &Counter{}
	}))
}
  • The Render method returns a html/template syntax, or an error.
  • @click will trigger AddOne to be called when the button is clicked.
  • Any event triggered from the browser will cause the component to rerender automatically.

Try it now:

go get -u github.com/elliotchance/pepper/examples/ex01_counter
ex01_counter

Then open: http://localhost:8080/

#2: Forms

package main

import (
	"github.com/elliotchance/pepper"
	"strconv"
)

type People struct {
	Names []string
	Name  string
}

func (c *People) Render() (string, error) {
	return `
		<table>
			{{ range $i, $name := .Names }}
				<tr><td>
					{{ $name }}
					<button key="{{ $i }}" @click="Delete">Delete</button>
				</td></tr>
			{{ end }}
		</table>
		Add name: <input type="text" @value="Name">
		<button @click="Add">Add</button>
	`, nil
}

func (c *People) Delete(key string) {
	index, _ := strconv.Atoi(key)
	c.Names = append(c.Names[:index], c.Names[index+1:]...)
}

func (c *People) Add() {
	c.Names = append(c.Names, c.Name)
	c.Name = ""
}

func main() {
	panic(pepper.StartServer(func(_ *pepper.Connection) pepper.Component {
		return &People{
			Names: []string{"Jack", "Jill"},
		}
	}))
}
  • Any html/template syntax will work, including loops with {{ range }}.
  • @value will cause the Name property to be bound with the text box in both directions.
  • Since there are multiple "Delete" buttons (one for each person), you should specify a key. The key is passed as the first argument to the Delete function.

Try it now:

go get -u github.com/elliotchance/pepper/examples/ex02_form
ex02_form

Then open: http://localhost:8080/

#3: Nested Components

type Counters struct {
	Counters []*Counter
}

func (c *Counters) Render() (string, error) {
	return `
		<table>
			{{ range .Counters }}
				<tr><td>
					{{ render . }}
				</td></tr>
			{{ end }}
			<tr><td>
				Total: {{ call .Total }}
			</td></tr>
		</table>
	`, nil
}

func (c *Counters) Total() int {
	total := 0
	for _, counter := range c.Counters {
		total += counter.Number
	}

	return total
}

func main() {
	panic(pepper.StartServer(func(_ *pepper.Connection) pepper.Component {
		return &Counters{
			Counters: []*Counter{
				{}, {}, {},
			},
		}
	}))
}
  • This example uses three Counter components (from Example #1) and includes a live total.
  • Components can be nested with the render function. The nested components do not need to be modified in any way.
  • Invoke methods with the call function.

Try it now:

go get -u github.com/elliotchance/pepper/examples/ex03_nested
ex03_nested

Then open: http://localhost:8080/

#4: Ticker

package main

import (
	"github.com/elliotchance/pepper"
	"time"
)

type Clock struct{}

func (c *Clock) Render() (string, error) {
	return `
		The time now is {{ call .Now }}.
	`, nil
}

func (c *Clock) Now() string {
	return time.Now().Format(time.RFC1123)
}

func main() {
	panic(pepper.StartServer(func(conn *pepper.Connection) pepper.Component {
		go func() {
			for range time.NewTicker(time.Second).C {
				conn.Update()
			}
		}()

		return &Clock{}
	}))
}
  • The component is updated once per second so the client sees the active time.

Try it now:

go get -u github.com/elliotchance/pepper/examples/ex04_ticker
ex04_ticker

Then open: http://localhost:8080/

You can’t perform that action at this time.