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%%
%% %CopyrightBegin%
%%
%% Copyright Ericsson AB 1996-2012. All Rights Reserved.
%%
%% Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
%% you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
%% You may obtain a copy of the License at
%%
%% http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
%%
%% Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
%% distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
%% WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
%% See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
%% limitations under the License.
%%
%% %CopyrightEnd%
%%
-module(memsup).
-behaviour(gen_server).
%% API
-export([start_link/0]). % for supervisor
-export([get_memory_data/0, get_system_memory_data/0,
get_check_interval/0, set_check_interval/1,
get_procmem_high_watermark/0, set_procmem_high_watermark/1,
get_sysmem_high_watermark/0, set_sysmem_high_watermark/1,
get_helper_timeout/0, set_helper_timeout/1,
get_os_wordsize/0]).
-export([dummy_reply/1, param_type/2, param_default/1]).
%% gen_server callbacks
-export([init/1, handle_call/3, handle_cast/2, handle_info/2,
terminate/2, code_change/3]).
%% Other exports
-export([format_status/2]).
-include("memsup.hrl").
-record(state,
{os, % {OSfamily,OSname} | OSfamily
port_mode, % bool()
mem_usage, % undefined | {Alloc, Total}
worst_mem_user, % undefined | {Pid, Alloc}
sys_only, % bool() memsup_system_only
timeout, % int() memory_check_interval, ms
helper_timeout, % int() memsup_helper_timeout, ms
sys_mem_watermark, % float() system_memory_high_watermark, %
proc_mem_watermark, % float() process_memory_high_watermark, %
pid, % undefined | pid()
wd_timer, % undefined | TimerRef
ext_wd_timer, % undefined | TimerRef
pending = [], % [reg | {reg,From} | {ext,From}]
ext_pending = [] % [{ext,From}]
}).
%%----------------------------------------------------------------------
%% API
%%----------------------------------------------------------------------
start_link() ->
gen_server:start_link({local, ?MODULE}, ?MODULE, [], []).
get_os_wordsize() ->
os_mon:call(memsup, get_os_wordsize, infinity).
get_memory_data() ->
os_mon:call(memsup, get_memory_data, infinity).
get_system_memory_data() ->
os_mon:call(memsup, get_system_memory_data, infinity).
get_check_interval() ->
os_mon:call(memsup, get_check_interval, infinity).
set_check_interval(Minutes) ->
case param_type(memory_check_interval, Minutes) of
true ->
MS = minutes_to_ms(Minutes), % for backwards compatibility
os_mon:call(memsup, {set_check_interval, MS}, infinity);
false ->
erlang:error(badarg)
end.
get_procmem_high_watermark() ->
os_mon:call(memsup, get_procmem_high_watermark, infinity).
set_procmem_high_watermark(Float) ->
case param_type(process_memory_high_watermark, Float) of
true ->
os_mon:call(memsup, {set_procmem_high_watermark, Float},
infinity);
false ->
erlang:error(badarg)
end.
get_sysmem_high_watermark() ->
os_mon:call(memsup, get_sysmem_high_watermark, infinity).
set_sysmem_high_watermark(Float) ->
case param_type(system_memory_high_watermark, Float) of
true ->
os_mon:call(memsup, {set_sysmem_high_watermark, Float},
infinity);
false ->
erlang:error(badarg)
end.
get_helper_timeout() ->
os_mon:call(memsup, get_helper_timeout, infinity).
set_helper_timeout(Seconds) ->
case param_type(memsup_helper_timeout, Seconds) of
true ->
os_mon:call(memsup, {set_helper_timeout, Seconds}, infinity);
false ->
erlang:error(badarg)
end.
dummy_reply(get_memory_data) ->
dummy_reply(get_memory_data,
os_mon:get_env(memsup, memsup_system_only));
dummy_reply(get_system_memory_data) ->
[];
dummy_reply(get_os_wordsize) ->
0;
dummy_reply(get_check_interval) ->
minutes_to_ms(os_mon:get_env(memsup, memory_check_interval));
dummy_reply({set_check_interval, _}) ->
ok;
dummy_reply(get_procmem_high_watermark) ->
trunc(100 * os_mon:get_env(memsup, process_memory_high_watermark));
dummy_reply({set_procmem_high_watermark, _}) ->
ok;
dummy_reply(get_sysmem_high_watermark) ->
trunc(100 * os_mon:get_env(memsup, system_memory_high_watermark));
dummy_reply({set_sysmem_high_watermark, _}) ->
ok;
dummy_reply(get_helper_timeout) ->
os_mon:get_env(memsup, memsup_helper_timeout);
dummy_reply({set_helper_timeout, _}) ->
ok.
