String manipulation helpers for javascript
JavaScript
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.eslintrc adds new build chain Feb 23, 2016
.gitignore move to mocha Feb 18, 2015
.npmignore adds scripts to npmignore Feb 24, 2016
.travis.yml Update node versions for travis Jan 13, 2016
CHANGELOG.markdown Version 3.3.4 Feb 24, 2016
CONTRIBUTING.markdown update workflow for updating the gh-pages Feb 24, 2016
README.markdown adds new build chain Feb 23, 2016
bower.json Version 3.3.4 Feb 24, 2016
camelize.js adds new build chain Feb 23, 2016
capitalize.js Add flag to capitalize to lowercase characters Feb 17, 2015
chars.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
chop.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
classify.js fix classify Dec 28, 2014
clean.js Improved performance in clean() May 26, 2015
cleanDiacritics.js adds new build chain Feb 23, 2016
component.json Version 3.3.4 Feb 24, 2016
count.js Fixed with requested changes May 6, 2015
dasherize.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
decapitalize.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
dedent.js add dedent function Jan 13, 2015
endsWith.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
escapeHTML.js adds new build chain Feb 23, 2016
exports.js Add "wrap" to exports. Feb 20, 2016
humanize.js trim before capitalize in humanize Jan 20, 2015
include.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
index.js Version 3.3.4 Feb 24, 2016
insert.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
isBlank.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
join.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
levenshtein.js Optimize levenshtein implementation Jun 2, 2015
lines.js lines: add support to CR ending lines Jul 20, 2015
lpad.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
lrpad.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
ltrim.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
map.js Add map method: Creates a new string with the results of calling a pr… Oct 26, 2015
meteor-post.js Properly support use from Meteor packages May 3, 2015
meteor-pre.js Properly support use from Meteor packages May 3, 2015
naturalCmp.js Share groups in naturalCmp Jun 4, 2015
numberFormat.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
package.js Version 3.3.4 Feb 24, 2016
package.json Version 3.3.4 Feb 24, 2016
pad.js adds new build chain Feb 23, 2016
pred.js add missing predecessor function Dec 22, 2014
prune.js adds new build chain Feb 23, 2016
quote.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
repeat.js adds eslint Jan 13, 2016
replaceAll.js add replaceAll Dec 22, 2014
reverse.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
rpad.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
rtrim.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
slugify.js adds new build chain Feb 23, 2016
splice.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
sprintf.js Add deprecation util for the sprintf and vsprintf functions Jan 19, 2016
startsWith.js fix edgecase of startsWith Dec 30, 2014
strLeft.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
strLeftBack.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
strRight.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
strRightBack.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
stripTags.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
succ.js add missing predecessor function Dec 22, 2014
surround.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
swapCase.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
titleize.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
toBoolean.js adds new build chain Feb 23, 2016
toNumber.js adds eslint Jan 13, 2016
toSentence.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
toSentenceSerial.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
trim.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
truncate.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
underscored.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
unescapeHTML.js adds eslint Jan 13, 2016
unquote.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
vsprintf.js Add deprecation util for the sprintf and vsprintf functions Jan 19, 2016
words.js move functions to commonjs modules Dec 19, 2014
wrap.js adds new build chain Feb 23, 2016

README.markdown

The stable release documentation can be found here https://epeli.github.io/underscore.string/

Underscore.string Build Status

Javascript lacks complete string manipulation operations. This is an attempt to fill that gap. List of build-in methods can be found for example from Dive Into JavaScript. Originally started as an Underscore.js extension but is a full standalone library nowadays.

Upgrading from 2.x to 3.x? Please read the changelog.

Usage

For Node.js, Browserify and Webpack

Install from npm

npm install underscore.string

Require individual functions

var slugify = require("underscore.string/slugify");

slugify("Hello world!");
// => hello-world

or load the full library to enable chaining

var s = require("underscore.string");

s("   epeli  ").trim().capitalize().value();
// => "Epeli"

but especially when using with Browserify the individual function approach is recommended because using it you only add those functions to your bundle you use.

