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README.markdown

puppet-ssh Build Status

Manage SSH client and server via Puppet.

Gittip

Support via Gittip

Source: https://github.com/saz/puppet-ssh

Requirements

  • Exported resources for host keys management
  • puppetlabs/stdlib

Usage

Since version 2.0.0 only non-default values are written to both, client and server, configuration files.

Multiple occurrences of one config key (e.g. sshd should be listening on port 22 and 2222) should be passed as an array.

    options => {
      'Port' => [22, 2222],
    }

This is working for both, client and server.

Both client and server

Host keys will be collected and distributed unless storeconfigs_enabled is false.

    include ssh

or

    class { 'ssh':
      storeconfigs_enabled => false,
      server_options => {
        'Match User www-data' => {
          'ChrootDirectory' => '%h',
          'ForceCommand' => 'internal-sftp',
          'PasswordAuthentication' => 'yes',
          'AllowTcpForwarding' => 'no',
          'X11Forwarding' => 'no',
        },
        'Port' => [22, 2222, 2288],
      },
      client_options => {
        'Host *.amazonaws.com' => {
          'User' => 'ec2-user',
        },
      },
    }

Hiera example

ssh::storeconfigs_enabled: true

ssh::server_options:
    Protocol: '2'
    ListenAddress:
        - '127.0.0.0'
        - '%{::hostname}'
    PasswordAuthentication: 'yes'
    SyslogFacility: 'AUTHPRIV'
    UsePAM: 'yes'
    X11Forwarding: 'yes'

ssh::client_options:
    'Host *':
        SendEnv: 'LANG LC_*'
        ForwardX11Trusted: 'yes'
        ServerAliveInterval: '10'

Client only

Collected host keys from servers will be written to known_hosts unless storeconfigs_enabled is false

    include ssh::client

or

    class { 'ssh::client':
      storeconfigs_enabled => false,
      options => {
        'Host short' => {
          'User' => 'my-user',
          'HostName' => 'extreme.long.and.complicated.hostname.domain.tld',
        },
        'Host *' => {
          'User' => 'andromeda',
          'UserKnownHostsFile' => '/dev/null',
        },
      },
    }

Server only

Host keys will be collected for client distribution unless storeconfigs_enabled is false

    include ssh::server

or

    class { 'ssh::server':
      storeconfigs_enabled => false,
      options => {
        'Match User www-data' => {
          'ChrootDirectory' => '%h',
          'ForceCommand' => 'internal-sftp',
          'PasswordAuthentication' => 'yes',
          'AllowTcpForwarding' => 'no',
          'X11Forwarding' => 'no',
        },
        'PasswordAuthentication' => 'no',
        'PermitRootLogin'        => 'no',
        'Port'                   => [22, 2222],
      },
    }

Default options

Client

    'Host *'                 => {
      'SendEnv'              => 'LANG LC_*',
      'HashKnownHosts'       => 'yes',
      'GSSAPIAuthentication' => 'yes',
    }

Server

    'ChallengeResponseAuthentication' => 'no',
    'X11Forwarding'                   => 'yes',
    'PrintMotd'                       => 'no',
    'AcceptEnv'                       => 'LANG LC_*',
    'Subsystem'                       => 'sftp /usr/lib/openssh/sftp-server',
    'UsePAM'                          => 'yes',

Overwriting default options

Default options will be merged with options passed in. If an option is set both as default and via options parameter, the latter will will win.

The following example will disable X11Forwarding, which is enabled by default:

    class { 'ssh::server':
      options           => {
        'X11Forwarding' => 'no',
      },
    }

Which will lead to the following sshd_config file:

# File is managed by Puppet

ChallengeResponseAuthentication no
X11Forwarding no
PrintMotd no
AcceptEnv LANG LC_*
Subsystem sftp /usr/lib/openssh/sftp-server
UsePAM yes
PasswordAuthentication no

Values can also be arrays, which will result in the option being specified multiple times

    class { 'ssh::server':
      options           => {
        'HostKey' => ['/etc/ssh/ssh_host_ed25519_key', '/etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key'],
      },
    }

Which will lead to the following sshd_config file:

# File is managed by Puppet

ChallengeResponseAuthentication no
HostKey /etc/ssh/ssh_host_ed25519_key
HostKey /etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key
PrintMotd no
AcceptEnv LANG LC_*
Subsystem sftp /usr/lib/openssh/sftp-server
UsePAM yes
PasswordAuthentication no

Defining host keys for server

You can define host keys your server will use

ssh::server::host_key {'ssh_host_rsa_key':
  private_key_content => '<the private key>',
  public_key_content  => '<the public key>',
}

Alternately, you could create the host key providing the files, instead of the content:

ssh::server::host_key {'ssh_host_rsa_key':
  private_key_source => 'puppet:///mymodule/ssh_host_rsa_key',
  public_key_source  => 'puppet:///mymodule/ssh_host_rsa_key.pub',
}

Both of these definitions will create /etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key and /etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key.pub and restart sshd daemon.

Adding custom match blocks

class YOURCUSTOMCLASS { 

  include ssh

  ssh::server::match_block { 'sftp_only':
    type    => 'User',
    options => {
      'ChrootDirectory'        => "/sftp/%u",
      'ForceCommand'           => 'internal-sftp',
      'PasswordAuthentication' => 'no',
      'AllowTcpForwarding'     => 'no',
      'X11Forwarding'          => 'no',
    }
  }
}

Facts

This module provides facts detailing the available SSH client and server versions.

  • ssh_*_version_full Provides the full version number including the portable version number.
  • ssh_*_version_major Provides the first two numbers in the version number.
  • ssh_*_version_release Provides the first three number components of the version, no portable version is present.

Example facter output for OpenSSH 6.6.1p1:

ssh_client_version_full => 6.6.1p1
ssh_client_version_major => 6.6
ssh_client_version_release => 6.6.1
ssh_server_version_full => 6.6.1p1
ssh_server_version_major => 6.6
ssh_server_version_release => 6.6.1
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