Decompose a javascript object into a set of path/value slices.
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README.md

pathos

Decompose a javascript object into a set of path/value slices.

build status

Installation

This module is installed via npm:

$ npm install pathos

Example Usage

Transform an object into paths/values

Take an object, and convert it to a list of paths and values.

var pathos = require('pathos');

// object to slice up
var o = {
  name: 'Eugene',
  number: 42,
  tags: ['tag1', 'tag2', 'tag3'],
  cars: [
    {
      make: 'Toyota',
      model: 'Camry'
    },
    {
      make: 'Toyota',
      model: 'Corolla'
    }
  ]
};

// slice the object
var paths = pathos.slice(o);

// the result is a list of key value pairs, where the keys are the paths and
// the values are the leaves
expect(paths).to.eql(
  [ { key: [ 'name' ], value: 'Eugene' },
    { key: [ 'number' ], value: 42 },
    { key: [ 'tags' ], value: [] },
    { key: [ 'tags', '0' ], value: 'tag1' },
    { key: [ 'tags', '1' ], value: 'tag2' },
    { key: [ 'tags', '2' ], value: 'tag3' },
    { key: [ 'cars' ], value: [] },
    { key: [ 'cars', '0', 'make' ], value: 'Toyota' },
    { key: [ 'cars', '0', 'model' ], value: 'Camry' },
    { key: [ 'cars', '1', 'make' ], value: 'Toyota' },
    { key: [ 'cars', '1', 'model' ], value: 'Corolla' } ]);

Walk an object given a path

If you have a path, and an object, you can walk the object's path and then return what is pointed to:

var pathos = require('pathos');

// object to walk
var o = {
  name: 'Eugene',
  number: 42,
  tags: ['tag1', 'tag2', 'tag3'],
  cars: [
    {
      make: 'Toyota',
      model: 'Camry'
    },
    {
      make: 'Toyota',
      model: 'Corolla'
    }
  ]
};

// find what is pointed to by the path [ 'cars', '1', 'make' ])
var ret = pathos.walk(o, [ 'cars', '1', 'make' ]);

expect(ret).to.equal('Toyota');

Create an object given a set of paths

If you have a set of paths and values, you can build the object which has the list of paths and values:

// list of paths and values that define an object
var paths =
  [ { key: [ 'name' ], value: 'Eugene' },
    { key: [ 'number' ], value: 42 },
    { key: [ 'tags' ], value: [] },
    { key: [ 'tags', '0' ], value: 'tag1' },
    { key: [ 'tags', '1' ], value: 'tag2' },
    { key: [ 'tags', '2' ], value: 'tag3' },
    { key: [ 'cars' ], value: [] },
    { key: [ 'cars', '0', 'make' ], value: 'Toyota' },
    { key: [ 'cars', '0', 'model' ], value: 'Camry' },
    { key: [ 'cars', '1', 'make' ], value: 'Toyota' },
    { key: [ 'cars', '1', 'model' ], value: 'Corolla' } ];

// re-assemble the object based on paths
var result = pathos.build(paths);

// the re-assembled object should look similar to this
var expected = {
  name: 'Eugene',
  number: 42,
  tags: ['tag1', 'tag2', 'tag3'],
  cars: [
    {
      make: 'Toyota',
      model: 'Camry'
    },
    {
      make: 'Toyota',
      model: 'Corolla'
    }
  ]
};

expect(result).to.eql(expected);

Change a field in an object by it's path

Given an object, and a path to a field, and a new value to the field, you can use pathos#set to update it's value:

var pathos = require('pathos');
var o = {
  name: 'Eugene',
  number: 42,
  tags: ['tag1', 'tag2', 'tag3'],
  cars: [
    {
      make: 'Toyota',
      model: 'Camry'
    },
    {
      make: 'Toyota',
      model: 'Corolla'
    }
  ]
};

pathos.set(o, [ 'cars', '1', 'make' ], 'Toyoda');
var expected = {
  name: 'Eugene',
  number: 42,
  tags: ['tag1', 'tag2', 'tag3'],
  cars: [
    {
      make: 'Toyota',
      model: 'Camry'
    },
    {
      make: 'Toyoda',
      model: 'Corolla'
    }
  ]
};
expect(o).to.eql(expected);

