mTCP: A Highly Scalable User-level TCP Stack for Multicore Systems
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README.md

Build Status

README

mTCP is a highly scalable user-level TCP stack for multicore systems. mTCP source code is distributed under the Modified BSD License. For more detail, please refer to the LICENSE. The license term of io_engine driver and ported applications may differ from the mTCP’s.

PREREQUISITE

We require the following libraries to run mTCP.

  • libps (PacketShader I/O engine library) OR libdpdk (Intel's DPDK package*)
  • libnuma
  • libpthread
  • librt Compling PSIO/DPDK driver requires kernel headers.
  • For Debian/Ubuntu, try apt-get install linux-headers-$(uname -r)

We have modified the dpdk-16.04 package to export net_device stat data to the OS. To achieve this, the dpdk-16.04/lib/librte_eal/linuxapp/igb_uio/ directory was updated. We recommend using our package for DPDK installation.

INCLUDED DIRECTORIES

mtcp: mtcp source code directory

  • mtcp/src: source code
  • mtcp/src/include: mTCP’s internal header files
  • mtcp/lib: library file
  • mtcp/include: header files that applications will use

io_engine: event-driven packet I/O engine (io_engine)

  • io_engine/driver - driver source code
  • io_engine/lib - io_engine library
  • io_engine/include - io_engine header files
  • io_engine/samples - sample io_engine applications (not mTCP’s)

dpdk-16.04: Intel's Data Plane Development Kit* (modified)

  • dpdk-16.04/...

dpdk: Holds soft links to the compiled dpdk-16.04 include/ and lib/ paths

  • dpdk/include - the header files
  • dpdk/lib - the libraries that need to be linked

apps: mTCP applications

  • apps/example - example applications (see README)
  • apps/lighttpd-1.4.32 - mTCP-ported lighttpd (see INSTALL)
  • apps/apache_benchmark - mTCP-ported apache benchmark (ab) (see README-mtcp)

util: useful source code for applications

config: sample mTCP configuration files (may not be necessary)

INSTALL GUIDES

mTCP can be prepared in two ways.

PSIO VERSION

  1. make in io_engine/driver:

    # make

    • check ps_ixgbe.ko
    • please note that psio only runs on linux-2.6.x kernels (linux-2.6.32 ~ linux-2.6.38)
  2. install the driver:

    # ./install.py <# cores> <# cores>

  3. Setup mtcp library:

    # ./configure --with-psio-lib=<$path_to_ioengine>
    ## e.g. ./configure --with-psio-lib=`echo $PWD`/io_engine
    # make
    • In case `./configure' script prints an error, run the following command; and then re-do step-3 (configure again):

    # autoreconf -ivf

    • check libmtcp.a in mtcp/lib
    • check header files in mtcp/include
    • check example binary files in apps/example
  4. Check the configurations in apps/example

    • epserver.conf for server-side configuration
    • epwget.conf for client-side configuration
    • you may write your own configuration file for your application
  5. Run the applications!

DPDK VERSION

  1. Set up Intel's DPDK driver. Please use our version of DPDK. We have only changed the lib/igb_uio/ submodule. The best method to compile DPDK package is to use DPDK's tools/setup.sh script. Please compile your package based on your own hardware configuration. We tested the mTCP stack on Intel Xeon E5-2690 (x86_64) machine with Intel 82599 Ethernet adapters (10G). We used the following steps in the setup.sh script for our setup:

    • Press [14] to compile the package
    • Press [17] to install the driver
    • Press [20] to setup 1024 2MB hugepages
    • Press [23] to register the Ethernet ports
    • Press [34] to quit the tool
    • check that DPDK package creates a new directory of compiled libraries. For x86_64 machines, the new subdirectory should be dpdk-16.04/x86_64-native-linuxapp-gcc

    • only those devices will work with DPDK drivers that are listed on this page: http://dpdk.org/doc/nics. Please make sure that your NIC is compatible before moving on to the next step.

  2. Next bring the dpdk-registered interfaces up. Please use the setup_iface_single_process.sh script file present in dpdk-16.04/tools/ directory for this purpose. Please change lines 49-51 to change the IP
    address. Under default settings, run the script as:

    # ./setup_iface_single_process.sh 4

    This sets the IP address of your interfaces as 10.0.x.4.

