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"""CherryPy Application and Tree objects."""
import os
import cherrypy
from cherrypy._cpcompat import ntou
from cherrypy import _cpconfig, _cplogging, _cprequest, _cpwsgi, tools
from cherrypy.lib import httputil
class Application(object):
"""A CherryPy Application.
Servers and gateways should not instantiate Request objects directly.
Instead, they should ask an Application object for a request object.
An instance of this class may also be used as a WSGI callable
(WSGI application object) for itself.
root = None
"""The top-most container of page handlers for this app. Handlers should
be arranged in a hierarchy of attributes, matching the expected URI
hierarchy; the default dispatcher then searches this hierarchy for a
matching handler. When using a dispatcher other than the default,
this value may be None."""
config = {}
"""A dict of {path: pathconf} pairs, where 'pathconf' is itself a dict
of {key: value} pairs."""
namespaces = _cpconfig.NamespaceSet()
toolboxes = {'tools':}
log = None
"""A LogManager instance. See _cplogging."""
wsgiapp = None
"""A CPWSGIApp instance. See _cpwsgi."""
request_class = _cprequest.Request
response_class = _cprequest.Response
relative_urls = False
def __init__(self, root, script_name="", config=None):
self.log = _cplogging.LogManager(id(self), cherrypy.log.logger_root)
self.root = root
self.script_name = script_name
self.wsgiapp = _cpwsgi.CPWSGIApp(self)
self.namespaces = self.namespaces.copy()
self.namespaces["log"] = lambda k, v: setattr(self.log, k, v)
self.namespaces["wsgi"] = self.wsgiapp.namespace_handler
self.config = self.__class__.config.copy()
if config:
def __repr__(self):
return "%s.%s(%r, %r)" % (self.__module__, self.__class__.__name__,
self.root, self.script_name)
script_name_doc = """The URI "mount point" for this app. A mount point is that portion of
the URI which is constant for all URIs that are serviced by this
application; it does not include scheme, host, or proxy ("virtual host")
portions of the URI.
For example, if script_name is "/my/cool/app", then the URL
"" might be handled by a
"page1" method on the root object.
The value of script_name MUST NOT end in a slash. If the script_name
refers to the root of the URI, it MUST be an empty string (not "/").
If script_name is explicitly set to None, then the script_name will be
provided for each call from request.wsgi_environ['SCRIPT_NAME'].
def _get_script_name(self):
if self._script_name is None:
# None signals that the script name should be pulled from WSGI environ.
return cherrypy.serving.request.wsgi_environ['SCRIPT_NAME'].rstrip("/")
return self._script_name
def _set_script_name(self, value):
if value:
value = value.rstrip("/")
self._script_name = value
script_name = property(fget=_get_script_name, fset=_set_script_name,
def merge(self, config):
"""Merge the given config into self.config."""
_cpconfig.merge(self.config, config)
# Handle namespaces specified in config.
self.namespaces(self.config.get("/", {}))
def find_config(self, path, key, default=None):
"""Return the most-specific value for key along path, or default."""
trail = path or "/"
while trail:
nodeconf = self.config.get(trail, {})
if key in nodeconf:
return nodeconf[key]
lastslash = trail.rfind("/")
if lastslash == -1:
elif lastslash == 0 and trail != "/":
trail = "/"
trail = trail[:lastslash]
return default
def get_serving(self, local, remote, scheme, sproto):
"""Create and return a Request and Response object."""
req = self.request_class(local, remote, scheme, sproto) = self
for name, toolbox in self.toolboxes.items():
req.namespaces[name] = toolbox
resp = self.response_class()
cherrypy.serving.load(req, resp)
return req, resp
def release_serving(self):
"""Release the current serving (request and response)."""
req = cherrypy.serving.request
cherrypy.log(traceback=True, severity=40)
def __call__(self, environ, start_response):
return self.wsgiapp(environ, start_response)
class Tree(object):
"""A registry of CherryPy applications, mounted at diverse points.
