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WASM to OCI

The goal of this project is to propose an implementation of storing WebAssembly modules in OCI registries.

This project is built with the ORAS project, and currently works with:

Note that trying to push a WebAssembly module to Docker Hub is not supported at the time of writing this document, as Docker Hub does not accept unknown artifact types.

As more registries add support for OCI Artifacts, we will update the list of supported registries.

Installation

Pre-built binaries for macOS, Linux, and Windows are available in Releases. Download the pre-built binary for your operating system and add it to your path.

The following example shows adding the Linux binary to your path in Linux.

mv linux-amd64-wasm-to-oci wasm-to-oci
chmod +x wasm-to-oci
sudo cp wasm-to-oci /usr/local/bin

Usage

  • login to your container registry using the docker CLI (or other tooling that your container registry provides. wasm-to-oci will use the credentials in ~/.docker/config.json)

  • pushing to an OCI registry:

$ ls testdata
.rwxr-xr-x 4.1M radu canonicaljson.wasm
.rwxr-xr-x 1.6M radu  hello.wasm

$ wasm-to-oci push testdata/hello.wasm <oci-registry>.azurecr.io/wasm-to-oci:v1

Pushed: <oci-registry>.azurecr.io/wasm-to-oci:v1
Size: 1624962
Digest: sha256:9c82cbe576ee947c00435ac8053a800a1969f4757ae4a81f870f714674afc91a
  • pulling from an OCI registry:
$ wasm-to-oci pull <oci-registry>.azurecr.io/wasm-to-oci:v1 --out test.wasm

Pulled: <oci-registry>.azurecr.io/wasm-to-oci:v1
Size: 1624962
Digest: sha256:4c7915b4c1f9b0c13f962998e4199ceb00db39a4a7fa4554f40ae0bed83d9510

$ wasmtime test.wasm
Hello from WebAssembly!

How does this work?

This leverages the OCI Artifacts proposal, whose goal is to enable the distribution of more cloud native artifacts using existing registry infrastructure, and uses it to store WebAssembly modules as single layer blobs in the registry.

This project defines a new set of unofficial media types used to identify a WebAssembly artifact - the artifacts project also describes the process for projects to apply for an official unique media type.

{
  "schemaVersion": 2,
  "config": {
    "mediaType": "application/vnd.wasm.config.v1+json",
    "digest": "sha256:44136fa355b3678a1146ad16f7e8649e94fb4fc21fe77e8310c060f61caaff8a",
    "size": 2
  },
  "layers": [
    {
      "mediaType": "application/vnd.wasm.content.layer.v1+wasm",
      "digest": "sha256:4c7915b4c1f9b0c13f962998e4199ceb00db39a4a7fa4554f40ae0bed83d9510",
      "size": 1624962
    }
  ]
}

There is also experimental support for artifact signing with Notary v1 - see this article for more background on this topic.

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Use OCI registries to distribute Wasm modules

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