dummy_reply(get_memory_data, true) ->
{0,0,undefined};
dummy_reply(get_memory_data, false) ->
{0,0,{self(),0}}.
param_type(memsup_system_only, Val) when Val==true; Val==false -> true;
param_type(memory_check_interval, Val) when is_integer(Val),
Val>0 -> true;
param_type(memsup_helper_timeout, Val) when is_integer(Val),
Val>0 -> true;
param_type(system_memory_high_watermark, Val) when is_number(Val),
0=<Val,
Val=<1 -> true;
param_type(process_memory_high_watermark, Val) when is_number(Val),
0=<Val,
Val=<1 -> true;
param_type(_Param, _Val) -> false.
param_default(memsup_system_only) -> false;
param_default(memory_check_interval) -> 1;
param_default(memsup_helper_timeout) -> 30;
param_default(system_memory_high_watermark) -> 0.80;
param_default(process_memory_high_watermark) -> 0.05.
%%----------------------------------------------------------------------
%% gen_server callbacks
%%----------------------------------------------------------------------
init([]) ->
process_flag(trap_exit, true),
process_flag(priority, low),
OS = os:type(),
PortMode = case OS of
{unix, darwin} -> false;
{unix, freebsd} -> false;
{unix, dragonfly} -> false;
% Linux supports this.
{unix, linux} -> true;
{unix, openbsd} -> true;
{unix, netbsd} -> true;
{unix, irix64} -> true;
{unix, irix} -> true;
{unix, sunos} -> true;
{win32, _OSname} -> false;
_ ->
exit({unsupported_os, OS})
end,
Pid = if
PortMode ->
spawn_link(fun() -> port_init() end);
not PortMode ->
undefined
end,
%% Read the values of some configuration parameters
SysOnly = os_mon:get_env(memsup, memsup_system_only),
Timeout = os_mon:get_env(memsup, memory_check_interval),
HelperTimeout = os_mon:get_env(memsup, memsup_helper_timeout),
SysMem = os_mon:get_env(memsup, system_memory_high_watermark),
ProcMem = os_mon:get_env(memsup, process_memory_high_watermark),
%% Initiate first data collection
self() ! time_to_collect,
{ok, #state{os=OS, port_mode=PortMode,
sys_only = SysOnly,
timeout = minutes_to_ms(Timeout),
helper_timeout = sec_to_ms(HelperTimeout),
sys_mem_watermark = SysMem,
proc_mem_watermark = ProcMem,
pid=Pid}}.
handle_call(get_os_wordsize, _From, State) ->
Wordsize = get_os_wordsize(State#state.os),
{reply, Wordsize, State};
handle_call(get_memory_data, From, State) ->
%% Return result of latest memory check
case State#state.mem_usage of
{Alloc, Total} ->
Worst = State#state.worst_mem_user,
{reply, {Total, Alloc, Worst}, State};
%% Special case: get_memory_data called before any memory data
%% has been collected
undefined ->
case State#state.wd_timer of
undefined ->
WDTimer = erlang:send_after(State#state.timeout,
self(),
reg_collection_timeout),
Pending = [{reg,From}],
if
State#state.port_mode ->
State#state.pid ! {self(), collect_sys},
{noreply, State#state{wd_timer=WDTimer,
pending=Pending}};
true ->
OS = State#state.os,
Self = self(),
Pid = spawn_link(fun() ->
MU = get_memory_usage(OS),
Self ! {collected_sys,MU}
end),
{noreply, State#state{pid=Pid,
wd_timer=WDTimer,
pending=Pending}}
end;
_TimerRef ->
Pending = [{reg,From} | State#state.pending],
{noreply, State#state{pending=Pending}}
end
end;
handle_call(get_system_memory_data,From,#state{port_mode=true}=State) ->
%% When using a port, the extensive memory collection is slightly
%% different than a regular one
case State#state.ext_wd_timer of
undefined ->
WDTimer = erlang:send_after(State#state.helper_timeout,
self(),
ext_collection_timeout),
State#state.pid ! {self(), collect_ext_sys},
{noreply, State#state{ext_wd_timer=WDTimer,
ext_pending=[{ext,From}]}};
