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Add EEP 39: Scoped Group Leaders

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+ Author: Yurii Rashkovskii <yrashk(at)gmail(dot)com>
+ Status: Draft
+ Type: Standards Track
+ Erlang-Version: R15A
+ Created: 2-Jul-2011
+ Post-History: 2-Jul-2011
+EEP 39: Scoped Group Leaders
+Scoped group leaders is an extension of the existing group leader
+mechanism that allows one to use the group leader mechanism beyond
+its original intent (which is I/O only).
+Every process is given a "dictionary" of group leaders, with one
+`io` group leader defined by default, representing the only group
+leader that exists currently in Erlang. Every process created is
+given a copy of the dictionary exactly as before.
+Two new functions have been added to the `erlang` module.
+Firstly, scoped group leader retrieval:
+ erlang:group_leader(Scope :: atom()) -> 'undefined' | pid()
+This function retrieves the group leader for the scope `Scope`. Existing
+argument-free function `erlang:group_leader/0` is now implemented as
+ erlang:group_leader(io)
+Secondly, scoped group leader setup:
+ erlang:group_leader(Scope :: atom(), GroupLeader :: pid(),
+ Proc :: pid()) -> true.
+This function sets the group leader for scope the `Scope` to the `GroupLeader`
+for a process `Proc`. The existing function `erlang:group_leader/2` is
+now implemented as
+ erlang:group_leader(io, GroupLeader, Proc)
+Process information available through `erlang:process_info/1` and
+`erlang:process_info/2` has been extended with a new key, `group_leaders`.
+It contains a proplist of group leaders associated with the process given.
+The list will at the very least contain the tuple `{io, <0.24.0>}`
+Note: this group leader is currently the default one in every single process.
+Distribution mechanism(s) get extended to support these scoped group leaders
+as well, so processes spawned on remote nodes get the whole list of group
+leaders copied.
+In this example, we'll set a group leader for the scope of `test`
+and we'll retrieve it from the current and the child processes.
+Also, we'll retrieve the `io` scoped group leader using both the
+original and the new API:
+ 1> erlang:group_leader(test, self(), self()).
+ true
+ 2> erlang:group_leader().
+ <0.24.0>
+ 3> erlang:group_leader(io).
+ <0.24.0>
+ 4> erlang:group_leader(test).
+ <0.31.0>
+ 5> spawn(fun() -> io:format("~p~n",[erlang:group_leader()]) end), ok.
+ <0.24.0>
+ ok
+ 6> spawn(fun() -> io:format("~p~n",[erlang:group_leader(io)]) end), ok.
+ <0.24.0>
+ ok
+ 7> spawn(fun() -> io:format("~p~n",[erlang:group_leader(test)]) end), ok.
+ <0.31.0>
+ ok
+ 8> spawn(fun() -> io:format("~p~n",[erlang:process_info(self())]) end), ok.
+ [{current_function,{erl_eval,do_apply,5}},
+ {initial_call,{erlang,apply,2}},
+ {status,running},
+ {message_queue_len,0},
+ {messages,[]},
+ {links,[]},
+ {dictionary,[]},
+ {trap_exit,false},
+ {error_handler,error_handler},
+ {priority,normal},
+ {group_leader,<0.24.0>},
+ {group_leaders,[{test,<0.31.0>},{io,<0.24.0>}]},
+ {total_heap_size,233},
+ {heap_size,233},
+ {stack_size,24},
+ {reductions,93},
+ {garbage_collection,[{min_bin_vheap_size,46368},
+ {min_heap_size,233},
+ {fullsweep_after,65535},
+ {minor_gcs,0}]},
+ {suspending,[]}]
+ ok
+The I/O system is not the only domain where the concept of group leaders
+comes in handy. Implicit configurations, security groups and many other
+problems could benefit from being able to extend the standard group leader
+One of the potential uses of this technique could be an extension of the
+I/O leader paradigm into Web Development, with a `web` group leader
+represented as an HTTP connection, WebSocket, or Session. With this simple
+approach one can use the same technique used by I/O primitives to allow
+transparent and/or multiplexed access to other HTTP communication channels,
+within either local or remote processes.
+We have chosen to extend the existing API instead of introducing a new one
+simply because we believe this concept to be a natural evolution of the
+group leaders concept with which people are already familiar.
+Backwards Compatibility
+The proposed changes keep existing API's intact and only provide some new
+functions for this pre-described functionality. While this change maintains
+backwards compatibility, the existing behaviour's are not altered and newly
+introduced behaviour's are fashioned to mimic existing ones.
+The Proplist returned by `erlang:process_info/1` has all pre-existing keys
+unmodified and features, with the addition of a new key called `group_leaders`.
+In the unlikely event that code exists which relies on a specific set of keys
+used in this proplist, no backwards compatibility issues should exist.
+Reference Implementation
+There is no reference implementation at this point. However, a proof
+of concept implementation is [available][1].
+This document has been placed in the public domain.
+[EmacsVar]: <> "Local Variables:"
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+[EmacsVar]: <> "indent-tabs-mode: nil"
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+[EmacsVar]: <> "fill-column: 70"
+[EmacsVar]: <> "coding: utf-8"
+[EmacsVar]: <> "End:"

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