In Meteor

From your Meteor project folder

    meteor add underscorestring:underscore.string

and you'll be able to access the library with the s global from both the server and the client.

s.slugify("Hello world!");
// => hello-world

s("   epeli  ").trim().capitalize().value();
// => "Epeli"

Others

The dist/underscore.string.js file is an UMD build. You can load it using an AMD loader such as RequireJS or just stick it to a web page and access the library from the s global.

Underscore.js/Lo-Dash integration

It is still possible use as Underscore.js/Lo-Dash extension

_.mixin(s.exports());

But it's not recommended since include, contains, reverse and join are dropped because they collide with the functions already defined by Underscore.js.

Lo-Dash-FP/Ramda integration

If you want to use underscore.string with ramdajs or Lo-Dash-FP you can use underscore.string.fp.

npm install underscore.string.fp
var S = require('underscore.string.fp');
var filter = require('lodash-fp').filter;
var filter = require('ramda').filter;

filter(S.startsWith('.'), [
  '.vimrc',
  'foo.md',
  '.zshrc'
]);
// => ['.vimrc', '.zshrc']

Download

API

Individual functions

numberFormat(number, [ decimals=0, decimalSeparator='.', orderSeparator=',']) => string

Formats the numbers.

numberFormat(1000, 2);
// => "1,000.00"

numberFormat(123456789.123, 5, ".", ",");
// => "123,456,789.12300"

levenshtein(string1, string2) => number

Calculates Levenshtein distance between two strings.

levenshtein("kitten", "kittah");
// => 2

capitalize(string, [lowercaseRest=false]) => string

Converts first letter of the string to uppercase. If true is passed as second argument the rest of the string will be converted to lower case.

capitalize("foo Bar");
// => "Foo Bar"

capitalize("FOO Bar", true);
// => "Foo bar"

decapitalize(string) => string

Converts first letter of the string to lowercase.

decapitalize("Foo Bar");
// => "foo Bar"

chop(string, step) => array

chop("whitespace", 3);
// => ["whi", "tes", "pac", "e"]

clean(string) => string

Trim and replace multiple spaces with a single space.

clean(" foo    bar   ");
// => "foo bar"

cleanDiacritics(string) => string

Replace diacritic characters with closest ASCII equivalents. Check the source for supported characters. Pull requests welcome for missing characters!

cleanDiacritics("ääkkönen");
// => "aakkonen"

chars(string) => array

chars("Hello");
// => ["H", "e", "l", "l", "o"]

swapCase(string) => string

Returns a copy of the string in which all the case-based characters have had their case swapped.

swapCase("hELLO");
// => "Hello"

include(string, substring) => boolean

Tests if string contains a substring.

include("foobar", "ob");
// => true

count(string, substring) => number

Returns number of occurrences of substring in string.

count("Hello world", "l");
// => 3

escapeHTML(string) => string

Converts HTML special characters to their entity equivalents. This function supports cent, yen, euro, pound, lt, gt, copy, reg, quote, amp, apos.

escapeHTML("<div>Blah blah blah</div>");
// => "&lt;div&gt;Blah blah blah&lt;/div&gt;"

unescapeHTML(string) => string

Converts entity characters to HTML equivalents. This function supports cent, yen, euro, pound, lt, gt, copy, reg, quote, amp, apos, nbsp.

