A simple ORM for paris (https://github.com/emedia-project/paris)
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README.md

Texas

Copyright (c) 2014, 2015, 2016 Gregoire Lejeune

Version: 0.0.1

Authors: Gregoire Lejeune (gregoire.lejeune@free.fr).

A simple ORM for Erlang

Install

To use texas in you application, just add the following line in your rebar.config file :


{texas, ".*", {git, "https://github.com/emedia-project/texas", "master"}},

Drivers

You also need a driver :

Define table

With texas a table is defined as an Erlang module. The name of the table is the name of the module.


-module(my_table).

To generate the table, you must use the texas_transform parser. To do so, just add the following line under the module declaration :


-compile([{parse_transform, texas_transform}]).

Then you define the columns using -field. This directive takes a tuple of two elements. The first element is an atom corresponding to the name of the column. The second element is a key list accepting the following options :

  • {type, Type} where Type = integer|string|float|date|time|datetime

  • {autoincrement, Auto} where Auto = true|false (default: false)

  • {len, Size} where Size is a number or a tuple (default: null)

  • {not_null, NN} where NN = true|false (default: false)

  • {unique, Uniq} where Uniq = true|false (default: false)

  • {default, Def} where Def = item() (default: null)


-field({id,   [{type, integer}, {autoincrement, true}]}).
-field({name, [{type, string},  {len, 128}           ]}).

Associations

Each table involved in an associations must have a column id !!!

has_one

accounts.erl :


-module(accounts).
-compile([{parse_transform, texas_transform}]).

-field({id,             [{type, integer}, {autoincrement, true}]}).
-field({account_number, [{type, string},  {len, 255}           ]}).
-field({supplier,       [{belongs_to, suppliers}               ]}).

suppliers.erl :


-module(suppliers).
-compile([{parse_transform, texas_transform}]).

-field({id,             [{type, integer}, {autoincrement, true}]}).
-field({name,           [{type, string},  {len, 255}           ]}).
-field({account,        [{has_one, accounts}                   ]}).

has_many

orders.erl :


-module(orders).
-compile([{parse_transform, texas_transform}]).

-field({id,             [{type, integer}, {autoincrement, true}]}).
-field({order_date,     [{type, string},  {len, 255}           ]}).
-field({customer,       [{belongs_to, customers}               ]}).

customers.erl :


-module(customers).
-compile([{parse_transform, texas_transform}]).

-field({id,             [{type, integer}, {autoincrement, true}]}).
-field({name,           [{type, string},  {len, 255}           ]}).
-field({orders,         [{has_many, orders}                    ]}).

habtm

parts.erl :


-module(parts).
-compile([{parse_transform, texas_transform}]).

-field({id,             [{type, integer}, {autoincrement, true}]}).
-field({part_number,    [{type, string},  {len, 255}           ]}).
-field({assemblies,     [{habtm, assemblies}                   ]}).

assemblies.erl :


-module(assemblies).
-compile([{parse_transform, texas_transform}]).

-field({id,             [{type, integer}, {autoincrement, true}]}).
-field({name,           [{type, string},  {len, 255}           ]}).
-field({parts,          [{habtm, parts}                        ]}).

Configuration

There is two ways to connect to a database :

  • You can use texas:connect/1. This function's parameter is a connection string (driver://[login[:password]@[server[:port]]/[path][?options]).

  • Or, you can use texas:connect/0. In this case, you must add the connections informations in your config file.

The config file accept the following texas options :

  • uri : give the connection string

  • autoconnect : true|false - If this option is set to true the connection will be automatic on call of texas:start/0 which will then return {ok, Conn} or {error, Error}.

  • tables : give a list of tables (see bellow).

Here is a configuration example:


[
  {texas, [
    {uri, "sqlite:///sample.db"},
    {autoconnect, true},
    {tables, [address, device, pipo, users]}
  ]}
].

Create tables

You can create table using the texas:create_table/2 function. This fonction takes two parameters:

  • A connection (returned by texas:connect).

  • A table module name.

If you have a configuration file, you can create your tables with rebar. To do so, ensure that's all your tables are referenced in the list of the tables option. Add the texas_rebar plugin in your rebar.config :


{plugins, [texas_rebar]}.

Finally, run


rebar db-create

The texas_rebar plugin assume that's your configuration file is config/sys.config. If not, you can specify the path to the config file, using the texas option :


rebar db-create texas=path/to/my.config

You can also drop tables with rebar, using the db-drop command :


rebar db-drop [texas=path/to/my.config]

Usage


texas:start(),

% Initialize connection
Conn = texas:connect("sqlite:///sample.db"),

% Create tables (if not exist)
ok = texas:create_table(Conn, person),
ok = texas:create_table(Conn, address),

% Create a new address
Address = address:new(Conn, [{street, "21 jump street"}, {city, "New Orleans"}, {zip, "70112"}]).
Address1 = Address:insert().

% Create a new Person and insert it
Person = person:new(Conn, [{name, "Greg"}, {mail, "gregoire.lejeune"}]),
Person1 = Person:address(Address1), 
Person2 = Person:insert(),
io:format("person created with ID #~p~n", [Person2:id()]),

% Find
Person3 = person:find(Conn, first, [{where, [{name, "=", "Greg"}]}]),
Address2 = Person3:address(),
PersonsAtAddress = Address2:people(),

% Update
Person4 = Person3:update([{name, "Bob"]]),

% Delete
ok = Person4:delete().

Licence

Copyright (c) 2014, 2015, 2016, Gregoire Lejeune
All rights reserved.

Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:

  1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
  2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

Modules

texas