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BREAKING CHANGES

This file lists breaking changes, ordered by revision number.

When you instantiate your adapter, include the API revision number, and ember-data will automatically warn you of any breaking changes.

The ember-data project follows semver versioning. Because we have not yet reached 1.0, breaking changes are allowed, but we want to make sure that you are alerted to intentional breaking changes.

Once we reach 1.0, we will remove this mechanism and use normal version numbers to indicate breaking changes.

Example:

App.Store = DS.Store.create({
  revision: 1
});

If a breaking change has been made to API revision 1, you will receive an exception pointing you to this document. Once you have reviewed the breaking changes and made any necessary changes to your application, you will want to update the revision:

App.Store = DS.Store.create({
  revision: 2
});

This will remove the exception about changes before revision 2. You will receive another warning if there is another change.

Revision 6

String-normalized IDs

Because a record's ID may be serialized and deserialized into the URL when using Ember.Router, it is common that the type of the ID is lost during this process. For example, if a Post has an ID of 42, serializing it to the URL /post/42 causes the ID to be coerced into a string. Once this happens, there is later ambiguity about whether the true ID is the number 42 or the string "42".

To resolve this ambiguity, the store now automatically coerces all IDs to strings. If your existing code uses numbers for IDs, they should continue to work with minimal change to your application.

Do note that if you ask a record for its id, it will always report the string representation:

var post = App.Post.find(1);
post.get('id'); // "1"

This may also have repercussions to your adapter. DS.Serializer now has a serializeId method that can be overridden to ensure that IDs are correctly formatted before being sent to the persistence layer. If you are using a custom adapter, make sure that methods like findMany are using the serializer's serializeId or serializeIds methods, if they include IDs in the data payload and your backend expects them to be in non-string format.

Revision 5

This is an extremely large refactor that changes many of the underlying semantics and object responsibilities. Primarily, we have moved many semantics that were hard-coded to relational databases to the REST adapter.

This means that Ember Data should work just as well with key-value stores as relational databases, or whatever persistence technology you choose. Additionally, changing between different types of back-end servers should have minimal impact on the Ember.js application itself.

This work also makes the FixtureAdapter less coupled to a particular backend, and sets the stage for local caching of Ember Data objects.

Mapping

Before, if you wanted to map key names from your server-provided data to your models, you would do this:

App.Post = DS.Model.extend({
  title: DS.attr('string', { key: 'TITLE' });
});

Now, all mapping is done via Adapter.map. You will now do this:

App.Adapter.map('App.Post', {
  title: { key: 'TITLE' }
});

This API works for attributes, belongs to associations and has many associations.

If you want to define a custom primary key, you will now do:

App.Adapter.map('App.Post', {
  primaryKey: '_id'
});

If you are using the RESTAdapter, you would do:

DS.RESTAdapter.map('App.Post', {
  primaryKey: '_id',
  title: { key: 'TITLE' }
});

ID as an Attribute

Some applications were erroneously declaring id as an attribute on their models. You do not need to do this. With this revision, you will start to see an error if you try.

For example, if you were doing this:

App.Person = DS.Model.extend({
  id: DS.attr('number'),
  name: DS.attr('string')
});

replace it with:

App.Person = DS.Model.extend({
  name: DS.attr('string')
});

Change in record.toJSON

In this revision, the record's toJSON method delegates directly to the adapter. This should not have any significant changes to the returned values (assuming you moved your mappings over to store.map as described above).

The one exception is that toJSON will no longer include the id by default. If you would like to include the id, call:

record.toJSON({ includeId: true });

If you were using record.toJSON in a custom adapter, make sure to include IDs where needed.

Fixtures

Because mappings and transforms are now defined on a per-adapter basis, you can use your app's attribute names in your fixtures, and not have to transform them based on your backend requirements.

