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%%
%% %CopyrightBegin%
%%
%% Copyright Ericsson AB 1998-2011. All Rights Reserved.
%%
%% The contents of this file are subject to the Erlang Public License,
%% Version 1.1, (the "License"); you may not use this file except in
%% compliance with the License. You should have received a copy of the
%% Erlang Public License along with this software. If not, it can be
%% retrieved online at http://www.erlang.org/.
%%
%% Software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS"
%% basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See
%% the License for the specific language governing rights and limitations
%% under the License.
%%
%% %CopyrightEnd%
%%
-module(code_server).

%% This file holds the server part of the code_server.

-export([start_link/1,
call/2,
system_continue/3,
system_terminate/4,
system_code_change/4,
error_msg/2, info_msg/2
]).

-include_lib("kernel/include/file.hrl").

-import(lists, [foreach/2]).

-record(state, {supervisor,
root,
path,
moddb,
namedb,
cache = no_cache,
mode = interactive,
on_load = []}).
-type state() :: #state{}.

start_link(Args) ->
    Ref = make_ref(),
    Parent = self(),
    Init = fun() -> init(Ref, Parent, Args) end,
    spawn_link(Init),
    receive
{Ref,Res} -> Res
    end.


%% -----------------------------------------------------------
%% Init the code_server process.
%% -----------------------------------------------------------

init(Ref, Parent, [Root,Mode0]) ->
    register(?MODULE, self()),
    process_flag(trap_exit, true),

    Db = ets:new(code, [private]),
    foreach(fun (M) -> ets:insert(Db, {M,preloaded}) end, erlang:pre_loaded()),
    ets:insert(Db, init:fetch_loaded()),

    Mode =
case Mode0 of
minimal -> interactive;
_ -> Mode0
end,

    IPath =
case Mode of
interactive ->
LibDir = filename:append(Root, "lib"),
{ok,Dirs} = erl_prim_loader:list_dir(LibDir),
{Paths,_Libs} = make_path(LibDir, Dirs),
UserLibPaths = get_user_lib_dirs(),
["."] ++ UserLibPaths ++ Paths;
_ ->
[]
end,

    Path = add_loader_path(IPath, Mode),
    State0 = #state{root = Root,
path = Path,
moddb = Db,
namedb = init_namedb(Path),
mode = Mode},

    State =
case init:get_argument(code_path_cache) of
{ok, _} ->
create_cache(State0);
error ->
State0
end,

    Parent ! {Ref,{ok,self()}},
    loop(State#state{supervisor = Parent}).

get_user_lib_dirs() ->
    case os:getenv("ERL_LIBS") of
LibDirs0 when is_list(LibDirs0) ->
Sep =
case os:type() of
{win32, _} -> $;;
_ -> $:
end,
LibDirs = split_paths(LibDirs0, Sep, [], []),
get_user_lib_dirs_1(LibDirs);
false ->
[]
    end.

get_user_lib_dirs_1([Dir|DirList]) ->
    case erl_prim_loader:list_dir(Dir) of
{ok, Dirs} ->
{Paths,_Libs} = make_path(Dir, Dirs),
%% Only add paths trailing with ./ebin.
[P || P <- Paths, filename:basename(P) =:= "ebin"] ++
get_user_lib_dirs_1(DirList);
error ->
get_user_lib_dirs_1(DirList)
    end;
get_user_lib_dirs_1([]) -> [].


split_paths([S|T], S, Path, Paths) ->
    split_paths(T, S, [], [lists:reverse(Path) | Paths]);
split_paths([C|T], S, Path, Paths) ->
    split_paths(T, S, [C|Path], Paths);
split_paths([], _S, Path, Paths) ->
    lists:reverse(Paths, [lists:reverse(Path)]).

call(Name, Req) ->
    Name ! {code_call, self(), Req},
    receive
{?MODULE, Reply} ->
Reply
    end.

reply(Pid, Res) ->
    Pid ! {?MODULE, Res}.

loop(#state{supervisor=Supervisor}=State0) ->
    receive
{code_call, Pid, Req} ->
case handle_call(Req, {Pid, call}, State0) of
{reply, Res, State} ->
reply(Pid, Res),
loop(State);
{noreply, State} ->
loop(State);
{stop, Why, stopped, State} ->
system_terminate(Why, Supervisor, [], State)
end;
{'EXIT', Supervisor, Reason} ->
system_terminate(Reason, Supervisor, [], State0);
{system, From, Msg} ->
handle_system_msg(running,Msg, From, Supervisor, State0);
{'DOWN',Ref,process,_,Res} ->
State = finish_on_load(Ref, Res, State0),
loop(State);
_Msg ->
loop(State0)
    end.

%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%% System upgrade

handle_system_msg(SysState, Msg, From, Parent, Misc) ->
    case do_sys_cmd(SysState, Msg, Parent, Misc) of
{suspended, Reply, NMisc} ->
gen_reply(From, Reply),
suspend_loop(suspended, Parent, NMisc);
{running, Reply, NMisc} ->
gen_reply(From, Reply),
system_continue(Parent, [], NMisc)
    end.

gen_reply({To, Tag}, Reply) ->
    catch To ! {Tag, Reply}.

%%-----------------------------------------------------------------
%% When a process is suspended, it can only respond to system
%% messages.
%%-----------------------------------------------------------------
suspend_loop(SysState, Parent, Misc) ->
    receive
{system, From, Msg} ->
handle_system_msg(SysState, Msg, From, Parent, Misc);
{'EXIT', Parent, Reason} ->
system_terminate(Reason, Parent, [], Misc)
    end.

do_sys_cmd(_, suspend, _Parent, Misc) ->
    {suspended, ok, Misc};
do_sys_cmd(_, resume, _Parent, Misc) ->
    {running, ok, Misc};
do_sys_cmd(SysState, get_status, Parent, Misc) ->
    Status = {status, self(), {module, ?MODULE},
[get(), SysState, Parent, [], Misc]},
    {SysState, Status, Misc};
do_sys_cmd(SysState, {debug, _What}, _Parent, Misc) ->
    {SysState,ok,Misc};
do_sys_cmd(suspended, {change_code, Module, Vsn, Extra}, _Parent, Misc0) ->
    {Res, Misc} =
case catch ?MODULE:system_code_change(Misc0, Module, Vsn, Extra) of
{ok, _} = Ok -> Ok;
Else -> {{error, Else}, Misc0}
end,
    {suspended, Res, Misc};
do_sys_cmd(SysState, Other, _Parent, Misc) ->
    {SysState, {error, {unknown_system_msg, Other}}, Misc}.

system_continue(_Parent, _Debug, State) ->
    loop(State).

system_terminate(_Reason, _Parent, _Debug, _State) ->
    %% error_msg("~p terminating: ~p~n ", [?MODULE, Reason]),
    exit(shutdown).

