To try and encourage more sales of different books from a popular 5 book series, a bookshop has decided to offer discounts on multiple book purchases.
One copy of any of the five books costs $8.
If, however, you buy two different books, you get a 5% discount on those two books.
If you buy 3 different books, you get a 10% discount.
If you buy 4 different books, you get a 20% discount.
If you buy all 5, you get a 25% discount.
Note: that if you buy four books, of which 3 are different titles, you get a 10% discount on the 3 that form part of a set, but the fourth book still costs $8.
Your mission is to write a piece of code to calculate the price of any conceivable shopping basket (containing only books of the same series), giving as big a discount as possible.
For example, how much does this basket of books cost?
- 2 copies of the first book
- 2 copies of the second book
- 2 copies of the third book
- 1 copy of the fourth book
- 1 copy of the fifth book
One way of grouping these 8 books is:
- 1 group of 5 --> 25% discount (1st,2nd,3rd,4th,5th)
- +1 group of 3 --> 10% discount (1st,2nd,3rd)
This would give a total of:
- 5 books at a 25% discount
- +3 books at a 10% discount
- 5 x (8 - 2.00) == 5 x 6.00 == $30.00
- +3 x (8 - 0.80) == 3 x 7.20 == $21.60
For a total of $51.60
However, a different way to group these 8 books is:
- 1 group of 4 books --> 20% discount (1st,2nd,3rd,4th)
- +1 group of 4 books --> 20% discount (1st,2nd,3rd,5th)
This would give a total of:
- 4 books at a 20% discount
- +4 books at a 20% discount
- 4 x (8 - 1.60) == 4 x 6.40 == $25.60
- +4 x (8 - 1.60) == 4 x 6.40 == $25.60
For a total of $51.20
And $51.20 is the price with the biggest discount.
Refer to the exercism help page for Rust installation and learning resources.
Writing the Code
Execute the tests with:
$ cargo test
All but the first test have been ignored. After you get the first test to
pass, open the tests source file which is located in the
and remove the
#[ignore] flag from the next test and get the tests to pass
again. Each separate test is a function with
#[test] flag above it.
Continue, until you pass every test.
If you wish to run all tests without editing the tests source file, use:
$ cargo test -- --ignored
To run a specific test, for example
some_test, you can use:
$ cargo test some_test
If the specific test is ignored use:
$ cargo test some_test -- --ignored
To learn more about Rust tests refer to the online test documentation
Make sure to read the Modules chapter if you haven't already, it will help you with organizing your files.
After you have solved the exercise, please consider using the additional utilities, described in the installation guide, to further refine your final solution.
To format your solution, inside the solution directory use
To see, if your solution contains some common ineffective use cases, inside the solution directory use
cargo clippy --all-targets
Submitting the solution
Generally you should submit all files in which you implemented your solution (
src/lib.rs in most cases). If you are using any external crates, please consider submitting the
Cargo.toml file. This will make the review process faster and clearer.
Feedback, Issues, Pull Requests
The exercism/rust repository on GitHub is the home for all of the Rust exercises. If you have feedback about an exercise, or want to help implement new exercises, head over there and create an issue. Members of the rust track team are happy to help!
If you want to know more about Exercism, take a look at the contribution guide.
Inspired by the harry potter kata from Cyber-Dojo. http://cyber-dojo.org
Submitting Incomplete Solutions
It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.