unescapeHTML("&lt;div&gt;Blah&nbsp;blah blah&lt;/div&gt;");
// => "<div>Blah blah blah</div>"

insert(string, index, substring) => string

insert("Hellworld", 4, "o ");
// => "Hello world"

replaceAll(string, find, replace, [ignorecase=false]) => string

replaceAll("foo", "o", "a");
// => "faa"

isBlank(string) => boolean

isBlank(""); // => true
isBlank("\n"); // => true
isBlank(" "); // => true
isBlank("a"); // => false

join(separator, ...strings) => string

Joins strings together with given separator

join(" ", "foo", "bar");
// => "foo bar"

lines(str) => array

Split lines to an array

lines("Hello\nWorld");
// => ["Hello", "World"]

wrap(str, options) => string

Splits a line str (default '') into several lines of size options.width (default 75) using a options.seperator (default '\n'). If options.trailingSpaces is true, make each line at least width long using trailing spaces. If options.cut is true, create new lines in the middle of words. If options.preserveSpaces is true, preserve the space that should be there at the end of a line (only works if options.cut is false).

wrap("Hello World", { width:5 })
// => "Hello\nWorld"

wrap("Hello World", { width:6, seperator:'.', trailingSpaces: true })
// => "Hello .World "

wrap("Hello World", { width:5, seperator:'.', cut:true, trailingSpaces: true })
// => "Hello. Worl.d    "

wrap("Hello World", { width:5, seperator:'.', preserveSpaces: true })
// => "Hello .World"

dedent(str, [pattern]) => string

Dedent unnecessary indentation or dedent by a pattern.

Credits go to @sindresorhus. This implementation is similar to https://github.com/sindresorhus/strip-indent

dedent("  Hello\n    World");
// => "Hello\n  World"

dedent("\t\tHello\n\t\t\t\tWorld");
// => "Hello\n\t\tWorld"

dedent("    Hello\n    World", "  "); // Dedent by 2 spaces
// => "  Hello\n  World"

reverse(string) => string

Return reversed string:

reverse("foobar");
// => "raboof"

splice(string, index, howmany, substring) => string

Like an array splice.

splice("https://edtsech@bitbucket.org/edtsech/underscore.strings", 30, 7, "epeli");
// => "https://edtsech@bitbucket.org/epeli/underscore.strings"

startsWith(string, starts, [position]) => boolean

This method checks whether the string begins with starts at position (default: 0).

startsWith("image.gif", "image");
// => true

startsWith(".vimrc", "vim", 1);
// => true

endsWith(string, ends, [position]) => boolean

This method checks whether the string ends with ends at position (default: string.length).

endsWith("image.gif", "gif");
// => true

endsWith("image.old.gif", "old", 9);
// => true

pred(string) => string

Returns the predecessor to str.

pred("b");
// => "a"

pred("B");
// => "A"

succ(string) => string

Returns the successor to str.

succ("a");
// => "b"

succ("A");
// => "B"

titleize(string) => string

titleize("my name is epeli");
// => "My Name Is Epeli"

camelize(string, [decapitalize=false]) => string

Converts underscored or dasherized string to a camelized one. Begins with a lower case letter unless it starts with an underscore, dash or an upper case letter.

camelize("moz-transform");
// => "mozTransform"

camelize("-moz-transform");
// => "MozTransform"

camelize("_moz_transform");
// => "MozTransform"

camelize("Moz-transform");
// => "MozTransform"

camelize("-moz-transform", true);
// => "mozTransform"

classify(string) => string

Converts string to camelized class name. First letter is always upper case

classify("some_class_name");
// => "SomeClassName"

underscored(string) => string

Converts a camelized or dasherized string into an underscored one

underscored("MozTransform");
// => "moz_transform"

dasherize(string) => string

Converts a underscored or camelized string into an dasherized one

dasherize("MozTransform");
// => "-moz-transform"

humanize(string) => string

Converts an underscored, camelized, or dasherized string into a humanized one. Also removes beginning and ending whitespace, and removes the postfix '_id'.

humanize("  capitalize dash-CamelCase_underscore trim  ");
// => "Capitalize dash camel case underscore trim"

trim(string, [characters]) => string

Trims defined characters from begining and ending of the string. Defaults to whitespace characters.

trim("  foobar   ");
// => "foobar"

trim("_-foobar-_", "_-");
// => "foobar"

ltrim(string, [characters]) => string

Left trim. Similar to trim, but only for left side.

