[Japanese] Javascript API

ghasshee edited this page Jul 10, 2015 · 1 revision
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Introduction

Dapp を Ethereum 上でうごかすために、web3 オブジェクトが使えます。これは web3.js libraryで提供されています。 この、まるでパーカーのフードのように、 ethereum を包み込んだライブラリのもとでは、 ローカルのノードと RPC callsを介して通信できます。 web3.js はすべての ethereum node と通信可能で、そのノードは RPC を発信しています。

web3 オブジェクトは、 eth オブジェクトと - web3.eth ( Ethereum blockchain との通信に特化したオブジェクト) と shh オブジェクト - web3.shh ( Whisper 上のやりとりのためのオブジェクト) を保持します。 時間の経過とともに、web3 プロトコル上の他のオブジェクトも紹介していくつもりです。 使用例は こちら.

web3.js の洗練された使用例につきましては、useful Ðapp patternsをごらんください。

Using callbacks

As this API is designed to work with a local RPC node and all its functions are by default use synchronous HTTP requests.con

If you want to make asynchronous request, you can pass an optional callback as the last parameter to most functions. All callbacks are using an error first callback style:

web3.eth.getBlock(48, function(error, result){
    if(!error)
        console.log(result)
    else
        console.error(error);
})

Batch requests

Batch requests allow queuing up requests and processing them at once.

var batch = web3.createBatch();
batch.add(web3.eth.getBalance.request('0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000', 'latest', callback));
batch.add(web3.eth.contract(abi).at(address).balance.request(address, callback2));
batch.execute();

A note on big numbers in web3.js

You will always get a BigNumber object for balance values as JavaScript is not able to handle big numbers correctly. Look at the following examples:

"101010100324325345346456456456456456456"
// "101010100324325345346456456456456456456"
101010100324325345346456456456456456456
// 1.0101010032432535e+38

web3.js depends on the BigNumber Library and adds it automatically.

var balance = new BigNumber('131242344353464564564574574567456');
// or var balance = web3.eth.getBalance(someAddress);

balance.plus(21).toString(10); // toString(10) converts it to a number string
// "131242344353464564564574574567477"

The next example wouldn't work as we have more than 20 floating points, therefore it is recommended to keep you balance always in wei and only transform it to other units when presenting to the user:

var balance = new BigNumber('13124.234435346456466666457455567456');

balance.plus(21).toString(10); // toString(10) converts it to a number string, but can only show max 20 floating points 
// "13145.23443534645646666646" // you number would be cut after the 20 floating point

API

Usage

web3

The web3 object provides all methods.

Example
var web3 = require('web3')

web3.version.api

web3.version.api
// or async
web3.version.getApi(callback(error, result){ ... })
Returns

String - The ethereum js api version.

Example
var version = web3.version.api;
console.log(api); // "0.2.0"

web3.version.client

web3.version.client
// or async
web3.version.getClient(callback(error, result){ ... })
Returns

String - The client/node version.

Example
var version = web3.version.client;
console.log(version); // "Mist/v0.9.3/darwin/go1.4.1"

web3.version.network

web3.version.network
// or async
web3.version.getNetwork(callback(error, result){ ... })
Returns

String - The network protocol version.

Example
var version = web3.version.network;
console.log(version); // 54

web3.version.ethereum

web3.version.ethereum
// or async
web3.version.getEthereum(callback(error, result){ ... })
Returns

String - The ethereum protocol version.

Example
var version = web3.version.ethereum;
console.log(version); // 60

web3.version.whisper

web3.version.whisper
// or async
web3.version.getWhisper(callback(error, result){ ... })
Returns

String - The whisper protocol version.

Example
var version = web3.version.whisper;
console.log(version); // 20

web3.setProvider

web3.setProvider(provider)

Should be called to set provider.

Parameters

none

Returns

undefined

Example
web3.setProvider(new web3.providers.HttpProvider('http://localhost:8545')); // 8080 for cpp/AZ, 8545 for go/mist

web3.currentProvider

web3.currentProvider

Will contain the current provider, if one is set. This can be used to check if mist etc. set already a provider.

Returns

Object - The provider set or null;

Example
// Check if mist etc. already set a provider
if(!web3.currentProvider)
    web3.setProvider(new web3.providers.HttpProvider("http://localhost:8545"));

web3.reset

web3.reset()

Should be called to reset state of web3. Resets everything except manager. Uninstalls all filters. Stops polling.

Parameters

none

Returns

undefined

Example
web3.reset();

web3.sha3

web3.sha3(string [, callback])
Parameters
  1. String - The string to hash using the SHA3 algorithm
  2. Function - (optional) If you pass a callback the HTTP request is made asynchronous. See this note for details.
Returns

String - The SHA3 of the given data.

Example
var str = web3.sha3("Some ASCII string to be hashed");
console.log(str); // "0x536f6d6520415343494920737472696e6720746f20626520686173686564"

var hash = web3.sha3(str);
console.log(hash); // "0xb21dbc7a5eb6042d91f8f584af266f1a512ac89520f43562c6c1e37eab6eb0c4"

web3.toHex

web3.toHex(mixed);

Converts any value into HEX.

Parameters
  1. String|Number|Object|Array|BigNumber - The value to parse to HEX. If its an object or array it will be JSON.stringify first. If its a BigNumber it will make it the HEX value of a number.
Returns

String - The hex string of mixed.

Example
var str = web3.toHex({test: 'test'});
console.log(str); // '0x7b2274657374223a2274657374227d'

web3.toAscii

web3.toAscii(hexString);

Converts a HEX string into a ASCII string.

Parameters
  1. String - A HEX string to be converted to ascii.
Returns

String - An ASCII string made from the given hexString.

