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AASM - State machines for Ruby classes
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README.md

AASM - Ruby state machines

This package contains AASM, a library for adding finite state machines to Ruby classes.

AASM started as the acts_as_state_machine plugin but has evolved into a more generic library that no longer targets only ActiveRecord models. It currently provides adapters for ActiveRecord and Mongoid.

Features

  • States
  • Machines
  • Events
  • Transitions

New Callbacks

The callback chain & order on a successful event looks like:

oldstate:exit*
  event:before
    __find transition, if possible__
    transition:on_transition*
      oldstate:before_exit
        newstate:before_enter
          newstate:enter*
          __update state__
          event:success*
        oldstate:after_exit
      newstate:after_enter
  event:after
obj:aasm_event_fired*

(*) marks old callbacks

Installation

Manually from RubyGems.org

% gem install aasm

Or if you are using Bundler

# Gemfile
gem 'aasm'

Building your own gems

% rake build
% sudo gem install pkg/aasm-x.y.z.gem

Examples

Simple Example

Here's a quick example highlighting some of the features.

class Conversation
  include AASM

  aasm :column => :current_state do  # defaults to aasm_state
    state :unread, :initial => true
    state :read
    state :closed

    event :view do
      transitions :to => :read, :from => [:unread]
    end

    event :close do
      transitions :to => :closed, :from => [:read, :unread]
    end
  end

end

A Slightly More Complex Example

This example uses a few of the more complex features available.

  class Relationship
    include AASM

    aasm :column => :status do
      state :dating,   :enter => :make_happy,        :exit => :make_depressed
      state :intimate, :enter => :make_very_happy,   :exit => :never_speak_again
      state :married,  :enter => :give_up_intimacy,  :exit => :buy_exotic_car_and_wear_a_combover

      event :get_intimate do
        transitions :to => :intimate, :from => [:dating], :guard => :drunk?
      end

      event :get_married do
        transitions :to => :married, :from => [:dating, :intimate], :guard => :willing_to_give_up_manhood?
      end
    end
    aasm_initial_state Proc.new { |relationship| relationship.strictly_for_fun? ? :intimate : :dating }

    def strictly_for_fun?; end
    def drunk?; end
    def willing_to_give_up_manhood?; end
    def make_happy; end
    def make_depressed; end
    def make_very_happy; end
    def never_speak_again; end
    def give_up_intimacy; end
    def buy_exotic_car_and_wear_a_combover; end
  end

Callbacks around events

  class Relationship
    include AASM

    aasm do
      state :dating
      state :married

      event :get_married,
            :before => :make_vows,
            :after => :eat_wedding_cake do
        transitions :to => :married, :from => [:dating]
      end
    end
  end

Persistence example

  class InvalidPersistor < ActiveRecord::Base
    include AASM
    aasm :column => :status, :skip_validation_on_save => true do
      state :sleeping, :initial => true
      state :running
      event :run do
        transitions :to => :running, :from => :sleeping
      end
      event :sleep do
        transitions :to => :sleeping, :from => :running
      end
    end
    validates_presence_of :name
  end

This model can change AASM states which are stored into the database, even if the model itself is invalid!

Changelog

Look at the CHANGELOG for details.

Authors

Warranty

This software is provided "as is" and without any express or implied warranties, including, without limitation, the implied warranties of merchantibility and fitness for a particular purpose.

License

Copyright (c) 2006-2012 Scott Barron

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

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