Before:

App.Post = DS.Model.extend({
  primaryKey: '__id!__',
  name: DS.attr('string', { key: '!idbNAME!' }
});

App.Post.FIXTURES = [
  {
    '__id__!': 1,
    '!idbNAME!': "Tom Dale"
  },
  {
    '__id__!': 2,
    '!idbNAME!': "Yehuda Katz"
  }
]

After:

DS.RESTAdapter.map('App.Post', {
  primaryKey: '__id!__',
  name: { key: '!idbNAME!' }
});

App.Post.FIXTURES = [
  {
    id: 1,
    name: "Tom Dale"
  },
  {
    id: 2,
    name: "Yehuda Katz"
  }
]

This simplifies your fixtures, because:

  • It allows you to describe your fixtures in the language of your domain, rather than the language of your backend
  • It allows you to avoid modifying your fixtures if your backend API changes.

Pending Records

Previously, transactions would automatically determine the dependencies between records when saving.

For example, if you had these models:

App.Deck = DS.Model.extend({
  name: DS.attr('string'),
  cards: DS.hasMany('App.Card')
});

App.Card = DS.Model.extend({
  front: DS.attr('string'),
  back: DS.attr('string'),
  deck: DS.belongsTo('App.Deck')
});

If you created a deck and a related card at the same time, the transaction would automatically put the Card into a pending state until the adapter assigned the Deck an id.

Unfortunately, this hardcoded relational semantics into the application, and also exposed adapter concerns into the application.

At present, you will need to handle these dependencies yourself, by observing the parent's id property. We plan to introduce a convenience in DS.Adapter to simplify this case.

If you are using the RESTAdapter, you may have temporary issues with records created using this pattern. In the interim, make sure not to create graphs of records in the same transaction with foreign key dependencies.

Transforms

Previously, custom transforms were hardcoded into Ember Data, and there was a temporary API for adding new transforms. Additionally, these transforms were defined per-application, making it impossible for fixtures to use different serialization than the server. Fixing this also paves the way for local caching.

There is now a supported API for adding new transforms to your application's adapter.

// your backend uses Cocoa-style YES/NO for booleans
App.CocoaAdapter.registerTransform('boolean', {
  fromJSON: function(value) {
    if (value === 'YES') {
      return true;
    } else if (value === 'NO') {
      return false;
    }
  },

  toJSON: function(value) {
    if (value === true) {
      return 'YES';
    } else if (value === false) {
      return 'NO';
    }
  }
});

Once you have done this, you can define attributes that use the transform like this:

App.Person = DS.Model.extend({
  name: DS.attr('string'),
  isDrugDealer: DS.attr('boolean')
});

In general, you want to keep these types generic, so they can be replaced with other serialization if the backend changes requirements, and to support simple fixtures. For example, in this case, you would not want to define cocoaBoolean as a type and use it throughout your application.

Naming Conventions

Previously, app-wide naming conventions were defined in a model superclass using a namingConvention object.

Now, you need to define a custom serializer for your adapter:

var store = DS.Store.create({
  adapter: DS.RESTAdapter.create({
    serializer: DS.Serializer.create({
      // `post` becomes `postId`. By default, the RESTAdapter's
      // serializer adds `_id` to the decamelized name.
      keyForBelongsTo: function(type, name) {
        return this.keyForAttributeName(type, name) + "Id";
      },

      // `firstName` stays as `firstName`. By default, the
      // RESTAdapter's serializer decamelizes name.
      keyForAttributeName: function(type, name) {
        return name;
      }
    })
  })
});

Take a look at the Ember Data guide for more information about custom serializers.

Adapter Semantics

If you were using the REST Adapter before, your app should continue to work. However, if you built a custom adapter, many of the APIs have changed.

See the Ember Data guide for more information.

Some examples:

  • An adapter is now responsible for saving relationship changes
  • If a record is involved in a relationship change, an adapter is now responsible for determining whether any server work needs to be done. For example, a relational adapter may not need to do anything to a Post when a Comment was moved into it. A key-value adapter may not want to do anything to the Comment in the same situation.
  • An adapter is now responsible for transforming data hashes it receives from the server into attributes and associations (via its serializer)
  • An adapter is now fully responsible for transforming records into JSON hashes to send to the server (via its serializer)
  • The commit adapter method has been renamed to save. You may still need to override commit in very custom scenarios. The default commit method now coalesces relationship changes (via the new shouldCommit adapter hook) and passes them to save. Most adapters will never need to override any of these methods.
  • Instead of receiving a set of commitDetails iterators, the save method receives a list of all changed records. A new groupByType convenience method allows you to group the changed records by type. The default save method does this automatically, which means that the existing createRecords, updateRecords, and deleteRecords APIs have not changed.