Example
var str = web3.toAscii("0x657468657265756d000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000");
console.log(str); // "ethereum"

web3.fromAscii

web3.fromAscii(string [, padding]);

Converts any ASCII string to a HEX string.

Parameters
  1. String - An ASCII string to be converted to HEX.
  2. Number - The number of bytes the returned HEX string should have.
Returns

String - The converted HEX string.

Example
var str = web3.fromAscii('ethereum');
console.log(str); // "0x657468657265756d"

var str2 = web3.fromAscii('ethereum', 32);
console.log(str2); // "0x657468657265756d000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000"

web3.toDecimal

web3.toDecimal(hexString);

Converts a HEX string to its number representation.

Parameters
  1. String - An HEX string to be converted to a number.
Returns

Number - The number representing the data hexString.

Example
var number = web3.toDecimal('0x15');
console.log(number); // 21

web3.fromDecimal

web3.fromDecimal(number);

Converts a number or number string to its HEX representation.

Parameters
  1. Number|String - A number to be converted to a HEX string.
Returns

String - The HEX string representing of the given number.

Example
var value = web3.fromDecimal('21');
console.log(value); // "0x15"

web3.fromWei

web3.fromWei(number, unit)

Converts a number of wei into the following ethereum units:

  • kwei/ada
  • mwei/babbage
  • gwei/shannon
  • szabo
  • finney
  • ether
  • kether/grand/einstein
  • mether
  • gether
  • tether
Parameters
  1. Number|String|BigNumber - A number or BigNumber instance.
  2. String - One of the above ether units.
Returns

String|BigNumber - Either a number string, or a BigNumber instance, depending on the given number parameter.

Example
var value = web3.fromWei('21000000000000', 'finney');
console.log(value); // "0.021"

web3.toWei

web3.toWei(number, unit)

Converts an ethereum unit into wei. Possible units are:

  • kwei/ada
  • mwei/babbage
  • gwei/shannon
  • szabo
  • finney
  • ether
  • kether/grand/einstein
  • mether
  • gether
  • tether
Parameters
  1. Number|String|BigNumber - A number or BigNumber instance.
  2. String - One of the above ether units.
Returns

String|BigNumber - Either a number string, or a BigNumber instance, depending on the given number parameter.

Example
var value = web3.toWei('1', 'ether');
console.log(value); // "1000000000000000000"

web3.toBigNumber

web3.toBigNumber(numberOrHexString);

Converts a given number into a BigNumber instance.

See the note on BigNumber.

Parameters
  1. Number|String - A number, number string or HEX string of a number.
Returns

BigNumber - A BigNumber instance representing the given value.

Example
var value = web3.toBigNumber('200000000000000000000001');
console.log(value); // instanceOf BigNumber
console.log(value.toNumber()); // 2.0000000000000002e+23
console.log(value.toString(10)); // '200000000000000000000001'

web3.net

web3.net.listening

web3.net.listening
// or async
web3.net.getListening(callback(error, result){ ... })

This property is read only and says whether the node is actively listening for network connections or not.

Returns

Boolean - true if the client is actively listening for network connections, otherwise false.

Example
var listening = web3.net.listening;
console.log(listening); // true of false

web3.net.peerCount

web3.net.peerCount
// or async
web3.net.getPeerCount(callback(error, result){ ... })

This property is read only and returns the number of connected peers.

Returns

Number - The number of peers currently connected to the client.

Example
var peerCount = web3.net.peerCount;
console.log(peerCount); // 4

web3.eth

Contains the ethereum blockchain related methods.

Example
var eth = web3.eth;

web3.eth.defaultAccount

web3.eth.defaultAccount

This default address is used for the following methods (optionally you can overwrite it by specifying the from property):

Values

String, 20 Bytes - Any address you own, or where you have the private key for.

Default is undefined.

Returns

String, 20 Bytes - The currently set default address.

Example
var defaultAccount = web3.eth.defaultAccount;
console.log(defaultAccount); // ''

// set the default block
web3.eth.defaultAccount = '0x8888f1f195afa192cfee860698584c030f4c9db1';

web3.eth.defaultBlock

web3.eth.defaultBlock

This default block is used for the following methods (optionally you can overwrite the defaultBlock by passing it as the last parameter):

Values

Default block parameters can be one of the following:

  • Number - a block number
  • String - "earliest", the genisis block
  • String - "latest", the latest block (current head of the blockchain)
  • String - "pending", the currently mined block (including pending transactions)

Default is latest

Returns

Number|String - The default block number to use when querying a state.

Example
var defaultBlock = web3.eth.defaultBlock;
console.log(defaultBlock); // 'latest'

// set the default block
web3.eth.defaultBlock = 231;

web3.eth.coinbase

web3.eth.coinbase
// or async
web3.eth.getCoinbase(callback(error, result){ ... })

This property is read only and returns the coinbase address were the mining rewards go to.

Returns

String - The coinbase address of the client.

Example
var coinbase = web3.eth.coinbase;
console.log(coinbase); // "0x407d73d8a49eeb85d32cf465507dd71d507100c1"

web3.eth.mining

web3.eth.mining
// or async
web3.eth.getMining(callback(error, result){ ... })

This property is read only and says whether the node is mining or not.

Returns

Boolean - true if the client is mining, otherwise false.

Example
var mining = web3.eth.mining;
console.log(mining); // true or false

web3.eth.hashrate

web3.eth.hashrate
// or async
web3.eth.getHashrate(callback(error, result){ ... })

This property is read only and returns the number of hashes per second that the node is mining with.

Returns

Number - number of hashes per second.

