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;;; gnus-util.el --- utility functions for Gnus
;; Copyright (C) 1996-2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
;; Author: Lars Magne Ingebrigtsen <>
;; Keywords: news
;; This file is part of GNU Emacs.
;; GNU Emacs is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;; the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
;; (at your option) any later version.
;; GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;; GNU General Public License for more details.
;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;; along with GNU Emacs. If not, see <>.
;;; Commentary:
;; Nothing in this file depends on any other parts of Gnus -- all
;; functions and macros in this file are utility functions that are
;; used by Gnus and may be used by any other package without loading
;; Gnus first.
;; [Unfortunately, it does depend on other parts of Gnus, e.g. the
;; autoloads and defvars below...]
;;; Code:
;; For Emacs <22.2 and XEmacs.
(unless (fboundp 'declare-function) (defmacro declare-function (&rest r))))
(require 'cl))
(require 'time-date)
(defcustom gnus-completing-read-function 'gnus-emacs-completing-read
"Function use to do completing read."
:version "24.1"
:group 'gnus-meta
:type `(radio (function-item
:doc "Use Emacs standard `completing-read' function."
;; iswitchb.el is very old and ido.el is unavailable
;; in XEmacs, so we exclude those function items.
,@(unless (featurep 'xemacs)
:doc "Use `ido-completing-read' function."
:doc "Use iswitchb based completing-read function."
(defcustom gnus-completion-styles
(if (and (boundp 'completion-styles-alist)
(boundp 'completion-styles))
(append (when (and (assq 'substring completion-styles-alist)
(not (memq 'substring completion-styles)))
(list 'substring))
"Value of `completion-styles' to use when completing."
:version "24.1"
:group 'gnus-meta
:type 'list)
;; Fixme: this should be a gnus variable, not nnmail-.
(defvar nnmail-pathname-coding-system)
(defvar nnmail-active-file-coding-system)
;; Inappropriate references to other parts of Gnus.
(defvar gnus-emphasize-whitespace-regexp)
(defvar gnus-original-article-buffer)
(defvar gnus-user-agent)
(autoload 'gnus-get-buffer-window "gnus-win")
(autoload 'nnheader-narrow-to-headers "nnheader")
(autoload 'nnheader-replace-chars-in-string "nnheader")
(autoload 'mail-header-remove-comments "mail-parse")
;; Prefer `replace-regexp-in-string' (present in Emacs, XEmacs 21.5,
;; SXEmacs 22.1.4) over `replace-in-string'. The latter leads to inf-loops
;; on empty matches:
;; (replace-in-string "foo" "/*$" "/")
;; (replace-in-string "xe" "\\(x\\)?" "")
((fboundp 'replace-regexp-in-string)
(defun gnus-replace-in-string (string regexp newtext &optional literal)
"Replace all matches for REGEXP with NEWTEXT in STRING.
If LITERAL is non-nil, insert NEWTEXT literally. Return a new
string containing the replacements.
This is a compatibility function for different Emacsen."
(replace-regexp-in-string regexp newtext string nil literal)))
((fboundp 'replace-in-string)
(defalias 'gnus-replace-in-string 'replace-in-string))))
(defun gnus-boundp (variable)
"Return non-nil if VARIABLE is bound and non-nil."
(and (boundp variable)
(symbol-value variable)))
(defmacro gnus-eval-in-buffer-window (buffer &rest forms)
"Pop to BUFFER, evaluate FORMS, and then return to the original window."
(let ((tempvar (make-symbol "GnusStartBufferWindow"))
(w (make-symbol "w"))
(buf (make-symbol "buf")))
`(let* ((,tempvar (selected-window))
(,buf ,buffer)
(,w (gnus-get-buffer-window ,buf 'visible)))
(if ,w
(select-window ,w)
(set-buffer (window-buffer ,w)))
(pop-to-buffer ,buf))
(select-window ,tempvar)))))
(put 'gnus-eval-in-buffer-window 'lisp-indent-function 1)
(put 'gnus-eval-in-buffer-window 'edebug-form-spec '(form body))
(defmacro gnus-intern-safe (string hashtable)
"Get hash value. Arguments are STRING and HASHTABLE."
`(let ((symbol (intern ,string ,hashtable)))
(or (boundp symbol)
(set symbol nil))
(defsubst gnus-goto-char (point)
(and point (goto-char point)))
(defmacro gnus-buffer-exists-p (buffer)
`(let ((buffer ,buffer))
(when buffer
(funcall (if (stringp buffer) 'get-buffer 'buffer-name)
;; The LOCAL arg to `add-hook' is interpreted differently in Emacs and
;; XEmacs. In Emacs we don't need to call `make-local-hook' first.
;; It's harmless, though, so the main purpose of this alias is to shut
;; up the byte compiler.
(defalias 'gnus-make-local-hook (if (featurep 'xemacs)
(defun gnus-delete-first (elt list)
"Delete by side effect the first occurrence of ELT as a member of LIST."
(if (equal (car list) elt)
(cdr list)
(let ((total list))
(while (and (cdr list)
(not (equal (cadr list) elt)))
(setq list (cdr list)))
(when (cdr list)
(setcdr list (cddr list)))
;; Delete the current line (and the next N lines).
(defmacro gnus-delete-line (&optional n)
`(delete-region (point-at-bol)
(progn (forward-line ,(or n 1)) (point))))
(defun gnus-extract-address-components (from)
"Extract address components from a From header.
Given an RFC-822 address FROM, extract full name and canonical address.
Returns a list of the form (FULL-NAME CANONICAL-ADDRESS). Much more simple
solution than `mail-extract-address-components', which works much better, but
is slower."
(let (name address)
;; First find the address - the thing with the @ in it. This may
;; not be accurate in mail addresses, but does the trick most of
;; the time in news messages.
(cond (;; Check ``<foo@bar>'' first in order to handle the quite common
;; form ``"abc@xyz" <foo@bar>'' (i.e. ``@'' as part of a comment)
;; correctly.
(string-match "<\\([^@ \t<>]+[!@][^@ \t<>]+\\)>" from)
(setq address (substring from (match-beginning 1) (match-end 1))))
((string-match "\\b[^@ \t<>]+[!@][^@ \t<>]+\\b" from)
(setq address (substring from (match-beginning 0) (match-end 0)))))
;; Then we check whether the "name <address>" format is used.
(and address
;; Linear white space is not required.
(string-match (concat "[ \t]*<" (regexp-quote address) ">") from)
(and (setq name (substring from 0 (match-beginning 0)))
;; Strip any quotes from the name.
(string-match "^\".*\"$" name)
(setq name (substring name 1 (1- (match-end 0))))))
;; If not, then "address (name)" is used.
(or name
(and (string-match "(.+)" from)
(setq name (substring from (1+ (match-beginning 0))
(1- (match-end 0)))))
(and (string-match "()" from)
(setq name address))
;; XOVER might not support folded From headers.
(and (string-match "(.*" from)
(setq name (substring from (1+ (match-beginning 0))
(match-end 0)))))
(list (if (string= name "") nil name) (or address from))))
(declare-function message-fetch-field "message" (header &optional not-all))
(defun gnus-fetch-field (field)
"Return the value of the header FIELD of current article."
(require 'message)
(let ((inhibit-point-motion-hooks t))
(message-fetch-field field)))))
(defun gnus-fetch-original-field (field)
"Fetch FIELD from the original version of the current article."
(with-current-buffer gnus-original-article-buffer
(gnus-fetch-field field)))
(defun gnus-goto-colon ()
(let ((eol (point-at-eol)))
(goto-char (or (text-property-any (point) eol 'gnus-position t)
(search-forward ":" eol t)
(declare-function gnus-find-method-for-group "gnus" (group &optional info))
(declare-function gnus-group-name-decode "gnus-group" (string charset))
(declare-function gnus-group-name-charset "gnus-group" (method group))
;; gnus-group requires gnus-int which requires message.
(declare-function message-tokenize-header "message"
(header &optional separator))
(defun gnus-decode-newsgroups (newsgroups group &optional method)
(require 'gnus-group)
(let ((method (or method (gnus-find-method-for-group group))))
(mapconcat (lambda (group)
(gnus-group-name-decode group (gnus-group-name-charset
method group)))
(message-tokenize-header newsgroups)
(defun gnus-remove-text-with-property (prop)
"Delete all text in the current buffer with text property PROP."
