The ISBN-10 verification process is used to validate book identification
numbers. These normally contain dashes and look like:
The ISBN-10 format is 9 digits (0 to 9) plus one check character (either a digit or an X only). In the case the check character is an X, this represents the value '10'. These may be communicated with or without hyphens, and can be checked for their validity by the following formula:
(x1 * 10 + x2 * 9 + x3 * 8 + x4 * 7 + x5 * 6 + x6 * 5 + x7 * 4 + x8 * 3 + x9 * 2 + x10 * 1) mod 11 == 0
If the result is 0, then it is a valid ISBN-10, otherwise it is invalid.
Let's take the ISBN-10
3-598-21508-8. We plug it in to the formula, and get:
(3 * 10 + 5 * 9 + 9 * 8 + 8 * 7 + 2 * 6 + 1 * 5 + 5 * 4 + 0 * 3 + 8 * 2 + 8 * 1) mod 11 == 0
Since the result is 0, this proves that our ISBN is valid.
Given a string the program should check if the provided string is a valid ISBN-10. Putting this into place requires some thinking about preprocessing/parsing of the string prior to calculating the check digit for the ISBN.
The program should be able to verify ISBN-10 both with and without separating dashes.
Converting from strings to numbers can be tricky in certain languages.
Now, it's even trickier since the check digit of an ISBN-10 may be 'X' (representing '10'). For instance
3-598-21507-X is a valid ISBN-10.
Generate a valid ISBN-13 from the input ISBN-10 (and maybe verify it again with a derived verifier).
Generate valid ISBN, maybe even from a given starting ISBN.
Refer to the exercism help page for Rust installation and learning resources.
Writing the Code
Execute the tests with:
$ cargo test
All but the first test have been ignored. After you get the first test to
pass, open the tests source file which is located in the
and remove the
#[ignore] flag from the next test and get the tests to pass
again. Each separate test is a function with
#[test] flag above it.
Continue, until you pass every test.
If you wish to run all tests without editing the tests source file, use:
$ cargo test -- --ignored
To run a specific test, for example
some_test, you can use:
$ cargo test some_test
If the specific test is ignored use:
$ cargo test some_test -- --ignored
To learn more about Rust tests refer to the online test documentation
Make sure to read the Modules chapter if you haven't already, it will help you with organizing your files.
After you have solved the exercise, please consider using the additional utilities, described in the installation guide, to further refine your final solution.
To format your solution, inside the solution directory use
To see, if your solution contains some common ineffective use cases, inside the solution directory use
cargo clippy --all-targets
Submitting the solution
Generally you should submit all files in which you implemented your solution (
src/lib.rs in most cases). If you are using any external crates, please consider submitting the
Cargo.toml file. This will make the review process faster and clearer.
Feedback, Issues, Pull Requests
The exercism/rust repository on GitHub is the home for all of the Rust exercises. If you have feedback about an exercise, or want to help implement new exercises, head over there and create an issue. Members of the rust track team are happy to help!
If you want to know more about Exercism, take a look at the contribution guide.
Converting a string into a number and some basic processing utilizing a relatable real world example. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Standard_Book_Number#ISBN-10_check_digit_calculation
Submitting Incomplete Solutions
It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.