-spec system_code_change(state(), module(), term(), term()) -> {'ok', state()}.
system_code_change(State, _Module, _OldVsn, _Extra) ->
    {ok, State}.

%%
%% The gen_server call back functions.
%%

handle_call({stick_dir,Dir}, {_From,_Tag}, S) ->
    {reply,stick_dir(Dir, true, S),S};

handle_call({unstick_dir,Dir}, {_From,_Tag}, S) ->
    {reply,stick_dir(Dir, false, S),S};

handle_call({stick_mod,Mod}, {_From,_Tag}, S) ->
    {reply,stick_mod(Mod, true, S),S};

handle_call({unstick_mod,Mod}, {_From,_Tag}, S) ->
    {reply,stick_mod(Mod, false, S),S};

handle_call({dir,Dir}, {_From,_Tag}, S) ->
    Root = S#state.root,
    Resp = do_dir(Root,Dir,S#state.namedb),
    {reply,Resp,S};

handle_call({load_file,Mod}, Caller, St) ->
    case modp(Mod) of
false ->
{reply,{error,badarg},St};
true ->
load_file(Mod, Caller, St)
    end;

handle_call({add_path,Where,Dir0}, {_From,_Tag},
#state{cache=Cache0,namedb=Namedb,path=Path0}=S) ->
    case Cache0 of
no_cache ->
{Resp,Path} = add_path(Where, Dir0, Path0, Namedb),
{reply,Resp,S#state{path=Path}};
_ ->
Dir = absname(Dir0), %% Cache always expands the path
{Resp,Path} = add_path(Where, Dir, Path0, Namedb),
Cache = update_cache([Dir], Where, Cache0),
{reply,Resp,S#state{path=Path,cache=Cache}}
    end;

handle_call({add_paths,Where,Dirs0}, {_From,_Tag},
#state{cache=Cache0,namedb=Namedb,path=Path0}=S) ->
    case Cache0 of
no_cache ->
{Resp,Path} = add_paths(Where, Dirs0, Path0, Namedb),
{reply,Resp,S#state{path=Path}};
_ ->
%% Cache always expands the path
Dirs = [absname(Dir) || Dir <- Dirs0],
{Resp,Path} = add_paths(Where, Dirs, Path0, Namedb),
Cache=update_cache(Dirs,Where,Cache0),
{reply,Resp,S#state{cache=Cache,path=Path}}
    end;

handle_call({set_path,PathList}, {_From,_Tag},
#state{path=Path0,namedb=Namedb}=S) ->
    {Resp,Path,NewDb} = set_path(PathList, Path0, Namedb),
    {reply,Resp,rehash_cache(S#state{path=Path,namedb=NewDb})};

handle_call({del_path,Name}, {_From,_Tag},
#state{path=Path0,namedb=Namedb}=S) ->
    {Resp,Path} = del_path(Name, Path0, Namedb),
    {reply,Resp,rehash_cache(S#state{path=Path})};

handle_call({replace_path,Name,Dir}, {_From,_Tag},
#state{path=Path0,namedb=Namedb}=S) ->
    {Resp,Path} = replace_path(Name, Dir, Path0, Namedb),
    {reply,Resp,rehash_cache(S#state{path=Path})};

handle_call(rehash, {_From,_Tag}, S0) ->
    S = create_cache(S0),
    {reply,ok,S};

handle_call(get_path, {_From,_Tag}, S) ->
    {reply,S#state.path,S};

%% Messages to load, delete and purge modules/files.
handle_call({load_abs,File,Mod}, Caller, S) ->
    case modp(File) of
false ->
{reply,{error,badarg},S};
true ->
load_abs(File, Mod, Caller, S)
    end;

handle_call({load_binary,Mod,File,Bin}, Caller, S) ->
    do_load_binary(Mod, File, Bin, Caller, S);

handle_call({load_native_partial,Mod,Bin}, {_From,_Tag}, S) ->
    Result = (catch hipe_unified_loader:load(Mod, Bin)),
    Status = hipe_result_to_status(Result),
    {reply,Status,S};

handle_call({load_native_sticky,Mod,Bin,WholeModule}, {_From,_Tag}, S) ->
    Result = (catch hipe_unified_loader:load_module(Mod, Bin, WholeModule)),
    Status = hipe_result_to_status(Result),
    {reply,Status,S};

handle_call({ensure_loaded,Mod0}, Caller, St0) ->
    Fun = fun (M, St) ->
case erlang:module_loaded(M) of
true ->
{reply,{module,M},St};
false when St#state.mode =:= interactive ->
load_file(M, Caller, St);
false ->
{reply,{error,embedded},St}
end
end,
    do_mod_call(Fun, Mod0, {error,badarg}, St0);

handle_call({delete,Mod0}, {_From,_Tag}, S) ->
    Fun = fun (M, St) ->
case catch erlang:delete_module(M) of
true ->
ets:delete(St#state.moddb, M),
{reply,true,St};
_ ->
{reply,false,St}
end
end,
    do_mod_call(Fun, Mod0, false, S);

handle_call({purge,Mod0}, {_From,_Tag}, St0) ->
    do_mod_call(fun (M, St) ->
{reply,do_purge(M),St}
end, Mod0, false, St0);

handle_call({soft_purge,Mod0}, {_From,_Tag}, St0) ->
    do_mod_call(fun (M, St) ->
{reply,do_soft_purge(M),St}
end, Mod0, true, St0);

handle_call({is_loaded,Mod0}, {_From,_Tag}, St0) ->
    do_mod_call(fun (M, St) ->
{reply,is_loaded(M, St#state.moddb),St}
end, Mod0, false, St0);

handle_call(all_loaded, {_From,_Tag}, S) ->
    Db = S#state.moddb,
    {reply,all_loaded(Db),S};

handle_call({get_object_code,Mod0}, {_From,_Tag}, St0) ->
    Fun = fun(M, St) ->
Path = St#state.path,
case mod_to_bin(Path, atom_to_list(M)) of
{_,Bin,FName} -> {reply,{M,Bin,FName},St};
Error -> {reply,Error,St}
end
end,
    do_mod_call(Fun, Mod0, error, St0);