There are a number of added conveniences for building custom adapters. If you want to learn more, check out the guide.

Revision 4

Removal of hasOne

Previously, the DS.hasOne and DS.belongsTo associations were aliased to one another. Now, DS.belongsTo remains but DS.hasOne has been removed. We are planning on having different semantics for DS.hasOne at a later date.

Primarily, the semantic difference between the two are related to which record should be marked as dirty when the relationship changes. To ensure that the semantics of your application match the framework, please ensure that you are using DS.belongsTo at this time.

Revision 3

JSON Keys Automatically De-camelize

Previously, the key used to lookup an attribute from the JSON hash loaded into the store was the same as the attribute defined in your DS.Model. For example, if the model had a firstName attribute, we would look for the firstName property in the hash provided by the server..

If you wanted to use a different key, you would need to provide an options hash with the key property set:

App.Person = DS.Model.extend({
  firstName: DS.attr('string', { key: 'first_name' }),
  lastName: DS.attr('string', { key: 'last_name' }),
  middleName: DS.attr('string', { key: 'middle_name' })
});

This obviously got very annoying very fast.

Now, models can have a namingConvention object that is responsible for determining how record keys and hash keys are mapped. The namingConvention object should implement two functions, keyToJSONKey and foreignKey. You can create a subclass of DS.Model that you use in your application if you want to share a naming convention between all of your models:

App.Model = DS.Model.extend({
  namingConvention: {
    // LOUD NAMING CONVENTION
    // Changes fooKey to FOOKEY
    keyToJSONKey: function(key) {
      return key.toUpperCase();
    },

    // Determines the name of foreign keys in
    // belongsTo relationships
    foreignKey: function(key) {
      return key.toUpperCase()+"_ID";
    }
  }
});

By default, attributes are now de-camelized to determine hash keys, and _id is added to the association name to determine foreign keys.

For example, here is a model and what JSON hash it would expect:

App.Profile = DS.Model.extend({
  person: DS.belongsTo('App.Person'),

  firstName: DS.attr('string')
});

{
  id: 1,
  person_id: 3,
  first_name: "Steve"
}

If you want to revert to previous behavior, you can implement a simple naming convention object that returns the key passed to it:

DS.Model.reopen({
  namingConvention: {
    keyToJSONKey: function(key) {
      return key;
    },

    foreignKey: function(key) {
      return key;
    }
  }
});

Revision 2

Number Attributes

Previously, the attribute type used for number was integer. However, since it also is the correct attribute type for floats, you should now use number.

// instead of
App.Person = DS.Model.extend({
  age: DS.attr('integer')
});

// do
App.Person = DS.Model.extend({
  age: DS.attr('number')
});

Revision 1

Filter Functions

Previously, the store's filter() method took a filtering function that passed the hash in directly. It now passes a proxy object that implements a get() method.

Instead of accessing properties of the hash directly, please use get() inside your filter functions:

// instead of
var coolPeople = Person.filter(function(person) {
  return person.name.test(/Tom/);
});

// do
var coolPeople = Person.filter(function(person) {
  return person.get('name').test(/Tom/);
});

Retrieving JSON Representation in Adapters

Previously, a record's data property was a hash that contained the JSON representation of the record that should be sent to your persistence layer. Now that records store uncommitted changes in a separate hash, you should use the new toJSON() method to retrieve the data hash to be sent to the server.

We could have fixed up the data property to return the JSON representation, and used a different property internally, but didn't because:

  • Compatibility with ES5's JSON serialization protocol required the implementation of a toJSON method.
  • Before 1.0, we want to remove unnecessary cruft from the library. Since we need toJSON anyway for ES5 compatibility, we didn't want to keep around a legacy mechanism for doing the same thing.

(post 1.0, we absolutely would have left around the data hash)

// instead of
$.ajax({
  data: record.get('data')
});

// do
$.ajax({
  data: record.toJSON()
});
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