rtrim(string, [characters]) => string

Right trim. Similar to trim, but only for right side.

truncate(string, length, [truncateString = '...']) => string

truncate("Hello world", 5);
// => "Hello..."

truncate("Hello", 10);
// => "Hello"

prune(string, length, pruneString) => string

Elegant version of truncate. Makes sure the pruned string does not exceed the original length. Avoid half-chopped words when truncating.

prune("Hello, world", 5);
// => "Hello..."

prune("Hello, world", 8);
// => "Hello..."

prune("Hello, world", 5, " (read a lot more)");
// => "Hello, world" (as adding "(read a lot more)" would be longer than the original string)

prune("Hello, cruel world", 15);
// => "Hello, cruel..."

prune("Hello", 10);
// => "Hello"

words(str, delimiter=/\s+/) => array

Split string by delimiter (String or RegExp), /\s+/ by default.

words("   I   love   you   ");
// => ["I", "love", "you"]

words("I_love_you", "_");
// => ["I", "love", "you"]

words("I-love-you", /-/);
// => ["I", "love", "you"]

words("   ")
// => []

sprintf(string format, ...arguments) => string

C like string formatting. Makes use of the sprintf-js package.

This function will be removed in the next major release, use the sprintf-js package instead.

sprintf("%.1f", 1.17);
// => "1.2"

pad(str, length, [padStr, type]) => string

pads the str with characters until the total string length is equal to the passed length parameter. By default, pads on the left with the space char (" "). padStr is truncated to a single character if necessary.

pad("1", 8);
// => "       1"

pad("1", 8, "0");
// => "00000001"

pad("1", 8, "0", "right");
// => "10000000"

pad("1", 8, "0", "both");
// => "00001000"

pad("1", 8, "bleepblorp", "both");
// => "bbbb1bbb"

lpad(str, length, [padStr]) => string

left-pad a string. Alias for pad(str, length, padStr, "left")

lpad("1", 8, "0");
// => "00000001"

rpad(str, length, [padStr]) => string

right-pad a string. Alias for pad(str, length, padStr, "right")

rpad("1", 8, "0");
// => "10000000"

lrpad(str, length, [padStr]) => string

left/right-pad a string. Alias for pad(str, length, padStr, "both")

lrpad("1", 8, '0');
// => "00001000"

toNumber(string, [decimals]) => number

Parse string to number. Returns NaN if string can't be parsed to number.

toNumber("2.556");
// => 3

toNumber("2.556", 1);
// => 2.6

toNumber("999.999", -1);
// => 990

strRight(string, pattern) => string

Searches a string from left to right for a pattern and returns a substring consisting of the characters in the string that are to the right of the pattern or all string if no match found.

strRight("This_is_a_test_string", "_");
// => "is_a_test_string"

strRightBack(string, pattern) => string

Searches a string from right to left for a pattern and returns a substring consisting of the characters in the string that are to the right of the pattern or all string if no match found.

strRightBack("This_is_a_test_string", "_");
// => "string"

strLeft(string, pattern) => string

Searches a string from left to right for a pattern and returns a substring consisting of the characters in the string that are to the left of the pattern or all string if no match found.

strLeft("This_is_a_test_string", "_");
// => "This";

strLeftBack(string, pattern) => string

Searches a string from right to left for a pattern and returns a substring consisting of the characters in the string that are to the left of the pattern or all string if no match found.

strLeftBack("This_is_a_test_string", "_");
// => "This_is_a_test";

stripTags(string) => string

Removes all html tags from string.

stripTags("a <a href=\"#\">link</a>");
// => "a link"

stripTags("a <a href=\"#\">link</a><script>alert(\"hello world!\")</script>");
// => "a linkalert("hello world!")"

toSentence(array, [delimiter, lastDelimiter]) => string

Join an array into a human readable sentence.