handle_call({is_sticky, Mod}, {_From,_Tag}, S) ->
    Db = S#state.moddb,
    {reply, is_sticky(Mod,Db), S};

handle_call(stop,{_From,_Tag}, S) ->
    {stop,normal,stopped,S};

handle_call({is_cached,_File}, {_From,_Tag}, S=#state{cache=no_cache}) ->
    {reply, no, S};

handle_call({set_primary_archive, File, ArchiveBin, FileInfo}, {_From,_Tag}, S=#state{mode=Mode}) ->
    case erl_prim_loader:set_primary_archive(File, ArchiveBin, FileInfo) of
{ok, Files} ->
{reply, {ok, Mode, Files}, S};
{error, _Reason} = Error ->
{reply, Error, S}
    end;

handle_call({is_cached,File}, {_From,_Tag}, S=#state{cache=Cache}) ->
    ObjExt = objfile_extension(),
    Ext = filename:extension(File),
    Type = case Ext of
ObjExt -> obj;
".app" -> app;
_ -> undef
end,
    if Type =:= undef ->
{reply, no, S};
       true ->
Key = {Type,list_to_atom(filename:rootname(File, Ext))},
case ets:lookup(Cache, Key) of
[] ->
{reply, no, S};
[{Key,Dir}] ->
{reply, Dir, S}
end
    end;

handle_call(Other,{_From,_Tag}, S) ->
    error_msg(" ** Codeserver*** ignoring ~w~n ",[Other]),
    {noreply,S}.

do_mod_call(Action, Module, _Error, St) when is_atom(Module) ->
    Action(Module, St);
do_mod_call(Action, Module, Error, St) ->
    try list_to_atom(Module) of
Atom when is_atom(Atom) ->
Action(Atom, St)
    catch
error:badarg ->
{reply,Error,St}
    end.

%% --------------------------------------------------------------
%% Cache functions
%% --------------------------------------------------------------

create_cache(St = #state{cache = no_cache}) ->
    Cache = ets:new(code_cache, [protected]),
    rehash_cache(Cache, St);
create_cache(St) ->
    rehash_cache(St).

rehash_cache(St = #state{cache = no_cache}) ->
    St;
rehash_cache(St = #state{cache = OldCache}) ->
    ets:delete(OldCache),
    Cache = ets:new(code_cache, [protected]),
    rehash_cache(Cache, St).

rehash_cache(Cache, St = #state{path = Path}) ->
    Exts = [{obj,objfile_extension()}, {app,".app"}],
    {Cache,NewPath} = locate_mods(lists:reverse(Path), first, Exts, Cache, []),
    St#state{cache = Cache, path=NewPath}.

update_cache(Dirs, Where, Cache0) ->
    Exts = [{obj,objfile_extension()}, {app,".app"}],
    {Cache, _} = locate_mods(Dirs, Where, Exts, Cache0, []),
    Cache.

locate_mods([Dir0|Path], Where, Exts, Cache, Acc) ->
    Dir = absname(Dir0), %% Cache always expands the path
    case erl_prim_loader:list_dir(Dir) of
{ok, Files} ->
Cache = filter_mods(Files, Where, Exts, Dir, Cache),
locate_mods(Path, Where, Exts, Cache, [Dir|Acc]);
error ->
locate_mods(Path, Where, Exts, Cache, Acc)
    end;
locate_mods([], _, _, Cache, Path) ->
    {Cache,Path}.

filter_mods([File|Rest], Where, Exts, Dir, Cache) ->
    Ext = filename:extension(File),
    Root = list_to_atom(filename:rootname(File, Ext)),
    case lists:keyfind(Ext, 2, Exts) of
{Type, _} ->
Key = {Type,Root},
case Where of
first ->
true = ets:insert(Cache, {Key,Dir});
last ->
case ets:lookup(Cache, Key) of
[] ->
true = ets:insert(Cache, {Key,Dir});
_ ->
ignore
end
end;
false ->
ok
    end,
    filter_mods(Rest, Where, Exts, Dir, Cache);
filter_mods([], _, _, _, Cache) ->
    Cache.

%% --------------------------------------------------------------
%% Path handling functions.
%% --------------------------------------------------------------

%%
%% Create the initial path.
%%
make_path(BundleDir, Bundles0) ->
    Bundles = choose_bundles(Bundles0),
    make_path(BundleDir, Bundles, [], []).

choose_bundles(Bundles) ->
    ArchiveExt = archive_extension(),
    Bs = lists:sort([create_bundle(B, ArchiveExt) || B <- Bundles]),
    [FullName || {_Name,_NumVsn,FullName} <-
choose(lists:reverse(Bs), [], ArchiveExt)].

create_bundle(FullName, ArchiveExt) ->
    BaseName = filename:basename(FullName, ArchiveExt),
    case split(BaseName, "-") of
[_, _|_] = Toks ->
VsnStr = lists:last(Toks),
case vsn_to_num(VsnStr) of
{ok, VsnNum} ->
Name = join(lists:sublist(Toks, length(Toks)-1),"-"),
{Name,VsnNum,FullName};
false ->
{FullName,[0],FullName}
end;
_ ->
{FullName,[0],FullName}
    end.

%% Convert "X.Y.Z. ..." to [K, L, M| ...]
vsn_to_num(Vsn) ->
    case is_vsn(Vsn) of
true ->
{ok, [list_to_integer(S) || S <- split(Vsn, ".")]};
_ ->
false
    end.

is_vsn(Str) when is_list(Str) ->
    Vsns = split(Str, "."),
    lists:all(fun is_numstr/1, Vsns).

is_numstr(Cs) ->
    lists:all(fun (C) when $0 =< C, C =< $9 -> true;
(_) -> false
end, Cs).

split(Cs, S) ->
    split1(Cs, S, []).

split1([C|S], Seps, Toks) ->
    case lists:member(C, Seps) of
true -> split1(S, Seps, Toks);
false -> split2(S, Seps, Toks, [C])
    end;
split1([], _Seps, Toks) ->
    lists:reverse(Toks).

split2([C|S], Seps, Toks, Cs) ->
    case lists:member(C, Seps) of
true -> split1(S, Seps, [lists:reverse(Cs)|Toks]);
false -> split2(S, Seps, Toks, [C|Cs])
    end;
split2([], _Seps, Toks, Cs) ->
    lists:reverse([lists:reverse(Cs)|Toks]).
   
