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README.md

This is a demonstration of a repository-based Cloudlab profile. Repository based profiles are a great way to combine a git repository (for source code control) and a Cloudlab profile (for experiment control). The Cloudlab profile that is based on this repository can be found at https://www.cloudlab.us/p/PortalProfiles/RepoBased.

Important notes about repository-based profiles:

  • Your profile needs to be publicly readable so that we can pull from your repository without needing credentials.

  • Your repository must contain a file called profile.py (a geni-lib script) or profile.rspec (an rspec) in the top level directory. Your topology will be loaded from that file. Please place the source file in the toplevel directory.

  • When you instantiate an experiment based on your profile, we will clone your repository to each of your experimental nodes in the /local/repository directory, and set it to match whatever branch or tag you have choosen to instantiate. You will not be able to push to your repository of course, until you install the necessary credentials on your nodes.

  • You will be able to instantiate an experiment from any branch (HEAD) or tag in your repository; Cloudlab maintains a cache of your branches and tags and lets you select one when you start your experiment. (See below for information about telling Cloudlab to update its cache)

  • Execute services run after the nodes have cloned your repository, so you may refer to the clone (in /local/repository) from your services. See profile.py in this repository for an example of how to run a program from your repository.

  • Place anything you like in your repository, with the caveat that a giant repository (including, say, the linux source code), will take a long time to clone to each of your nodes. You might also get a message from Cloudlab staff asking about it.

Using the same repository for multiple profiles:

Often it is convenient to point multiple profiles at the same repository. This is fine to do, although each profile would run the same script. Sometimes this is what you want to do, but often you would like different profiles to run a different scripts. To do this, create a subdirectory called profiles at the top level of the repository and move your profile.py or profile.rspec into the new sub directory.

If you want a specfic profile (say, mynewprofile) to run a different script then your other profile (say, myoldprofile), rename profile.py to myoldprofile.py and add a new script called mynewprofile.py. When you instantiate or edit mynewprofile, the mynewprofile.py script will be used.

Updating your profile after updates to your repository

When you change your repository you will typically want your Cloudlab profile to be updated as well, especially if you have changed profile.py or profile.rspec. But you might also have added a new branch or tag that you would like to instantiate. Before you can do that, you need to tell Cloudlab to update your profile. There are two ways to do that, one is a manual method and the other is an automated method:

Manual method

After you update your repository, return to the Cloudlab web interface, and on the Edit Profile page, you will see an Update button next to the repository URL. Click on the Update button, and Cloudlab will do another pull from your repository, update the list of branches and tags, and update the source code on the page if it has changed.

Automated method

Many public Git repositories like github.com, bitbucket.org, and others based on GitLab, support push webhooks, which is a mechanism to notify a third party that your repository has changed, either by a push to the repository or by the web interface.

Once you setup a push webhook, each commit to your repository will cause Cloudlab to fetch from your repository, updating your profile to reflect the current HEAD of your master branch. Branches and tags are updated as well. When complete, we will send you an email confirmation so you know that your profile has been updated.

Setting up a webhook is relatively straightforward. First, on the Edit Profile page for your profile, copy the Push URL from the Repository Info panel in the lower left. Here are instructions for several popular Git hosting services:

  • github.com: Go to your repository and click on the Settings option in the upper right, then click on Webhooks, then click on the Add Webhook menu option. Paste your push URL into the Payload URL form field, leave everything else as is, and click on the Add Webhook button at the bottom of the form.

  • gitlab: Go to your repository and click on Settings in the upper right, then click on the Integrations menu option. Paste your push URL into the URL form field, leave everything else as is, and click on the Add Webhook button at the bottom of the form.

  • bitbucket.org: Go to your repository and click on Settings in the lower left, then click on the Webhooks menu option, then click on the Add Webhook button. Give your new webhook a Title and paste your push URL into the URL form field, leave everything else as is, and click on the Save button at the bottom of the form.

Caveats

  • At the moment, the repository clones on nodes in your experiments are not automatially updated after Cloudlab is informed of a repository update. This is a future TODO item.

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