toSentence(["jQuery", "Mootools", "Prototype"]);
// => "jQuery, Mootools and Prototype";

toSentence(["jQuery", "Mootools", "Prototype"], ", ", " unt ");
// => "jQuery, Mootools unt Prototype";

toSentenceSerial(array, [delimiter, lastDelimiter]) => string

The same as toSentence, but adjusts delimeters to use Serial comma.

toSentenceSerial(["jQuery", "Mootools"]);
// => "jQuery and Mootools"

toSentenceSerial(["jQuery", "Mootools", "Prototype"]);
// => "jQuery, Mootools, and Prototype"

toSentenceSerial(["jQuery", "Mootools", "Prototype"], ", ", " unt ");
// => "jQuery, Mootools, unt Prototype"

repeat(string, count, [separator]) => string

Repeats a string count times.

repeat("foo", 3);
// => "foofoofoo"

repeat("foo", 3, "bar");
// => "foobarfoobarfoo"

surround(string, wrap) => string

Surround a string with another string.

surround("foo", "ab");
// => "abfooab"

quote(string, quoteChar) or q(string, quoteChar) => string

Quotes a string. quoteChar defaults to ".

quote("foo", '"');
// => '"foo"';

unquote(string, quoteChar) => string

Unquotes a string. quoteChar defaults to ".

unquote('"foo"');
// => "foo"

unquote("'foo'", "'");
// => "foo"

slugify(string) => string

Transform text into an ascii slug which can be used in safely in URLs. Replaces whitespaces, accentuated, and special characters with a dash. Limited set of non-ascii characters are transformed to similar versions in the ascii character set such as ä to a.

slugify("Un éléphant à l\'orée du bois");
// => "un-elephant-a-l-oree-du-bois"

Caution: this function is charset dependent

naturalCmp(string1, string2) => number

Naturally sort strings like humans would do. None numbers are compared by their ASCII values. Note: this means "a" > "A". Use .toLowerCase if this isn't to be desired.

Just past it to Array#sort.

["foo20", "foo5"].sort(naturalCmp);
// => ["foo5", "foo20"]

toBoolean(string) => boolean

Turn strings that can be commonly considered as booleas to real booleans. Such as "true", "false", "1" and "0". This function is case insensitive.

toBoolean("true");
// => true

toBoolean("FALSE");
// => false

toBoolean("random");
// => undefined

It can be customized by giving arrays of truth and falsy value matcher as parameters. Matchers can be also RegExp objects.

toBoolean("truthy", ["truthy"], ["falsy"]);
// => true

toBoolean("true only at start", [/^true/]);
// => true

map(string, function) => string

Creates a new string with the results of calling a provided function on every character of the given string.

map("Hello world", function(x) {
  return x;
});
// => "Hello world"

map(12345, function(x) {
  return x;
});
// => "12345"

map("Hello world", function(x) {
  if (x === 'o') x = 'O';
  return x;
});
// => "HellO wOrld"

Library functions

If you require the full library you can use chaining and aliases

s(string) => chain

Start a chain. Returns an immutable chain object with the string functions as methods which return a new chain object instead of the plain string value.

The chain object includes also following native Javascript string methods:

chain.value()

Return the string value from the chain

s("  foo  ").trim().capitalize().value();
// => "Foo"

When calling a method which does not return a string the resulting value is immediately returned

s(" foobar ").trim().startsWith("foo");
// => true

chain.tap(function) => chain

Tap into the chain with a custom function

s("foo").tap(function(value){
  return value + "bar";
}).value();
// => "foobar"

Aliases

strip     = trim
lstrip    = ltrim
rstrip    = rtrim
center    = lrpad
rjust     = lpad
ljust     = rpad
contains  = include
q         = quote
toBool    = toBoolean
camelcase = camelize

Maintainers

This library is maintained by

Licence

The MIT License

Copyright (c) 2011 Esa-Matti Suuronen esa-matti@suuronen.org

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.