An instance of this class may also be used as a WSGI callable
(WSGI application object), in which case it dispatches to all
mounted apps.
apps = {}
A dict of the form {script name: application}, where "script name"
is a string declaring the URI mount point (no trailing slash), and
"application" is an instance of cherrypy.Application (or an arbitrary
WSGI callable if you happen to be using a WSGI server)."""
def __init__(self):
self.apps = {}
def mount(self, root, script_name="", config=None):
"""Mount a new app from a root object, script_name, and config.
An instance of a "controller class" (a collection of page
handler methods) which represents the root of the application.
This may also be an Application instance, or None if using
a dispatcher other than the default.
A string containing the "mount point" of the application.
This should start with a slash, and be the path portion of the
URL at which to mount the given root. For example, if root.index()
will handle requests to "",
then the script_name argument would be "/dept/app1".
It MUST NOT end in a slash. If the script_name refers to the
root of the URI, it MUST be an empty string (not "/").
A file or dict containing application config.
if script_name is None:
raise TypeError(
"The 'script_name' argument may not be None. Application "
"objects may, however, possess a script_name of None (in "
"order to inpect the WSGI environ for SCRIPT_NAME upon each "
"request). You cannot mount such Applications on this Tree; "
"you must pass them to a WSGI server interface directly.")
# Next line both 1) strips trailing slash and 2) maps "/" -> "".
script_name = script_name.rstrip("/")
if isinstance(root, Application):
app = root
if script_name != "" and script_name != app.script_name:
raise ValueError("Cannot specify a different script name and "
"pass an Application instance to cherrypy.mount")
script_name = app.script_name
app = Application(root, script_name)
# If mounted at "", add favicon.ico
if (script_name == "" and root is not None
and not hasattr(root, "favicon_ico")):
favicon = os.path.join(os.getcwd(), os.path.dirname(__file__),
root.favicon_ico = tools.staticfile.handler(favicon)
if config:
self.apps[script_name] = app
return app
def graft(self, wsgi_callable, script_name=""):
"""Mount a wsgi callable at the given script_name."""
# Next line both 1) strips trailing slash and 2) maps "/" -> "".
script_name = script_name.rstrip("/")
self.apps[script_name] = wsgi_callable
def script_name(self, path=None):
"""The script_name of the app at the given path, or None.
If path is None, cherrypy.request is used.
if path is None:
request = cherrypy.serving.request
path = httputil.urljoin(request.script_name,
except AttributeError:
return None
while True:
if path in self.apps:
return path
if path == "":
return None
# Move one node up the tree and try again.
path = path[:path.rfind("/")]
def __call__(self, environ, start_response):
# If you're calling this, then you're probably setting SCRIPT_NAME
# to '' (some WSGI servers always set SCRIPT_NAME to '').
# Try to look up the app using the full path.
env1x = environ
if environ.get(ntou('wsgi.version')) == (ntou('u'), 0):
env1x = _cpwsgi.downgrade_wsgi_ux_to_1x(environ)
path = httputil.urljoin(env1x.get('SCRIPT_NAME', ''),
env1x.get('PATH_INFO', ''))
sn = self.script_name(path or "/")
if sn is None:
start_response('404 Not Found', [])
return []
app = self.apps[sn]
# Correct the SCRIPT_NAME and PATH_INFO environ entries.
environ = environ.copy()
if environ.get(u'wsgi.version') == (u'u', 0):
# Python 2/WSGI u.0: all strings MUST be of type unicode
enc = environ[u'wsgi.url_encoding']
environ[u'SCRIPT_NAME'] = sn.decode(enc)
environ[u'PATH_INFO'] = path[len(sn.rstrip("/")):].decode(enc)
# Python 2/WSGI 1.x: all strings MUST be of type str
environ['SCRIPT_NAME'] = sn
environ['PATH_INFO'] = path[len(sn.rstrip("/")):]
return app(environ, start_response)
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