join([H1, H2| T], S) ->
    H1 ++ S ++ join([H2| T], S);
join([H], _) ->
    H;
join([], _) ->
    [].

choose([{Name,NumVsn,NewFullName}=New|Bs], Acc, ArchiveExt) ->
    case lists:keyfind(Name, 1, Acc) of
{_, NV, OldFullName} when NV =:= NumVsn ->
case filename:extension(OldFullName) =:= ArchiveExt of
false ->
choose(Bs,Acc, ArchiveExt);
true ->
Acc2 = lists:keystore(Name, 1, Acc, New),
choose(Bs,Acc2, ArchiveExt)
end;
{_, _, _} ->
choose(Bs,Acc, ArchiveExt);
false ->
choose(Bs,[{Name,NumVsn,NewFullName}|Acc], ArchiveExt)
    end;
choose([],Acc, _ArchiveExt) ->
    Acc.

make_path(_,[],Res,Bs) ->
    {Res,Bs};
make_path(BundleDir,[Bundle|Tail],Res,Bs) ->
    Dir = filename:append(BundleDir,Bundle),
    Ebin = filename:append(Dir,"ebin"),
    %% First try with /ebin
    case erl_prim_loader:read_file_info(Ebin) of
{ok,#file_info{type=directory}} ->
make_path(BundleDir,Tail,[Ebin|Res],[Bundle|Bs]);
_ ->
%% Second try with archive
Ext = archive_extension(),
Base = filename:basename(Dir, Ext),
Ebin2 = filename:join([filename:dirname(Dir), Base ++ Ext, Base, "ebin"]),
Ebins =
case split(Base, "-") of
[_, _|_] = Toks ->
AppName = join(lists:sublist(Toks, length(Toks)-1),"-"),
Ebin3 = filename:join([filename:dirname(Dir), Base ++ Ext, AppName, "ebin"]),
[Ebin3, Ebin2, Dir];
_ ->
[Ebin2, Dir]
end,
try_ebin_dirs(Ebins,BundleDir,Tail,Res,Bundle, Bs)
    end.

try_ebin_dirs([Ebin | Ebins],BundleDir,Tail,Res,Bundle,Bs) ->
    case erl_prim_loader:read_file_info(Ebin) of
{ok,#file_info{type=directory}} ->
make_path(BundleDir,Tail,[Ebin|Res],[Bundle|Bs]);
_ ->
try_ebin_dirs(Ebins,BundleDir,Tail,Res,Bundle,Bs)
    end;
try_ebin_dirs([],BundleDir,Tail,Res,_Bundle,Bs) ->
    make_path(BundleDir,Tail,Res,Bs).


%%
%% Add the erl_prim_loader path.
%%
%%
add_loader_path(IPath0,Mode) ->
    {ok,PrimP0} = erl_prim_loader:get_path(),
    case Mode of
        embedded ->
            strip_path(PrimP0, Mode); % i.e. only normalize
        _ ->
            Pa0 = get_arg(pa),
            Pz0 = get_arg(pz),

            Pa = patch_path(Pa0),
            Pz = patch_path(Pz0),
PrimP = patch_path(PrimP0),
IPath = patch_path(IPath0),

            P = exclude_pa_pz(PrimP,Pa,Pz),
            Path0 = strip_path(P, Mode),
            Path = add(Path0, IPath, []),
            add_pa_pz(Path,Pa,Pz)
    end.

patch_path(Path) ->
    case check_path(Path) of
{ok, NewPath} -> NewPath;
{error, _Reason} -> Path
    end.

%% As the erl_prim_loader path includes the -pa and -pz
%% directories they have to be removed first !!
exclude_pa_pz(P0,Pa,Pz) ->
    P1 = excl(Pa, P0),
    P = excl(Pz, lists:reverse(P1)),
    lists:reverse(P).

excl([], P) ->
    P;
excl([D|Ds], P) ->
    excl(Ds, lists:delete(D, P)).

%%
%% Keep only 'valid' paths in code server.
%% Only if mode is interactive, in an embedded
%% system we can't rely on file.
%%

strip_path([P0|Ps], Mode) ->
    P = filename:join([P0]), % Normalize
    case check_path([P]) of
{ok, [NewP]} ->
[NewP|strip_path(Ps, Mode)];
_ when Mode =:= embedded ->
[P|strip_path(Ps, Mode)];
_ ->
strip_path(Ps, Mode)
    end;
strip_path(_, _) ->
    [].
    
%%
%% Add only non-existing paths.
%% Also delete other versions of directories,
%% e.g. .../test-3.2/ebin should exclude .../test-*/ebin (and .../test/ebin).
%% Put the Path directories first in resulting path.
%%
add(Path,["."|IPath],Acc) ->
    RPath = add1(Path,IPath,Acc),
    ["."|lists:delete(".",RPath)];
add(Path,IPath,Acc) ->
    add1(Path,IPath,Acc).

add1([P|Path],IPath,Acc) ->
    case lists:member(P,Acc) of
true ->
add1(Path,IPath,Acc); % Already added
false ->
IPath1 = exclude(P,IPath),
add1(Path,IPath1,[P|Acc])
    end;
add1(_,IPath,Acc) ->
    lists:reverse(Acc) ++ IPath.

add_pa_pz(Path0, Patha, Pathz) ->
    {_,Path1} = add_paths(first,Patha,Path0,false),
    {_,Path2} = add_paths(first,Pathz,lists:reverse(Path1),false),
    lists:reverse(Path2).

get_arg(Arg) ->
    case init:get_argument(Arg) of
{ok, Values} ->
lists:append(Values);
_ ->
[]
    end.

%%
%% Exclude other versions of Dir or duplicates.
%% Return a new Path.
%%
exclude(Dir,Path) ->
    Name = get_name(Dir),
    [D || D <- Path,
D =/= Dir,
get_name(D) =/= Name].

