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// Copyright 2016 The etcd Authors
//
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
// you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at
//
// http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
//
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
// WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
// See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
// limitations under the License.
// Package clientv3 implements the official Go etcd client for v3.
//
// Create client using `clientv3.New`:
//
// // expect dial time-out on ipv4 blackhole
// _, err := clientv3.New(clientv3.Config{
// Endpoints: []string{"http://254.0.0.1:12345"},
// DialTimeout: 2 * time.Second,
// })
//
// // etcd clientv3 >= v3.2.10, grpc/grpc-go >= v1.7.3
// if err == context.DeadlineExceeded {
// // handle errors
// }
//
// // etcd clientv3 <= v3.2.9, grpc/grpc-go <= v1.2.1
// if err == grpc.ErrClientConnTimeout {
// // handle errors
// }
//
// cli, err := clientv3.New(clientv3.Config{
// Endpoints: []string{"localhost:2379", "localhost:22379", "localhost:32379"},
// DialTimeout: 5 * time.Second,
// })
// if err != nil {
// // handle error!
// }
// defer cli.Close()
//
// Make sure to close the client after using it. If the client is not closed, the
// connection will have leaky goroutines.
//
// To specify a client request timeout, wrap the context with context.WithTimeout:
//
// ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(context.Background(), timeout)
// resp, err := kvc.Put(ctx, "sample_key", "sample_value")
// cancel()
// if err != nil {
// // handle error!
// }
// // use the response
//
// The Client has internal state (watchers and leases), so Clients should be reused instead of created as needed.
// Clients are safe for concurrent use by multiple goroutines.
//
// etcd client returns 3 types of errors:
//
// 1. context error: canceled or deadline exceeded.
// 2. gRPC status error: e.g. when clock drifts in server-side before client's context deadline exceeded.
// 3. gRPC error: see https://github.com/etcd-io/etcd/blob/master/etcdserver/api/v3rpc/rpctypes/error.go
//
// Here is the example code to handle client errors:
//
// resp, err := kvc.Put(ctx, "", "")
// if err != nil {
// if err == context.Canceled {
// // ctx is canceled by another routine
// } else if err == context.DeadlineExceeded {
// // ctx is attached with a deadline and it exceeded
// } else if err == rpctypes.ErrEmptyKey {
// // client-side error: key is not provided
// } else if ev, ok := status.FromError(err); ok {
// code := ev.Code()
// if code == codes.DeadlineExceeded {
// // server-side context might have timed-out first (due to clock skew)
// // while original client-side context is not timed-out yet
// }
// } else {
// // bad cluster endpoints, which are not etcd servers
// }
// }
//
// go func() { cli.Close() }()
// _, err := kvc.Get(ctx, "a")
// if err != nil {
// // with etcd clientv3 <= v3.3
// if err == context.Canceled {
// // grpc balancer calls 'Get' with an inflight client.Close
// } else if err == grpc.ErrClientConnClosing { // <= gRCP v1.7.x
// // grpc balancer calls 'Get' after client.Close.
// }
// // with etcd clientv3 >= v3.4
// if clientv3.IsConnCanceled(err) {
// // gRPC client connection is closed
// }
// }
//
// The grpc load balancer is registered statically and is shared across etcd clients.
// To enable detailed load balancer logging, set the ETCD_CLIENT_DEBUG environment
// variable. E.g. "ETCD_CLIENT_DEBUG=1".
//
package clientv3
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