  3. Create soft links for include/ and lib/ directories inside empty dpdk/ directory:

      # cd dpdk/
      # ln -s <path_to_dpdk_16_04_directory>/x86_64-native-linuxapp-gcc/lib lib
      # ln -s <path_to_dpdk_16_04_directory>/x86_64-native-linuxapp-gcc/include include
  4. Setup mtcp library:

         # ./configure --with-dpdk-lib=$<path_to_mtcp_release_v3>/dpdk
     ## And not dpdk-16.04!
     ## e.g. ./configure --with-dpdk-lib=`echo $PWD`/dpdk
     # make
    • In case `./configure' script prints an error, run the following command; and then re-do step-4 (configure again):

      # autoreconf -ivf

    • checksum offloading in the NIC is now ENABLED (by default)!!!
    • this only works for dpdk at the moment
    • use ./configure --with-dpdk-lib=`echo $PWD`/dpdk --disable-hwcsum to disable checksum offloading.
    • check libmtcp.a in mtcp/lib
    • check header files in mtcp/include
    • check example binary files in apps/example
  5. Check the configurations in apps/example

    • epserver.conf for server-side configuration
    • epwget.conf for client-side configuration
    • you may write your own configuration file for your application
  6. Run the applications!

TESTED ENVIRONMENTS

mTCP runs on Linux-based operating systems (2.6.x for PSIO) with generic x86_64 CPUs, but to help evaluation, we provide our tested environments as follows.

Intel Xeon E5-2690 octacore CPU @ 2.90 GHz 32 GB of RAM (4 memory channels) 10 GbE NIC with Intel 82599 chipset (specifically Intel X520-DA2) Debian 6.0.7 (Linux 2.6.32-5-amd64)

Intel Core i7-3770 quadcore CPU @ 3.40 GHz 16 GB of RAM (2 memory channels) 10 GbE NIC with Intel 82599 chipset (specifically Intel X520-DA2) Ubuntu 10.04 (Linux 2.6.32-47)

Event-driven PacketShader I/O engine (extended io_engine-0.2)

  • PSIO is currently only compatible with Linux-2.6.

We tested the DPDK version (polling driver) with Linux-3.13.0 kernel.

NOTES

  1. mTCP currently runs with fixed memory pools. That means, the size of TCP receive and send buffers are fixed at the startup and does not increase dynamically. This could be performance limit to the large long-lived connections. Be sure to configure the buffer size appropriately to your size of workload.

  2. The client side of mTCP supports mtcp_init_rss() to create an address pool that can be used to fetch available address space in O(1). To easily congest the server side, this function should be called at the application startup.

  3. The supported socket options are limited for right now. Please refer to the mtcp/src/api.c for more detail.

  4. The counterpart of mTCP should enable TCP timestamp.

  5. mTCP has been tested with the following Ethernet adapters:

    1. Intel-82598 ixgbe (Max-queue-limit: 16)
    2. Intel-82599 ixgbe (Max-queue-limit: 16)
    3. Intel-I350 igb (Max-queue-limit: 08)

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

  1. How can I quit the application?

    • Use ^C to gracefully shutdown the application. Two consecutive ^C (separated by 1 sec) will force quit.
  2. My application keeps printing "No route to 0.0.0.0"

    • Try to turn off your network-manager for xge*. The network manager can override the IP configuration set by install.py in PSIO driver.
  3. Can I statically set the routing or arp table?

    • Yes, mTCP allows static route and arp configuration. Go to the config directory and see sample_route.conf or sample_arp.conf. Copy and adapt it to your condition and link (ln -s) the config directory to the application directory. mTCP will find config/route.conf and config/arp.conf for static configuration.

CAUTION

  1. Do not remove I/O driver (ps_ixgbe/igb_uio) while running mTCP applications. The application will panic!

  2. Use the ps_ixgbe/dpdk driver contained in this package, not the one from some other place (e.g., from io_engine github).

               Contact: mtcp-user at list.ndsl.kaist.edu
                         April 2, 2015. 
                EunYoung Jeong <notav at ndsl.kaist.edu>
                M. Asim Jamshed <ajamshed at ndsl.kaist.edu>