by Tony Pitale with much help from Justin Marney, Patrick Reagan and others at Viget Labs
- Filters now have a new DSL so that I could toss Symbol operators (which conflict with DataMapper and MongoMapper)
- The method of passing a hash to filters no longer works, at all
- Changes the api for filters and sort making it consistent with metrics/dimensions
- If you wish to clear the defaults defined on a class, you may use clear_(filters/sort/metrics/dimensions)
- To make a custom class using Garb::Resource, you must now extend instead of include the module
- adds Profile.first which can be used to get the first profile with a table id, or web property id (UA number)
- requires happymapper from rubygems, version 0.2.5. Be sure to update.
- makes major changes (compared to 0.1.0) to the way garb is used to build reports.
- There is now both a module that gets included for generating defined classes,
- slight changes to the way that the Report class can be used.
Provides a Ruby API to the Google Analytics API.
> session = Garb::Session.new > session.login(username, password)
Define a Report Class and Get Results
class Exits extend Garb::Resource metrics :exits, :pageviews, :exit_rate dimensions :page_path sort :exits filters do eql(:page_path, 'season') end end
- start_date: The date of the period you would like this report to start
- end_date: The date to end, inclusive
- limit: The maximum number of results to be returned
- offset: The starting index
Metrics & Dimensions
Metrics and Dimensions are very complex because of the ways in which the can and cannot be combined.
I suggest reading the google documentation to familiarize yourself with this.
When you've returned, you can pass the appropriate combinations (up to 50 metrics and 2 dimenstions) to garb, as an array, of symbols. Or you can simply push a symbol into the array.
Sorting can be done on any metric or dimension defined in the request, with .desc reversing the sort.
Building a Report
Given the class, session, and profile from above we can do:
Exits.results(profile, :limit => 10, :offset => 19)
Or, with sorting and filters:
Exits.results(profile, :limit => 10, :offset => 19) do sort :exits filters do contains(:page_path, 'season') gt(:exits, 100) end # or with a hash # filters :page_path.contains => 'season', :exits.gt => 100 end
reports will be an array of OpenStructs with methods for the metrics and dimensions returned.
Build a One-Off Report
report = Garb::Report.new(profile) report.metrics :pageviews, :exits report.dimensions :page_path report.sort :exits report.filters do contains(:page_path, 'season') gte(:exits, 10) and # or with a hash # report.filters :page_path.contains => 'season', :exits.gt => 100 report.results
Google Analytics supports a significant number of filtering options.
We handle filtering as an array of hashes that you can push into, which will be joined together (AND'd)
Here is what we can do currently: (the operator is a method on a symbol metric or dimension)
Operators on metrics:
eql => '==', not_eql => '!=', gt => '>', gte => '>=', lt => '<', lte => '<='
Operators on dimensions:
matches => '==', does_not_match => '!=', contains => '=~', does_not_contain => '!~', substring => '=@', not_substring => '!@'
Given the previous example one-off report, we can add a line for filter:
report.filters do eql(:page_path, '/extend/effectively-using-git-with-subversion/') end
Or, if you're comfortable using symbol operators:
report.filters :page_path.eql => '/extend/effectively-using-git-with-subversion/'
Version 0.2.3 includes support for real ssl encryption for authentication. First do:
Garb::Session.login(username, password, :secure => true)
Next, be sure to download http://curl.haxx.se/ca/cacert.pem into your application somewhere. Then, define a constant CA_CERT_FILE and point to that file.
For whatever reason, simply creating a new certificate store and setting the defaults would not validate the google ssl certificate as authentic.
- Sessions are currently global, which isn't awesome
- Single user login is the only supported method currently. Intend to add hooks for using OAuth
- Read opensearch header in results
happymapper >= 0.3.0 (should also install libxml) active_support >= 2.3.0
sudo gem install garb
(The MIT License)
Copyright (c) 2008 Viget Labs
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the 'Software'), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED 'AS IS', WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.