(let ((start (point-min))
(unless (get-text-property start prop)
(setq start (next-single-property-change start prop)))
(while start
(setq end (text-property-any start (point-max) prop nil))
(delete-region start (or end (point-max)))
(setq start (when end
(next-single-property-change start prop))))))
(defun gnus-find-text-property-region (start end prop)
"Return a list of text property regions that has property PROP."
(let (regions value)
(unless (get-text-property start prop)
(setq start (next-single-property-change start prop)))
(while start
(setq value (get-text-property start prop)
end (text-property-not-all start (point-max) prop value))
(if (not end)
(setq start nil)
(when value
(push (list (set-marker (make-marker) start)
(set-marker (make-marker) end)
(setq start (next-single-property-change start prop))))
(nreverse regions)))
(defun gnus-newsgroup-directory-form (newsgroup)
"Make hierarchical directory name from NEWSGROUP name."
(let* ((newsgroup (gnus-newsgroup-savable-name newsgroup))
(idx (string-match ":" newsgroup)))
(if idx (substring newsgroup 0 idx))
(if idx "/")
(if idx (substring newsgroup (1+ idx)) newsgroup)
?. ?/))))
(defun gnus-newsgroup-savable-name (group)
;; Replace any slashes in a group name (eg. an ange-ftp nndoc group)
;; with dots.
(nnheader-replace-chars-in-string group ?/ ?.))
(defun gnus-string> (s1 s2)
(not (or (string< s1 s2)
(string= s1 s2))))
(defun gnus-string< (s1 s2)
"Return t if first arg string is less than second in lexicographic order.
Case is significant if and only if `case-fold-search' is nil.
Symbols are also allowed; their print names are used instead."
(if case-fold-search
(string-lessp (downcase (if (symbolp s1) (symbol-name s1) s1))
(downcase (if (symbolp s2) (symbol-name s2) s2)))
(string-lessp s1 s2)))
;;; Time functions.
(defun gnus-file-newer-than (file date)
(let ((fdate (nth 5 (file-attributes file))))
(or (> (car fdate) (car date))
(and (= (car fdate) (car date))
(> (nth 1 fdate) (nth 1 date))))))
;; Every version of Emacs Gnus supports has built-in float-time.
;; The featurep test silences an irritating compiler warning.
(if (or (featurep 'emacs)
(fboundp 'float-time))
(defalias 'gnus-float-time 'float-time)
(defun gnus-float-time (&optional time)
"Convert time value TIME to a floating point number.
TIME defaults to the current time."
(time-to-seconds (or time (current-time))))))
;;; Keymap macros.
(defmacro gnus-local-set-keys (&rest plist)
"Set the keys in PLIST in the current keymap."
`(gnus-define-keys-1 (current-local-map) ',plist))
(defmacro gnus-define-keys (keymap &rest plist)
"Define all keys in PLIST in KEYMAP."
`(gnus-define-keys-1 (quote ,keymap) (quote ,plist)))
(defmacro gnus-define-keys-safe (keymap &rest plist)
"Define all keys in PLIST in KEYMAP without overwriting previous definitions."
`(gnus-define-keys-1 (quote ,keymap) (quote ,plist) t))
(put 'gnus-define-keys 'lisp-indent-function 1)
(put 'gnus-define-keys-safe 'lisp-indent-function 1)
(put 'gnus-local-set-keys 'lisp-indent-function 1)
(defmacro gnus-define-keymap (keymap &rest plist)
"Define all keys in PLIST in KEYMAP."
`(gnus-define-keys-1 ,keymap (quote ,plist)))
(put 'gnus-define-keymap 'lisp-indent-function 1)
(defun gnus-define-keys-1 (keymap plist &optional safe)
(when (null keymap)
(error "Can't set keys in a null keymap"))
(cond ((symbolp keymap)
(setq keymap (symbol-value keymap)))
((keymapp keymap))
((listp keymap)
(set (car keymap) nil)
(define-prefix-command (car keymap))
(define-key (symbol-value (caddr keymap)) (cadr keymap) (car keymap))
(setq keymap (symbol-value (car keymap)))))
(let (key)
(while plist
(when (symbolp (setq key (pop plist)))
(setq key (symbol-value key)))
(if (or (not safe)
(eq (lookup-key keymap key) 'undefined))
(define-key keymap key (pop plist))
(pop plist)))))
(defun gnus-y-or-n-p (prompt)
(y-or-n-p prompt)
(message "")))
(defun gnus-yes-or-no-p (prompt)
(yes-or-no-p prompt)
(message "")))
;; By Frank Schmitt <>. Allows to have
;; age-depending date representations. (e.g. just the time if it's
;; from today, the day of the week if it's within the last 7 days and
;; the full date if it's older)
(defun gnus-seconds-today ()
"Return the number of seconds passed today."
(let ((now (decode-time (current-time))))
(+ (car now) (* (car (cdr now)) 60) (* (car (nthcdr 2 now)) 3600))))
(defun gnus-seconds-month ()
"Return the number of seconds passed this month."
(let ((now (decode-time (current-time))))
(+ (car now) (* (car (cdr now)) 60) (* (car (nthcdr 2 now)) 3600)
(* (- (car (nthcdr 3 now)) 1) 3600 24))))
(defun gnus-seconds-year ()
"Return the number of seconds passed this year."
(let ((now (decode-time (current-time)))
(days (format-time-string "%j" (current-time))))
(+ (car now) (* (car (cdr now)) 60) (* (car (nthcdr 2 now)) 3600)
(* (- (string-to-number days) 1) 3600 24))))
(defmacro gnus-date-get-time (date)
"Convert DATE string to Emacs time.
Cache the result as a text property stored in DATE."
;; Either return the cached value...
`(let ((d ,date))
(if (equal "" d)
'(0 0)
(or (get-text-property 0 'gnus-time d)
;; or compute the value...
(let ((time (safe-date-to-time d)))
;; and store it back in the string.
(put-text-property 0 1 'gnus-time time d)
(defun gnus-dd-mmm (messy-date)
"Return a string like DD-MMM from a big messy string."
(condition-case ()
(format-time-string "%d-%b" (gnus-date-get-time messy-date))
(error " - ")))
(defsubst gnus-time-iso8601 (time)
"Return a string of TIME in YYYYMMDDTHHMMSS format."
(format-time-string "%Y%m%dT%H%M%S" time))
(defun gnus-date-iso8601 (date)
(condition-case ()
(gnus-time-iso8601 (gnus-date-get-time date))
(error "")))
(defun gnus-mode-string-quote (string)
"Quote all \"%\"'s in STRING."
(gnus-replace-in-string string "%" "%%"))
;; Make a hash table (default and minimum size is 256).
;; Optional argument HASHSIZE specifies the table size.
(defun gnus-make-hashtable (&optional hashsize)
(make-vector (if hashsize (max (gnus-create-hash-size hashsize) 256) 256) 0))
;; Make a number that is suitable for hashing; bigger than MIN and
;; equal to some 2^x. Many machines (such as sparcs) do not have a
;; hardware modulo operation, so they implement it in software. On
;; many sparcs over 50% of the time to intern is spent in the modulo.
;; Yes, it's slower than actually computing the hash from the string!
;; So we use powers of 2 so people can optimize the modulo to a mask.
(defun gnus-create-hash-size (min)
(let ((i 1))
(while (< i min)
(setq i (* 2 i)))
(defcustom gnus-verbose 6
"*Integer that says how verbose Gnus should be.
The higher the number, the more messages Gnus will flash to say what
it's doing. At zero, Gnus will be totally mute; at five, Gnus will
display most important messages; and at ten, Gnus will keep on
jabbering all the time."
:version "24.1"
:group 'gnus-start
:type 'integer)
(defcustom gnus-add-timestamp-to-message nil
"Non-nil means add timestamps to messages that Gnus issues.
If it is `log', add timestamps to only the messages that go into the
\"*Messages*\" buffer (in XEmacs, it is the \" *Message-Log*\" buffer).
If it is neither nil nor `log', add timestamps not only to log messages
but also to the ones displayed in the echo area."