%%
%% Get the "Name" of a directory. A directory in the code server path
%% have the following form: .../Name-Vsn or .../Name
%% where Vsn is any sortable term (the newest directory is sorted as
%% the greatest term).
%%
%%
get_name(Dir) ->
    get_name2(get_name1(Dir), []).

get_name1(Dir) ->
    case lists:reverse(filename:split(Dir)) of
["ebin",DirName|_] -> DirName;
[DirName|_] -> DirName;
_ -> "" % No name !
    end.

get_name2([$-|_],Acc) -> lists:reverse(Acc);
get_name2([H|T],Acc) -> get_name2(T,[H|Acc]);
get_name2(_,Acc) -> lists:reverse(Acc).

check_path(Path) ->
    PathChoice = init:code_path_choice(),
    ArchiveExt = archive_extension(),
    do_check_path(Path, PathChoice, ArchiveExt, []).
    
do_check_path([], _PathChoice, _ArchiveExt, Acc) ->
    {ok, lists:reverse(Acc)};
do_check_path([Dir | Tail], PathChoice, ArchiveExt, Acc) ->
    case catch erl_prim_loader:read_file_info(Dir) of
{ok, #file_info{type=directory}} ->
do_check_path(Tail, PathChoice, ArchiveExt, [Dir | Acc]);
_ when PathChoice =:= strict ->
%% Be strict. Only use dir as explicitly stated
{error, bad_directory};
_ when PathChoice =:= relaxed ->
%% Be relaxed
case catch lists:reverse(filename:split(Dir)) of
{'EXIT', _} ->
{error, bad_directory};
["ebin", App] ->
Dir2 = filename:join([App ++ ArchiveExt, App, "ebin"]),
case erl_prim_loader:read_file_info(Dir2) of
{ok, #file_info{type = directory}} ->
do_check_path(Tail, PathChoice, ArchiveExt, [Dir2 | Acc]);
_ ->
{error, bad_directory}
end;
["ebin", App, OptArchive | RevTop] ->
Ext = filename:extension(OptArchive),
Base = filename:basename(OptArchive, Ext),
Dir2 =
if
Ext =:= ArchiveExt, Base =:= App ->
%% .../app-vsn.ez/app-vsn/ebin
Top = lists:reverse(RevTop),
filename:join(Top ++ [App, "ebin"]);
Ext =:= ArchiveExt ->
%% .../app-vsn.ez/xxx/ebin
{error, bad_directory};
true ->
%% .../app-vsn/ebin
Top = lists:reverse([OptArchive | RevTop]),
filename:join(Top ++ [App ++ ArchiveExt, App, "ebin"])
end,
case erl_prim_loader:read_file_info(Dir2) of
{ok, #file_info{type = directory}} ->
do_check_path(Tail, PathChoice, ArchiveExt, [Dir2 | Acc]);
_ ->
{error, bad_directory}
end;
_ ->
{error, bad_directory}
end
    end.

%%
%% Add new path(s).
%%
add_path(Where,Dir,Path,NameDb) when is_atom(Dir) ->
    add_path(Where,atom_to_list(Dir),Path,NameDb);
add_path(Where,Dir0,Path,NameDb) when is_list(Dir0) ->
    case int_list(Dir0) of
true ->
Dir = filename:join([Dir0]), % Normalize
case check_path([Dir]) of
{ok, [NewDir]} ->
{true, do_add(Where,NewDir,Path,NameDb)};
Error ->
{Error, Path}
end;
false ->
{{error, bad_directory}, Path}
    end;
add_path(_,_,Path,_) ->
    {{error, bad_directory}, Path}.


%%
%% If the new directory is added first or if the directory didn't exist
%% the name-directory table must be updated.
%% If NameDb is false we should NOT update NameDb as it is done later
%% then the table is created :-)
%%
do_add(first,Dir,Path,NameDb) ->
    update(Dir, NameDb),
    [Dir|lists:delete(Dir,Path)];
do_add(last,Dir,Path,NameDb) ->
    case lists:member(Dir,Path) of
true ->
Path;
false ->
maybe_update(Dir, NameDb),
Path ++ [Dir]
    end.

%% Do not update if the same name already exists !
maybe_update(Dir, NameDb) ->
    (lookup_name(get_name(Dir), NameDb) =:= false) andalso update(Dir, NameDb).

update(_Dir, false) ->
    true;
update(Dir, NameDb) ->
    replace_name(Dir, NameDb).

%%
%% Set a completely new path.
%%
set_path(NewPath0, OldPath, NameDb) ->
    NewPath = normalize(NewPath0),
    case check_path(NewPath) of
{ok, NewPath2} ->
ets:delete(NameDb),
NewDb = init_namedb(NewPath2),
{true, NewPath2, NewDb};
Error ->
{Error, OldPath, NameDb}
    end.

%%
%% Normalize the given path.
%% The check_path function catches erroneous path,
%% thus it is ignored here.
%%
normalize([P|Path]) when is_atom(P) ->
    normalize([atom_to_list(P)|Path]);
normalize([P|Path]) when is_list(P) ->
    case int_list(P) of
true -> [filename:join([P])|normalize(Path)];
false -> [P|normalize(Path)]
    end;
normalize([P|Path]) ->
    [P|normalize(Path)];
normalize([]) ->
    [];
normalize(Other) ->
    Other.

%% Handle a table of name-directory pairs.
%% The priv_dir/1 and lib_dir/1 functions will have
%% an O(1) lookup.
init_namedb(Path) ->
    Db = ets:new(code_names,[private]),
    init_namedb(lists:reverse(Path), Db),
    Db.
    
init_namedb([P|Path], Db) ->
    insert_name(P, Db),
    init_namedb(Path, Db);
init_namedb([], _) ->
    ok.

-ifdef(NOTUSED).
clear_namedb([P|Path], Db) ->
    delete_name_dir(P, Db),
    clear_namedb(Path, Db);
clear_namedb([], _) ->
    ok.
-endif.

insert_name(Dir, Db) ->
    case get_name(Dir) of
Dir -> false;
Name -> insert_name(Name, Dir, Db)
    end.

insert_name(Name, Dir, Db) ->
    AppDir = del_ebin(Dir),
    {Base, SubDirs} = archive_subdirs(AppDir),
    ets:insert(Db, {Name, AppDir, Base, SubDirs}),
    true.

archive_subdirs(AppDir) ->
    IsDir =
fun(RelFile) ->
File = filename:join([AppDir, RelFile]),
case erl_prim_loader:read_file_info(File) of
{ok, #file_info{type = directory}} ->
false;
_ ->
true
end
end,
    {Base, ArchiveDirs} = all_archive_subdirs(AppDir),
    {Base, lists:filter(IsDir, ArchiveDirs)}.

