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Cheatsheet

virtualenv

create
virtualenv [name-of-virtualenv]
include system's Python packages
virtualenv [name-of-virtualenv] --install-site-packages
activate
source bin/activate
deactivate
deactivate

pip

install
pip install [name-of-package]
install a particular version
pip install [name-of-package]==[version-number]
upgrade
pip install --upgrade [name-of-package]
uninstall
pip uninstall [name-of-package]
show what's installed
pip freeze

git

tell git who you are

git config --global user.email "you@example.com"

git config --global user.name "Your Name"

clone a repository
git clone [repository URL]
checkout

git checkout [branch] switches to another branch

git checkout -b [new-branch] creates and switches to a new branch

git checkout -b [new-branch] [existing branch] creates and switches to a new branch based on an existing one

git checkout -b [new-branch] [remote/branch] creates and switches to a new branch based on remote/branch

git checkout [commit sha] checks out the state of the repository at a particular commit

current status of your local branches
git status
show the commit you're on in the current working directory
git show
commit
git commit -m "[your commit message]"
add

git add [filename] adds a file to the staging areas

git add -u [filename] - the -u flag will also remove deleted files

remote

git remote add [name] [remote repository URL] sets up remote

git remote show lists remotes

git remote show -v lists remotes and their URLs

branch

git branch

git branch -a to show remote branches too

fetch

git fetch gets the latest information about the branches on the default remote

git fetch [remote] gets the latest information about the branches on the named remote

merge

git merge [branch] merges the named branch into the working directory

git merge [remote/branch] -m "[message]" merges the branch referred to into the working directory - don't forget to fetch the remote before the merge

pull

fetch followed by merge is often safer than pull - don't assume that pull will do what you expect it to

git pull fetches updates from the default remote and merges into the working directory

push

git push pushes committed changes to the default remote, in branches that exist at both ends

git push [remote] [branch] pushes the current branch to the named branch on remote

log
git log will show you a list of commits

Notes

Throughout Git, anything in the form remote/branchname is a reference, not a branch.

Documentation

initialise Sphinx documentation
sphinx-quickstart
render documentation
make html