:version "23.1" ;; No Gnus
:group 'gnus-various
:type '(choice :format "%{%t%}:\n %[Value Menu%] %v"
(const :tag "Logged messages only" log)
(sexp :tag "All messages"
:match (lambda (widget value) value)
:value t)
(const :tag "No timestamp" nil)))
(defmacro gnus-message-with-timestamp-1 (format-string args)
(let ((timestamp '(format-time-string "%Y%m%dT%H%M%S.%3N> " time)))
(if (featurep 'xemacs)
`(let (str time)
(if (or (and (null ,format-string) (null ,args))
(setq str (apply 'format ,format-string ,args))
(zerop (length str))))
(and ,format-string str)
(clear-message nil))
(cond ((eq gnus-add-timestamp-to-message 'log)
(setq time (current-time))
(display-message 'no-log str)
(log-message 'message (concat ,timestamp str)))
(setq time (current-time))
(display-message 'message (concat ,timestamp str)))
(display-message 'message str))))
`(let (str time)
(cond ((eq gnus-add-timestamp-to-message 'log)
(setq str (let (message-log-max)
(apply 'message ,format-string ,args)))
(when (and message-log-max
(> message-log-max 0)
(/= (length str) 0))
(setq time (current-time))
(with-current-buffer (get-buffer-create "*Messages*")
(goto-char (point-max))
(insert ,timestamp str "\n")
(forward-line (- message-log-max))
(delete-region (point-min) (point))
(goto-char (point-max))))
(if (or (and (null ,format-string) (null ,args))
(setq str (apply 'format ,format-string ,args))
(zerop (length str))))
(and ,format-string str)
(message nil))
(setq time (current-time))
(message "%s" (concat ,timestamp str))
(apply 'message ,format-string ,args))))))))
(defvar gnus-action-message-log nil)
(defun gnus-message-with-timestamp (format-string &rest args)
"Display message with timestamp. Arguments are the same as `message'.
The `gnus-add-timestamp-to-message' variable controls how to add
timestamp to message."
(gnus-message-with-timestamp-1 format-string args))
(defun gnus-message (level &rest args)
"If LEVEL is lower than `gnus-verbose' print ARGS using `message'.
Guideline for numbers:
1 - error messages, 3 - non-serious error messages, 5 - messages for things
that take a long time, 7 - not very important messages on stuff, 9 - messages
inside loops."
(if (<= level gnus-verbose)
(let ((message
(if gnus-add-timestamp-to-message
(apply 'gnus-message-with-timestamp args)
(apply 'message args))))
(when (and (consp gnus-action-message-log)
(<= level 3))
(push message gnus-action-message-log))
;; We have to do this format thingy here even if the result isn't
;; shown - the return value has to be the same as the return value
;; from `message'.
(apply 'format args)))
(defun gnus-final-warning ()
(when (and (consp gnus-action-message-log)
(setq gnus-action-message-log
(delete nil gnus-action-message-log)))
(message "Warning: %s"
(mapconcat #'identity gnus-action-message-log "; "))))
(defun gnus-error (level &rest args)
"Beep an error if LEVEL is equal to or less than `gnus-verbose'.
ARGS are passed to `message'."
(when (<= (floor level) gnus-verbose)
(apply 'message args)
(let (duration)
(when (and (floatp level)
(not (zerop (setq duration (* 10 (- level (floor level)))))))
(sit-for duration))))
(defun gnus-split-references (references)
"Return a list of Message-IDs in REFERENCES."
(let ((beg 0)
(references (mail-header-remove-comments (or references "")))
(while (string-match "<[^<]+[^< \t]" references beg)
(push (substring references (match-beginning 0) (setq beg (match-end 0)))
(nreverse ids)))
(defun gnus-extract-references (references)
"Return a list of Message-IDs in REFERENCES (in In-Reply-To
format), trimmed to only contain the Message-IDs."
(let ((ids (gnus-split-references references))
(dolist (id ids)
(when (string-match "<[^<>]+>" id)
(push (match-string 0 id) refs)))
(defsubst gnus-parent-id (references &optional n)
"Return the last Message-ID in REFERENCES.
If N, return the Nth ancestor instead."
(when (and references
(not (zerop (length references))))
(if n
(let ((ids (inline (gnus-split-references references))))
(while (nthcdr n ids)
(setq ids (cdr ids)))
(car ids))
(let ((references (mail-header-remove-comments references)))
(when (string-match "\\(<[^<]+>\\)[ \t]*\\'" references)
(match-string 1 references))))))
(defsubst gnus-buffer-live-p (buffer)
"Say whether BUFFER is alive or not."
(and buffer (buffer-live-p (get-buffer buffer))))
(defun gnus-horizontal-recenter ()
"Recenter the current buffer horizontally."
(if (< (current-column) (/ (window-width) 2))
(set-window-hscroll (gnus-get-buffer-window (current-buffer) t) 0)
(let* ((orig (point))
(end (window-end (gnus-get-buffer-window (current-buffer) t)))
(max 0))
(when end
;; Find the longest line currently displayed in the window.
(goto-char (window-start))
(while (and (not (eobp))
(< (point) end))
(setq max (max max (current-column)))
(forward-line 1))
(goto-char orig)
;; Scroll horizontally to center (sort of) the point.
(if (> max (window-width))
(gnus-get-buffer-window (current-buffer) t)
(min (- (current-column) (/ (window-width) 3))
(+ 2 (- max (window-width)))))
(set-window-hscroll (gnus-get-buffer-window (current-buffer) t) 0))
(defun gnus-read-event-char (&optional prompt)
"Get the next event."
(let ((event (read-event prompt)))
;; should be gnus-characterp, but this can't be called in XEmacs anyway
(cons (and (numberp event) event) event)))
(defun gnus-copy-file (file &optional to)
"Copy FILE to TO."
(list (read-file-name "Copy file: " default-directory)
(read-file-name "Copy file to: " default-directory)))
(unless to
(setq to (read-file-name "Copy file to: " default-directory)))
(when (file-directory-p to)
(setq to (concat (file-name-as-directory to)
(file-name-nondirectory file))))
(copy-file file to))
(defvar gnus-work-buffer " *gnus work*")
(declare-function gnus-get-buffer-create "gnus" (name))
;; gnus.el requires mm-util.
(declare-function mm-enable-multibyte "mm-util")
(defun gnus-set-work-buffer ()
"Put point in the empty Gnus work buffer."
(if (get-buffer gnus-work-buffer)
(set-buffer gnus-work-buffer)
(set-buffer (gnus-get-buffer-create gnus-work-buffer))
(defmacro gnus-group-real-name (group)
"Find the real name of a foreign newsgroup."
`(let ((gname ,group))
(if (string-match "^[^:]+:" gname)
(substring gname (match-end 0))
(defmacro gnus-group-server (group)
"Find the server name of a foreign newsgroup.
For example, (gnus-group-server \"\") would
yield \"nnimap:yxa\"."
`(let ((gname ,group))
(if (string-match "^\\([^:+]+\\)\\(?:\\+\\([^:]*\\)\\)?:" gname)
(format "%s:%s" (match-string 1 gname) (or
(match-string 2 gname)
(format "%s:%s" (car gnus-select-method) (cadr gnus-select-method)))))
(defun gnus-make-sort-function (funs)
"Return a composite sort condition based on the functions in FUNS."
;; Just a simple function.
((functionp funs) funs)
;; No functions at all.
((null funs) funs)
;; A list of functions.
((or (cdr funs)
(listp (car funs)))
`(lambda (t1 t2)
,(gnus-make-sort-function-1 (reverse funs)))))
;; A list containing just one function.
(car funs))))
(defun gnus-make-sort-function-1 (funs)
"Return a composite sort condition based on the functions in FUNS."
(let ((function (car funs))
(first 't1)
(last 't2))
(when (consp function)
;; Reversed spec.
((eq (car function) 'not)
(setq function (cadr function)
first 't2
last 't1))
((functionp function)
;; Do nothing.
(error "Invalid sort spec: %s" function))))
(if (cdr funs)
`(or (,function ,first ,last)
(and (not (,function ,last ,first))
,(gnus-make-sort-function-1 (cdr funs))))
`(,function ,first ,last))))
(defun gnus-turn-off-edit-menu (type)
"Turn off edit menu in `gnus-TYPE-mode-map'."