all_archive_subdirs(AppDir) ->
    Ext = archive_extension(),
    Base = filename:basename(AppDir),
    Dirs =
case split(Base, "-") of
[_, _|_] = Toks ->
Base2 = join(lists:sublist(Toks, length(Toks)-1), "-"),
[Base2, Base];
_ ->
[Base]
end,
    try_archive_subdirs(AppDir ++ Ext, Base, Dirs).

try_archive_subdirs(Archive, Base, [Dir | Dirs]) ->
    ArchiveDir = filename:join([Archive, Dir]),
    case erl_prim_loader:list_dir(ArchiveDir) of
{ok, Files} ->
IsDir =
fun(RelFile) ->
File = filename:join([ArchiveDir, RelFile]),
case erl_prim_loader:read_file_info(File) of
{ok, #file_info{type = directory}} ->
true;
_ ->
false
end
end,
{Dir, lists:filter(IsDir, Files)};
_ ->
try_archive_subdirs(Archive, Base, Dirs)
    end;
try_archive_subdirs(_Archive, Base, []) ->
    {Base, []}.

%%
%% Delete a directory from Path.
%% Name can be either the the name in .../Name[-*] or
%% the complete directory name.
%%
del_path(Name0,Path,NameDb) ->
    case catch to_list(Name0)of
{'EXIT',_} ->
{{error,bad_name},Path};
Name ->
case del_path1(Name,Path,NameDb) of
Path -> % Nothing has changed
{false,Path};
NewPath ->
{true,NewPath}
end
    end.

del_path1(Name,[P|Path],NameDb) ->
    case get_name(P) of
Name ->
delete_name(Name, NameDb),
insert_old_shadowed(Name, Path, NameDb),
Path;
_ when Name =:= P ->
case delete_name_dir(Name, NameDb) of
true -> insert_old_shadowed(get_name(Name), Path, NameDb);
false -> ok
end,
Path;
_ ->
[P|del_path1(Name,Path,NameDb)]
    end;
del_path1(_,[],_) ->
    [].

insert_old_shadowed(Name, [P|Path], NameDb) ->
    case get_name(P) of
Name -> insert_name(Name, P, NameDb);
_ -> insert_old_shadowed(Name, Path, NameDb)
    end;
insert_old_shadowed(_, [], _) ->
    ok.

%%
%% Replace an old occurrence of an directory with name .../Name[-*].
%% If it does not exist, put the new directory last in Path.
%%
replace_path(Name,Dir,Path,NameDb) ->
    case catch check_pars(Name,Dir) of
{ok,N,D} ->
{true,replace_path1(N,D,Path,NameDb)};
{'EXIT',_} ->
{{error,{badarg,[Name,Dir]}},Path};
Error ->
{Error,Path}
    end.

replace_path1(Name,Dir,[P|Path],NameDb) ->
    case get_name(P) of
Name ->
insert_name(Name, Dir, NameDb),
[Dir|Path];
_ ->
[P|replace_path1(Name,Dir,Path,NameDb)]
    end;
replace_path1(Name, Dir, [], NameDb) ->
    insert_name(Name, Dir, NameDb),
    [Dir].

check_pars(Name,Dir) ->
    N = to_list(Name),
    D = filename:join([to_list(Dir)]), % Normalize
    case get_name(Dir) of
N ->
case check_path([D]) of
{ok, [NewD]} ->
{ok,N,NewD};
Error ->
Error
end;
_ ->
{error,bad_name}
    end.

del_ebin(Dir) ->
    case filename:basename(Dir) of
"ebin" ->
Dir2 = filename:dirname(Dir),
Dir3 = filename:dirname(Dir2),
Ext = archive_extension(),
case filename:extension(Dir3) of
E when E =:= Ext ->
%% Strip archive extension
filename:join([filename:dirname(Dir3),
filename:basename(Dir3, Ext)]);
_ ->
Dir2
end;
_ ->
Dir
    end.

replace_name(Dir, Db) ->
    case get_name(Dir) of
Dir ->
false;
Name ->
delete_name(Name, Db),
insert_name(Name, Dir, Db)
    end.

delete_name(Name, Db) ->
    ets:delete(Db, Name).

delete_name_dir(Dir, Db) ->
    case get_name(Dir) of
Dir -> false;
Name ->
Dir0 = del_ebin(Dir),
case lookup_name(Name, Db) of
{ok, Dir0, _Base, _SubDirs} ->
ets:delete(Db, Name),
true;
_ -> false
end
    end.

lookup_name(Name, Db) ->
    case ets:lookup(Db, Name) of
[{Name, Dir, Base, SubDirs}] -> {ok, Dir, Base, SubDirs};
_ -> false
    end.


%%
%% Fetch a directory.
%%
do_dir(Root,lib_dir,_) ->
    filename:append(Root, "lib");
do_dir(Root,root_dir,_) ->
    Root;
do_dir(_Root,compiler_dir,NameDb) ->
    case lookup_name("compiler", NameDb) of
{ok, Dir, _Base, _SubDirs} -> Dir;
_ -> ""
    end;
do_dir(_Root,{lib_dir,Name},NameDb) ->
    case catch lookup_name(to_list(Name), NameDb) of
{ok, Dir, _Base, _SubDirs} -> Dir;
_ -> {error, bad_name}
    end;
do_dir(_Root,{lib_dir,Name,SubDir0},NameDb) ->
    SubDir = atom_to_list(SubDir0),
    case catch lookup_name(to_list(Name), NameDb) of
{ok, Dir, Base, SubDirs} ->
case lists:member(SubDir, SubDirs) of
true ->
%% Subdir is in archive
filename:join([Dir ++ archive_extension(),
Base,
SubDir]);
false ->
%% Subdir is regular directory
filename:join([Dir, SubDir])
end;
_ ->
{error, bad_name}
    end;
do_dir(_Root,{priv_dir,Name},NameDb) ->
    do_dir(_Root,{lib_dir,Name,priv},NameDb);
do_dir(_, _, _) ->
    'bad request to code'.

stick_dir(Dir, Stick, St) ->
    case erl_prim_loader:list_dir(Dir) of
{ok,Listing} ->
Mods = get_mods(Listing, objfile_extension()),
Db = St#state.moddb,
case Stick of
true ->
foreach(fun (M) -> ets:insert(Db, {{sticky,M},true}) end, Mods);
false ->
foreach(fun (M) -> ets:delete(Db, {sticky,M}) end, Mods)
end;
Error ->
Error
    end.

