A Handlebars template loader for Webpack
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Latest commit dfd53f1 Mar 10, 2018

README.md

handlebars-template-loader

A Handlebars template loader for Webpack

Changelog


* 1.0: Loader now works with Webpack 4. Still a beta release.

Table of Contents


Installation


npm install handlebars-template-loader

Since version 0.5.4, this loaders does not include Handlebars in its dependency list. Make sure to install Handlebars before running webpack. Read https://github.com/npm/npm/issues/6565 for details.


Usage


module.exports = {
    //...

    module: {
        loaders: [
            { test: /\.hbs/, loader: "handlebars-template-loader" }
        ]
    },

    node: {
        fs: "empty" // avoids error messages
    }
};

Loading templates


<!-- File: hello.hbs -->
<p>Hello&nbsp;{{name}}</p>

// File: app.js
var compiled = require('./hello.hbs');
return compiled({name: "world"});

Using helpers


// File: helpers.js

// Get Handlebars instance
var Handlebars = require('handlebars-template-loader/runtime');

Handlebars.registerHelper('list', function(items, options) {
  var out = "<ul>";

  for(var i=0, l=items.length; i<l; i++) {
    out = out + "<li>" + options.fn(items[i]) + "</li>";
  }

  return out + "</ul>";
});

Handlebars.registerHelper('link', function(text, url) {
  text = Handlebars.Utils.escapeExpression(text);
  url  = Handlebars.Utils.escapeExpression(url);

  var result = '<a href="' + url + '">' + text + '</a>';

  return new Handlebars.SafeString(result);
});

// File: main.js

// Include template helpers
require("./helpers.js");

Using partials


    // Get Handlebars instance
    var Handlebars = require('handlebars-template-loader/runtime');

    // Require partial
    var partial = require('path/to/my/_partial.hbs');

    // Register partial
    Handlebars.registerPartial('my_partial_name', partial);

Options


Prepending filename comment


When debugging a large single page app with the DevTools, it's often hard to find the template that contains a bug. With the following config a HTML comment is prepended to the template with the relative path in it (e.g. <!-- view/user/edit.html -->).


module.exports = {
    //...

    module: {
        loaders: [
            {
                test: /\.hbs$/,
                loader: "handlebars-template-loader",
                query: {
                    prependFilenameComment: __dirname,
                }
            }
        ]
    }
};

Images


In order to load images you must install either the file-loader or the url-loader package.

module.exports = {
    //...

    module: {
        loaders: [
            //...
            { test: /\.hbs/, loader: "handlebars-template-loader" },
            { test: /\.jpg/, loader: "file-loader" },
            { test: /\.png/, loader: "url-loader?mimetype=image/png" },
        ]
    }
};

<!-- Require image using file-loader -->
<img src="img/portrait.jpg">

<!-- Require image using url-loader -->
<img src="img/icon.png">

Images with an absolute path are not translated unless a root option is defined

<!-- Using root = undefined => no translation -->
<img src="/not_translated.jpg">

<!-- Using root = 'images' => require('images/image.jpg') -->
<img src="/image.jpg">

In order to deactivate image processing define the attributes option as an empty array.

module.exports = {
    //...

    module: {
        loaders: [
            {
                test: /\.hbs$/,
                loader: "handlebars-template-loader",
                query: {
                    attributes: []
                }
            }
        ]
    }
};

You could also add which attributes need to be processed in the form of pairs tag:attribute.


module.exports = {
    //...

    module: {
        loaders: [
            {
                test: /\.hbs$/,
                loader: "handlebars-template-loader",
                query: {
                    attributes: ['img:src', 'x-img:src']
                }
            }
        ]
    }
};

Dynamic attributes won't be afected by this behaviour by default.

