Skip to content
master
Switch branches/tags
Code

Latest commit

 

Git stats

Files

Permalink
Failed to load latest commit information.
Type
Name
Latest commit message
Commit time
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Xcalc - Simple Calculator with Python GUI (TK)

Simple Calculator with Python GUI (TK) is my vanity Python project. It should enable you do basic calculation such as addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, but should it fail, just know it's my first Python GUI program.

See my motivation here >> http://www.eobasi.com/first-python-gui-progam-xcalc

Xcalc Source Code

This code documentation is intended to help you understand, use and modify Xcode if you are new to Python programming. The program is written in good will, in the spirit of open source. If you happen to find this program or the source code useful, feel free to use as you see fit with or without attribution.

Xcalc is written with Python3. With a few adjustment to the code, you can have it working on Python 2 as well.

#!/usr/bin/python3
import tkinter
import tkinter.messagebox

WIN_WIDTH = 360
WIN_HEIGHT = 420

NUM_COLUMN_COUNT = 3
OPERATOR_COLUMN_COUNT = 3

BTN_WIDTH = 4
BTN_HEIGTH = 3
BTN_FONT = ("Arial", 14)

DISPLAY_HEIGHT = 3
DISPLAY_WIDTH = 20
DISPLAY_FONT = ("Arial", 18)
DISPLAY_SM_FONT = ("Arial", 14)

DISPLAY_CHAR_LIMIT = 20

numpad = [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,0, '.']
operators = ['+','-', '/', '*', '=']

box = tkinter.Tk()

def winDocument( params = {}):
    winParams = {
        "title": "Document::Simple Calculator",
        "content": "",
        "minwidth": 400,
        "minheight": 400,
    }
    winParams.update(params)
    winDocument = tkinter.Toplevel(box)
    winDocument.title(winParams["title"])
    winDocument.minsize(width=winParams["minwidth"], height=winParams["minheight"])

    content = tkinter.Message(winDocument, text=winParams["content"], background="#2f4f68", foreground="#fff", font=("Arial", 14))
    content.pack(expand=1,fill=tkinter.BOTH)

def menubar():
    menubar = tkinter.Menu(box)

    helpmenu = tkinter.Menu(menubar, tearoff=0)
    helpmenu.add_command(label="About...", command=lambda: winDocument(params={
        "title": "About...",
        "content": "Simple Calculator (xcalc) is a vanity python project by Ebenezer Obasi (www.eobasi.com). It should enable you do basic calculation such as addition, substraction, multiplication and division, but should it fail, just know it's my first Python GUI program.\
        \n\nTips:\n - Use ** operator to get the power of a number.\n- Use // operator to get the floor of numbers divided.\
        \n\nFeel free to contact me anytime at info@eobasi.com"
    }), background="#2f4f68", foreground="#fff", font=("Arial", 14))
    menubar.add_cascade(label="Help", menu=helpmenu)

    return menubar

def btnCallBack(x):
    if str(x) == '=':
        try:
            calc = eval(equation.get())
        except:
            equation.set('error')
        else:
            equation.set(str(calc))
        return
    elif str(x) == 'clear':
        equation.set("")
        return
    elif str(x) == 'c':
        e = str(equation.get())
        e = e[:-1]
        equation.set(e)
    else:
        equation.set(equation.get()+str(x))

def generateBtn(master, label, grid = {}, params = {}):
    btnParams = {
        "text": label,
        "bg": "#2f4f68",
        "bd": 0,
        "font": BTN_FONT,
        "fg": "#fff",
        "relief":"sunken",
        "activebackground": "#324e64",
        "activeforeground": "#fff",
        "width": BTN_WIDTH,
        "height": BTN_HEIGTH,
        "command": lambda: btnCallBack(label)
    }
    btnParams.update(params)
    
    btn = tkinter.Button(master, btnParams)
    btn.grid(grid)

box.configure(background = "#3c4248")
box.title("Simple Calculator")
box.geometry("{}x{}".format(WIN_WIDTH, WIN_HEIGHT))
box.minsize(width=WIN_WIDTH, height=WIN_HEIGHT)
box.maxsize(width=WIN_WIDTH, height=WIN_HEIGHT)

dispalyArea = tkinter.Frame(box, bg="#333")
dispalyArea.grid(columnspan = 2, row = 0, column = 0)

numArea = tkinter.Frame(box, bg="#201c29")
numArea.grid( row = 1, column = 0, ipady="20")

operatorArea = tkinter.Frame(box, bg="#201c29")
operatorArea.grid( row = 1, column = 1, ipady="20")

equation = tkinter.StringVar()

display = tkinter.Entry(dispalyArea, {
    "textvariable": equation,
    'bg': "#333",
    "fg": "#fff",
    'bd': 0,
    #'wraplength':20,
    #'anchor': "w",
    "font":DISPLAY_FONT,
    "width":DISPLAY_WIDTH,
})
display.grid(columnspan=3,row = 0, ipadx=10, column=0, padx="5")

column = row = count = 0

for x in range(0, len(numpad)):
    params = {}
    grid = {"column":column, "row":row}

    if x == (len(numpad) - 1) and column < (NUM_COLUMN_COUNT - 1):
        grid.update({"columnspan":(NUM_COLUMN_COUNT - 1)})
        params.update({"width":BTN_WIDTH*3})

    generateBtn(numArea, label=numpad[x], grid=grid, params=params)

    if count == (NUM_COLUMN_COUNT - 1):
        row += 1
        column = 0
        count = 0
    else:
        count += 1
        column += 1

generateBtn(operatorArea, label='c', grid={ "column":0, "row":0, "columnspan":2}, params={"width":BTN_WIDTH*3})

row = 1; column = count = 0
for x in range(0, len(operators)):
    params = {}
    grid = {"column":column, "row":row}

    if x == (len(operators) - 1) and len(operators) % 2 == 1:
        if column < 1:
            grid.update({"columnspan":2})
            params.update({"width":BTN_WIDTH*3})

    generateBtn(operatorArea, label=operators[x], grid=grid, params=params)

    if count == 1:
        row += 1
        column = 0
        count = 0
    else:
        count += 1
        column += 1

generateBtn(dispalyArea, label='clear', grid={ "column":3, "row":0, "columnspan":1})

box.config(menu=menubar())
box.mainloop()

The shebang line #!/usr/bin/python3 at the begginig of the code defines where the interpreter is located. In this case, the python3 interpreter is located in /usr/bin/python3.