Example
var hashrate = web3.eth.hashrate;
console.log(hashrate); // 493736

web3.eth.gasPrice

web3.eth.gasPrice
// or async
web3.eth.getGasPrice(callback(error, result){ ... })

This property is read only and returns the current gas price. The gas price is determined by the x latest blocks median gas price.

Returns

BigNumber - A BigNumber instance of the current gas price in wei.

See the note on BigNumber.

Example
var gasPrice = web3.eth.gasPrice;
console.log(gasPrice.toString(10)); // "10000000000000"

web3.eth.accounts

web3.eth.accounts
// or async
web3.eth.getAccounts(callback(error, result){ ... })

This property is read only and returns a list of accounts the node controls.

Returns

Array - An array of addresses controlled by client.

Example
var accounts = web3.eth.accounts;
console.log(accounts); // ["0x407d73d8a49eeb85d32cf465507dd71d507100c1"] 

web3.eth.blockNumber

web3.eth.blockNumber
// or async
web3.eth.getBlockNumber(callback(error, result){ ... })

This property is read only and returns the current block number.

Returns

Number - The number of the most recent block.

Example
var number = web3.eth.blockNumber;
console.log(number); // 2744

web3.eth.register

web3.eth.register(addressHexString [, callback])

(Not Implemented yet) Registers the given address to be included in web3.eth.accounts. This allows non-private-key owned accounts to be associated as an owned account (e.g., contract wallets).

Parameters
  1. String - The address to register
  2. Function - (optional) If you pass a callback the HTTP request is made asynchronous. See this note for details.
Returns

?

Example
web3.eth.register("0x407d73d8a49eeb85d32cf465507dd71d507100ca")

web3.eth.unRegister

 web3.eth.unRegister(addressHexString [, callback])

(Not Implemented yet) Unregisters a given address.

Parameters
  1. String - The address to unregister.
  2. Function - (optional) If you pass a callback the HTTP request is made asynchronous. See this note for details.
Returns

?

Example
web3.eth.unregister("0x407d73d8a49eeb85d32cf465507dd71d507100ca")

web3.eth.getBalance

web3.eth.getBalance(addressHexString [, defaultBlock] [, callback])

Get the balance of an address at a given block.

Parameters
  1. String - The address to get the balance of.
  2. Number|String - (optional) If you pass this parameter it will not use the default block set with web3.eth.defaultBlock.
  3. Function - (optional) If you pass a callback the HTTP request is made asynchronous. See this note for details.
Returns

String - A BigNumber instance of the current balance for the given address in wei.

See the note on BigNumber.

Example
var balance = web3.eth.getBalance("0x407d73d8a49eeb85d32cf465507dd71d507100c1");
console.log(balance); // instanceof BigNumber
console.log(balance.toString(10)); // '1000000000000'
console.log(balance.toNumber()); // 1000000000000

web3.eth.getStorageAt

web3.eth.getStorageAt(addressHexString, position [, defaultBlock] [, callback])

Get the storage at a specific position of an address.

Parameters
  1. String - The address to get the storage from.
  2. Number - The index position of the storage.
  3. Number|String - (optional) If you pass this parameter it will not use the default block set with web3.eth.defaultBlock.
  4. Function - (optional) If you pass a callback the HTTP request is made asynchronous. See this note for details.
Returns

String - The value in storage at the given position.

Example
var state = web3.eth.getStorageAt("0x407d73d8a49eeb85d32cf465507dd71d507100c1", 0);
console.log(state); // "0x03"

web3.eth.getCode

web3.eth.getCode(addressHexString [, defaultBlock] [, callback])

Get the code at a specific address.

Parameters
  1. String - The address to get the code from.
  2. Number|String - (optional) If you pass this parameter it will not use the default block set with web3.eth.defaultBlock.
  3. Function - (optional) If you pass a callback the HTTP request is made asynchronous. See this note for details.
Returns

String - The data at given address addressHexString.

Example
var code = web3.eth.getCode("0xd5677cf67b5aa051bb40496e68ad359eb97cfbf8");
console.log(code); // "0x600160008035811a818181146012578301005b601b6001356025565b8060005260206000f25b600060078202905091905056"

web3.eth.getBlock

 web3.eth.getBlock(blockHashOrBlockNumber [, returnTransactionObjects] [, callback])

Returns a block matching the block number or block hash.

Parameters
  1. String|Number - The block number or hash. Or the string "earliest", "latest" or "pending" as in the default block parameter.
  2. Boolean - (optional, default false) If true, the returned block will contain all transactions as objects, if false it will only contains the transaction hashes.
  3. Function - (optional) If you pass a callback the HTTP request is made asynchronous. See this note for details.
Returns

Object - The block object:

