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Installing Eucalyptus from source
Eucalyptus cloud setup consists of three components: the cloud controller
[ClC], the cluster controller(s) [CCs], and node controller(s) [NCs].
Typically, a ClC and a CC will run on the head node of a cluster, while an
NC will run on each of the compute nodes. It is possible, however, to run
all components on a single machine. To have a fully functional Eucalyptus
installation you'll need at least one of each component.
Note that some of the commands below require root privileges. Please,
check section 2.d below for the list of software that Eucalyptus requires.
For the most up-to-date instructions, please visit the Eucalyptus web page
1. Download Eucalyptus
Download either
* eucalyptus-1.5.1-src.tar.gz (Eucalyptus source with included java
* eucalyptus-1.5.1-src-online.tar.gz (Eucalyptus source that will
download java libraries at build-time)
and for both
* eucalyptus-1.5.1-src-deps.tar.gz (Eucalyptus C library dependency
All packages can be found on the Eucalyptus Web site:
Unpack the Eucalyptus source:
tar zvxf eucalyptus-1.5.1-src.tar.gz
Now you should have a directory eucalyptus-1.5.1. To simplify the
remainder of the installation, define EUCALYPTUS_SRC environment
variable to be the top of the source tree of eucalyptus and the
variable EUCALYPTUS to be the directory where eucalyptus will be
installed (we recommend using `/opt/eucalyptus/`):
cd eucalyptus-1.5.1
export EUCALYPTUS_SRC=`pwd`
export EUCALYPTUS=/opt/eucalyptus
2. Dependencies
To install Eucalyptus, you need to build packages that Eucalyptus
depends on, which we provide in the above-mentioned package
eucalyptus-1.5.1-src-deps.tar.gz. For the sake of this discussion, we
are going to assume that all packages have been untarred inside
"$EUCALYPTUS_SRC/eucalyptus-src-deps/" as above and will be installed
in "$EUCALYPTUS/packages".
Unpack the dependencies and create the directory you'll use to install
tar zvxf ../eucalyptus-1.5.1-src-deps.tar.gz
mkdir -p $EUCALYPTUS/packages/
Build and install the dependencies. The following instructions work on
some Linux distributions, but aren't universal. ''Please, consult the
documentation for the specific packages for help with building them on
your distribution.''
=== a. Axis2 ===
cd $EUCALYPTUS/packages
tar zxvf $EUCALYPTUS_SRC/eucalyptus-src-deps/axis2-1.4.tgz
=== b. Axis2/C ===
export AXIS2C_HOME=$EUCALYPTUS/packages/axis2c-1.5.0
cd $EUCALYPTUS_SRC/eucalyptus-src-deps/
tar zvxf axis2c-src-1.5.0.tar.gz
cd axis2c-src-1.5.0
CFLAGS="-w" ./configure --prefix=${AXIS2C_HOME} --with-apache2=/usr/include/apache2 --with-apr=/usr/include/apr-1.0
make ; make install
=== c. Rampart/C ===
export AXIS2C_HOME=$EUCALYPTUS/packages/axis2c-1.5.0
cd $EUCALYPTUS_SRC/eucalyptus-src-deps/
tar zvxf rampartc-src-1.2.0.tar.gz
cd rampartc-src-1.2.0
./configure --prefix=${AXIS2C_HOME} --enable-static=no --with-axis2=${AXIS2C_HOME}/include/axis2-1.5.0
make ; make install
Now edit the file $AXIS2C_HOME/axis2.xml: search for "Security" and change
<!--phase name="Security"/-->
<phase name="Security"/>
and save the file.
=== d. Other software ===
Additionally, the following dependencies need to be met:
* Java Development Kit (JDK), version 1.6 or above
* Apache ant, version 1.6 or above
* apache2 (httpd) developement files
* libvirt version 0.6.0 or higher development files and `libvirtd` configured and running properly
* GNU C compiler
* Make
* iptables
* vconfig
* bridge-utils
* lvm2
* vblade
* dmsetup
* dhcp3-server
* libcurl >= 3
NOTE: The Eucalyptus dependencies may, in turn, depend on libraries or
packages not present in your installation: Please, refer to the
documentation of the dependent package for help (e.g., see
Web site for help with compiling the httpd server).
Furthermore, you are required to have functioning EC2 command-line
tools from Amazon. The latest version of these tools that we support
are [
ec2-api-tools-1.3-30349] and
3. Building Eucalyptus
./configure --with-axis2=$EUCALYPTUS/packages/axis2-1.4 --with-axis2c=$EUCALYPTUS/packages/axis2c-1.5.0 --enable-debug --prefix=$EUCALYPTUS
cd clc/; make deps; cd ..
make ; make install
4. Deploying Eucalyptus to multiple machines
To configure Eucalyptus you need to specify where Eucalyptus is
installed. Moreover, for security reasons you need to specify the
Unix user that Eucalyptus's services will run as. We suggest using
`eucalyptus` as such user.
