sgrep is a simple extension of grep. Like grep, using sgrep, you can look for regular expressions in files on your file system. Unlike grep, users can specify .sgrep files in their folders. These provide custom instructions to sgrep to not look in particular files when trying to match a regular expression. For instance, a user that did not want to grep through a subfolder containing many binary files or external libraries could add a .sgrep file with a rule to ignore it.
When executing sgrep from a directory, PWD_DIR, sgrep checks for any .sgrep files in any parent of PWD_DIR or in any subdirectory of PWD_DIR.
sgrep reads the rules of each .sgrep file. Rules specify which files to exclude from searching through. For instance, to avoid sgrep-ing through a file, "hello.txt", in PWD_DIR, one could write a .sgrep file in PWD_DIR with the contents:
To avoid searching somefile sub_dir_hello.txt in PWD_DIR/SUB_DIR, one could either add a .sgrep file in PWD_DIR/SUB_DIR with the contents
or could add a rule to his/her .sgrep file in PWD_DIR that says:
With either of these rules, sgrep would still search through any file named "hello.txt" that was not directly in SUB_DIR, eg., PWD_DIR/hello.txt, PWD_DIR/SUB_DIR/SUB_SUB_DIR/hello.txt, or PWD_DIR/OTHER_SUB_DIR/hello.txt.
sgrep also matches wildcards. For instance, to prevent matching any files that end in "pyc", use the rule
sgrep also includes rules derived from parent directories. As an example, for a .sgrep file in PARENT_DIR (where PARENT_DIR is the parent directory of PWD_DIR) containing:
running sgrep from PWD_DIR will skip PWD_DIR/hello.txt (but will not skip PWD_DIR/SUB_DIR/hello.txt). The rules for wildcard matching from parent directories are a little involved. For a rule specified in a distant parent directory like the following
in a file system organized as follows:
sgrep, will take the most specific part of the rule that it matches and use that as the rule. Ie, sgrep will apply the rule:
Instead of the rule:
You can add comments to sgrep files by prefixing the line with '#'.
sgrep takes in all the same arguments as grep, with two minor differences:
By default, sgrep performs a recursive search, and so does not need the -R parameter
By default, sgrep searches in the directory from which it is executed.
sgrep "sgrep is great" --- Searches for any instances of the phrase "sgrep is great" in subdirectories, subject to .sgrep file rules.