  • number: Number - the block number. null when its pending block.
  • hash: String, 32 Bytes - hash of the block. null when its pending block.
  • parentHash: String, 32 Bytes - hash of the parent block.
  • nonce: String, 8 Bytes - hash of the generated proof-of-work. null when its pending block.
  • sha3Uncles: String, 32 Bytes - SHA3 of the uncles data in the block.
  • logsBloom: String, 256 Bytes - the bloom filter for the logs of the block. null when its pending block.
  • transactionsRoot: String, 32 Bytes - the root of the transaction trie of the block
  • stateRoot: String, 32 Bytes - the root of the final state trie of the block.
  • miner: String, 20 Bytes - the address of the beneficiary to whom the mining rewards were given.
  • difficulty: BigNumber - integer of the difficulty for this block.
  • totalDifficulty: BigNumber - integer of the total difficulty of the chain until this block.
  • extraData: String - the "extra data" field of this block.
  • size: Number - integer the size of this block in bytes.
  • gasLimit: Number - the maximum gas allowed in this block.
  • gasUsed: Number - the total used gas by all transactions in this block.
  • timestamp: Number - the unix timestamp for when the block was collated.
  • transactions: Array - Array of transaction objects, or 32 Bytes transaction hashes depending on the last given parameter.
  • uncles: Array - Array of uncle hashes.
Example
var info = web3.eth.block(3150);
console.log(info);
/*
{
  "number": 3,
  "hash": "0xef95f2f1ed3ca60b048b4bf67cde2195961e0bba6f70bcbea9a2c4e133e34b46",
  "parentHash": "0x2302e1c0b972d00932deb5dab9eb2982f570597d9d42504c05d9c2147eaf9c88",
  "nonce": "0xfb6e1a62d119228b",
  "sha3Uncles": "0x1dcc4de8dec75d7aab85b567b6ccd41ad312451b948a7413f0a142fd40d49347",
  "logsBloom": "0x00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
  "transactionsRoot": "0x3a1b03875115b79539e5bd33fb00d8f7b7cd61929d5a3c574f507b8acf415bee",
  "stateRoot": "0xf1133199d44695dfa8fd1bcfe424d82854b5cebef75bddd7e40ea94cda515bcb",
  "miner": "0x8888f1f195afa192cfee860698584c030f4c9db1",
  "difficulty": BigNumber,
  "totalDifficulty": BigNumber,
  "size": 616,
  "extraData": "0x",
  "gasLimit": 3141592,
  "gasUsed": 21662,
  "timestamp": 1429287689,
  "transactions": [
    "0x9fc76417374aa880d4449a1f7f31ec597f00b1f6f3dd2d66f4c9c6c445836d8b"
  ],
  "uncles": []
}
*/

web3.eth.getBlockTransactionCount

web3.eth.getBlockTransactionCount(hashStringOrBlockNumber [, callback])

Returns the number of transaction in a given block.

Parameters
  1. String|Number - The block number or hash. Or the string "earliest", "latest" or "pending" as in the default block parameter.
  2. Function - (optional) If you pass a callback the HTTP request is made asynchronous. See this note for details.
Returns

Number - The number of transactions in the given block.

Example
var number = web3.eth.getBlockTransactionCount("0x407d73d8a49eeb85d32cf465507dd71d507100c1");
console.log(number); // 1

web3.eth.getUncle

web3.eth.getUncle(blockHashStringOrNumber, uncleNumber [, returnTransactionObjects] [, callback])

Returns a blocks uncle by a given uncle index position.

Parameters
  1. String|Number - The block number or hash. Or the string "earliest", "latest" or "pending" as in the default block parameter.
  2. Number - The index position of the uncle.
  3. Boolean - (optional, default false) If true, the returned block will contain all transactions as objects, if false it will only contains the transaction hashes.
  4. Function - (optional) If you pass a callback the HTTP request is made asynchronous. See this note for details.
Returns

Object - the returned uncle. For a return value see web3.eth.getBlock().

Note: An uncle doesn't contain individual transactions.

Example
var uncle = web3.eth.getUncle(500, 0);
console.log(uncle); // see web3.eth.getBlock

web3.eth.getTransaction
web3.eth.getTransaction(transactionHash [, callback])

Returns a transaction matching the given transaction hash.

Parameters
  1. String - The transaction hash.
  2. Function - (optional) If you pass a callback the HTTP request is made asynchronous. See this note for details.
Returns

Object - A transaction object its hash transactionHash:

  • hash: String, 32 Bytes - hash of the transaction.
  • nonce: Number - the number of transactions made by the sender prior to this one.
  • blockHash: String, 32 Bytes - hash of the block where this transaction was in. null when its pending.
  • blockNumber: Number - block number where this transaction was in. null when its pending.
  • transactionIndex: Number - integer of the transactions index position in the block. null when its pending.
  • from: String, 20 Bytes - address of the sender.
  • to: String, 20 Bytes - address of the receiver. null when its a contract creation transaction.
  • value: BigNumber - value transferred in Wei.
  • gasPrice: BigNumber - gas price provided by the sender in Wei.
  • gas: Number - gas provided by the sender.
  • input: String - the data send along with the transaction.
Example
var blockNumber = 668;
var indexOfTransaction = 0

var transaction = web3.eth.getTransaction(blockNumber, indexOfTransaction);
console.log(transaction);
/*
{
  "hash": "0x9fc76417374aa880d4449a1f7f31ec597f00b1f6f3dd2d66f4c9c6c445836d8b",
  "nonce": 2,
  "blockHash": "0xef95f2f1ed3ca60b048b4bf67cde2195961e0bba6f70bcbea9a2c4e133e34b46",
  "blockNumber": 3,
  "transactionIndex": 0,
  "from": "0xa94f5374fce5edbc8e2a8697c15331677e6ebf0b",
  "to": "0x6295ee1b4f6dd65047762f924ecd367c17eabf8f",
  "value": BigNumber,
  "gas": 314159,
  "gasPrice": BigNumber,
  "input": "0x57cb2fc4"
}
*/

web3.eth.getTransactionFromBlock

getTransactionFromBlock(hashStringOrNumber, indexNumber [, callback])

Returns a transaction based on a block hash or number and the transactions index position.

Parameters
  1. String - A block number or hash. Or the string "earliest", "latest" or "pending" as in the default block parameter.
  2. Number - The transactions index position.
  3. Function - (optional) If you pass a callback the HTTP request is made asynchronous. See this note for details.
Returns

Object - A transaction object, see web3.eth.getTransaction:

Example
var transaction = web3.eth.getTransactionFromBlock('0x4534534534', 2);
console.log(transaction); // see web3.eth.getTransaction

web3.eth.getTransactionReceipt

web3.eth.getTransactionReceipt(hashString [, callback])

Returns the receipt of a transaction by transaction hash.