(define-key (symbol-value (intern (format "gnus-%s-mode-map" type)))
[menu-bar edit] 'undefined))
(defmacro gnus-bind-print-variables (&rest forms)
"Bind print-* variables and evaluate FORMS.
This macro is used with `prin1', `pp', etc. in order to ensure printed
Lisp objects are loadable. Bind `print-quoted' and `print-readably'
to t, and `print-escape-multibyte', `print-escape-newlines',
`print-escape-nonascii', `print-length', `print-level' and
`print-string-length' to nil."
`(let ((print-quoted t)
(print-readably t)
(defun gnus-prin1 (form)
"Use `prin1' on FORM in the current buffer.
Bind `print-quoted' and `print-readably' to t, and `print-length' and
`print-level' to nil. See also `gnus-bind-print-variables'."
(gnus-bind-print-variables (prin1 form (current-buffer))))
(defun gnus-prin1-to-string (form)
"The same as `prin1'.
Bind `print-quoted' and `print-readably' to t, and `print-length' and
`print-level' to nil. See also `gnus-bind-print-variables'."
(gnus-bind-print-variables (prin1-to-string form)))
(defun gnus-pp (form &optional stream)
"Use `pp' on FORM in the current buffer.
Bind `print-quoted' and `print-readably' to t, and `print-length' and
`print-level' to nil. See also `gnus-bind-print-variables'."
(gnus-bind-print-variables (pp form (or stream (current-buffer)))))
(defun gnus-pp-to-string (form)
"The same as `pp-to-string'.
Bind `print-quoted' and `print-readably' to t, and `print-length' and
`print-level' to nil. See also `gnus-bind-print-variables'."
(gnus-bind-print-variables (pp-to-string form)))
(defun gnus-make-directory (directory)
"Make DIRECTORY (and all its parents) if it doesn't exist."
(require 'nnmail)
(let ((file-name-coding-system nnmail-pathname-coding-system))
(when (and directory
(not (file-exists-p directory)))
(make-directory directory t)))
(defun gnus-write-buffer (file)
"Write the current buffer's contents to FILE."
(require 'nnmail)
(let ((file-name-coding-system nnmail-pathname-coding-system))
;; Make sure the directory exists.
(gnus-make-directory (file-name-directory file))
;; Write the buffer.
(write-region (point-min) (point-max) file nil 'quietly)))
(defun gnus-delete-file (file)
"Delete FILE if it exists."
(when (file-exists-p file)
(delete-file file)))
(defun gnus-delete-duplicates (list)
"Remove duplicate entries from LIST."
(let ((result nil))
(while list
(unless (member (car list) result)
(push (car list) result))
(pop list))
(nreverse result)))
(defun gnus-delete-directory (directory)
"Delete files in DIRECTORY. Subdirectories remain.
If there's no subdirectory, delete DIRECTORY as well."
(when (file-directory-p directory)
(let ((files (directory-files
directory t "^\\([^.]\\|\\.\\([^.]\\|\\..\\)\\).*"))
file dir)
(while files
(setq file (pop files))
(if (eq t (car (file-attributes file)))
;; `file' is a subdirectory.
(setq dir t)
;; `file' is a file or a symlink.
(delete-file file)))
(unless dir
(delete-directory directory)))))
(defun gnus-strip-whitespace (string)
"Return STRING stripped of all whitespace."
(while (string-match "[\r\n\t ]+" string)
(setq string (replace-match "" t t string)))
(declare-function gnus-put-text-property "gnus"
(start end property value &optional object))
(defsubst gnus-put-text-property-excluding-newlines (beg end prop val)
"The same as `put-text-property', but don't put this prop on any newlines in the region."
(goto-char beg)
(while (re-search-forward gnus-emphasize-whitespace-regexp end 'move)
(gnus-put-text-property beg (match-beginning 0) prop val)
(setq beg (point)))
(gnus-put-text-property beg (point) prop val)))))
(declare-function gnus-overlay-put "gnus" (overlay prop value))
(declare-function gnus-make-overlay "gnus"
(beg end &optional buffer front-advance rear-advance))
(defsubst gnus-put-overlay-excluding-newlines (beg end prop val)
"The same as `put-text-property', but don't put this prop on any newlines in the region."
(goto-char beg)
(while (re-search-forward gnus-emphasize-whitespace-regexp end 'move)
(gnus-make-overlay beg (match-beginning 0))
prop val)
(setq beg (point)))
(gnus-overlay-put (gnus-make-overlay beg (point)) prop val)))))
(defun gnus-put-text-property-excluding-characters-with-faces (beg end
prop val)
"The same as `put-text-property', but don't put props on characters with the `gnus-face' property."
(let ((b beg))
(while (/= b end)
(when (get-text-property b 'gnus-face)
(setq b (next-single-property-change b 'gnus-face nil end)))
(when (/= b end)
b (setq b (next-single-property-change b 'gnus-face nil end))
prop val))))))
(defmacro gnus-faces-at (position)
"Return a list of faces at POSITION."
(if (featurep 'xemacs)
`(let ((pos ,position))
(mapcar-extents 'extent-face
nil (current-buffer) pos pos nil 'face))
`(let ((pos ,position))
(delq nil (cons (get-text-property pos 'face)
(lambda (overlay)
(overlay-get overlay 'face))
(overlays-at pos)))))))
(if (fboundp 'invisible-p)
(defalias 'gnus-invisible-p 'invisible-p)
;; for Emacs < 22.2, and XEmacs.
(defun gnus-invisible-p (pos)
"Return non-nil if the character after POS is currently invisible."
(let ((prop (get-char-property pos 'invisible)))
(if (eq buffer-invisibility-spec t)
(or (memq prop buffer-invisibility-spec)
(assq prop buffer-invisibility-spec))))))
;; Note: the optional 2nd argument has a different meaning between
;; Emacs and XEmacs.
;; (next-char-property-change POSITION &optional LIMIT)
;; (next-extent-change POS &optional OBJECT)
(defalias 'gnus-next-char-property-change
(if (fboundp 'next-extent-change)
'next-extent-change 'next-char-property-change))
(defalias 'gnus-previous-char-property-change
(if (fboundp 'previous-extent-change)
'previous-extent-change 'previous-char-property-change))
;;; Protected and atomic operations. 21.11.1996
;; The primary idea here is to try to protect internal datastructures
;; from becoming corrupted when the user hits C-g, or if a hook or
;; similar blows up. Often in Gnus multiple tables/lists need to be
;; updated at the same time, or information can be lost.
(defvar gnus-atomic-be-safe t
"If t, certain operations will be protected from interruption by C-g.")
(defmacro gnus-atomic-progn (&rest forms)
"Evaluate FORMS atomically, which means to protect the evaluation
from being interrupted by the user. An error from the forms themselves
will return without finishing the operation. Since interrupts from
the user are disabled, it is recommended that only the most minimal
operations are performed by FORMS. If you wish to assign many
complicated values atomically, compute the results into temporary
variables and then do only the assignment atomically."
`(let ((inhibit-quit gnus-atomic-be-safe))
(put 'gnus-atomic-progn 'lisp-indent-function 0)
(defmacro gnus-atomic-progn-assign (protect &rest forms)
"Evaluate FORMS, but ensure that the variables listed in PROTECT
are not changed if anything in FORMS signals an error or otherwise
non-locally exits. The variables listed in PROTECT are updated atomically.
It is safe to use gnus-atomic-progn-assign with long computations.
Note that if any of the symbols in PROTECT were unbound, they will be
set to nil on a successful assignment. In case of an error or other
non-local exit, it will still be unbound."