#!/usr/bin/python3
...
...

A shebang line could also be a bash, ruby, perl or any other scripting languages' interpreter, for example: #!/bin/bash. Without the shebang line, the operating system does not know it's a python script, even if you set the execution flag on the script and run it like ./script.py. To make the script run by default in python3, either invoke it as python3 script.py or set the shebang line.

You can use #!/usr/bin/env python3 for portability across different systems in case they have the language interpreter installed in different locations.

Python Tkinter GUI Toolkit

sudo apt install python3-tk

Tkinter is Python's de facto standard GUI. We are going to import the module into our Python program to create interactive graphic user interface for our calculator.

import tkinter
import tkinter.messagebox

The import keyword is used to import a module in Python. We have imported tkinter and tkinter.messagebox into our program. If you are running Python3 on Ubuntu and tkinter is not installed, run the following command in your terminal: sudo apt-get install python3-tk

box = tkinter.Tk()

...

box.configure(background = "#3c4248")
box.title("Simple Calculator")
box.geometry("{}x{}".format(WIN_WIDTH, WIN_HEIGHT))
box.minsize(width=WIN_WIDTH, height=WIN_HEIGHT)
box.maxsize(width=WIN_WIDTH, height=WIN_HEIGHT)

...

box.config(menu=menubar())
box.mainloop()

box = tkinter.Tk() initialize the TK module in a variable box. This allows us to use TK functions within our program. See Graphical User Interfaces with Tk on how to use the TK library in Python.

Configure Xcalc

WIN_WIDTH = 360
WIN_HEIGHT = 420

NUM_COLUMN_COUNT = 3
OPERATOR_COLUMN_COUNT = 3

BTN_WIDTH = 4
BTN_HEIGTH = 3
BTN_FONT = ("Arial", 14)

DISPLAY_HEIGHT = 3
DISPLAY_WIDTH = 20
DISPLAY_FONT = ("Arial", 18)
DISPLAY_SM_FONT = ("Arial", 14)

DISPLAY_CHAR_LIMIT = 20

The use of variables within Xcalc functions means that you can customize the calculator properties without edition the code functions.

WIN_WIDTH

Set calculator window width.

WIN_WIDTH = 360

WIN_HEIGHT

Set calculator window height.

WIN_HEIGHT = 420

NUM_COLUMN_COUNT

Configure number of buttons per row on the numbers column.

NUM_COLUMN_COUNT = 3

OPERATOR_COLUMN_COUNT

Configure number of buttons per row on the operator column.

OPERATOR_COLUMN_COUNT = 3

BTN_WIDTH

Set button width

BTN_WIDTH = 4

BTN_HEIGTH

Set button height

BTN_HEIGTH = 3

BTN_FONT

Set button font family (Arial) and font size.

BTN_FONT = ("Arial", 14)

DISPLAY_HEIGHT

Configure display box height.

DISPLAY_HEIGHT = 3

DISPLAY_WIDTH

Configure display box width.

DISPLAY_WIDTH = 20

DISPLAY_FONT

Configure display box font family (Arial) and font size (18).

DISPLAY_FONT = ("Arial", 18)

DISPLAY_SM_FONT

Configure display box font family (Arial) and font size (14) for longer characters.

DISPLAY_SM_FONT = ("Arial", 14)

DISPLAY_CHAR_LIMIT

Limit of characters in the calculator display box.

DISPLAY_CHAR_LIMIT = 20

Xcalc Variables

numpad = [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,0, '.']
operators = ['+','-', '/', '*', '=']

The numpad constant list numbers from 1-9-0 and dot (.) as the last item on the list. This constant is used to generate button for the calculator number column.

operators list operators for conducting arithmethic operations. Listed operetors include:

  • Addition (+)
  • Subtraction (-)
  • Division (/)
  • Multiplication (*)
  • Equals (=)
  • Using the floor operator (//) in the calculator will display the remainder of a number devided by another number.

Xcalc Functions

If you are new to python, a function is defined like this:

def myFunc( param )
    //some function code goes here
    //more function codes
    //return statement

winDocument()

Create new window object. See usage below:

winDocument() Usage

win = winDocument(params={
    "title": "Sample Document::Simple Calculator",
    "content": "Some content here for new window document",
    "minwidth": 400
    "minheight": 400
})

In Xcalc program

command=lambda: winDocument(params={
    "title": "About...",
    "content": "Simple Calculator (xcalc) is a vanity python project by Ebenezer Obasi (www.eobasi.com). It should enable you do basic calculation such as addition, substraction, multiplication and division, but should it fail, just know it's my first Python GUI program.\
    \n\nTips:\n - Use ** operator to get the power of a number.\n- Use // operator to get the floor of numbers divided.\
    \n\nFeel free to contact me anytime at info@eobasi.com"
})

menubar()

btnCallBack()

About

Simple Calculator with Python GUI (TK)

Topics

Resources

Stars

Watchers

Forks

Releases

No releases published

Packages

No packages published

Languages