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4cd9ec0 Oct 9, 2018
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@ines @honnibal
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#!/usr/bin/env python
# coding: utf-8
"""Using the parser to recognise your own semantics
spaCy's parser component can be used to trained to predict any type of tree
structure over your input text. You can also predict trees over whole documents
or chat logs, with connections between the sentence-roots used to annotate
discourse structure. In this example, we'll build a message parser for a common
"chat intent": finding local businesses. Our message semantics will have the
following types of relations: ROOT, PLACE, QUALITY, ATTRIBUTE, TIME, LOCATION.
"show me the best hotel in berlin"
('show', 'ROOT', 'show')
('best', 'QUALITY', 'hotel') --> hotel with QUALITY best
('hotel', 'PLACE', 'show') --> show PLACE hotel
('berlin', 'LOCATION', 'hotel') --> hotel with LOCATION berlin
Compatible with: spaCy v2.0.0+
"""
from __future__ import unicode_literals, print_function
import plac
import random
from pathlib import Path
import spacy
from spacy.util import minibatch, compounding
# training data: texts, heads and dependency labels
# for no relation, we simply chose an arbitrary dependency label, e.g. '-'
TRAIN_DATA = [
("find a cafe with great wifi", {
'heads': [0, 2, 0, 5, 5, 2], # index of token head
'deps': ['ROOT', '-', 'PLACE', '-', 'QUALITY', 'ATTRIBUTE']
}),
("find a hotel near the beach", {
'heads': [0, 2, 0, 5, 5, 2],
'deps': ['ROOT', '-', 'PLACE', 'QUALITY', '-', 'ATTRIBUTE']
}),
("find me the closest gym that's open late", {
'heads': [0, 0, 4, 4, 0, 6, 4, 6, 6],
'deps': ['ROOT', '-', '-', 'QUALITY', 'PLACE', '-', '-', 'ATTRIBUTE', 'TIME']
}),
("show me the cheapest store that sells flowers", {
'heads': [0, 0, 4, 4, 0, 4, 4, 4], # attach "flowers" to store!
'deps': ['ROOT', '-', '-', 'QUALITY', 'PLACE', '-', '-', 'PRODUCT']
}),
("find a nice restaurant in london", {
'heads': [0, 3, 3, 0, 3, 3],
'deps': ['ROOT', '-', 'QUALITY', 'PLACE', '-', 'LOCATION']
}),
("show me the coolest hostel in berlin", {
'heads': [0, 0, 4, 4, 0, 4, 4],
'deps': ['ROOT', '-', '-', 'QUALITY', 'PLACE', '-', 'LOCATION']
}),
("find a good italian restaurant near work", {
'heads': [0, 4, 4, 4, 0, 4, 5],
'deps': ['ROOT', '-', 'QUALITY', 'ATTRIBUTE', 'PLACE', 'ATTRIBUTE', 'LOCATION']
})
]
@plac.annotations(
model=("Model name. Defaults to blank 'en' model.", "option", "m", str),
output_dir=("Optional output directory", "option", "o", Path),
n_iter=("Number of training iterations", "option", "n", int))
def main(model=None, output_dir=None, n_iter=15):
"""Load the model, set up the pipeline and train the parser."""
if model is not None:
nlp = spacy.load(model) # load existing spaCy model
print("Loaded model '%s'" % model)
else:
nlp = spacy.blank('en') # create blank Language class
print("Created blank 'en' model")
# We'll use the built-in dependency parser class, but we want to create a
# fresh instance – just in case.
if 'parser' in nlp.pipe_names:
nlp.remove_pipe('parser')
parser = nlp.create_pipe('parser')
nlp.add_pipe(parser, first=True)
for text, annotations in TRAIN_DATA:
for dep in annotations.get('deps', []):
parser.add_label(dep)
other_pipes = [pipe for pipe in nlp.pipe_names if pipe != 'parser']
with nlp.disable_pipes(*other_pipes): # only train parser
optimizer = nlp.begin_training()
for itn in range(n_iter):
random.shuffle(TRAIN_DATA)
losses = {}
# batch up the examples using spaCy's minibatch
batches = minibatch(TRAIN_DATA, size=compounding(4., 32., 1.001))
for batch in batches:
texts, annotations = zip(*batch)
nlp.update(texts, annotations, sgd=optimizer, losses=losses)
print('Losses', losses)
# test the trained model
test_model(nlp)
# save model to output directory
if output_dir is not None:
output_dir = Path(output_dir)
if not output_dir.exists():
output_dir.mkdir()
nlp.to_disk(output_dir)
print("Saved model to", output_dir)
# test the saved model
print("Loading from", output_dir)
nlp2 = spacy.load(output_dir)
test_model(nlp2)
def test_model(nlp):
texts = ["find a hotel with good wifi",
"find me the cheapest gym near work",
"show me the best hotel in berlin"]
docs = nlp.pipe(texts)
for doc in docs:
print(doc.text)
print([(t.text, t.dep_, t.head.text) for t in doc if t.dep_ != '-'])
if __name__ == '__main__':
plac.call(main)
# Expected output:
# find a hotel with good wifi
# [
# ('find', 'ROOT', 'find'),
# ('hotel', 'PLACE', 'find'),
# ('good', 'QUALITY', 'wifi'),
# ('wifi', 'ATTRIBUTE', 'hotel')
# ]
# find me the cheapest gym near work
# [
# ('find', 'ROOT', 'find'),
# ('cheapest', 'QUALITY', 'gym'),
# ('gym', 'PLACE', 'find'),
# ('near', 'ATTRIBUTE', 'gym'),
# ('work', 'LOCATION', 'near')
# ]
# show me the best hotel in berlin
# [
# ('show', 'ROOT', 'show'),
# ('best', 'QUALITY', 'hotel'),
# ('hotel', 'PLACE', 'show'),
# ('berlin', 'LOCATION', 'hotel')
# ]