Note That the receipt is not available for pending transactions.

Parameters
  1. String - The transaction hash.
  2. Function - (optional) If you pass a callback the HTTP request is made asynchronous. See this note for details.
Returns

Object - A transaction receipt object, or null when no receipt was found:

  • blockHash: String, 32 Bytes - hash of the block where this transaction was in.
  • blockNumber: Number - block number where this transaction was in.
  • transactionHash: String, 32 Bytes - hash of the transaction.
  • transactionIndex: Number - integer of the transactions index position in the block.
  • from: String, 20 Bytes - address of the sender.
  • to: String, 20 Bytes - address of the receiver. null when its a contract creation transaction.
  • cumulativeGasUsed: Number - The total amount of gas used when this transaction was executed in the block.
  • gasUsed: Number - The amount of gas used by this specific transaction alone.
  • contractAddress: String - 20 Bytes - The contract address created, if the transaction was a contract creation, otherwise null.
  • logs: Array - Array of log objects, which this transaction generated.
Example
var receipt = web3.eth.getTransactionReceipt('0x9fc76417374aa880d4449a1f7f31ec597f00b1f6f3dd2d66f4c9c6c445836d8b');
console.log(receipt);
{
  "transactionHash": "0x9fc76417374aa880d4449a1f7f31ec597f00b1f6f3dd2d66f4c9c6c445836d8b",
  "transactionIndex": 0,
  "blockHash": "0xef95f2f1ed3ca60b048b4bf67cde2195961e0bba6f70bcbea9a2c4e133e34b46",
  "blockNumber": 3,
  "contractAddress": "0xa94f5374fce5edbc8e2a8697c15331677e6ebf0b",
  "cumulativeGasUsed": 314159,
  "gasUsed": 30234,
  "logs": [{
         // logs as returned by getFilterLogs, etc.
     }, ...]
}

web3.eth.getTransactionCount

web3.eth.getTransactionCount(addressHexString [, defaultBlock] [, callback])

Get the numbers of transactions send from this address.

Parameters
  1. String - The address to get the numbers of transactions from.
  2. Number|String - (optional) If you pass this parameter it will not use the default block set with web3.eth.defaultBlock.
  3. Function - (optional) If you pass a callback the HTTP request is made asynchronous. See this note for details.
Returns

Number - The number of transactions send from the given address.

Example
var number = web3.eth.getTransactionCount("0x407d73d8a49eeb85d32cf465507dd71d507100c1");
console.log(number); // 1

web3.eth.sendTransaction

web3.eth.sendTransaction(transactionObject [, callback])

Sends a transaction to the network.

Parameters
  1. Object - The transaction object to send:
    • from: String - The address for the sending account. Uses the web3.eth.defaultAccount property, if not specified.
    • to: String - (optional) The destination address of the message, left undefined for a contract-creation transaction.
    • value: Number|String|BigNumber - (optional) The value transferred for the transaction in Wei, also the endowment if it's a contract-creation transaction.
    • gas: Number|String|BigNumber - (optional, default: To-Be-Determined) The amount of gas to use for the transaction (unused gas is refunded).
    • gasPrice: Number|String|BigNumber - (optional, default: To-Be-Determined) The price of gas for this transaction in wei, defaults to the mean network gas price.
    • data: String - (optional) Either a byte string containing the associated data of the message, or in the case of a contract-creation transaction, the initialisation code.
    • nonce: Number - (optional) Integer of a nonce. This allows to overwrite your own pending transactions that use the same nonce.
  2. Number|String - (optional) If you pass this parameter it will not use the default block set with web3.eth.defaultBlock.
  3. Function - (optional) If you pass a callback the HTTP request is made asynchronous. See this note for details.
Returns

String - The 32 Bytes transaction hash as HEX string.

If the transaction was a contract creation use web3.eth.getTransactionReceipt() to get the contract address, after the transaction was mined.

Example
// compiled solidity source code using https://chriseth.github.io/cpp-ethereum/
var code = "603d80600c6000396000f3007c01000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000006000350463c6888fa18114602d57005b600760043502
8060005260206000f3";

web3.eth.sendTransaction({data: code}, function(err, address) {
  if (!err)
    console.log(address); // "0x7f9fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead7c2eb7b11a91385"
});

web3.eth.call

web3.eth.call(callObject [, defaultBlock] [, callback])

Executes a message call transaction, which is directly executed in the VM of the node, but never mined into the blockchain.

Parameters
  1. Object - A transaction object see web3.eth.sendTransaction, with the difference that for calls the from property is optional as well.
  2. Number|String - (optional) If you pass this parameter it will not use the default block set with web3.eth.defaultBlock.
  3. Function - (optional) If you pass a callback the HTTP request is made asynchronous. See this note for details.
Returns

String - The returned data of the call, e.g. a codes functions return value.

Example
var result = web3.eth.call({
    to: "0xc4abd0339eb8d57087278718986382264244252f", 
    data: "0xc6888fa10000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000003"
});
console.log(result); // "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000015"

web3.eth.estimateGas

web3.eth.estimateGas(callObject [, defaultBlock] [, callback])

Executes a message call or transaction, which is directly executed in the VM of the node, but never mined into the blockchain and returns the amount of the gas used.

Parameters

See web3.eth.sendTransaction, expect that all properties are optional.

Returns

Number - the used gas for the simulated call/transaction.