<!-- Ignore "root" argument if attribute contains a template expression -->
<img src="/img/{{doge}}.png" class="doge-img">

In order to append the root directory you'll need to specify the parseDynamicRoutes argument.

module.exports = {
    //...

    module: {
        loaders: [
            {
                test: /\.html$/,
                loader: "handlebars-template-loader",
                query: {
                    root: "myapp",
                    parseDynamicRoutes: true
                }
            }
        ]
    }
};
<!-- Attribute now translates to "myapp/img/{{doge}}.png" -->
<img src="/img/cat-<%- currentCat.url %>.png" class="doge-img">

Runtime path

If you have a custom location for your Handlebars runtime module then you can set that in your query object via the runtimePath property. This is the path to the Handlebars runtime that every .hbs file will require and use. By default this loader looks up the absolute path to the handlebars/runtime in your node_modules folder. Changing this property is useful if you are doing somethign non-standard with your Handlebar templates, for example setting an alias for the handlebars/runtime path.


module.exports = {
    //...

    module: {
        loaders: [
            {
                test: /\.html$/,
                loader: "handlebars-template-loader",
                query: {
                    runtimePath: 'handlebars/runtime'
                }
            }
        ]
    }
};

Compilation options


Handlebars does support additional compilation options that you can specify in your query object literal.


module.exports = {
    //...

    module: {
        loaders: [
            {
                test: /\.html$/,
                loader: "handlebars-template-loader",
                query: {
                    root: "myapp",
                    strict: true,
                    noEscape: true
                }
            }
        ]
    }
};

Macros


Macros allow additional features like including templates or inserting custom text in a compiled templates.

require


The require macro expects a path to a handlebars template. The macro is then translated to a webpack require expression that evaluates the template using the same arguments.


<h4>Profile</h4>

Name: <strong>{{name}}</strong>
<br/>
Surname: <strong>{{surname}}</strong>
<div class="profile-details">
    @require('profile-details.hbs')
</div>

include


While the require macro expects a resource that returns a function, the include macro can be used for resources that return plain text. For example, we can include text loaded through the html-loader directly in our template.

<div class="wiki">
    <h3>Introduction</h3>
    @include('intro.htm')
    <h3>Authors</h3>
    @include('authors.htm')
</div>

repeat


The repeat macro will repeat the given string the amount of times as specified by the second argument (default to 1). It will only accept string literals.

<p>Lorem ipsum</p>
@repeat('<br/>', 3)
<p>Sit amet</p>
@repeat('\n')

Custom macros


We can include additional macros by defining them in the webpack configuration file. Remember that the value returned by a macro is inserted as plain javascript, so in order to insert a custom text we need to use nested quotes. For example, let's say that we want a macro that includes a copyright string in our template.


// File: webpack.config.js
module.exports = {
    // ...

    module: {
        loaders: {
            // ...
            { test: /\.hbs/, loader: "handlebars-template-loader" },
        }
    },

    macros: {
        copyright: function () {
            return "'<p>Copyright FakeCorp 2014 - 2015</p>'";
        }
    }
}

We then invoke our macro from within the template as usual.


<footer>
    @copyright()
</footer>

Disabling macros


You can disable macros if you are a bit unsure about their usage or just simply want faster processing. This is achieved by setting the parseMacros options to false.


module.exports = {
    // ...

    module: {
        loaders: {
            // ...
            {
                test: /\.hbs/,
                loader: "handlebars-template-loader",
                query: {
                    parseMacros: false
                }
            },
        }
    }
}

Arguments


Macros can accept an arbitrary number of arguments. Only boolean, strings and numeric types are supported.


// File: webpack.config.js
module.exports = {
    // ...

    module: {
        loaders: {
            // ...
            { test: /\.html$/, loader: "handlebars-template-loader" },
        }
    },

    macros: {
        header: function (size, content) {
            return "'<h" + size + ">" + content + "</h" + size + ">'";
        }
    }
}

@header(1, 'Welcome')
<p>Lorem ipsum</p>
@header(3, 'Contents')
<p>Sit amet</p>

Escaping


Macro expressions can be escaped with the \ character.

@repeat('<br/>', 3)
\@escaped()
@custom_macro()

Translates to

<br/><br/><br/>
@escaped()
custom string

License

Released under the MIT license.