These and other configuration options are stored in the file called
`$EUCALYPTUS/etc/eucalyptus/eucalytpus.conf` on all nodes. You may
edit it manually or you may use the `euca_conf` script that we
provide. For instance, the minimal required configuration that should
be the same on all nodes can be recorded as follows:
$EUCALYPTUS/usr/sbin/euca_conf -d $EUCALYPTUS -user eucalyptus $EUCALYPTUS/etc/eucalyptus/eucalyptus.conf
At this point, if you plan to use Eucalyptus on more than one node,
you're ready to push the software out to the other nodes. If you
installed Eucalyptus in its own directory, you can just sync the
entire package to all of the hosts listed above using whatever
mechanism you typically use to push changes to nodes (rsync, for
rsync -a $EUCALYPTUS/ hostname1:$EUCALYPTUS/
rsync -a $EUCALYPTUS/ hostname2:$EUCALYPTUS/
This would also be a good time to ensure that all of your nodes have
the Unix user for running Eucalyptus (e.g., `eucalyptus` is in
`/etc/passwd` on all nodes).
5. First-time Configuration
Eucalyptus installation consists of three types of components: cloud
controller (CLC), cluster controller (CC), and the node controller(s)
(NCs). In following instructions we assume that CLC and CC are
co-located on a machine that we will refer to as the ''front end'' and
that NCs run on ''compute nodes''. The instructions will also work if
one physical machine fulfills the role of both the front end and a
compute node.
=== a. Front-end Configuration ===
To connect the Eucalyptus components together, you will need to
register the Cluster with the Cloud, and register each Node with the
Cluster. On the front-end, do:
/opt/eucalyptus/usr/sbin/euca_conf -addcluster <clustername> <clusterhost> /opt/eucalyptus/etc/eucalyptus/eucalyptus.conf
where <clustername> is the name your would like to attach to your
Cluster, and <clusterhost> is the hostname of the machine or the IP
where the Cluster Controller is running. Also on the front-end, add
the hostnames on which you plan to run node controllers one-by-one
(this involves connecting to the node via SSH to propagate the
cryptographic keys, so you may be prompted for a password):
$EUCALYPTUS/usr/sbin/euca_conf -addnode <nodehost> $EUCALYPTUS/etc/eucalyptus/eucalyptus.conf
where <nodehost> is the hostname or IP of your node. Alternatively,
you can add nodes all at once with the `-nodes` option, which requires
you to explicitly propagate cryptographic keys afterwards:
$EUCALYPTUS/usr/sbin/euca_conf -nodes "<nodehost1> ... <nodehostN>" $EUCALYPTUS/etc/eucalyptus/eucalyptus.conf
$EUCALYPTUS/usr/sbin/euca_sync_key -c $EUCALYPTUS/etc/eucalyptus/eucalyptus.conf
OPTIONAL: Eucalyptus provides some options when it comes to
configuring your VM virtual network. By default, we enable the
simplest but least feature-ful networking mode, called SYSTEM in the
eucalyptus.conf file: Eucalyptus will assume that you already have a
DHCP server configured to serve IP addresses to VMs that start on
cluster nodes. Please consult the the brief explanation in the
comments of the configuration file and the
Eucalyptus Networking] document if you wish to try other modes that
will enable more features (security groups, elastic IPs, etc.).
=== b. Compute-node Configuration ===
If you installed from binary packages you can now skip to step 2 since
the compute nodes should be appropriately configured. If you later
decide to diverge from the default configuration, you might want to
revisit these steps.
On each compute node, create a local directory where VM images are
placed temporarily when VMs are running (images will be cached under
the same path, too). Instruct the nodes to run the node controller,
choose what hypervisor to use (`xen` or `kvm`), and specify the path
for VM images. This path is used to store temporary VM images and it's
important it's empty (everything in it will be removed!).
for x in hostname1 hostname2 ... hostnameN ; do \
ssh $x "mkdir -p /usr/local/instances/; $EUCALYPTUS/usr/sbin/euca_conf -hypervisor kvm -instances /usr/local/instances $EUCALYPTUS/etc/eucalyptus/eucalyptus.conf"
Make sure that the user you have decided to run eucalyptus as
(`username='eucalyptus'` in the above example) has the ability to
control VMs through the node controller machine's libvirt
installation. A good test is to run the command `virsh list` as the
eucalyptus user to see if that user has the appropriate rights.