(let* ((temp-sym-map (mapcar (lambda (x) (list (make-symbol
(concat (symbol-name x)
(sym-temp-map (mapcar (lambda (x) (list (cadr x) (car x)))
(temp-sym-let (mapcar (lambda (x) (list (car x)
`(and (boundp ',(cadr x))
,(cadr x))))
(sym-temp-let sym-temp-map)
(temp-sym-assign (apply 'append temp-sym-map))
(sym-temp-assign (apply 'append sym-temp-map))
(result (make-symbol "result-tmp")))
`(let (,@temp-sym-let
(let ,sym-temp-let
(setq ,result (progn ,@forms))
(setq ,@temp-sym-assign))
(let ((inhibit-quit gnus-atomic-be-safe))
(setq ,@sym-temp-assign))
(put 'gnus-atomic-progn-assign 'lisp-indent-function 1)
;(put 'gnus-atomic-progn-assign 'edebug-form-spec '(sexp body))
(defmacro gnus-atomic-setq (&rest pairs)
"Similar to setq, except that the real symbols are only assigned when
there are no errors. And when the real symbols are assigned, they are
done so atomically. If other variables might be changed via side-effect,
see gnus-atomic-progn-assign. It is safe to use gnus-atomic-setq
with potentially long computations."
(let ((tpairs pairs)
(while tpairs
(push (car tpairs) syms)
(setq tpairs (cddr tpairs)))
`(gnus-atomic-progn-assign ,syms
(setq ,@pairs))))
;(put 'gnus-atomic-setq 'edebug-form-spec '(body))
;;; Functions for saving to babyl/mail files.
(if (featurep 'xemacs)
;; Don't load tm and apel XEmacs packages that provide some
;; Emacs emulating functions and variables.
(let ((features features))
(provide 'tm-view)
(unless (fboundp 'set-alist) (defalias 'set-alist 'ignore))
(require 'rmail)) ;; It requires tm-view that loads apel.
(require 'rmail))
(autoload 'rmail-update-summary "rmailsum"))
(defvar mm-text-coding-system)
(declare-function mm-append-to-file "mm-util"
(start end filename &optional codesys inhibit))
(defun gnus-output-to-rmail (filename &optional ask)
"Append the current article to an Rmail file named FILENAME.
In Emacs 22 this writes Babyl format; in Emacs 23 it writes mbox unless
FILENAME exists and is Babyl format."
(require 'rmail)
(require 'mm-util)
(require 'nnmail)
;; Some of this codes is borrowed from rmailout.el.
(setq filename (expand-file-name filename))
;; FIXME should we really be messing with this defcustom?
;; It is not needed for the operation of this function.
(if (boundp 'rmail-default-rmail-file)
(setq rmail-default-rmail-file filename) ; 22
(setq rmail-default-file filename)) ; 23
(let ((artbuf (current-buffer))
(tmpbuf (get-buffer-create " *Gnus-output*"))
;; Babyl rmail.el defines this, mbox does not.
(babyl (fboundp 'rmail-insert-rmail-file-header)))
;; Note that we ignore the possibility of visiting a Babyl
;; format buffer in Emacs 23, since Rmail no longer supports that.
(or (get-file-buffer filename)
;; In case someone wants to write to a Babyl file from Emacs 23.
(when (file-exists-p filename)
(setq babyl (mail-file-babyl-p filename))
(if (or (not ask)
(concat "\"" filename "\" does not exist, create it? ")))
(let ((file-buffer (create-file-buffer filename)))
(with-current-buffer file-buffer
(if (fboundp 'rmail-insert-rmail-file-header)
(let ((require-final-newline nil)
(coding-system-for-write mm-text-coding-system))
(gnus-write-buffer filename)))
(kill-buffer file-buffer))
(error "Output file does not exist")))
(set-buffer tmpbuf)
(insert-buffer-substring artbuf)
(if babyl
;; Non-Babyl case copied from gnus-output-to-mail.
(goto-char (point-min))
(if (looking-at "From ")
(forward-line 1)
(insert "From nobody " (current-time-string) "\n"))
(let (case-fold-search)
(while (re-search-forward "^From " nil t)
(insert ">"))))
;; Decide whether to append to a file or to an Emacs buffer.
(let ((outbuf (get-file-buffer filename)))
(if (not outbuf)
(unless babyl ; from gnus-output-to-mail
(let ((buffer-read-only nil))
(goto-char (point-max))
(forward-char -2)
(unless (looking-at "\n\n")
(goto-char (point-max))
(unless (bolp)
(insert "\n"))
(insert "\n"))))
(let ((file-name-coding-system nnmail-pathname-coding-system))
(mm-append-to-file (point-min) (point-max) filename)))
;; File has been visited, in buffer OUTBUF.
(set-buffer outbuf)
(let ((buffer-read-only nil)
(msg (and (boundp 'rmail-current-message)
(symbol-value 'rmail-current-message))))
;; If MSG is non-nil, buffer is in RMAIL mode.
;; Compare this with rmail-output-to-rmail-buffer in Emacs 23.
(when msg
(unless babyl
(narrow-to-region (point-max) (point-max)))
(insert-buffer-substring tmpbuf)
(when msg
(when babyl
(goto-char (point-min))
(search-backward "\n\^_")
(narrow-to-region (point) (point-max)))
(rmail-count-new-messages t)
(when (rmail-summary-exists)
(rmail-show-message msg))
(kill-buffer tmpbuf)))
(defun gnus-output-to-mail (filename &optional ask)
"Append the current article to a mail file named FILENAME."
(require 'nnmail)
(setq filename (expand-file-name filename))
(let ((artbuf (current-buffer))
(tmpbuf (get-buffer-create " *Gnus-output*")))
;; Create the file, if it doesn't exist.
(when (and (not (get-file-buffer filename))
(not (file-exists-p filename)))
(if (or (not ask)
(concat "\"" filename "\" does not exist, create it? ")))
(let ((file-buffer (create-file-buffer filename)))
(with-current-buffer file-buffer
(let ((require-final-newline nil)
(coding-system-for-write mm-text-coding-system))
(gnus-write-buffer filename)))
(kill-buffer file-buffer))
(error "Output file does not exist")))
(set-buffer tmpbuf)
(insert-buffer-substring artbuf)
(goto-char (point-min))
(if (looking-at "From ")
(forward-line 1)
(insert "From nobody " (current-time-string) "\n"))
(let (case-fold-search)
(while (re-search-forward "^From " nil t)
(insert ">")))
;; Decide whether to append to a file or to an Emacs buffer.
(let ((outbuf (get-file-buffer filename)))
(if (not outbuf)
(let ((buffer-read-only nil))
(goto-char (point-max))
(forward-char -2)
(unless (looking-at "\n\n")
(goto-char (point-max))
(unless (bolp)
(insert "\n"))
(insert "\n"))
(goto-char (point-max))
(let ((file-name-coding-system nnmail-pathname-coding-system))
(mm-append-to-file (point-min) (point-max) filename))))
;; File has been visited, in buffer OUTBUF.
(set-buffer outbuf)
(let ((buffer-read-only nil))
(goto-char (point-max))
(unless (eobp)
(insert "\n"))
(insert "\n")
(insert-buffer-substring tmpbuf)))))
(kill-buffer tmpbuf)))
(defun gnus-convert-article-to-rmail ()
"Convert article in current buffer to Rmail message format."
(let ((buffer-read-only nil))
;; Convert article directly into Babyl format.
(goto-char (point-min))
(insert "\^L\n0, unseen,,\n*** EOOH ***\n")
(while (search-forward "\n\^_" nil t) ;single char
(replace-match "\n^_" t t)) ;2 chars: "^" and "_"
(goto-char (point-max))
(insert "\^_")))
(defun gnus-map-function (funs arg)
"Apply the result of the first function in FUNS to the second, and so on.
ARG is passed to the first function."
(while funs
(setq arg (funcall (pop funs) arg)))
(defun gnus-run-hooks (&rest funcs)
"Does the same as `run-hooks', but saves the current buffer."
(apply 'run-hooks funcs)))
(defun gnus-run-hook-with-args (hook &rest args)
"Does the same as `run-hook-with-args', but saves the current buffer."
(apply 'run-hook-with-args hook args)))
(defun gnus-run-mode-hooks (&rest funcs)
"Run `run-mode-hooks' if it is available, otherwise `run-hooks'.
This function saves the current buffer."
(if (fboundp 'run-mode-hooks)
(save-current-buffer (apply 'run-mode-hooks funcs))
(save-current-buffer (apply 'run-hooks funcs))))
;;; Various
(defvar gnus-group-buffer) ; Compiler directive
(defun gnus-alive-p ()
"Say whether Gnus is running or not."