_TimerRef ->
Pending = [{ext,From} | State#state.ext_pending],
{noreply, State#state{ext_pending=Pending}}
end;
handle_call(get_system_memory_data, From, State) ->
%% When not using a port, the regular memory collection is used
%% for extensive memory data as well
case State#state.wd_timer of
undefined ->
WDTimer = erlang:send_after(State#state.helper_timeout,
self(),
reg_collection_timeout),
OS = State#state.os,
Self = self(),
Pid = spawn_link(fun() ->
MemUsage = get_memory_usage(OS),
Self ! {collected_sys, MemUsage}
end),
{noreply, State#state{pid=Pid, wd_timer=WDTimer,
pending=[{ext,From}]}};
_TimerRef ->
Pending = [{ext,From} | State#state.pending],
{noreply, State#state{pending=Pending}}
end;
handle_call(get_check_interval, _From, State) ->
{reply, State#state.timeout, State};
handle_call({set_check_interval, MS}, _From, State) ->
{reply, ok, State#state{timeout=MS}};
handle_call(get_procmem_high_watermark, _From, State) ->
{reply, trunc(100 * State#state.proc_mem_watermark), State};
handle_call({set_procmem_high_watermark, Float}, _From, State) ->
{reply, ok, State#state{proc_mem_watermark=Float}};
handle_call(get_sysmem_high_watermark, _From, State) ->
{reply, trunc(100 * State#state.sys_mem_watermark), State};
handle_call({set_sysmem_high_watermark, Float}, _From, State) ->
{reply, ok, State#state{sys_mem_watermark=Float}};
handle_call(get_helper_timeout, _From, State) ->
{reply, ms_to_sec(State#state.helper_timeout), State};
handle_call({set_helper_timeout, Seconds}, _From, State) ->
{reply, ok, State#state{helper_timeout=sec_to_ms(Seconds)}};
%% The following are only for test purposes (whitebox testing).
handle_call({set_sys_hw, HW}, _From, State) ->
{reply, ok, State#state{sys_mem_watermark=HW}};
handle_call({set_pid_hw, HW}, _From, State) ->
{reply, ok, State#state{proc_mem_watermark=HW}};
handle_call(get_state, _From, State) ->
{reply, State, State}.
handle_cast(_Msg, State) ->
{noreply, State}.
%% It's time to check memory
handle_info(time_to_collect, State) ->
case State#state.wd_timer of
undefined ->
WDTimer = erlang:send_after(State#state.helper_timeout,
self(),
reg_collection_timeout),
if
State#state.port_mode ->
State#state.pid ! {self(), collect_sys},
{noreply, State#state{wd_timer=WDTimer,
pending=[reg]}};
true ->
OS = State#state.os,
Self = self(),
Pid = spawn_link(fun() ->
MU = get_memory_usage(OS),
Self ! {collected_sys,MU}
end),
{noreply, State#state{pid=Pid, wd_timer=WDTimer,
pending=[reg]}}
end;
_TimerRef ->
{noreply, State#state{pending=[reg|State#state.pending]}}
end;
%% Memory data collected
handle_info({collected_sys, {Alloc,Total}}, State) ->
%% Cancel watchdog timer (and as a security measure,
%% also flush any reg_collection_timeout message)
TimeSpent = case erlang:cancel_timer(State#state.wd_timer) of
false ->
State#state.helper_timeout;
TimeLeft ->
State#state.helper_timeout-TimeLeft
end,
flush(reg_collection_timeout),
%% First check if this is the result of a periodic memory check
%% and update alarms and State if this is the case
State2 =
case lists:member(reg, State#state.pending) of
true ->
%% Check if system alarm should be set/cleared
if
Alloc > State#state.sys_mem_watermark*Total ->
set_alarm(system_memory_high_watermark, []);
true ->
clear_alarm(system_memory_high_watermark)
end,
%% Check if process data should be collected
case State#state.sys_only of
false ->
{Pid, Bytes} = get_worst_memory_user(),
Threshold= State#state.proc_mem_watermark*Total,
%% Check if process alarm should be set/cleared
if
Bytes > Threshold ->