Finally, ensure that the networking settings in 'eucalyptus.conf' on
each of your nodes is configured properly. For instance, correct
values for VNET_INTERFACE and VNET_BRIDGE may differ from your
front-end. See
Eucalyptus Networking] for more details.
6. Running Eucalyptus
First, make sure that you have all of the runtime dependencies of
Eucalyptus installed, based on your chosen set of configuration
parameters. If there is a problem with runtime dependencies (for
instance, if Eucalyptus cannot find/interact with them), all errors
will be reported in log files located in
Use the init-scripts to start each component on the appropriate host. Most likely, on the front-end you would run:
$EUCALYPTUS/etc/init.d/eucalyptus-cloud start
$EUCALYPTUS/etc/init.d/eucalyptus-cc start
And on each of the compute nodes you would run:
$EUCALYPTUS/etc/init.d/eucalyptus-nc start
To stop them you call the script with ''stop'' instead of start.
If you installed from binary packages you can now skip to step 3. If
you installed from source and you want to have eucalyptus started
automatically when your machines are (re)booted, you can add the
following symlinks on the appropriate hosts
ln -sf $EUCALYPTUS/etc/init.d/eucalyptus-cloud /etc/init.d/eucalyptus-cloud
ln -sf $EUCALYPTUS/etc/init.d/eucalyptus-cc /etc/init.d/eucalyptus-cc
ln -sf $EUCALYPTUS/etc/init.d/eucalyptus-nc /etc/init.d/eucalyptus-nc
and then add the symlinks to the distribution's booting process. This
process differs from distribution to distribution. For example if you
have `update-rc.d` available you can run:
update-rc.d eucalyptus-cloud defaults
or if you have `chkconfig` available you can run:
chkconfig eucalyptus-cloud on
7. First-time Run-time Setup
To configure eucalyptus, after you started all components, login to
where you should substitute localhost with the name of the host
running the cloud controller. (WARNING: on some machines it may take
few minutes after the starting of the Cloud Controller for the URL to
be responsive the first time you run Eucalyptus.) You will be prompted
for a user/password which are set to admin/admin. Upon logging in you
will be guided through three first-time tasks:
1. You will be forced to change the admin password.
2. You will be asked to set the admin's email address.
3. You will be asked to confirm the URL of the Walrus service (the
storage component of Eucalyptus) which should start with the hostname
or IP address of the cluster head node where you are installing the
After completing the first-time tasks, you will see the
'Configuration' tab. To use the system with the EC2 client tools, you
must generate user credentials. Click the 'Credentials' tab and
download your certificates via the 'Download certificates' button.
You will be able to use these x509 certificates with Amazon EC2 tools
and third-party tools like
Create a directory, for example $HOME/.euca,
mkdir $HOME/.euca
unpack the credentials into it, and source the included 'eucarc':
. $HOME/.euca/eucarc
Note that you will have to source this file every time you intend to
use the EC2 command-line tools, or you may add it to your local
default environment.
8. Adding images to Eucalyptus
First off, be sure to source the 'eucarc' file before running the
commands below.
To run VMs, one must add a root disk image, a kernel, and, optionally,
a ramdisk for the kernel. Each is added to Walrus separately, using
three EC2 commands. The following example uses the test image that we
provide. Note that this image may or may not work within your local
hypervisor environment. It is highly recommended that you try to
manually run the image on your hypervisor before trying to use it
within Eucalyptus. Unpack it to any directory:
; tar zxvf euca-ttylinux.tgz
Add the root filesystem image to Walrus:
; ec2-bundle-image -i ttylinux.img
; ec2-upload-bundle -b image-bukkit -m /tmp/ttylinux.img.manifest.xml
; ec2-register image-bukkit/ttylinux.img.manifest.xml
then the kernel
; ec2-bundle-image -i vmlinuz- --kernel true
; ec2-upload-bundle -b kernel-bukkit -m /tmp/vmlinuz-
; ec2-register kernel-bukkit/vmlinuz-
Although our test image does not require a ramdisk, one can be added
in the manner similar to the kernel by using "--ramdisk true" flag.
Once you have registered at least one kernel and one ramdisk, you can go
back to the administrative interface (https://<cloudmanager>:8443), on the
'Configuration' tab and add the eki-xxxxxxxx and eri-xxxxxxxx as the
defaults kernel/ramdisk to be used when no kernel is specified.
Now you should be able to run all the EC2 commands.
Please see for more info, downloads,
mailing lists and discussion forums.
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