stick_mod(M, Stick, St) ->
    Db = St#state.moddb,
    case Stick of
true ->
ets:insert(Db, {{sticky,M},true});
false ->
ets:delete(Db, {sticky,M})
    end.

get_mods([File|Tail], Extension) ->
    case filename:extension(File) of
Extension ->
[list_to_atom(filename:basename(File, Extension)) |
get_mods(Tail, Extension)];
_ ->
get_mods(Tail, Extension)
    end;
get_mods([], _) -> [].

is_sticky(Mod, Db) ->
    erlang:module_loaded(Mod) andalso (ets:lookup(Db, {sticky, Mod}) =/= []).

add_paths(Where,[Dir|Tail],Path,NameDb) ->
    {_,NPath} = add_path(Where,Dir,Path,NameDb),
    add_paths(Where,Tail,NPath,NameDb);
add_paths(_,_,Path,_) ->
    {ok,Path}.

do_load_binary(Module, File, Binary, Caller, St) ->
    case modp(Module) andalso modp(File) andalso is_binary(Binary) of
true ->
case erlang:module_loaded(to_atom(Module)) of
true -> do_purge(Module);
false -> ok
end,
try_load_module(File, Module, Binary, Caller, St);
false ->
{reply,{error,badarg},St}
    end.

modp(Atom) when is_atom(Atom) -> true;
modp(List) when is_list(List) -> int_list(List);
modp(_) -> false.

load_abs(File, Mod0, Caller, St) ->
    Ext = objfile_extension(),
    FileName0 = lists:concat([File, Ext]),
    FileName = absname(FileName0),
    Mod = if Mod0 =:= [] ->
list_to_atom(filename:basename(FileName0, Ext));
true ->
Mod0
end,
    case erl_prim_loader:get_file(FileName) of
{ok,Bin,_} ->
try_load_module(FileName, Mod, Bin, Caller, St);
error ->
{reply,{error,nofile},St}
    end.

try_load_module(Mod, Dir, Caller, St) ->
    File = filename:append(Dir, to_path(Mod) ++
objfile_extension()),
    case erl_prim_loader:get_file(File) of
error ->
{reply,error,St};
{ok,Binary,FName} ->
try_load_module(absname(FName), Mod, Binary, Caller, St)
    end.

try_load_module(File, Mod, Bin, {From,_}=Caller, St0) ->
    M = to_atom(Mod),
    case pending_on_load(M, From, St0) of
no ->
try_load_module_1(File, M, Bin, Caller, St0);
{yes,St} ->
{noreply,St}
    end.

try_load_module_1(File, Mod, Bin, Caller, #state{moddb=Db}=St) ->
    case is_sticky(Mod, Db) of
true -> %% Sticky file reject the load
error_msg("Can't load module that resides in sticky dir\n",[]),
{reply,{error,sticky_directory},St};
false ->
case catch load_native_code(Mod, Bin) of
{module,Mod} = Module ->
ets:insert(Db, {Mod,File}),
{reply,Module,St};
no_native ->
case erlang:load_module(Mod, Bin) of
{module,Mod} = Module ->
ets:insert(Db, {Mod,File}),
post_beam_load(Mod),
{reply,Module,St};
{error,on_load} ->
handle_on_load(Mod, File, Caller, St);
{error,What} = Error ->
error_msg("Loading of ~s failed: ~p\n", [File, What]),
{reply,Error,St}
end;
Error ->
error_msg("Native loading of ~s failed: ~p\n",
[File,Error]),
{reply,ok,St}
end
    end.

load_native_code(Mod, Bin) ->
    %% During bootstrapping of Open Source Erlang, we don't have any hipe
    %% loader modules, but the Erlang emulator might be hipe enabled.
    %% Therefore we must test for that the loader modules are available
    %% before trying to to load native code.
    case erlang:module_loaded(hipe_unified_loader) of
false -> no_native;
true -> hipe_unified_loader:load_native_code(Mod, Bin)
    end.

hipe_result_to_status(Result) ->
    case Result of
{module,_} -> Result;
_ -> {error,Result}
    end.

post_beam_load(Mod) ->
    case erlang:module_loaded(hipe_unified_loader) of
false -> ok;
true -> hipe_unified_loader:post_beam_load(Mod)
    end.

int_list([H|T]) when is_integer(H) -> int_list(T);
int_list([_|_]) -> false;
int_list([]) -> true.


load_file(Mod, Caller, #state{path=Path,cache=no_cache}=St) ->
    case mod_to_bin(Path, Mod) of
error ->
{reply,{error,nofile},St};
{Mod,Binary,File} ->
try_load_module(File, Mod, Binary, Caller, St)
    end;
load_file(Mod, Caller, #state{cache=Cache}=St0) ->
    Key = {obj,Mod},
    case ets:lookup(Cache, Key) of
[] ->
St = rehash_cache(St0),
case ets:lookup(St#state.cache, Key) of
[] ->
{reply,{error,nofile},St};
[{Key,Dir}] ->
try_load_module(Mod, Dir, Caller, St)
end;
[{Key,Dir}] ->
try_load_module(Mod, Dir, Caller, St0)
    end.

mod_to_bin([Dir|Tail], Mod) ->
    File = filename:append(Dir, to_path(Mod) ++ objfile_extension()),
    case erl_prim_loader:get_file(File) of
error ->
mod_to_bin(Tail, Mod);
{ok,Bin,FName} ->
{Mod,Bin,absname(FName)}
    end;
mod_to_bin([], Mod) ->
    %% At last, try also erl_prim_loader's own method
    File = to_path(Mod) ++ objfile_extension(),
    case erl_prim_loader:get_file(File) of
error ->
error; % No more alternatives !
{ok,Bin,FName} ->
{Mod,Bin,absname(FName)}
    end.

absname(File) ->
    case erl_prim_loader:get_cwd() of
{ok,Cwd} -> absname(File, Cwd);
_Error -> File
    end.

absname(Name, AbsBase) ->
    case filename:pathtype(Name) of
relative ->
filename:absname_join(AbsBase, Name);
absolute ->
%% We must flatten the filename before passing it into join/1,
%% or we will get slashes inserted into the wrong places.
filename:join([filename:flatten(Name)]);
volumerelative ->
absname_vr(filename:split(Name), filename:split(AbsBase), AbsBase)
    end.