set_alarm(process_memory_high_watermark,
Pid);
true ->
clear_alarm(process_memory_high_watermark)
end,
State#state{mem_usage={Alloc, Total},
worst_mem_user={Pid, Bytes}};
true ->
State#state{mem_usage={Alloc, Total}}
end;
false ->
State
end,
%% Then send a reply to all waiting clients, in preserved time order
Worst = State2#state.worst_mem_user,
SysMemUsage = get_ext_memory_usage(State2#state.os, {Alloc,Total}),
reply(State2#state.pending, {Total,Alloc,Worst}, SysMemUsage),
%% Last, if this was a periodic check, start a timer for the next
%% one. New timeout = interval-time spent collecting,
case lists:member(reg, State#state.pending) of
true ->
Time = case State2#state.timeout - TimeSpent of
MS when MS<0 ->
0;
MS ->
MS
end,
erlang:send_after(Time, self(), time_to_collect);
false ->
ignore
end,
{noreply, State2#state{wd_timer=undefined, pending=[]}};
handle_info({'EXIT', Pid, normal}, State) when is_pid(Pid) ->
%% Temporary pid terminating when job is done
{noreply, State};
%% Timeout during data collection
handle_info(reg_collection_timeout, State) ->
%% Cancel memory collection (and as a security measure,
%% also flush any collected_sys message)
if
State#state.port_mode -> State#state.pid ! cancel;
true -> exit(State#state.pid, cancel)
end,
flush(collected_sys),
%% Issue a warning message
Str = "OS_MON (memsup) timeout, no data collected~n",
error_logger:warning_msg(Str),
%% Send a dummy reply to all waiting clients, preserving time order
reply(State#state.pending,
dummy_reply(get_memory_data, State#state.sys_only),
dummy_reply(get_system_memory_data)),
%% If it is a periodic check which has timed out, start a timer for
%% the next one
%% New timeout = interval-helper timeout
case lists:member(reg, State#state.pending) of
true ->
Time =
case State#state.timeout-State#state.helper_timeout of
MS when MS<0 -> 0;
MS -> MS
end,
erlang:send_after(Time, self(), time_to_collect);
false ->
ignore
end,
{noreply, State#state{wd_timer=undefined, pending=[]}};
handle_info({'EXIT', Pid, cancel}, State) when is_pid(Pid) ->
%% Temporary pid terminating as ordered
{noreply, State};
%% Extensive memory data collected (port_mode==true only)
handle_info({collected_ext_sys, SysMemUsage}, State) ->
%% Cancel watchdog timer (and as a security mearure,
%% also flush any ext_collection_timeout message)
erlang:cancel_timer(State#state.ext_wd_timer),
flush(ext_collection_timeout),
%% Send the reply to all waiting clients, preserving time order
reply(State#state.ext_pending, undef, SysMemUsage),
{noreply, State#state{ext_wd_timer=undefined, ext_pending=[]}};
%% Timeout during ext memory data collection (port_mode==true only)
handle_info(ext_collection_timeout, State) ->
%% Cancel memory collection (and as a security measure,
%% also flush any collected_ext_sys message)
State#state.pid ! ext_cancel,
flush(collected_ext_sys),
%% Issue a warning message
Str = "OS_MON (memsup) timeout, no data collected~n",
error_logger:warning_msg(Str),
%% Send a dummy reply to all waiting clients, preserving time order
SysMemUsage = dummy_reply(get_system_memory_data),
reply(State#state.ext_pending, undef, SysMemUsage),
{noreply, State#state{ext_wd_timer=undefined, ext_pending=[]}};
%% Error in data collecting (port connected or temporary) process
handle_info({'EXIT', Pid, Reason}, State) when is_pid(Pid) ->
{stop, Reason, State};
handle_info(_Info, State) ->
{noreply, State}.
terminate(_Reason, State) ->
if
State#state.port_mode -> State#state.pid ! close;
true -> ok
end,
clear_alarms(),
ok.
