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@ginkgm @suda-morris @KonstantinKondrashov @Spritetm @igrr
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/* SPI Slave example, sender (uses SPI master driver)
This example code is in the Public Domain (or CC0 licensed, at your option.)
Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, this
software is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR
CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <stddef.h>
#include <string.h>
#include "freertos/FreeRTOS.h"
#include "freertos/task.h"
#include "freertos/semphr.h"
#include "freertos/queue.h"
#include "lwip/sockets.h"
#include "lwip/dns.h"
#include "lwip/netdb.h"
#include "lwip/igmp.h"
#include "esp_wifi.h"
#include "esp_system.h"
#include "esp_event.h"
#include "esp_event_loop.h"
#include "nvs_flash.h"
#include "soc/rtc_periph.h"
#include "esp32/rom/cache.h"
#include "driver/spi_master.h"
#include "esp_log.h"
#include "esp_spi_flash.h"
#include "driver/gpio.h"
#include "esp_intr_alloc.h"
SPI sender (master) example.
This example is supposed to work together with the SPI receiver. It uses the standard SPI pins (MISO, MOSI, SCLK, CS) to
transmit data over in a full-duplex fashion, that is, while the master puts data on the MOSI pin, the slave puts its own
data on the MISO pin.
This example uses one extra pin: GPIO_HANDSHAKE is used as a handshake pin. The slave makes this pin high as soon as it is
ready to receive/send data. This code connects this line to a GPIO interrupt which gives the rdySem semaphore. The main
task waits for this semaphore to be given before queueing a transmission.
Pins in use. The SPI Master can use the GPIO mux, so feel free to change these if needed.
#define GPIO_MOSI 12
#define GPIO_MISO 13
#define GPIO_SCLK 15
#define GPIO_CS 14
//The semaphore indicating the slave is ready to receive stuff.
static xQueueHandle rdySem;
This ISR is called when the handshake line goes high.
static void IRAM_ATTR gpio_handshake_isr_handler(void* arg)
//Sometimes due to interference or ringing or something, we get two irqs after eachother. This is solved by
//looking at the time between interrupts and refusing any interrupt too close to another one.
static uint32_t lasthandshaketime;
uint32_t currtime=xthal_get_ccount();
uint32_t diff=currtime-lasthandshaketime;
if (diff<240000) return; //ignore everything <1ms after an earlier irq
//Give the semaphore.
BaseType_t mustYield=false;
xSemaphoreGiveFromISR(rdySem, &mustYield);
if (mustYield) portYIELD_FROM_ISR();
//Main application
void app_main()
esp_err_t ret;
spi_device_handle_t handle;
//Configuration for the SPI bus
spi_bus_config_t buscfg={
//Configuration for the SPI device on the other side of the bus
spi_device_interface_config_t devcfg={
.duty_cycle_pos=128, //50% duty cycle
.cs_ena_posttrans=3, //Keep the CS low 3 cycles after transaction, to stop slave from missing the last bit when CS has less propagation delay than CLK
//GPIO config for the handshake line.
gpio_config_t io_conf={
int n=0;
char sendbuf[128] = {0};
char recvbuf[128] = {0};
spi_transaction_t t;
memset(&t, 0, sizeof(t));
//Create the semaphore.
//Set up handshake line interrupt.
gpio_isr_handler_add(GPIO_HANDSHAKE, gpio_handshake_isr_handler, NULL);
//Initialize the SPI bus and add the device we want to send stuff to.
ret=spi_bus_initialize(HSPI_HOST, &buscfg, 1);
ret=spi_bus_add_device(HSPI_HOST, &devcfg, &handle);
//Assume the slave is ready for the first transmission: if the slave started up before us, we will not detect
//positive edge on the handshake line.
while(1) {
int res = snprintf(sendbuf, sizeof(sendbuf),
"Sender, transmission no. %04i. Last time, I received: \"%s\"", n, recvbuf);
if (res >= sizeof(sendbuf)) {
printf("Data truncated\n");
//Wait for slave to be ready for next byte before sending
xSemaphoreTake(rdySem, portMAX_DELAY); //Wait until slave is ready
ret=spi_device_transmit(handle, &t);
printf("Received: %s\n", recvbuf);
//Never reached.
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