Visit every path/value combination for an object

Given a function that takes an object path, and its value, the #visit function will apply a visitor function to each path/value pair:

var pathos = require('pathos');

var o = {
  name: 'Eugene',
  number: 42,
  tags: ['tag1', 'tag2', 'tag3'],
  cars: [
    {
      make: 'Toyota',
      model: 'Camry'
    },
    {
      make: 'Toyota',
      model: 'Corolla'
    }
  ]
};

var paths = [];
function visit(key, value) {
  paths.push({ key: key, value: value });
}

pathos.visit(o, visit);
expect(paths).to.eql(
  [ { key: [ 'name' ], value: 'Eugene' },
    { key: [ 'number' ], value: 42 },
    { key: [ 'tags' ], value: [] },
    { key: [ 'tags', '0' ], value: 'tag1' },
    { key: [ 'tags', '1' ], value: 'tag2' },
    { key: [ 'tags', '2' ], value: 'tag3' },
    { key: [ 'cars' ], value: [] },
    { key: [ 'cars', '0', 'make' ], value: 'Toyota' },
    { key: [ 'cars', '0', 'model' ], value: 'Camry' },
    { key: [ 'cars', '1', 'make' ], value: 'Toyota' },
    { key: [ 'cars', '1', 'model' ], value: 'Corolla' } ]);
});

Rewriting an object

You can write a function that visits every path, value pair in an object and then optionally remove the path (by returning false), keep the object (by returning true) or by changing the property path or value:

Rename a field

// rename a field
var pathos = require('pathos');
var o = {
  name: 'Eugene',
  number: 42,
  tags: ['tag1', 'tag2', 'tag3'],
  cars: [
    {
      make: 'Toyota',
      model: 'Camry'
    },
    {
      make: 'Toyota',
      model: 'Corolla'
    }
  ]
};

function rename(key, value) {
  if (key[key.length - 1] === 'make') {
    key[key.length - 1] = 'manufacturer';
    return {
      key: key,
      value: value
    };
  } else {
    return true;
  }
}

pathos.rewrite(o, rename);
var expected = {
  name: 'Eugene',
  number: 42,
  tags: ['tag1', 'tag2', 'tag3'],
  cars: [
    {
      manufacturer: 'Toyota',
      model: 'Camry'
    },
    {
      manufacturer: 'Toyota',
      model: 'Corolla'
    }
  ]
};

expect(o).to.eql(expected);

Change a field's value

var pathos = require('pathos');
var o = {
  name: 'Eugene',
  number: 42,
  tags: ['tag1', 'tag2', 'tag3'],
  cars: [
    {
      make: 'Toyota',
      model: 'Camry'
    },
    {
      make: 'Toyota',
      model: 'Corolla'
    }
  ]
};

function change(key, value) {
  if (key[key.length - 1] === 'make') {
    return {
      key: key,
      value: 'Toyoda'
    };
  } else {
    return true;
  }
}

pathos.rewrite(o, change);
var expected = {
  name: 'Eugene',
  number: 42,
  tags: ['tag1', 'tag2', 'tag3'],
  cars: [
    {
      make: 'Toyoda',
      model: 'Camry'
    },
    {
      make: 'Toyoda',
      model: 'Corolla'
    }
  ]
};

expect(o).to.eql(expected);

License

Copyright (c) 2013, Eugene Ware

All rights reserved.

Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:

  1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
  2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
  3. Neither the name of Eugene Ware nor the names of its contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific prior written permission.

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY EUGENE WARE ''AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL EUGENE WARE BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.