(and (boundp 'gnus-group-buffer)
(get-buffer gnus-group-buffer)
(with-current-buffer gnus-group-buffer
(eq major-mode 'gnus-group-mode))))
(defun gnus-remove-if (predicate sequence &optional hash-table-p)
"Return a copy of SEQUENCE with all items satisfying PREDICATE removed.
SEQUENCE should be a list, a vector, or a string. Returns always a list.
If HASH-TABLE-P is non-nil, regards SEQUENCE as a hash table."
(let (out)
(if hash-table-p
(mapatoms (lambda (symbol)
(unless (funcall predicate symbol)
(push symbol out)))
(unless (listp sequence)
(setq sequence (append sequence nil)))
(while sequence
(unless (funcall predicate (car sequence))
(push (car sequence) out))
(setq sequence (cdr sequence))))
(nreverse out)))
(defun gnus-remove-if-not (predicate sequence &optional hash-table-p)
"Return a copy of SEQUENCE with all items not satisfying PREDICATE removed.
SEQUENCE should be a list, a vector, or a string. Returns always a list.
If HASH-TABLE-P is non-nil, regards SEQUENCE as a hash table."
(let (out)
(if hash-table-p
(mapatoms (lambda (symbol)
(when (funcall predicate symbol)
(push symbol out)))
(unless (listp sequence)
(setq sequence (append sequence nil)))
(while sequence
(when (funcall predicate (car sequence))
(push (car sequence) out))
(setq sequence (cdr sequence))))
(nreverse out)))
(if (fboundp 'assq-delete-all)
(defalias 'gnus-delete-alist 'assq-delete-all)
(defun gnus-delete-alist (key alist)
"Delete from ALIST all elements whose car is KEY.
Return the modified alist."
(let (entry)
(while (setq entry (assq key alist))
(setq alist (delq entry alist)))
(defun gnus-grep-in-list (word list)
"Find if a WORD matches any regular expression in the given LIST."
(when (and word list)
(catch 'found
(dolist (r list)
(when (string-match r word)
(throw 'found r))))))
(defmacro gnus-alist-pull (key alist &optional assoc-p)
"Modify ALIST to be without KEY."
(unless (symbolp alist)
(error "Not a symbol: %s" alist))
(let ((fun (if assoc-p 'assoc 'assq)))
`(setq ,alist (delq (,fun ,key ,alist) ,alist))))
(defun gnus-globalify-regexp (re)
"Return a regexp that matches a whole line, if RE matches a part of it."
(concat (unless (string-match "^\\^" re) "^.*")
(unless (string-match "\\$$" re) ".*$")))
(defun gnus-set-window-start (&optional point)
"Set the window start to POINT, or (point) if nil."
(let ((win (gnus-get-buffer-window (current-buffer) t)))
(when win
(set-window-start win (or point (point))))))
(defun gnus-annotation-in-region-p (b e)
(if (= b e)
(eq (cadr (memq 'gnus-undeletable (text-properties-at b))) t)
(text-property-any b e 'gnus-undeletable t)))
(defun gnus-or (&rest elems)
"Return non-nil if any of the elements are non-nil."
(catch 'found
(while elems
(when (pop elems)
(throw 'found t)))))
(defun gnus-and (&rest elems)
"Return non-nil if all of the elements are non-nil."
(catch 'found
(while elems
(unless (pop elems)
(throw 'found nil)))
;; gnus.el requires mm-util.
(declare-function mm-disable-multibyte "mm-util")
(defun gnus-write-active-file (file hashtb &optional full-names)
;; `coding-system-for-write' should be `raw-text' or equivalent.
(let ((coding-system-for-write nnmail-active-file-coding-system))
(with-temp-file file
;; The buffer should be in the unibyte mode because group names
;; are ASCII text or encoded non-ASCII text (i.e., unibyte).
(lambda (sym)
(when (and sym
(boundp sym)
(symbol-value sym))
(insert (format "%S %d %d y\n"
(if full-names
(intern (gnus-group-real-name (symbol-name sym))))
(or (cdr (symbol-value sym))
(car (symbol-value sym)))
(car (symbol-value sym))))))
(goto-char (point-max))
(while (search-backward "\\." nil t)
(delete-char 1)))))
;; Fixme: Why not use `with-output-to-temp-buffer'?
(defmacro gnus-with-output-to-file (file &rest body)
(let ((buffer (make-symbol "output-buffer"))
(size (make-symbol "output-buffer-size"))
(leng (make-symbol "output-buffer-length"))
(append (make-symbol "output-buffer-append")))
`(let* ((,size 131072)
(,buffer (make-string ,size 0))
(,leng 0)
(,append nil)
(lambda (c)
(aset ,buffer ,leng c)
(if (= ,size (setq ,leng (1+ ,leng)))
(progn (write-region ,buffer nil ,file ,append 'no-msg)
(setq ,leng 0
,append t))))))
(when (> ,leng 0)
(let ((coding-system-for-write 'no-conversion))
(write-region (substring ,buffer 0 ,leng) nil ,file
,append 'no-msg))))))
(put 'gnus-with-output-to-file 'lisp-indent-function 1)
(put 'gnus-with-output-to-file 'edebug-form-spec '(form body))
(if (fboundp 'union)
(defalias 'gnus-union 'union)
(defun gnus-union (l1 l2)
"Set union of lists L1 and L2."
(cond ((null l1) l2)
((null l2) l1)
((equal l1 l2) l1)
(or (>= (length l1) (length l2))
(setq l1 (prog1 l2 (setq l2 l1))))
(while l2
(or (member (car l2) l1)
(push (car l2) l1))
(pop l2))
(declare-function gnus-add-text-properties "gnus"
(start end properties &optional object))
(defun gnus-add-text-properties-when
(property value start end properties &optional object)
"Like `gnus-add-text-properties', only applied on where PROPERTY is VALUE."
(let (point)
(while (and start
(< start end) ;; XEmacs will loop for every when start=end.
(setq point (text-property-not-all start end property value)))
(gnus-add-text-properties start point properties object)
(setq start (text-property-any point end property value)))
(if start
(gnus-add-text-properties start end properties object))))
(defun gnus-remove-text-properties-when
(property value start end properties &optional object)
"Like `remove-text-properties', only applied on where PROPERTY is VALUE."
(let (point)
(while (and start
(< start end)
(setq point (text-property-not-all start end property value)))
(remove-text-properties start point properties object)
(setq start (text-property-any point end property value)))
(if start
(remove-text-properties start end properties object))
(defun gnus-string-remove-all-properties (string)
(condition-case ()
(let ((s string))
(set-text-properties 0 (length string) nil string)
(error string)))
;; This might use `compare-strings' to reduce consing in the
;; case-insensitive case, but it has to cope with null args.
;; (`string-equal' uses symbol print names.)
(defun gnus-string-equal (x y)
"Like `string-equal', except it compares case-insensitively."
(and (= (length x) (length y))
(or (string-equal x y)
(string-equal (downcase x) (downcase y)))))
(defcustom gnus-use-byte-compile t
"If non-nil, byte-compile crucial run-time code.
Setting it to nil has no effect after the first time `gnus-byte-compile'
is run."
:type 'boolean
:version "22.1"
:group 'gnus-various)
(defun gnus-byte-compile (form)
"Byte-compile FORM if `gnus-use-byte-compile' is non-nil."
(if gnus-use-byte-compile
(condition-case nil
;; Work around a bug in XEmacs 21.4
(require 'byte-optimize)
(require 'bytecomp)
(defalias 'gnus-byte-compile
(lambda (form)
(let ((byte-compile-warnings '(unresolved callargs redefine)))
(byte-compile form))))
(gnus-byte-compile form))
(defun gnus-remassoc (key alist)
"Delete by side effect any elements of LIST whose car is `equal' to KEY.
The modified LIST is returned. If the first member
of LIST has a car that is `equal' to KEY, there is no way to remove it
by side effect; therefore, write `(setq foo (gnus-remassoc key foo))' to be
sure of changing the value of `foo'."
(when alist
(if (equal key (caar alist))
(cdr alist)
(setcdr alist (gnus-remassoc key (cdr alist)))
(defun gnus-update-alist-soft (key value alist)
(if value
(cons (cons key value) (gnus-remassoc key alist))
(gnus-remassoc key alist)))
(defun gnus-create-info-command (node)
"Create a command that will go to info NODE."
