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Espruino WiFi

⚠️ Please view the correctly rendered version of this page at https://www.espruino.com/WiFi. Links, lists, videos, search, and other features will not work correctly when viewed on GitHub ⚠️

  • KEYWORDS: Espruino,Official Board,Espruino WiFi,WiFi,Wireless,Internet,Radio,ESP8266,Board,PCB,Pinout

Espruino WiFi

Note: Espruino WiFi provides an easy, well-supported way to get on the Internet, however it's not the only way to access a WiFi network from an Espruino board. See here for more information.

Contents

  • APPEND_TOC

Features

  • 30mm x 23mm (1.2 x 0.9 inch)
  • On-board Micro USB connector
  • 2 rows of 11 0.1" pins, with 2 extra 0.1" holes
  • 21 GPIO pins : 8 Analog inputs, 20 PWM, 1 Serial, 3 SPI, 3 I2C
  • Three on-board LEDs (2x user programmable, 1x WiFi activity) and one button.
  • STM32F411CEU6 32-bit 100MHz ARM Cortex M4 CPU
  • 512kb flash, 128kb RAM
  • ESP8266 WiFi (802.11 b/g/n)
  • All GPIO is 5 volt tolerant (Arduino compatible)
  • RTC with external oscillator
  • On-board 3.3v 250mA voltage regulator, accepts voltages from 3.5v to 5v (please see notes under pinout below)
  • Current draw in sleep: < 0.05mA - over 2.5 years on a 2500mAh battery
  • 500mA polyfuse on board

Pinout

  • APPEND_PINOUT: ESPRUINOWIFI

Note: Unlike Espruino Pico and the original Espruino board, Espruno WiFi doesn't contain any battery switchover circuitry. The +/+VUSB pin is connected straight to USB 5V, and shouldn't be used to power the WiFi board while Micro USB is plugged in, unless it is via a diode from 5V.

Information

Using WiFi

Connecting to an AP

To use wifi, simply require the Wifi module and call connect:

var WIFI_NAME = "";
var WIFI_OPTIONS = { password : "" };

var wifi = require("Wifi");
wifi.connect(WIFI_NAME, WIFI_OPTIONS, function(err) {
  if (err) {
    console.log("Connection error: "+err);
    return;
  }
  console.log("Connected!");
  getPage();
});

function getPage() {
  require("http").get("http://www.pur3.co.uk/hello.txt", function(res) {
    console.log("Response: ",res);
    res.on('data', function(d) {
      console.log("--->"+d);
    });
  });
}

Note: If you want Espruino to connect at power on after you have saved, make sure that you call the WiFi initialisation code inside an onInit function - eg:

var WIFI_NAME = "";
var WIFI_OPTIONS = { password : "" };

var wifi;

function onInit() {
  wifi = require("Wifi");
  wifi.connect(WIFI_NAME, WIFI_OPTIONS, function(err) {
    if (err) {
      console.log("Connection error: "+err);
      return;
    }
    console.log("Connected!");
    getPage();
  });
}

Access Point Mode

Espruino WiFi can be made into a WiFi access point with:

var wifi = require("Wifi");

wifi.startAP('EspruinoAP', { password: '0123456789', authMode: 'wpa2' }, function(err) {
  if (err) throw err;
  console.log("Connected!");
});

See the reference below for more information. startAP and connect can be used together to make Espruino become an access point while also connecting to another WiFi network. In that case, it'll have the DHCP-assigned IP address on the WiFi network it is connected to, and the IP address 192.168.4.1 on the access point it has created.

WiFi events

You can also be notified on particular WiFi events:

wifi.on('associated',function() { console.log("We're connected to an AP"); });
wifi.on('connected',function() { console.log("We have an IP Address"); });
wifi.on('disconnected',function() { console.log("We disconnected"); });

Reference

On Espruino firmwares version 1v96 and later, WiFi functionality is now built in via the Wifi module accessed with require("Wifi").

On earlier (pre-1v96) versions of the Espruino WiFi firmware, WiFi functionality was implemented with the EspruinoWiFi JS module which is accessed with require("EspruinoWiFi").

  • APPEND_JSDOC: ../devices/EspruinoWiFi.js

Tutorials

Tutorials using the Espruino WiFi Board:

  • APPEND_USES: EspruinoWiFi

There aren't currently many tutorials specifically for the Espruino WiFi, however it can be used just like the Espruino Pico, which has many more tutorials available:

  • APPEND_USES: Pico,-EspruinoWiFi

Hardware Limitations

  • You can only have one watched pin of each number (Watching A0 and A1 is fine, but watching A1 and B1 isn't)
  • When in Deep sleep, pin B9 cannot be used as a watch (as A9 is used to wake up on USB)

Troubleshooting

Please see the [[Troubleshooting]] section.

Firmware Updates

We'd strongly recommend that you use the Web IDE to update the firmware on this board - See The Download page for instructions.

In case you manage to erase all your board's flash memory you can use the on-chip bootloader though - see below.

Advanced Reflashing

In very rare cases (if you are experimenting with writing to Flash Memory), you may be able to damage the bootloader, which will effecitively 'brick' the Espruino WiFi.

To fix this, you'll have to use the hard-wired USB DFU (Device Firmware Upgrade) bootloader. You can also use this method for flashing non-Espruino firmwares to Espruino.

Just:

  • Short out the BOOT0/BTN solder jumper on the back of the board - you can do this by drawing over it with a pencil.
  • Install ST's DFU utility on Windows, or dfu-util for Mac or Linux
  • Download the latest Espruino WiFi binary from espruino.com/binaries
  • Hold down the Espruino WiFi's button while plugging it into USB
  • Use the DFU tool to flash the firmware. Using the GUI on windows, or with the command sudo dfu-util -a 0 -s 0x08000000 -D espruino_binary_file.bin for dfu-util on Mac/Linux.
  • Un-short the BOOT0/BTN jumper to re-use the original Espruino Bootloader. If you used a Pencil mark then you may need to use cleaning fluid and a small brush to totally clear out the graphite.

Other Official Espruino Boards

  • APPEND_KEYWORD: Official Board