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πŸ‰ rust-gpu

Rust as a first-class language and ecosystem for GPU graphics & compute shaders

Embark Discord Documentation dependency status Build status

Current Status 🚧

Note: This project is still heavily in development and is at an early stage.

Compiling and running simple shaders works, and a significant portion of the core library also compiles.

However, many things aren't implemented yet. That means that while being technically usable, this project is far from being production-ready. Support for specific features in Rust and SPIR-V are tracked on GitHub.

Example

Sky shader

use glam::{Vec3, Vec4, vec2, vec3};

#[spirv(fragment)]
pub fn main(
    #[spirv(frag_coord)] in_frag_coord: &Vec4,
    #[spirv(push_constant)] constants: &ShaderConstants,
    output: &mut Vec4,
) {
    let frag_coord = vec2(in_frag_coord.x, in_frag_coord.y);
    let mut uv = (frag_coord - 0.5 * vec2(constants.width as f32, constants.height as f32))
        / constants.height as f32;
    uv.y = -uv.y;

    let eye_pos = vec3(0.0, 0.0997, 0.2);
    let sun_pos = vec3(0.0, 75.0, -1000.0);
    let dir = get_ray_dir(uv, eye_pos, sun_pos);

    // evaluate Preetham sky model
    let color = sky(dir, sun_pos);

    *output = tonemap(color).extend(1.0)
}

See source for full details.

Our Vision & Community Contributions

rust-gpu is a project that we at Embark think has the potential to change the way GPU programming works in multiple ways. One of the primary things we think it can change is opening the door to leverage the open source culture of sharing and improving each others' code, and our end goal and vision for rust-gpu is to develop it very much in tandem with the community. However, the project is still in quite early stages and has a very small team working on it, so in order to be productive and guide the project to where we ultimately want it to go, as of right now, we need to focus on our own primary use cases for our projects at Embark.

What this means practically is that it is unlikely that we'll be able to accept major changes from community members at this time. If you have a large change you would like to make, please file an issue and/or ask on our Discord in the #rust-gpu channel to see if it is something we'll be able to accept before working on it, as it is not great to have to turn down stuff that community members have poured their time and effort into. As the project matures, we'll in theory be able to accept more input from the community and move closer and closer to the goals outlined above. Thank you so much for your understanding!

Getting started

Check out The rust-gpu Dev Guide for information on how to get started with using it in your projects.

Experiment with rust-gpu shaders in-bowser at SHADERed.

Background

Historically in games GPU programming has been done through writing either HLSL, or to a lesser extent GLSL. These are simple programming languages that have evolved along with rendering APIs over the years. However, as game engines have evolved, these languages have failed to provide mechanisms for dealing with large codebases, and have generally stayed behind the curve compared to other programming languages.

In part this is because it's a niche language for a niche market, and in part this has been because the industry as a whole has sunk quite a lot of time and effort into the status quo. While over-all better alternatives to both languages exist, none of them are in a place to replace HLSL or GLSL. Either because they are vendor locked, or because they don't support the traditional graphics pipeline. Examples of this include CUDA and OpenCL. And while attempts have been made to create language in this space, none of them have gained any notable traction in the gamedev community.

Our hope with this project is that we push the industry forward by bringing an existing, low-level, safe, and high performance language to the GPU; namely Rust. And with it come some additional benefits that can't be overlooked: a package/module system that's one of the industry's best, built in safety against race-conditions or out of bounds memory access, a wide range of tools and utilities to improve programmer workflows, and many others!

Why Embark?

At Embark, we've been building our own new game engine from the ground up in Rust. We have previous experience in-house developing the RLSL prototype, and we have a team of excellent rendering engineers that are familiar with the problems in current shading languages both from games, game engines and other industries. So, we believe we are uniquely positioned to attempt solving this problem.

We want to streamline our own internal development with a single great language, build an open source graphics ecosystem and community, facilitate code-sharing between GPU and CPU, and most importantly: to enable our (future) users, and fellow developers, to more rapidly build great looking and engaging experiences.

If we do this project right, one wouldn't necessarily need an entire team of rendering engineers to build a good looking game, instead one would simply use a few of the existing open-source crates that provide the graphical effects needed to create the experience you're after. Instead of sharing and copy'n'pasting snippets of TAA code on forum posts, one could simply find and use the right crates from crates.io.

Project scope

The scope of this overall project is quite broad, but is in multiple stages

  • rustc compiler backend to generate SPIR-V, plugging in via -Z codegen-backend.
  • Focus on Vulkan graphics shaders first, then after Vulkan compute shaders
  • Cargo and crates.io support to develop and publish SPIR-V crates
  • High-level render graph to take advantage of this, make it easy for users to develop and use rendering effects.

Process

We use this repo as a monorepo for everything related to the project: crates, tools, shaders, examples, tests, and design documents. This way, we can use issues and PRs covering everything in the same place, cross-reference stuff within the repo, as well as with other GitHub repos such as rspirv and Rust itself.

We meet weekly over a Discord call to discuss design and triage issues. Each meeting has an issue with agenda, links and minutes.

We have a #rust-gpu Discord channel for fast discussion and collaboration.

Backwards compatibility, breaking changes and deprecation

Right now because the project is in an early state of development, we might introduce temporary changes as stop-gap measures, or implement features or APIs that might not work exactly in a way we end up liking. Therefore it is expected that some (if not most) of the user facing code will change and evolve over time. At the moment this means that we make no guarantees about backwards compatibility and have no formal deprecation model in place. Effectively meaning that currently we only support building from source with the latest main branch in our repository. We appreciate our early adopters and would ask them to evolve their code along with ours.

Structure

There are a few different components to this repo:

  • rfcs for in-depth discussion and specs.
  • rustc_codegen_spirv for the compiler itself.
  • spirv-std for GPU intrinsics, types, and other library items used by GPU crates.
  • spirv-builder for a convenient way of building a GPU crate in a CPU build.rs file.

Related Projects

Historical and other related projects for compiling Rust code to GPUs.

  • 2016: glassful Compiles a subset of Rust to GLSL.
  • 2017: inspirv-rust Experimental Rust to SPIR-V compiler.
  • 2018: nvptx Rust to PTX compiler.
  • 2020: accel GPGPU library for Rust.
  • 2020: rlsl Predeccesor to rust_gpu, Rust to SPIR-V compiler.
  • 2021: Rust CUDA Rust to PTX compiler, similar mechanism to rustc_codegen_spirv.

Contributing

Contributor Covenant

We welcome community contributions to this project.

Please read our Contributor Guide for more information on how to get started.

License

Licensed under either of

at your option.

Contribution

Unless you explicitly state otherwise, any contribution intentionally submitted for inclusion in the work by you, as defined in the Apache-2.0 license, shall be dual licensed as above, without any additional terms or conditions.