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luastatic is a command line tool that builds a standalone executable from a Lua program. The executable runs on systems that do not have Lua installed. Lua 5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 5.4, and LuaJIT are supported.


Run luastatic.lua or install from LuaRocks.


luastatic main.lua[1] require.lua[2] liblua.a[3] library.a[4] -I/include/lua[5] [6]
  [1]: The entry point to the Lua program
  [2]: One or more required Lua source files
  [3]: The path to the Lua interpreter static library
  [4]: One or more static libraries for a required Lua binary module
  [5]: The path to the directory containing lua.h
  [6]: Additional arguments are passed to the C compiler


Single Lua file

luastatic main.lua /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/liblua5.2.a -I/usr/include/lua5.2

Embed library.lua for require("library")

luastatic main.lua library.lua /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/liblua5.2.a -I/usr/include/lua5.2

C library containing luaopen_()

luastatic main.lua library.a /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/liblua5.2.a -I/usr/include/lua5.2

Dynamically link with Lua

luastatic main.lua -llua5.2 -I/usr/include/lua5.2

Statically link with musl libc

CC=musl-gcc luastatic main.lua /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-musl/liblua5.2.a -I/usr/include/lua5.2 -static

Cross compile for Windows

CC=x86_64-w64-mingw32-gcc luastatic main.lua /usr/x86_64-w64-mingw32/lib/liblua5.2.a -I/usr/x86_64-w64-mingw32/include/lua5.2/

LuaJIT 2.0.4 on Ubuntu 16.10

luastatic main.lua /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libluajit-5.1.a -I/usr/include/luajit-2.0 -no-pie

LuaJIT on macOS

luastatic main.lua /opt/local/lib/libluajit-5.1.a -I/opt/local/include/luajit-2.0 -pagezero_size 10000 -image_base 100000000

Generate the C file but don't compile it

CC="" luastatic main.lua

Lua using Homebrew

# Install Lua and LuaRocks from Homebrew.
brew install lua luarocks
# Install luastatic from LuaRocks.
luarocks install luastatic
# Build using the Homebrew installation path.
luastatic main.lua $(brew --prefix lua)/lib/liblua.a -I$(brew --prefix lua)/include/lua

See another example at Lua.Space.