Command-line tool builder with DSL
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candela
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README
README.md
script_example.txt
setup.py
shell_example.py

README.md

Candela is a simple shell-building system that uses python and curses to help developers create customized command line interfaces. It has a simple interface, is well documented, and allows developers to take command-based tools to the next level of complexity and usability.

This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it under certain conditions. See the free software definition for details

Features

  • Commands are 100% python and can run aribtrary code
  • Commands can run code in secondary threads for asynchronous operation
  • Customizable tab completion hooks for command arguments
  • Customizable key event callbacks for reacting to each keypress event
  • Responsive layout for smaller terminals
  • Numerous built-in command templates
  • Simple command syntax and help system
  • "stickers" allow persistent information display
  • Automatically generated command validation
  • Up/Down arrows cycle through history
  • Copy/Paste, insert text mode
  • Easy transitions between menus
  • Supports both named and positional command arguments

Example Shell

There is an example shell project in shell_example.py. To run it, use

python shell_example.py

in a maximized terminal window.

Download

Download the source from PyPI with

pip install candela

You can also clone this repo to take a closer look at the code and demo app.

git clone https://github.com/emmett9001/candela.git

Then, install the library with

python setup.py install

Basic Use

First thing's first: if you really want to understand how to use Candela, read the code! There's a lot of documentation with code examples for the more complicated parts. A good starting point would be shell.py

Importing

Import Candela commands, menus, and the shell

from candela.shell import Shell
from candela.menu import Menu
from candela.command import Command
from candela import constants

Alternatively, you can simply import candela and reference the components with candela.shell.Shell, etc.

Subclass Shell

Every Candela app is built as a subclass of candela.shell.Shell. A Shell initialization follows this general outline:

  • Set self.name
  • Set self.header
  • Define and instantiate Commands
  • Define and instantiate Menus
  • Add Commands to Menus
  • Set self.menus to contain instantiated Menus
  • Set self.menu to be the name of the default menu

Commands

In general, a command instantiation looks like this

com = Command('first_command an_arg <-f reqd_arg>', 'Intro to commands')
def _run(*args, **kwargs):
    # do anything
    return constants.CHOICE_VALID
com.run = _run

Functions that execute on command invocation are modeled as python first-class functions (callbacks).

Running the Shell

Once you've set up some commands and menus, you can create a runnable python script with your shell by using

if __name__ == "__main__":
    MyShell().main_loop().end()

Advanced Use

Please see the shell example for a full walkthrough of how to use Candela. This example is both well-commented and an instructional app demonstrating Candela's features.

Name

The name "Candela" was chosen after Spanish architect Felix Candela, who pioneered the technique of building shell-shaped structures out of reinforced concrete. He is sometimes known as the "shell builder".

Support

If you need help using Candela, or have found a bug, please create an issue on the Github repo.

License

This file is part of Candela.

Candela is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.

Candela is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with Candela.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.