`(lambda ()
,(concat "Enter the info system at node " node)
(Info-goto-node ,node)
(setq gnus-info-buffer (current-buffer))
(gnus-configure-windows 'info)))
(defun gnus-not-ignore (&rest args)
(defvar gnus-directory-sep-char-regexp "/"
"The regexp of directory separator character.
If you find some problem with the directory separator character, try
\"[/\\\\\]\" for some systems.")
(defun gnus-url-unhex (x)
(if (> x ?9)
(if (>= x ?a)
(+ 10 (- x ?a))
(+ 10 (- x ?A)))
(- x ?0)))
;; Fixme: Do it like QP.
(defun gnus-url-unhex-string (str &optional allow-newlines)
"Remove %XX, embedded spaces, etc in a url.
If optional second argument ALLOW-NEWLINES is non-nil, then allow the
decoding of carriage returns and line feeds in the string, which is normally
forbidden in URL encoding."
(let ((tmp "")
(case-fold-search t))
(while (string-match "%[0-9a-f][0-9a-f]" str)
(let* ((start (match-beginning 0))
(ch1 (gnus-url-unhex (elt str (+ start 1))))
(code (+ (* 16 ch1)
(gnus-url-unhex (elt str (+ start 2))))))
(setq tmp (concat
tmp (substring str 0 start)
(char-to-string code))
((or (= code ?\n) (= code ?\r))
" ")
(t (char-to-string code))))
str (substring str (match-end 0)))))
(setq tmp (concat tmp str))
(defun gnus-make-predicate (spec)
"Transform SPEC into a function that can be called.
SPEC is a predicate specifier that contains stuff like `or', `and',
`not', lists and functions. The functions all take one parameter."
`(lambda (elem) ,(gnus-make-predicate-1 spec)))
(defun gnus-make-predicate-1 (spec)
((symbolp spec)
`(,spec elem))
((listp spec)
(if (memq (car spec) '(or and not))
`(,(car spec) ,@(mapcar 'gnus-make-predicate-1 (cdr spec)))
(error "Invalid predicate specifier: %s" spec)))))
(defun gnus-completing-read (prompt collection &optional require-match
initial-input history def)
"Call `gnus-completing-read-function'."
(funcall gnus-completing-read-function
(concat prompt (when def
(concat " (default " def ")"))
": ")
collection require-match initial-input history def))
(defun gnus-emacs-completing-read (prompt collection &optional require-match
initial-input history def)
"Call standard `completing-read-function'."
(let ((completion-styles gnus-completion-styles))
(completing-read prompt
;; Old XEmacs (at least 21.4) expect an alist for
;; collection.
(mapcar 'list collection)
nil require-match initial-input history def)))
(autoload 'ido-completing-read "ido")
(defun gnus-ido-completing-read (prompt collection &optional require-match
initial-input history def)
"Call `ido-completing-read-function'."
(ido-completing-read prompt collection nil require-match
initial-input history def))
(declare-function iswitchb-read-buffer "iswitchb"
(prompt &optional default require-match start matches-set))
(defvar iswitchb-temp-buflist)
(defun gnus-iswitchb-completing-read (prompt collection &optional require-match
initial-input history def)
"`iswitchb' based completing-read function."
;; Make sure iswitchb is loaded before we let-bind its variables.
;; If it is loaded inside the let, variables can become unbound afterwards.
(require 'iswitchb)
(let ((iswitchb-make-buflist-hook
(lambda ()
(setq iswitchb-temp-buflist
(let ((choices (append
(when initial-input (list initial-input))
(symbol-value history) collection))
(dolist (x choices)
(setq filtered-choices (adjoin x filtered-choices)))
(nreverse filtered-choices))))))
(or iswitchb-mode
(add-hook 'minibuffer-setup-hook 'iswitchb-minibuffer-setup))
(iswitchb-read-buffer prompt def require-match))
(or iswitchb-mode
(remove-hook 'minibuffer-setup-hook 'iswitchb-minibuffer-setup)))))
(defun gnus-graphic-display-p ()
(if (featurep 'xemacs)
(put 'gnus-parse-without-error 'lisp-indent-function 0)
(put 'gnus-parse-without-error 'edebug-form-spec '(body))
(defmacro gnus-parse-without-error (&rest body)
"Allow continuing onto the next line even if an error occurs."
`(while (not (eobp))
(condition-case ()
(goto-char (point-max)))
(gnus-error 4 "Invalid data on line %d"
(count-lines (point-min) (point)))
(forward-line 1)))))
(defun gnus-cache-file-contents (file variable function)
"Cache the contents of FILE in VARIABLE. The contents come from FUNCTION."
(let ((time (nth 5 (file-attributes file)))
contents value)
(if (or (null (setq value (symbol-value variable)))
(not (equal (car value) file))
(not (equal (nth 1 value) time)))
(setq contents (funcall function file))
(set variable (list file time contents))
(nth 2 value))))
(defun gnus-multiple-choice (prompt choice &optional idx)
"Ask user a multiple choice question.
CHOICE is a list of the choice char and help message at IDX."
(let (tchar buf)
(while (not tchar)
(message "%s (%s): "
(mapconcat (lambda (s) (char-to-string (car s)))
choice ", ") ", ?"))
(setq tchar (read-char))
(when (not (assq tchar choice))
(setq tchar nil)
(setq buf (get-buffer-create "*Gnus Help*"))
(pop-to-buffer buf)
(fundamental-mode) ; for Emacs 20.4+
(insert prompt ":\n\n")
(let ((max -1)
(list choice)
(alist choice)
(idx (or idx 1))
(i 0)
n width pad format)
;; find the longest string to display
(while list
(setq n (length (nth idx (car list))))
(unless (> max n)
(setq max n))
(setq list (cdr list)))
(setq max (+ max 4)) ; %c, `:', SPACE, a SPACE at end
(setq n (/ (1- (window-width)) max)) ; items per line
(setq width (/ (1- (window-width)) n)) ; width of each item
;; insert `n' items, each in a field of width `width'
(while alist
(if (< i n)
(setq i 0)
(delete-char -1) ; the `\n' takes a char
(insert "\n"))
(setq pad (- width 3))
(setq format (concat "%c: %-" (int-to-string pad) "s"))
(insert (format format (caar alist) (nth idx (car alist))))
(setq alist (cdr alist))
(setq i (1+ i))))))))
(if (buffer-live-p buf)
(kill-buffer buf))
(if (featurep 'emacs)
(defalias 'gnus-select-frame-set-input-focus 'select-frame-set-input-focus)
(if (fboundp 'select-frame-set-input-focus)
(defalias 'gnus-select-frame-set-input-focus 'select-frame-set-input-focus)
;; XEmacs 21.4, SXEmacs
(defun gnus-select-frame-set-input-focus (frame)
"Select FRAME, raise it, and set input focus, if possible."
(raise-frame frame)
(select-frame frame)
(focus-frame frame))))
(defun gnus-frame-or-window-display-name (object)
"Given a frame or window, return the associated display name.
Return nil otherwise."
(if (featurep 'xemacs)
(device-connection (dfw-device object))
(if (or (framep object)
(and (windowp object)
(setq object (window-frame object))))
(let ((display (frame-parameter object 'display)))
(if (and (stringp display)
;; Exclude invalid display names.
(string-match "\\`[^:]*:[0-9]+\\(\\.[0-9]+\\)?\\'"
(defvar tool-bar-mode)
(defun gnus-tool-bar-update (&rest ignore)
"Update the tool bar."
(when (and (boundp 'tool-bar-mode)
(let* ((args nil)
(func (cond ((featurep 'xemacs)
((fboundp 'tool-bar-update)
((fboundp 'force-window-update)
((fboundp 'redraw-frame)
(setq args (list (selected-frame)))
(t 'ignore))))
(apply func args))))
;; Fixme: This has only one use (in gnus-agent), which isn't worthwhile.
(defmacro gnus-mapcar (function seq1 &rest seqs2_n)
"Apply FUNCTION to each element of the sequences, and make a list of the results.