Example
var result = web3.eth.estimateGas({
    to: "0xc4abd0339eb8d57087278718986382264244252f", 
    data: "0xc6888fa10000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000003"
});
console.log(result); // "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000015"

web3.eth.filter

// can be 'latest' or 'pending'
var filter = web3.eth.filter(filterString);
// OR object are log filter options
var filter = web3.eth.filter(options);

// watch for changes
filter.watch(function(error, result){
  if (!error)
    console.log(result);
});

// Additionally you can start watching right away, by passing a callback:
web3.eth.filter(options, function(error, result){
  if (!error)
    console.log(result);
});
Parameters
  1. String|Object - The string "latest" or "pending" to watch for changes in the latest block or pending transactions respectively. Or a filter options object as follows:
    • fromBlock: Number|String - The number of the earliest block (latest may be given to mean the most recent and pending currently mining, block). By default latest.
    • toBlock: Number|String - The number of the latest block (latest may be given to mean the most recent and pending currently mining, block). By default latest.
    • address: String - An address or a list of addresses to only get logs from particular account(s).
    • topics: Array of Strings - An array of values which must each appear in the log entries. The order is important, if you want to leave topics use null, e.g. [null, '0x00...'].
Returns

Object - A filter object with the following methods:

  • filter.get(): Returns all of the log entries that fit the filter.
  • filter.watch(callback): Watches for state changes that fit the filter and calls the callback. See this note for details.
  • filter.stopWatching(): Stops the watch and uninstalls the filter in the node. Should always be called once it is done.
Watch callback return value
  • String - When using the "latest" parameter, it returns the block hash of the last incoming block.
  • String - When using the "pending" parameter, it returns a transaction hash of the last add pending transaction.
  • Object - When using manual filter options, it returns a log object as follows:
    • logIndex: Number - integer of the log index position in the block. null when its pending log.
    • transactionIndex: Number - integer of the transactions index position log was created from. null when its pending log.
    • transactionHash: String, 32 Bytes - hash of the transactions this log was created from. null when its pending log.
    • blockHash: String, 32 Bytes - hash of the block where this log was in. null when its pending. null when its pending log.
    • blockNumber: Number - the block number where this log was in. null when its pending. null when its pending log.
    • address: String, 32 Bytes - address from which this log originated.
    • data: String - contains one or more 32 Bytes non-indexed arguments of the log.
    • topics: Array of Strings - Array of 0 to 4 32 Bytes DATA of indexed log arguments. (In solidity: The first topic is the hash of the signature of the event (e.g. Deposit(address,bytes32,uint256)), except you declared the event with the anonymous specifier.)

Note For event filter return values see Contract Events

Example
var filter = web3.eth.filter('pending');

filter.watch(function (error, log) {
  console.log(log); //  {"address":"0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000", "data":"0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000", ...}
});

// get all past logs again.
var myResults = filter.get();

...

// stops and uninstalls the filter
filter.stopWatching();

web3.eth.contract

web3.eth.contract(abiArray)

Creates a contract object for a solidity contract, which can be used to initiate contracts on an address. You can read more about events here.

Parameters
  1. Array - ABI array with descriptions of functions and events of the contract.
Returns

Object - A contract object, which can be initiated as follows:

var MyContract = web3.eth.contract(abiArray);

// instantiate from an existing address
var myContractInstance = MyContract.at(myContractAddress);

// Create the contract async
var myContract = MyContract.new(param1, param2, {
   data: myContractCode,
   gas: 300000,
   from: mySenderAddress}, function(err, contract){
    if(!err) {
       // The callback will fire after the contract is mined
       // Note that the returned "myContract" === "myContractInstance"
       console.log(myContractInstance.address) // "0xc4abd0339eb8d57087278718986382264244252f"
       console.log(myContractInstance.transactionHash) // The hash of the transaction, which created the contract
    }
  });

// Create contract sync: Then the address will be added as soon as the contract is mined.
// Additionally you can watch the transaction by using the "transactionHash" property
var myContractInstance = MyContract.new(param1, param2, {data: myContractCode, gas: 300000, from: mySenderAddress});
myContractInstance.transactionHash // The hash of the transaction, which created the contract
myContractInstance.address // undefined at start, but will be auto-filled later
Example
// contract abi
var abi = [{
     name: 'myConstantMethod',
     type: 'function',
     constant: true,
     inputs: [{ name: 'a', type: 'string' }],
     outputs: [{name: 'd', type: 'string' }]
}, {
     name: 'myStateChangingMethod',
     type: 'function',
     constant: false,
     inputs: [{ name: 'a', type: 'string' }, { name: 'b', type: 'int' }],
     outputs: []
}, {
     name: 'myEvent',
     type: 'event',
     inputs: [{name: 'a', type: 'int', indexed: true},{name: 'b', type: 'bool', indexed: false]
}];

// creation of contract object
var MyContract = web3.eth.contract(abi);

// initiate contract for an address
var myContractInstance = MyContract.at('0xc4abd0339eb8d57087278718986382264244252f');

// call constant function
var result = myContractInstance.myConstantMethod('myParam');
console.log(result) // '0x25434534534'

// send a transaction to a function
myContractInstance.myStateChangingMethod('someParam1', 23, {value: 200, gas: 2000});

// short hand style
web3.eth.contract(abi).at(address).myAwesomeMethod(...);

// create filter
var filter = myContractInstance.myEvent({a: 5}, function (error, result) {
  if (!error)
    console.log(result);
    /*
    {
        address: '0x8718986382264244252fc4abd0339eb8d5708727',
        topics: "0x12345678901234567890123456789012", "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000005",
        data: "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000001",
        ...
    }
    */
});

Contract Methods

// Automatically determines the use of call or sendTransaction based on the method type
myContractInstance.myMethod(param1 [, param2, ...] [, transactionObject] [, callback]);

// Explicitly calling this method
myContractInstance.myMethod.call(param1 [, param2, ...] [, transactionObject] [, callback]);

// Explicitly sending a transaction to this method
myContractInstance.myMethod.sendTransaction(param1 [, param2, ...] [, transactionObject] [, callback]);

The contract object exposes the contracts methods, which can be called using parameters and a transaction object.