%% Handles volumerelative names (on Windows only).

absname_vr(["/"|Rest1], [Volume|_], _AbsBase) ->
    %% Absolute path on current drive.
    filename:join([Volume|Rest1]);
absname_vr([[X, $:]|Rest1], [[X|_]|_], AbsBase) ->
    %% Relative to current directory on current drive.
    absname(filename:join(Rest1), AbsBase);
absname_vr([[X, $:]|Name], _, _AbsBase) ->
    %% Relative to current directory on another drive.
    Dcwd =
case erl_prim_loader:get_cwd([X, $:]) of
{ok, Dir} -> Dir;
error -> [X, $:, $/]
    end,
    absname(filename:join(Name), Dcwd).


%% do_purge(Module)
%% Kill all processes running code from *old* Module, and then purge the
%% module. Return true if any processes killed, else false.

do_purge(Mod0) ->
    Mod = to_atom(Mod0),
    case erlang:check_old_code(Mod) of
false -> false;
true -> do_purge(processes(), Mod, false)
    end.

do_purge([P|Ps], Mod, Purged) ->
    case erlang:check_process_code(P, Mod) of
true ->
Ref = erlang:monitor(process, P),
exit(P, kill),
receive
{'DOWN',Ref,process,_Pid,_} -> ok
end,
do_purge(Ps, Mod, true);
false ->
do_purge(Ps, Mod, Purged)
    end;
do_purge([], Mod, Purged) ->
    catch erlang:purge_module(Mod),
    Purged.

%% do_soft_purge(Module)
%% Purge old code only if no procs remain that run old code.
%% Return true in that case, false if procs remain (in this
%% case old code is not purged)

do_soft_purge(Mod) ->
    case erlang:check_old_code(Mod) of
false -> true;
true -> do_soft_purge(processes(), Mod)
    end.

do_soft_purge([P|Ps], Mod) ->
    case erlang:check_process_code(P, Mod) of
true -> false;
false -> do_soft_purge(Ps, Mod)
    end;
do_soft_purge([], Mod) ->
    catch erlang:purge_module(Mod),
    true.

is_loaded(M, Db) ->
    case ets:lookup(Db, M) of
[{M,File}] -> {file,File};
[] -> false
    end.

%% -------------------------------------------------------
%% The on_load functionality.
%% -------------------------------------------------------

handle_on_load(Mod, File, {From,_}, #state{on_load=OnLoad0}=St0) ->
    Fun = fun() ->
Res = erlang:call_on_load_function(Mod),
exit(Res)
end,
    {_,Ref} = spawn_monitor(Fun),
    OnLoad = [{Ref,Mod,File,[From]}|OnLoad0],
    St = St0#state{on_load=OnLoad},
    {noreply,St}.

pending_on_load(_, _, #state{on_load=[]}) ->
    no;
pending_on_load(Mod, From, #state{on_load=OnLoad0}=St) ->
    case lists:keymember(Mod, 2, OnLoad0) of
false ->
no;
true ->
OnLoad = pending_on_load_1(Mod, From, OnLoad0),
{yes,St#state{on_load=OnLoad}}
    end.

pending_on_load_1(Mod, From, [{Ref,Mod,File,Pids}|T]) ->
    [{Ref,Mod,File,[From|Pids]}|T];
pending_on_load_1(Mod, From, [H|T]) ->
    [H|pending_on_load_1(Mod, From, T)];
pending_on_load_1(_, _, []) -> [].

finish_on_load(Ref, OnLoadRes, #state{on_load=OnLoad0,moddb=Db}=State) ->
    case lists:keyfind(Ref, 1, OnLoad0) of
false ->
%% Since this process in general silently ignores messages
%% it doesn't understand, it should also ignore a 'DOWN'
%% message with an unknown reference.
State;
{Ref,Mod,File,WaitingPids} ->
finish_on_load_1(Mod, File, OnLoadRes, WaitingPids, Db),
OnLoad = [E || {R,_,_,_}=E <- OnLoad0, R =/= Ref],
State#state{on_load=OnLoad}
    end.

finish_on_load_1(Mod, File, OnLoadRes, WaitingPids, Db) ->
    Keep = OnLoadRes =:= ok,
    erlang:finish_after_on_load(Mod, Keep),
    Res = case Keep of
false ->
finish_on_load_report(Mod, OnLoadRes),
{error,on_load_failure};
true ->
ets:insert(Db, {Mod,File}),
{module,Mod}
end,
    [reply(Pid, Res) || Pid <- WaitingPids],
    ok.

finish_on_load_report(_Mod, Atom) when is_atom(Atom) ->
    %% No error reports for atoms.
    ok;
finish_on_load_report(Mod, Term) ->
    %% Play it very safe here. The error_logger module and
    %% modules it depend on may not be loaded yet and there
    %% would be a dead-lock if we called it directly
    %% from the code_server process.
    spawn(fun() ->
F = "The on_load function for module "
"~s returned ~P\n",

%% Express the call as an apply to simplify
%% the ext_mod_dep/1 test case.
E = error_logger,
E:warning_msg(F, [Mod,Term,10])
end).

%% -------------------------------------------------------
%% Internal functions.
%% -------------------------------------------------------

all_loaded(Db) ->
    all_l(Db, ets:slot(Db, 0), 1, []).

all_l(_Db, '$end_of_table', _, Acc) ->
    Acc;
all_l(Db, ModInfo, N, Acc) ->
    NewAcc = strip_mod_info(ModInfo,Acc),
    all_l(Db, ets:slot(Db, N), N + 1, NewAcc).


strip_mod_info([{{sticky,_},_}|T], Acc) -> strip_mod_info(T, Acc);
strip_mod_info([H|T], Acc) -> strip_mod_info(T, [H|Acc]);
strip_mod_info([], Acc) -> Acc.

% error_msg(Format) ->
% error_msg(Format,[]).
error_msg(Format, Args) ->
    Msg = {notify,{error, group_leader(), {self(), Format, Args}}},
    error_logger ! Msg,
    ok.

info_msg(Format, Args) ->
    Msg = {notify,{info_msg, group_leader(), {self(), Format, Args}}},
    error_logger ! Msg,
    ok.

objfile_extension() ->
    init:objfile_extension().

archive_extension() ->
    init:archive_extension().

to_list(X) when is_list(X) -> X;
to_list(X) when is_atom(X) -> atom_to_list(X).

to_atom(X) when is_atom(X) -> X;
to_atom(X) when is_list(X) -> list_to_atom(X).

to_path(X) ->
    filename:join(packages:split(X)).
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