If there are several sequences, FUNCTION is called with that many arguments,
and mapping stops as soon as the shortest sequence runs out. With just one
sequence, this is like `mapcar'. With several, it is like the Common Lisp
`mapcar' function extended to arbitrary sequence types."
(if seqs2_n
(let* ((seqs (cons seq1 seqs2_n))
(cnt 0)
(heads (mapcar (lambda (seq)
(make-symbol (concat "head"
(setq cnt (1+ cnt))))))
(result (make-symbol "result"))
(result-tail (make-symbol "result-tail")))
`(let* ,(let* ((bindings (cons nil nil))
(heads heads))
(nconc bindings (list (list result '(cons nil nil))))
(nconc bindings (list (list result-tail result)))
(while heads
(nconc bindings (list (list (pop heads) (pop seqs)))))
(cdr bindings))
(while (and ,@heads)
(setcdr ,result-tail (cons (funcall ,function
,@(mapcar (lambda (h) (list 'car h))
(setq ,result-tail (cdr ,result-tail)
,@(apply 'nconc (mapcar (lambda (h) (list h (list 'cdr h))) heads))))
(cdr ,result)))
`(mapcar ,function ,seq1)))
(if (fboundp 'merge)
(defalias 'gnus-merge 'merge)
;; Adapted from cl-seq.el
(defun gnus-merge (type list1 list2 pred)
"Destructively merge lists LIST1 and LIST2 to produce a new list.
Argument TYPE is for compatibility and ignored.
Ordering of the elements is preserved according to PRED, a `less-than'
predicate on the elements."
(let ((res nil))
(while (and list1 list2)
(if (funcall pred (car list2) (car list1))
(push (pop list2) res)
(push (pop list1) res)))
(nconc (nreverse res) list1 list2))))
(defvar xemacs-codename)
(defvar sxemacs-codename)
(defvar emacs-program-version)
(defun gnus-emacs-version ()
"Stringified Emacs version."
(let* ((lst (if (listp gnus-user-agent)
'(gnus emacs type)))
(system-v (cond ((memq 'config lst)
((memq 'type lst)
(symbol-name system-type))
(t nil)))
codename emacsname)
(cond ((featurep 'sxemacs)
(setq emacsname "SXEmacs"
codename sxemacs-codename))
((featurep 'xemacs)
(setq emacsname "XEmacs"
codename xemacs-codename))
(setq emacsname "Emacs")))
((not (memq 'emacs lst))
((string-match "^\\(\\([.0-9]+\\)*\\)\\.[0-9]+$" emacs-version)
;; Emacs:
(concat "Emacs/" (match-string 1 emacs-version)
(if system-v
(concat " (" system-v ")")
((or (featurep 'sxemacs) (featurep 'xemacs))
;; XEmacs or SXEmacs:
(concat emacsname "/" emacs-program-version
(let (plst)
(when (memq 'codename lst)
(push codename plst))
(when system-v
(push system-v plst))
(unless (featurep 'mule)
(push "no MULE" plst))
(when (> (length plst) 0)
" (" (mapconcat 'identity (reverse plst) ", ") ")")))))
(t emacs-version))))
(defun gnus-rename-file (old-path new-path &optional trim)
"Rename OLD-PATH as NEW-PATH. If TRIM, recursively delete
empty directories from OLD-PATH."
(when (file-exists-p old-path)
(let* ((old-dir (file-name-directory old-path))
(old-name (file-name-nondirectory old-path))
(new-dir (file-name-directory new-path))
(new-name (file-name-nondirectory new-path))
(gnus-make-directory new-dir)
(rename-file old-path new-path t)
(when trim
(while (progn (setq temp (directory-files old-dir))
(while (member (car temp) '("." ".."))
(setq temp (cdr temp)))
(= (length temp) 0))
(delete-directory old-dir)
(setq old-dir (file-name-as-directory
(concat old-dir "..")))))))))
(defun gnus-set-file-modes (filename mode)
"Wrapper for set-file-modes."
(set-file-modes filename mode)))
(if (fboundp 'set-process-query-on-exit-flag)
(defalias 'gnus-set-process-query-on-exit-flag
(defalias 'gnus-set-process-query-on-exit-flag
(defalias 'gnus-read-shell-command
(if (fboundp 'read-shell-command) 'read-shell-command 'read-string))
(defmacro gnus-put-display-table (range value display-table)
"Set the value for char RANGE to VALUE in DISPLAY-TABLE. "
(if (featurep 'xemacs)
`(if (fboundp 'put-display-table)
(put-display-table ,range ,value ,display-table)
(if (sequencep ,display-table)
(aset ,display-table ,range ,value)
(put-char-table ,range ,value ,display-table))))
`(aset ,display-table ,range ,value)))
(defmacro gnus-get-display-table (character display-table)
"Find value for CHARACTER in DISPLAY-TABLE. "
(if (featurep 'xemacs)
`(if (fboundp 'get-display-table)
(get-display-table ,character ,display-table)
(if (sequencep ,display-table)
(aref ,display-table ,character)
(get-char-table ,character ,display-table)))
`(aref ,display-table ,character)))
(defun gnus-rescale-image (image size)
"Rescale IMAGE to SIZE if possible.
SIZE is in format (WIDTH . HEIGHT). Return a new image.
Sizes are in pixels."
(if (or (not (fboundp 'imagemagick-types))
(not (get-buffer-window (current-buffer))))
(let ((new-width (car size))
(new-height (cdr size)))
(when (> (cdr (image-size image t)) new-height)
(setq image (or (create-image (plist-get (cdr image) :data) 'imagemagick t
:height new-height)
(when (> (car (image-size image t)) new-width)
(setq image (or
(create-image (plist-get (cdr image) :data) 'imagemagick t
:width new-width)
(defun gnus-recursive-directory-files (dir)
"Return all regular files below DIR."
(let (files)
(dolist (file (directory-files dir t))
(when (and (not (member (file-name-nondirectory file) '("." "..")))
(file-readable-p file))
((file-regular-p file)
(push file files))
((file-directory-p file)
(setq files (append (gnus-recursive-directory-files file) files))))))
(defun gnus-list-memq-of-list (elements list)
"Return non-nil if any of the members of ELEMENTS are in LIST."
(let ((found nil))
(dolist (elem elements)
(setq found (or found
(memq elem list))))
((fboundp 'match-substitute-replacement)
(defalias 'gnus-match-substitute-replacement 'match-substitute-replacement))
(defun gnus-match-substitute-replacement (replacement &optional fixedcase literal string subexp)
"Return REPLACEMENT as it will be inserted by `replace-match'.
In other words, all back-references in the form `\\&' and `\\N'
are substituted with actual strings matched by the last search.
Optional FIXEDCASE, LITERAL, STRING and SUBEXP have the same
meaning as for `replace-match'.
This is the definition of match-substitute-replacement in subr.el from GNU Emacs."
(let ((match (match-string 0 string)))
(set-match-data (mapcar (lambda (x)
(if (numberp x)
(- x (match-beginning 0))
(match-data t)))
(replace-match replacement fixedcase literal match subexp)))))))
(if (fboundp 'string-match-p)
(defalias 'gnus-string-match-p 'string-match-p)
(defsubst gnus-string-match-p (regexp string &optional start)
Same as `string-match' except this function does not change the match data."
(string-match regexp string start))))
(if (fboundp 'string-prefix-p)
(defalias 'gnus-string-prefix-p 'string-prefix-p)
(defun gnus-string-prefix-p (str1 str2 &optional ignore-case)
"Return non-nil if STR1 is a prefix of STR2.
If IGNORE-CASE is non-nil, the comparison is done without paying attention
to case differences."
(and (<= (length str1) (length str2))
(let ((prefix (substring str2 0 (length str1))))
(if ignore-case
(string-equal (downcase str1) (downcase prefix))
(string-equal str1 prefix))))))
;; Simple check: can be a macro but this way, although slow, it's really clear.
;; We don't use `bound-and-true-p' because it's not in XEmacs.
(defun gnus-bound-and-true-p (sym)
(and (boundp sym) (symbol-value sym)))
(if (fboundp 'timer--function)
(defalias 'gnus-timer--function 'timer--function)
(defun gnus-timer--function (timer)
(elt timer 5)))
(provide 'gnus-util)
;;; gnus-util.el ends here
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