Parameters
  • String|Number - (optional) Zero or more parameters of the function.
  • Object - (optional) The (previous) last parameter can be a transaction object, see web3.eth.sendTransaction parameter 1 for more.
  • Function - (optional) If you pass a callback as the last parameter the HTTP request is made asynchronous. See this note for details.
Returns

String - If its a call the result data, if its a send transaction a created contract address, or the transaction hash, see web3.eth.sendTransaction for details.

Example
// creation of contract object
var MyContract = web3.eth.contract(abi);

// initiate contract for an address
var myContractInstance = MyContract.at('0x78e97bcc5b5dd9ed228fed7a4887c0d7287344a9');

var result = myContractInstance.myConstantMethod('myParam');
console.log(result) // '0x25434534534'

myContractInstance.myStateChangingMethod('someParam1', 23, {value: 200, gas: 2000}, function(err, result){ ... });

Contract Events

var event = myContractInstance.MyEvent({valueA: 23}, additionalFilterObject)

// watch for changes
event.watch(function(error, result){
  if (!error)
    console.log(result);
});

// Or pass a callback to start watching immediately
var event = myContractInstance.MyEvent({valueA: 23}, additionalFilterObject, function(error, result){
  if (!error)
    console.log(result);
});

You can use events like filters and they have the same methods, but you pass different objects to create the event filter.

Parameters
  1. Object - Indexed return values you want to filter the logs by, e.g. {'valueA': 1, 'valueB': [myFirstAddress, mySecondAddress]}. By default all filter values are set to null. It means, that they will match any event of given type sent from this contract.
  2. Object - Additional filter options, see filters parameter 1 for more. By default filterObject has field 'address' set to address of the contract. Also first topic is the signature of event.
Callback return

Object - An event object as follows:

  • args: Object - The arguments coming from the event.
  • event: String - The event name.
  • logIndex: Number - integer of the log index position in the block.
  • transactionIndex: Number - integer of the transactions index position log was created from.
  • transactionHash: String, 32 Bytes - hash of the transactions this log was created from.
  • address: String, 32 Bytes - address from which this log originated.
  • blockHash: String, 32 Bytes - hash of the block where this log was in. null when its pending.
  • blockNumber: Number - the block number where this log was in. null when its pending.
Example
var MyContract = web3.eth.contract(abi);
var myContractInstance = MyContract.at('0x78e97bcc5b5dd9ed228fed7a4887c0d7287344a9');

// watch for an event with {some: 'args'}
var myEvent = myContractInstance.MyEvent({some: 'args'}, {fromBlock: 0, toBlock: 'latest'});
myEvent.watch(function(error, result){
   ...
});

// would get all past logs again.
var myResults = myEvent.get();

...

// would stop and uninstall the filter
myEvent.stopWatching();

web3.eth.getCompilers

web3.eth.getCompilers([callback])

Gets a list of available compilers.

Parameters
  1. Function - (optional) If you pass a callback the HTTP request is made asynchronous. See this note for details.
Returns

Array - An array of strings of available compilers.

Example
var number = web3.eth.getCompilers();
console.log(number); // ["lll", "solidity", "serpent"]

web3.eth.compile.solidity

web3.eth.compile.solidity(sourceString [, callback])

Compiles solidity source code.

Parameters
  1. String - The solidity source code.
  2. Function - (optional) If you pass a callback the HTTP request is made asynchronous. See this note for details.
Returns

Object - Contract and compiler info.

Example
var source = "" + 
    "contract test {\n" +
    "   function multiply(uint a) returns(uint d) {\n" +
    "       return a * 7;\n" +
    "   }\n" +
    "}\n";
var compiled = web3.eth.compile.solidity(source);
console.log(compiled); 
// {
  "test": {
    "code": "0x605280600c6000396000f3006000357c010000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000090048063c6888fa114602e57005b60376004356041565b8060005260206000f35b6000600782029050604d565b91905056",
    "info": {
      "source": "contract test {\n\tfunction multiply(uint a) returns(uint d) {\n\t\treturn a * 7;\n\t}\n}\n",
      "language": "Solidity",
      "languageVersion": "0",
      "compilerVersion": "0.8.2",
      "abiDefinition": [
        {
          "constant": false,
          "inputs": [
            {
              "name": "a",
              "type": "uint256"
            }
          ],
          "name": "multiply",
          "outputs": [
            {
              "name": "d",
              "type": "uint256"
            }
          ],
          "type": "function"
        }
      ],
      "userDoc": {
        "methods": {}
      },
      "developerDoc": {
        "methods": {}
      }
    }
  }
}

web3.eth.compile.lll

web3. eth.compile.lll(sourceString [, callback])

Compiles LLL source code.

Parameters
  1. String - The LLL source code.
  2. Function - (optional) If you pass a callback the HTTP request is made asynchronous. See this note for details.
Returns

String - The compiled LLL code as HEX string.

Example
var source = "...";

var code = web3.eth.compile.lll(source);
console.log(code); // "0x603880600c6000396000f3006001600060e060020a600035048063c6888fa114601857005b6021600435602b565b8060005260206000f35b600081600702905091905056"

web3.eth.compile.serpent

web3.eth.compile.serpent(sourceString [, callback])

Compiles serpent source code.