%% os_mon-2.0.1
%% For live downgrade to/upgrade from os_mon-1.8[.1] and -2.0
code_change(Vsn, PrevState, "1.8") ->
case Vsn of
%% Downgrade from this version
{down, _Vsn} ->
%% Kill the helper process, if there is one,
%% and flush messages from it
case PrevState#state.pid of
Pid when is_pid(Pid) ->
unlink(Pid), % to prevent 'EXIT' message
exit(Pid, cancel);
undefined -> ignore
end,
flush(collected_sys),
flush(collected_ext_sys),
%% Cancel timers, flush timeout messages
%% and send dummy replies to any pending clients
case PrevState#state.wd_timer of
undefined ->
ignore;
TimerRef1 ->
erlang:cancel_timer(TimerRef1),
SysOnly = PrevState#state.sys_only,
MemUsage = dummy_reply(get_memory_data, SysOnly),
SysMemUsage1 = dummy_reply(get_system_memory_data),
reply(PrevState#state.pending,MemUsage,SysMemUsage1)
end,
case PrevState#state.ext_wd_timer of
undefined ->
ignore;
TimerRef2 ->
erlang:cancel_timer(TimerRef2),
SysMemUsage2 = dummy_reply(get_system_memory_data),
reply(PrevState#state.pending, undef, SysMemUsage2)
end,
flush(reg_collection_timeout),
flush(ext_collection_timeout),
%% Downgrade to old state record
State = {state,
PrevState#state.timeout,
PrevState#state.mem_usage,
PrevState#state.worst_mem_user,
PrevState#state.sys_mem_watermark,
PrevState#state.proc_mem_watermark,
not PrevState#state.sys_only, % collect_procmem
undefined, % wd_timer
[], % pending
undefined, % ext_wd_timer
[], % ext_pending
PrevState#state.helper_timeout},
{ok, State};
%% Upgrade to this version
_Vsn ->
%% Old state record
{state,
Timeout, MemUsage, WorstMemUser,
SysMemWatermark, ProcMemWatermark, CollProc,
WDTimer, Pending, ExtWDTimer, ExtPending,
HelperTimeout} = PrevState,
SysOnly = not CollProc,
%% Flush memsup_helper messages
flush(collected_sys),
flush(collected_proc),
flush(collected_ext_sys),
%% Cancel timers, flush timeout messages
%% and send dummy replies to any pending clients
case WDTimer of
undefined ->
ignore;
TimerRef1 ->
erlang:cancel_timer(TimerRef1),
MemUsage = dummy_reply(get_memory_data, SysOnly),
Pending2 = lists:map(fun(From) -> {reg,From} end,
Pending),
reply(Pending2, MemUsage, undef)
end,
case ExtWDTimer of
undefined ->
ignore;
TimerRef2 ->
erlang:cancel_timer(TimerRef2),
SysMemUsage = dummy_reply(get_system_memory_data),
ExtPending2 = lists:map(fun(From) -> {ext,From} end,
ExtPending),
reply(ExtPending2, undef, SysMemUsage)
end,
flush(reg_collection_timeout),
flush(ext_collection_timeout),
OS = os:type(),
PortMode = case OS of
{unix, darwin} -> false;
{unix, freebsd} -> false;
{unix, dragonfly} -> false;
{unix, linux} -> false;
{unix, openbsd} -> true;
{unix, netbsd} -> true;
{unix, sunos} -> true;
{win32, _OSname} -> false
end,
Pid = if
PortMode -> spawn_link(fun() -> port_init() end);
not PortMode -> undefined
end,
%% Upgrade to this state record
State = #state{os = OS,
port_mode = PortMode,
mem_usage = MemUsage,
worst_mem_user = WorstMemUser,
sys_only = SysOnly,
timeout = Timeout,
helper_timeout = HelperTimeout,
sys_mem_watermark = SysMemWatermark,
proc_mem_watermark = ProcMemWatermark,
pid = Pid,
wd_timer = undefined,
ext_wd_timer = undefined,
pending = [],
ext_pending = []},
{ok, State}
end;
code_change(_Vsn, State, "2.0") ->
%% Restart the port process (it must use new memsup code)
Pid = case State#state.port_mode of
true ->
State#state.pid ! close,
spawn_link(fun() -> port_init() end);
false ->
State#state.pid
end,
{ok, State#state{pid=Pid}};
code_change(_OldVsn, State, _Extra) ->
{ok, State}.
%%----------------------------------------------------------------------
%% Other exports
%%----------------------------------------------------------------------
format_status(_Opt, [_PDict, #state{timeout=Timeout, mem_usage=MemUsage,
worst_mem_user=WorstMemUser}]) ->
{Allocated, Total} = MemUsage,
WorstMemFormat = case WorstMemUser of
{Pid, Mem} ->
[{"Pid", Pid}, {"Memory", Mem}];
undefined ->
undefined
end,
[{data, [{"Timeout", Timeout}]},
{items, {"Memory Usage", [{"Allocated", Allocated},
{"Total", Total}]}},
{items, {"Worst Memory User", WorstMemFormat}}].
