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// Copyright 2016 Espressif Systems (Shanghai) PTE LTD
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
// you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
// See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
// limitations under the License.
#include <stdint.h>
#include <stddef.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/param.h>
#include "esp_attr.h"
#include "esp_clk.h"
#include "soc/wdev_reg.h"
#include "freertos/FreeRTOSConfig.h"
#include "xtensa/core-macros.h"
uint32_t IRAM_ATTR esp_random(void)
/* The PRNG which implements WDEV_RANDOM register gets 2 bits
* of extra entropy from a hardware randomness source every APB clock cycle
* (provided WiFi or BT are enabled). To make sure entropy is not drained
* faster than it is added, this function needs to wait for at least 16 APB
* clock cycles after reading previous word. This implementation may actually
* wait a bit longer due to extra time spent in arithmetic and branch statements.
* As a (probably unncessary) precaution to avoid returning the
* RNG state as-is, the result is XORed with additional
* WDEV_RND_REG reads while waiting.
/* This code does not run in a critical section, so CPU frequency switch may
* happens while this code runs (this will not happen in the current
* implementation, but possible in the future). However if that happens,
* the number of cycles spent on frequency switching will certainly be more
* than the number of cycles we need to wait here.
uint32_t cpu_to_apb_freq_ratio = esp_clk_cpu_freq() / esp_clk_apb_freq();
static uint32_t last_ccount = 0;
uint32_t ccount;
uint32_t result = 0;
do {
ccount = XTHAL_GET_CCOUNT();
} while (ccount - last_ccount < cpu_to_apb_freq_ratio * 16);
last_ccount = ccount;
return result ^ REG_READ(WDEV_RND_REG);
void esp_fill_random(void *buf, size_t len)
assert(buf != NULL);
uint8_t *buf_bytes = (uint8_t *)buf;
while (len > 0) {
uint32_t word = esp_random();
uint32_t to_copy = MIN(sizeof(word), len);
memcpy(buf_bytes, &word, to_copy);
buf_bytes += to_copy;
len -= to_copy;