LMQL is a programming language for large language models (LLMs) based on a superset of Python. LMQL offers a novel way of interweaving traditional programming with the ability to call LLMs in your code. It goes beyond traditional templating languages by integrating LLM interaction natively at the level of your program code.
An LMQL program reads like standard Python, but top-level strings are interpreted as query strings: They are passed to an LLM, where template variables like
[GREETINGS] are automatically completed by the model:
"Greet LMQL:[GREETINGS]\n" where stops_at(GREETINGS, ".") and not "\n" in GREETINGS if "Hi there" in GREETINGS: "Can you reformulate your greeting in the speech of \ victorian-era English: [VIC_GREETINGS]\n" where stops_at(VIC_GREETINGS, ".") "Analyse what part of this response makes it typically victorian:\n" for i in range(4): "-[THOUGHT]\n" where stops_at(THOUGHT, ".") "To summarize:[SUMMARY]"
LMQL allows you to express programs that contain both, traditional algorithmic logic, and LLM calls. At any point during execution, you can prompt an LLM on program variables in combination with standard natural language prompting, to leverage model reasoning capabilities in the context of your program.
To better control LLM behavior, you can use the
where keyword to specify constraints and data types of the generated text. This enables guidance of the model's reasoning process, and constraining of intermediate outputs using an expressive constraint language.
Beyond this linear form of scripting, LMQL also supports a number of decoding algorithms to execute your program, such as
sample or even advanced branching decoders like beam search and
LMQL is designed to make working with language models like OpenAI and 🤗 Transformers more efficient and powerful through its advanced functionality, including multi-variable templates, conditional distributions, constraints, datatypes and control flow.
- Python Syntax: Write your queries using familiar Python syntax, fully integrated with your Python environment (classes, variable captures, etc.)
- Rich Control-Flow: LMQL offers full Python support, enabling powerful control flow and logic in your prompting logic.
- Advanced Decoding: Take advantage of advanced decoding techniques like beam search, best_k, and more.
- Powerful Constraints Via Logit Masking: Apply constraints to model output, e.g. to specify token length, character-level constraints, datatype and stopping phrases to get more control of model behavior.
- Optimizing Runtime: LMQL leverages speculative execution to enable faster inference, constraint short-circuiting, more efficient token use and tree-based caching.
- Sync and Async API: Execute hundreds of queries in parallel with LMQL's asynchronous API, which enables cross-query batching.
- Multi-Model Support: Seamlessly use LMQL with OpenAI API, Azure OpenAI, and 🤗 Transformers models.
- Extensive Applications: Use LMQL to implement advanced applications like schema-safe JSON decoding, algorithmic prompting, interactive chat interfaces, and inline tool use.
- Library Integration: Easily employ LMQL in your existing stack leveraging LangChain or LlamaIndex.
- Flexible Tooling: Enjoy an interactive development experience with LMQL's Interactive Playground IDE, and Visual Studio Code Extension.
- Output Streaming: Stream model output easily via WebSocket, REST endpoint, or Server-Sent Event streaming.
To install the latest version of LMQL run the following command with Python ==3.10 installed.
pip install lmql
Local GPU Support: If you want to run models on a local GPU, make sure to install LMQL in an environment with a GPU-enabled installation of PyTorch >= 1.11 (cf. https://pytorch.org/get-started/locally/) and install via
pip install lmql[hf].
After installation, you can launch the LMQL playground IDE with the following command:
Using the LMQL playground requires an installation of Node.js. If you are in a conda-managed environment you can install node.js via
conda install nodejs=14.20 -c conda-forge. Otherwise, please see the official Node.js website https://nodejs.org/en/download/ for instructions how to install it on your system.
This launches a browser-based playground IDE, including a showcase of many exemplary LMQL programs. If the IDE does not launch automatically, go to
lmql run can be used to execute local
.lmql files. Note that when using local HuggingFace Transformers models in the Playground IDE or via
lmql run, you have to first launch an instance of the LMQL Inference API for the corresponding model via the command
If you want to use OpenAI models, you have to configure your API credentials. To do so you can either define the
OPENAI_API_KEY environment variable or create a file
api.env in the active working directory, with the following contents:
openai-org: <org identifier> openai-secret: <api secret>
For system-wide configuration, you can also create an
api.env file at
$HOME/.lmql/api.env or at the project root of your LMQL distribution (e.g.
src/ in a development copy).
Alternatively, you can use LMQL-specific env variables
To install the latest (bleeding-edge) version of LMQL, you can also run the following command:
pip install git+https://github.com/eth-sri/lmql
This will install the
lmql package directly from the
main branch of this repository. We do not continously test the
main version, so it may be less stable than the latest PyPI release.
LMQL is a community-centric project. If you are interested in contributing to LMQL, please see the contributing guidelines for more information, and reach out to us via Discord. We are looking forward to your contributions!
To setup a
conda environment for local LMQL development with GPU support, run the following commands:
# prepare conda environment conda env create -f scripts/conda/requirements.yml -n lmql conda activate lmql # registers the `lmql` command in the current shell source scripts/activate-dev.sh
Operating System: The GPU-enabled version of LMQL was tested to work on Ubuntu 22.04 with CUDA 12.0 and Windows 10 via WSL2 and CUDA 11.7. The no-GPU version (see below) was tested to work on Ubuntu 22.04 and macOS 13.2 Ventura or Windows 10 via WSL2.
This section outlines how to setup an LMQL development environment without local GPU support. Note that LMQL without local GPU support only supports the use of API-integrated models like
openai/text-davinci-003. Please see the OpenAI API documentation (https://platform.openai.com/docs/models/gpt-3-5) to learn more about the set of available models.
To setup a
conda environment for LMQL with no GPU support, run the following commands:
# prepare conda environment conda env create -f scripts/conda/requirements-no-gpu.yml -n lmql-no-gpu conda activate lmql-no-gpu # registers the `lmql` command in the current shell source scripts/activate-dev.sh