%%----------------------------------------------------------------------
%% Internal functions
%%----------------------------------------------------------------------
%%-- Fetching kernel bit support ---------------------------------------
get_os_wordsize({unix, sunos}) ->
String = clean_string(os:cmd("isainfo -b")),
erlang:list_to_integer(String);
get_os_wordsize({unix, irix64}) -> 64;
get_os_wordsize({unix, irix}) -> 32;
get_os_wordsize({unix, linux}) -> get_os_wordsize_with_uname();
get_os_wordsize({unix, darwin}) -> get_os_wordsize_with_uname();
get_os_wordsize({unix, netbsd}) -> get_os_wordsize_with_uname();
get_os_wordsize({unix, freebsd}) -> get_os_wordsize_with_uname();
get_os_wordsize({unix, dragonfly}) -> get_os_wordsize_with_uname();
get_os_wordsize({unix, openbsd}) -> get_os_wordsize_with_uname();
get_os_wordsize(_) -> unsupported_os.
get_os_wordsize_with_uname() ->
String = clean_string(os:cmd("uname -m")),
case String of
"x86_64" -> 64;
"sparc64" -> 64;
_ -> 32
end.
clean_string(String) -> lists:flatten(string:tokens(String,"\r\n\t ")).
%%--Replying to pending clients-----------------------------------------
reply(Pending, MemUsage, SysMemUsage) ->
lists:foreach(fun(reg) ->
ignore;
({reg, From}) ->
gen_server:reply(From, MemUsage);
({ext, From}) ->
gen_server:reply(From, SysMemUsage)
end,
lists:reverse(Pending)).
%%--Collect memory data, no port----------------------------------------
%% get_memory_usage(OS) -> {Alloc, Total}
%% Darwin:
%% Uses vm_stat command.
get_memory_usage({unix,darwin}) ->
Str1 = os:cmd("/usr/bin/vm_stat"),
PageSize = 4096,
{[Free], Str2} = fread_value("Pages free:~d.", Str1),
{[Active], Str3} = fread_value("Pages active:~d.", Str2),
{[Inactive], Str4} = fread_value("Pages inactive:~d.", Str3),
{[Speculative], Str5} = fread_value("Pages speculative:~d.", Str4),
{[Wired], _} = fread_value("Pages wired down:~d.", Str5),
NMemUsed = (Wired + Active + Inactive) * PageSize,
NMemTotal = NMemUsed + (Free + Speculative) * PageSize,
{NMemUsed,NMemTotal};
%% FreeBSD: Look in /usr/include/sys/vmmeter.h for the format of struct
%% vmmeter
get_memory_usage({unix,OSname}) when OSname == freebsd; OSname == dragonfly ->
PageSize = freebsd_sysctl("vm.stats.vm.v_page_size"),
PageCount = freebsd_sysctl("vm.stats.vm.v_page_count"),
FreeCount = freebsd_sysctl("vm.stats.vm.v_free_count"),
NMemUsed = (PageCount - FreeCount) * PageSize,
NMemTotal = PageCount * PageSize,
{NMemUsed, NMemTotal};
%% Win32: Find out how much memory is in use by asking
%% the os_mon_sysinfo process.
get_memory_usage({win32,_OSname}) ->
[Result|_] = os_mon_sysinfo:get_mem_info(),
{ok, [_MemLoad, TotPhys, AvailPhys,
_TotPage, _AvailPage, _TotV, _AvailV], _RestStr} =
io_lib:fread("~d~d~d~d~d~d~d", Result),
{TotPhys-AvailPhys, TotPhys}.
fread_value(Format, Str0) ->
case io_lib:fread(Format, skip_to_eol(Str0)) of
{error, {fread, input}} -> {[0], Str0};
{ok, Value, Str1} -> {Value, Str1}
end.
skip_to_eol([]) -> [];
skip_to_eol([$\n | T]) -> T;
skip_to_eol([_ | T]) -> skip_to_eol(T).
freebsd_sysctl(Def) ->
list_to_integer(os:cmd("/sbin/sysctl -n " ++ Def) -- "\n").