Parameters
  1. String - The serpent source code.
  2. Function - (optional) If you pass a callback the HTTP request is made asynchronous. See this note for details.
Returns

String - The compiled serpent code as HEX string.

var source = "...";

var code = web3.eth.compile.serpent(source);
console.log(code); // "0x603880600c6000396000f3006001600060e060020a600035048063c6888fa114601857005b6021600435602b565b8060005260206000f35b600081600702905091905056"

web3.eth.namereg

web3.eth.namereg

Returns GlobalRegistrar object.

Usage

see namereg example


web3.db

web3.db.putString

web3.db.putString(db, key, value)

This method should be called, when we want to store a string in the local leveldb database.

Parameters
  1. String - The database to store to.
  2. String - The name of the store.
  3. String - The string value to store.
Returns

Boolean - true if successfull, otherwise false.

Example

param is db name, second is the key, and third is the string value.

web3.db.putString('testDB', 'key', 'myString') // true

web3.db.getString

web3.db.getString(db, key)

This method should be called, when we want to get string from the local leveldb database.

Parameters
  1. String - The database string name to retrieve from.
  2. String - The name of the store.
Returns

String - The stored value.

Example

param is db name and second is the key of string value.

var value = web3.db.getString('testDB', 'key');
console.log(value); // "myString"

web3.db.putHex

web3.db.putHex(db, key, value)

This method should be called, when we want to store binary data in HEX form in the local leveldb database.

Parameters
  1. String - The database to store to.
  2. String - The name of the store.
  3. String - The HEX string to store.
Returns

Boolean - true if successfull, otherwise false.

Example
web3.db.putHex('testDB', 'key', '0x4f554b443'); // true

web3.db.getHex

web3.db.getHex(db, key)

This method should be called, when we want to get a binary data in HEX form from the local leveldb database.

Parameters
  1. String - The database to store to.
  2. String - The name of the store.
Returns

String - The stored HEX value.

Example

param is db name and second is the key of value.

var value = web3.db.getHex('testDB', 'key');
console.log(value); // "0x4f554b443"

web3.shh

Whisper Overview

Example
var shh = web3.shh;

web3.shh.post

web3.shh.post(object [, callback])

This method should be called, when we want to post whisper message to the network.

Parameters
  1. Object - The post object:
    • from: String, 60 Bytes HEX - (optional) The identity of the sender.
    • to: String, 60 Bytes HEX - (optional) The identity of the receiver. When present whisper will encrypt the message so that only the receiver can decrypt it.
    • topics: Array of Strings - Array of topics Strings, for the receiver to identify messages.
    • payload: String|Number|Object - The payload of the message. Will be autoconverted to a HEX string before.
    • priority: Number - The integer of the priority in a rang from ... (?).
    • ttl: Number - integer of the time to live in seconds.
  2. Function - (optional) If you pass a callback the HTTP request is made asynchronous. See this note for details.
Returns

Boolean - returns true if the message was send, otherwise false.

Example
var identity = web3.shh.newIdentity();
var topic = 'example';
var payload = 'hello whisper world!';

var message = {
  from: identity,
  topics: [topic],
  payload: payload,
  ttl: 100,
  workToProve: 100 // or priority TODO
};

web3.shh.post(message);

web3.shh.newIdentity

web3.shh.newIdentity([callback])

Should be called to create new identity.

Parameters
  1. Function - (optional) If you pass a callback the HTTP request is made asynchronous. See this note for details.
Returns

String - A new identity HEX string.

Example
var identity = web3.shh.newIdentity();
console.log(identity); // "0xc931d93e97ab07fe42d923478ba2465f283f440fd6cabea4dd7a2c807108f651b7135d1d6ca9007d5b68aa497e4619ac10aa3b27726e1863c1fd9b570d99bbaf"

web3.shh.hasIdentity

web3.shh.hasIdentity(identity, [callback])

Should be called, if we want to check if user has given identity.

Parameters
  1. String - The identity to check.
  2. Function - (optional) If you pass a callback the HTTP request is made asynchronous. See this note for details.
Returns

Boolean - returns true if the identity exists, otherwise false.

Example
var identity = web3.shh.newIdentity();
var result = web3.shh.hasIdentity(identity);
console.log(result); // true

var result2 = web3.shh.hasIdentity(identity + "0");
console.log(result2); // false

web3.shh.newGroup

Example
// TODO: not implemented yet

web3.shh.addToGroup

Example
// TODO: not implemented yet

web3.shh.filter

var filter = web3.shh.filter(options)

// watch for changes
filter.watch(function(error, result){
  if (!error)
    console.log(result);
});

Watch for incoming whisper messages.

Parameters
  1. Object - The filter options:
    • topics: Array of Strings - Filters messages by this topic(s). You can use the following combinations:
      • ['topic1', 'topic2'] == 'topic1' && 'topic2'
      • ['topic1', ['topic2', 'topic3']] == 'topic1' && ('topic2' || 'topic3')
      • [null, 'topic1', 'topic2'] == ANYTHING && 'topic1' && 'topic2' -> null works as a wildcard
    • to: Filter by identity of receiver of the message. If provided and the node has this identity, it will decrypt incoming encrypted messages.
  2. Function - (optional) If you pass a callback the HTTP request is made asynchronous. See this note for details.
Callback return

Object - The incoming message:

  • from: String, 60 Bytes - The sender of the message, if a sender was specified.
  • to: String, 60 Bytes - The receiver of the message, if a receiver was specified.
  • expiry: Number - Integer of the time in seconds when this message should expire (?).
  • ttl: Number - Integer of the time the message should float in the system in seconds (?).
  • sent: Number - Integer of the unix timestamp when the message was sent.
  • topics: Array of String - Array of String topics the message contained.
  • payload: String - The payload of the message.
  • workProved: Number - Integer of the work this message required before it was send (?).