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@garazdawi garazdawi released this Jun 19, 2018 · 14631 commits to master since this release

Erlang/OTP 21 is a new major release with new features, improvements as well as incompatibilities.

Potential Incompatibilities

  • All Corba applications are now moved from the OTP repository
  • A new Corba repository will be created
  • New applications ftp and tftp, moved from inets
  • ssl no longer supports 3_DES cipher suites or RSA-key exchange cipher suites by default
  • Erlang:monitor on a primitive node (erl_interface, jinterface, etc) will no longer fail with badarg exception. Instead a monitor will be created, but it will only supervise the connection to the node.


  • Enhanced IO scalability
  • Support for usage of distribution controller processes for alternative transports, routing etc
  • compact instructions on 64bit systems for code below 4GB 20% less memory for loaded code
  • Rewrite of the efile-driver with NIFs and "Dirty schedulers" resulting in faster file operations
    non-smp VM removed
  • link and monitor optimized for scalability
  • os:getenv/putenv now work on thread-safe emulation. No longer in sync with libc getenv(3). Manual synchronization will be needed.


  • Misc compiler optimizations including contributions from the Elixir team resulting in 10% improvements in benchmarks
  • "Tuple calls" have been removed from the run-time system.
  • Code such as f({ok, Val}) -> {ok, Val} is now automatically rewritten to f({ok, Val} = Tuple) -> Tuple. this reduces code size, execution time, and removed GC pressure.
  • More information in stacktrace from a number of operators
  • erlang:get_stacktrace/0 deprecated to be replaced with try ... catch C:R:Stacktrace -> ...
  • Creation of small maps with literal keys optimized.
  • A new predefined macro OTP_RELEASE and preprocessor directives -if and -elif


  • DTLS is now supported in the SSL application
  • Enhanced support for distribution over TLS
  • "unsecure" ciphers removed from defaults in SSL and SSH.
  • A new option value defined to facilitate implementing exec servers. Old option kept for compatibility, but now gives errors on stderror.

Standard libraries:

  • New API for logging, logger
  • New uri_string module for parsing URIs according to "The standard"
  • New function lists:search(list,fun/1) -> {ok, Value} | false
  • Changed default behaviour of .erlang loading. escript, erlc, dialyzer and typer no longer load an .erlang at all.

For more details see

Pre built versions for Windows can be fetched here:

Online documentation can be browsed here:

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