%% get_ext_memory_usage(OS, {Alloc, Total}) -> [{Tag, Bytes}]
get_ext_memory_usage(OS, {Alloc, Total}) ->
case OS of
{win32, _} ->
[{total_memory, Total}, {free_memory, Total-Alloc},
{system_total_memory, Total}];
{unix, linux} ->
[{total_memory, Total}, {free_memory, Total-Alloc},
%% corr. unless setrlimit() set
{system_total_memory, Total}];
{unix, freebsd} ->
[{total_memory, Total}, {free_memory, Total-Alloc},
{system_total_memory, Total}];
{unix, dragonfly} ->
[{total_memory, Total}, {free_memory, Total-Alloc},
{system_total_memory, Total}];
{unix, darwin} ->
[{total_memory, Total}, {free_memory, Total-Alloc},
{system_total_memory, Total}];
_ -> % OSs using a port
dummy % not sent anyway
end.
%%--Collect memory data, using port-------------------------------------
port_init() ->
process_flag(trap_exit, true),
Port = start_portprogram(),
port_idle(Port).
start_portprogram() ->
os_mon:open_port("memsup",[{packet,1}]).
%% The connected process loops are a bit awkward (several different
%% functions doing almost the same thing) as
%% a) strategies for receiving regular memory data and extensive
%% memory data are different
%% b) memory collection can be cancelled, in which case the process
%% should still wait for port response (which should come
%% eventually!) but not receive any requests or cancellations
%% meanwhile to prevent getting out of synch.
port_idle(Port) ->
receive
{Memsup, collect_sys} ->
Port ! {self(), {command, [?SHOW_MEM]}},
get_memory_usage(Port, undefined, Memsup);
{Memsup, collect_ext_sys} ->
Port ! {self(), {command, [?SHOW_SYSTEM_MEM]}},
get_ext_memory_usage(Port, [], Memsup);
cancel ->
%% Received after reply already has been delivered...
port_idle(Port);
ext_cancel ->
%% Received after reply already has been delivered...
port_idle(Port);
close ->
port_close(Port);
{Port, {data, Data}} ->
exit({port_error, Data});
{'EXIT', Port, Reason} ->
exit({port_died, Reason});
{'EXIT', _Memsup, _Reason} ->
port_close(Port)
end.
get_memory_usage(Port, Alloc, Memsup) ->
receive
{Port, {data, Data}} when Alloc==undefined ->
get_memory_usage(Port, erlang:list_to_integer(Data, 16), Memsup);
{Port, {data, Data}} ->
Total = erlang:list_to_integer(Data, 16),
Memsup ! {collected_sys, {Alloc, Total}},
port_idle(Port);
cancel ->
get_memory_usage_cancelled(Port, Alloc);
close ->
port_close(Port);
{'EXIT', Port, Reason} ->
exit({port_died, Reason});
{'EXIT', _Memsup, _Reason} ->
port_close(Port)
end.
get_memory_usage_cancelled(Port, Alloc) ->
receive
{Port, {data, _Data}} when Alloc==undefined ->
get_memory_usage_cancelled(Port, 0);
{Port, {data, _Data}} ->
port_idle(Port);
close ->
port_close(Port);
{'EXIT', Port, Reason} ->
exit({port_died, Reason});
{'EXIT', _Memsup, _Reason} ->
port_close(Port)
end.
get_ext_memory_usage(Port, Accum, Memsup) ->
Tab = [
{?MEM_SYSTEM_TOTAL, system_total_memory},
{?MEM_TOTAL, total_memory},
{?MEM_FREE, free_memory},
{?MEM_BUFFERS, buffered_memory},
{?MEM_CACHED, cached_memory},
{?MEM_SHARED, shared_memory},
{?MEM_LARGEST_FREE, largest_free},
{?MEM_NUMBER_OF_FREE, number_of_free},
{?SWAP_TOTAL, total_swap},
{?SWAP_FREE, free_swap}
],
receive
{Port, {data, [?SHOW_SYSTEM_MEM_END]}} ->
Memsup ! {collected_ext_sys, Accum},
port_idle(Port);
{Port, {data, [Tag]}} ->
case lists:keysearch(Tag, 1, Tab) of
{value, {Tag, ATag}} ->
get_ext_memory_usage(ATag, Port, Accum, Memsup);
_ ->
exit({memsup_port_error, {Port,[Tag]}})
end;
ext_cancel ->
get_ext_memory_usage_cancelled(Port);
close ->
port_close(Port);
{'EXIT', Port, Reason} ->
exit({port_died, Reason});
{'EXIT', _Memsup, _Reason} ->
port_close(Port)
end.
