eXo Onlyoffice add-on
This add-on allow editing office documents directly in eXo Platform using ONLYOFFICE™ Documents Server. Thanks to the introduced menu items, in action bar of Documents explorer, users of eXo Platform can switch to editor in file preview of any supportable office document. As for now, the add-on offers support of following formats:
- Office Open XML (Microsoft Office 2007 and later):
- Word (.docx)
- Excel (.xlsx)
- PowerPoint (.pptx)
Since add-on installed, it adds a few UI elements to the eXo Platform. 'Edit Online' button is added to Document Explorer action bar and to file activities in the Activity Stream. Also the editor button is displayed on document preview opened from the Activity Stream.
When user opens an editor for current file, it will be loaded in a separate page. As Onlyoffice requires some time to download the document content to its Document Server and then prepare an UI, users will need wait for seconds before starting to work. Large files may require more time for loading (e.g. spreadsheets with lot of cells).
When users start to edit a document it's important to understand how Onlyoffice editor works. All modifications will go to a temporal storage in the Documents Server and sync with eXo side in such points:
- Single user edited a document and closed the editor (sync is performed in ~10 seconds)
- User modified a document and closed the editor in CoEdit mode
- The user clicked ‘Save’ button on the Editor Bar (the comment is optional)
- User interrupted another user in CoEdit mode (changed the document when the another user’s changes weren’t saved yet)
- Autosave timer went off (in 10 minutes after last modification if the editor page is still open)
When several users edit the same document, all modifications are synced, and each user sees actual state of the document. If a document is versionable, the Onlyoffice add-on creates separate versions for every user with their changes. When the document is saved, the 'yellow bar' is added to the document preview in ECMS and Activity Stream with 'Reload' button.
Also, Onlyoffice add-on enables users to create documents from ECMS. The 'New Document' button is available in Document Explorer and opens a popup for creating a new office document.
ONLYOFFICE™ Document Server
ONLYOFFICE™ Document Server can be installed in Docker container from ready image with pre-configured defaults. While this add-on has no constraints on how the Onlyoffice installed, Docker way is a simplest and strightforward way to add Document Office to you infra, for both development or production. Document Server is an Open Source Software, thus if you'll need to customize it, it's always possible to get the sources and make your Docker image.
When you have installed Docker, you need a single command to start the Document Server on-premise:
sudo docker run -i -t -d -p 80:80 onlyoffice/documentserver
The Document Server needs only port 80 by default, but you also can run in on HTTPS. Follow its guides for more detailed setup.
To check you have running Document Server successfuly, open a page on its address http://DOCUMENT_SERVER_HOST/OnlineEditorsExample/, it will show you simple demo page where you can upload a document, or use their sample, and try to edit online in your browser. After you'll see it works well, you are ready to install the add-on in eXo Platform.
eXo Platform Add-on
After you successfuly installed ONLYOFFICE™ Document Server, you need install Onlyoffice add-on to eXo Platform server. It should be Platform version 4.3 or higher.
If you want use released binaries from eXo Catalog, simple run command in root of the server:
> ./addon install exo-onlyoffice
When building from sources, then go to
/packaging/target folder of the project and extract
exo-onlyoffice-packaging.zip to a root of your server. You also may setup local add-ons catalog for eXo Addon manager if plan development with frequent installations, and then use this archive as a local package.
|eXo Addon version||OnlyOffice version|
Onlyoffice add-on need to know an adress of your Document Server and eXo Platform server, and it's also required to point a protocol scheme to use (
https). Add following lines to your
For Platform 4.4 and higher:
onlyoffice.documentserver.host=YOUR_DOCUMENT_SERVER_HOST onlyoffice.documentserver.schema=http onlyoffice.documentserver.secret=SECRET_KEY
SECRET_KEY is used for JSON Web Tokens security configurations and must have a size >= 256 bits.
For Platform 4.3 also need point your server public host and schema:
YOUR_DOCUMENT_SERVER_HOST is an IP or host name of Document Server and
YOUR_EXO_SERVER_HOST host ip or name (with port if not 80 or 443) of your eXo Platform server.
ONLYOFFICE™ Document Server standalone doesn't offer a user authorization or such integration with external identities. As a result it's required to place it in secure network and for production it will be mandatory to run via HTTPS or even use strong SSL security.
As it's not possible to provide user authorization between eXo and Onlyoffice servers, but need allow the Document Server access documents in eXo Platform, this addon implements document flow based on single session random idetifier for a file. Each new editor session uses a new ID for the same file. It doesn't let to guess a concrete file ID to download its content, but if someone will get current session ID it would be possible to grab the content.
To minimize security flaws, in addition to HTTPS, the add-on restricts an access to document content and state RESTful services by allowing requesting them only by configired document server host. The Document Server host set in
onlyoffice.documentserver.host will be used to check client requests. Requests from other hosts will be rejected with 401 response.
Indeed, in some cases, it may be required to allow requests from any client host (e.g. for development or in case of proxy/NAT settings), then you can disable such restriction by setting following property to
Allowing access from any host, if no other security protection implemented, strongly not recommended as mentioned RESTful end-points can be accessed by anyone (doesn't check eXo credentials to allow the Document Server work with them).
Allowed hosts to secure access from Document Server
When running in a complex infrastructure, the Document server's hostname/IP may differ for user requests (URLs used in editor Config) and for requests the server will made to eXo Platform REST endpoints, it may be required to point several Document Server host names that allowed to accept by the add-on backend.
For this case there is an extra configuration parameter
onlyoffice.documentserver.allowedhosts, it extends value of
onlyoffice.documentserver.host, if need point several hosts in it separated by a comma:
This parameter will work only in conjunction with
JSON Web Tokens to secure access
Onlyoffice Document Server can use JSON Web Tokens to secure access to eXo Platform REST endpoints. It's recommended security setup for a production deployment.
To setup use of JSON Web Token edit a configuration file which can be found (or created) at the following path:
For Linux - /etc/onlyoffice/documentserver/local.json. For Windows - %ProgramFiles%\ONLYOFFICE\DocumentServer\config\local.json.
You need to enable tokens validation and set up the secret key. To enable tokens validation set true values to the params:
services.CoAuthoring.token.enable.request.outbox services.CoAuthoring.token.enable.request.inbox services.CoAuthoring.token.enable.browser
Specify the secret key (minimum 256 bits) in
Save the local.json and restart the services:
supervisorctl restart all
For more detailed information check the Onlyoffice API Documentation
Onlyoffice add-on publishes some eXo listener events to let end-user apps listen on them and build required data/output for collecting stats or other purposes.
The add-on broadcasts such events (the constants are available in OnlyofficeEditorService interface):
EDITOR_OPENED_EVENT - exo.onlyoffice.editor.opened EDITOR_CLOSED_EVENT - exo.onlyoffice.editor.closed EDITOR_SAVED_EVENT - exo.onlyoffice.editor.saved EDITOR_VERSION_EVENT - exo.onlyoffice.editor.version EDITOR_ERROR_EVENT - exo.onlyoffice.editor.error
The opened and closed events are published when an user opens or closes the editor relatively. The saved event appears when the last user has closed a document and its content has been saved. The version event is published when a new version of a document has been created due to coediting or autosave time. The error event appears when an error has occured while working with the Document Server.
The data object passed to the event has DocumentStatus class which contains some useful information for end-user apps. For example, it contains the config, that has a full information about the editor, including the opened and closed times (for the opened and closed events). The coEdited field helps to figure out the original reason of the version event (true means that the version has been created becouse of coediting, false - due to autosave timer)