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README.md

grav

A collection of tools to help visualise process execution.

This blog post has some detail on the rationale and implementation detail.

Scheduler profile

Visual cues to inform whether your application's threads are being pre-empted by the kernel scheduler before they are ready to yield the processor.

Scheduler Profile

Pre-requisites: install iovisor BCC

Usage:

$ ./bin/scheduling-profile.sh $PID
Recording scheduling information for 10 seconds
Wrote scheduler-profile-$PID.svg

CPU tenancy

Determine whether application threads would be better restricted to a certain set of CPUs.

CPU Tenancy

Pre-requisites: install perf_events

Usage:

$ ./bin/perf-cpu-tenancy.sh $PID
Recording samples..
Wrote cpu-tenancy-$PID.svg

JVM heap allocation flamegraphs

Use built-in UDST DTrace probes to capture information about heap allocations in a running JVM.

Allocations

Pre-requisites: the following repositories need to be cloned and available locally:

Enable allocation probes using the following JVM params:

-XX:+ExtendedDTraceProbes -XX:+DTraceAllocProbes

Usage:

# set up environment variables
$ export PERF_MAP_AGENT_DIR=/path/to/perf-map-agent/
$ export FLAMEGRAPH_DIR=/path/to/flamegraph/
$ ./bin/heap-alloc-flames -p $PID -e "java/lang/String" -d 10
Profiling application to generate stack trace symbols
Recording events for 5 seconds (adapt by setting PERF_RECORD_SECONDS)
[ perf record: Woken up 3 times to write data ]
[ perf record: Captured and wrote 1.156 MB /tmp/perf-$PID.data (3498 samples) ]
Wrote allocation-flamegraph-$PID.svg

Parameters:

-p PID
-i regex of stacks to include (e.g. -i "mycompany" "java/lang/Double")
-e regex of stacks to exclude (e.g. -e "java/lang/String" "C[]")
-d duration of sample in seconds
-s sampling interval (e.g. -s 1000 -> sample every 1000th allocation)
-j path of libjvm.so (default: /usr/lib/jvm/java-8-openjdk-amd64/jre/lib/amd64/server/libjvm.so)

Java flamegraphs with thread name

Annotate JVM flamegraphs with thread names for easier focus.

Named threads

Pre-requisites: the following repositories need to be cloned and available locally:

Usage:

# set up environment variables
$ export PERF_MAP_AGENT_DIR=/path/to/perf-map-agent/
$ export FLAMEGRAPH_DIR=/path/to/flamegraph/
$ ./bin/perf-thread-flames.sh $PID
Recording events for 10 seconds (adapt by setting PERF_RECORD_SECONDS)
[ perf record: Woken up 1 times to write data ]
[ perf record: Captured and wrote 0.343 MB /tmp/perf-$PID.data (835 samples) ]
Wrote flamegraph-$PID.svg

To filter out particular threads, supply a regex as the second argument:

$ ./bin/perf-thread-flames.sh $PID ".*GC.*"
Capturing stacks for threads matching '.*GC.*'
Recording events for 10 seconds (adapt by setting PERF_RECORD_SECONDS)
[ perf record: Woken up 7 times to write data ]
[ perf record: Captured and wrote 1.026 MB /tmp/perf-$PID.data (496 samples) ]
Wrote flamegraph-$PID.svg

Animated flamegraphs

Create several flame graphs in time and one animated SVG FlameGraph that captures all of them.

Animated FlameGraph

Pre-requisites: the following repositories need to be cloned and available locally:

Usage:

# set up environment variables
$ export PERF_MAP_AGENT_DIR=/path/to/perf-map-agent/
$ export FLAMEGRAPH_DIR=/path/to/flamegraph/
# run animate-flames PID NUMBER_OF_RECORDINGS SLEEP_SECONDS
# (in this example  NUMBER_OF_RECORDINGS = 5, SLEEP_SECONDS=10)
$ ./bin/animate-flames $PID 5 10 
Recording events for 10 seconds (adapt by setting PERF_RECORD_SECONDS)
[ perf record: Woken up 1 times to write data ]
[ perf record: Captured and wrote 0.114 MB /tmp/perf-$PID.data (~4993 samples) ]
1 Wrote /tmp/out-threads-$PID-1.collapsed
Wrote flamegraph-$PID-1.svg
Recording events for 10 seconds (adapt by setting PERF_RECORD_SECONDS)
[ perf record: Woken up 1 times to write data ]
[ perf record: Captured and wrote 0.120 MB /tmp/perf-$PID.data (~5249 samples) ]
2 Wrote /tmp/out-threads-$PID-2.collapsed
Wrote flamegraph-$PID-2.svg
Recording events for 10 seconds (adapt by setting PERF_RECORD_SECONDS)
[ perf record: Woken up 1 times to write data ]
[ perf record: Captured and wrote 0.117 MB /tmp/perf-$PID.data (~5127 samples) ]
3 Wrote /tmp/out-threads-$PID-3.collapsed
Wrote flamegraph-$PID-3.svg
Recording events for 10 seconds (adapt by setting PERF_RECORD_SECONDS)
[ perf record: Woken up 1 times to write data ]
[ perf record: Captured and wrote 0.118 MB /tmp/perf-$PID.data (~5143 samples) ]
4 Wrote /tmp/out-threads-$PID-4.collapsed
Wrote flamegraph-$PID-4.svg
Recording events for 10 seconds (adapt by setting PERF_RECORD_SECONDS)
[ perf record: Woken up 1 times to write data ]
[ perf record: Captured and wrote 0.118 MB /tmp/perf-$PID.data (~5158 samples) ]
5 Wrote /tmp/out-threads-$PID-5.collapsed
Wrote flamegraph-$PID-5.svg
Wrote animated-flamegraph-$PID.svg

vagrant-grav

A Vagrant box that can be used as a grav development environment on non-linux machines.

Pre-requisite:

Usage:

$ cd vagrant-grav
$ vagrant up

will run a vagrant box with:

  1. ubuntu zesty64
  2. Java OpenJDK8
  3. perf
  4. iovisor BCC
  5. perf-map-agent
  6. FlameGraph scripts
  7. grav scripts
$ vagrant ssh 
...
vagrant@vagrant-ubuntu-trusty-64:~$ echo $JAVA_HOME
/usr/lib/jvm/java-8-openjdk-amd64/
vagrant@vagrant-ubuntu-trusty-64:~$ echo $GRAV_DIR
/vagrant/grav
vagrant@vagrant-ubuntu-trusty-64:~$ echo $FLAMEGRAPH_DIR
/vagrant/FlameGraph
vagrant@vagrant-ubuntu-trusty-64:~$ echo $PERF_MAP_AGENT_DIR
/vagrant/perf-map-agent

The VM is now ready for grav development.

vagrant@vagrant-ubuntu-trusty-64:~$ logout
Connection to 127.0.0.1 closed.
$ vagrant port
The forwarded ports for the machine are listed below. Please note that
these values may differ from values configured in the Vagrantfile if the
provider supports automatic port collision detection and resolution.

    22 (guest) => 2200 (host)
  8080 (guest) => 18080 (host)

Forwarded port 8080 to port 18080 to allow access to a server running inside the box.

Maintainers

Mark Price

Amir Langer