get_ext_memory_usage_cancelled(Port) ->
Tab = [
{?MEM_SYSTEM_TOTAL, system_total_memory},
{?MEM_TOTAL, total_memory},
{?MEM_FREE, free_memory},
{?MEM_BUFFERS, buffered_memory},
{?MEM_CACHED, cached_memory},
{?MEM_SHARED, shared_memory},
{?MEM_LARGEST_FREE, largest_free},
{?MEM_NUMBER_OF_FREE, number_of_free},
{?SWAP_TOTAL, total_swap},
{?SWAP_FREE, free_swap}
],
receive
{Port, {data, [?SHOW_SYSTEM_MEM_END]}} ->
port_idle(Port);
{Port, {data, [Tag]}} ->
case lists:keysearch(Tag, 1, Tab) of
{value, {Tag, ATag}} ->
get_ext_memory_usage_cancelled(ATag, Port);
_ ->
exit({memsup_port_error, {Port,[Tag]}})
end;
close ->
port_close(Port);
{'EXIT', Port, Reason} ->
exit({port_died, Reason});
{'EXIT', _Memsup, _Reason} ->
port_close(Port)
end.
get_ext_memory_usage(ATag, Port, Accum0, Memsup) ->
receive
{Port, {data, Data}} ->
Accum = [{ATag,erlang:list_to_integer(Data, 16)}|Accum0],
get_ext_memory_usage(Port, Accum, Memsup);
cancel ->
get_ext_memory_usage_cancelled(ATag, Port);
close ->
port_close(Port);
{'EXIT', Port, Reason} ->
exit({port_died, Reason});
{'EXIT', _Memsup, _Reason} ->
port_close(Port)
end.
get_ext_memory_usage_cancelled(_ATag, Port) ->
receive
{Port, {data, _Data}} ->
get_ext_memory_usage_cancelled(Port);
close ->
port_close(Port);
{'EXIT', Port, Reason} ->
exit({port_died, Reason});
{'EXIT', _Memsup, _Reason} ->
port_close(Port)
end.
%%--Collect process data------------------------------------------------
%% get_worst_memory_user() -> {Pid, Bytes}
get_worst_memory_user() ->
get_worst_memory_user(processes(), self(), 0).
get_worst_memory_user([Pid|Pids], MaxPid, MaxMemBytes) ->
case process_memory(Pid) of
undefined ->
get_worst_memory_user(Pids, MaxPid, MaxMemBytes);
MemoryBytes when MemoryBytes>MaxMemBytes ->
get_worst_memory_user(Pids, Pid, MemoryBytes);
_MemoryBytes ->
get_worst_memory_user(Pids, MaxPid, MaxMemBytes)
end;
get_worst_memory_user([], MaxPid, MaxMemBytes) ->
{MaxPid, MaxMemBytes}.
process_memory(Pid) ->
case process_info(Pid, memory) of
{memory, Bytes} ->
Bytes;
undefined -> % Pid must have died
undefined
end.
%%--Alarm handling------------------------------------------------------
set_alarm(AlarmId, AlarmDescr) ->
case get(AlarmId) of
set ->
ok;
undefined ->
alarm_handler:set_alarm({AlarmId, AlarmDescr}),
put(AlarmId, set)
end.
clear_alarm(AlarmId) ->
case get(AlarmId) of
set ->
alarm_handler:clear_alarm(AlarmId),
erase(AlarmId);
_ ->
ok
end.
clear_alarms() ->
lists:foreach(fun({system_memory_high_watermark = Id, set}) ->
alarm_handler:clear_alarm(Id);
({process_memory_high_watermark = Id, set}) ->
alarm_handler:clear_alarm(Id);
(_Other) ->
ignore
end,
get()).
%%--Auxiliary-----------------------------------------------------------
%% Type conversions
minutes_to_ms(Minutes) -> trunc(60000*Minutes).
sec_to_ms(Sec) -> trunc(1000*Sec).
ms_to_sec(MS) -> MS div 1000.
flush(Msg) ->
receive
{Msg, _} -> true;
Msg -> true
after 0 ->
true
end.
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