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#!/usr/bin/env python
# coding: utf8
"""Example of training spaCy's named entity recognizer, starting off with an
existing model or a blank model.
For more details, see the documentation:
* Training:
* NER:
Compatible with: spaCy v2.0.0+
from __future__ import unicode_literals, print_function
import plac
import random
from pathlib import Path
import spacy
from spacy.util import minibatch, compounding
# training data
('Who is Shaka Khan?', {
'entities': [(7, 17, 'PERSON')]
('I like London and Berlin.', {
'entities': [(7, 13, 'LOC'), (18, 24, 'LOC')]
model=("Model name. Defaults to blank 'en' model.", "option", "m", str),
output_dir=("Optional output directory", "option", "o", Path),
n_iter=("Number of training iterations", "option", "n", int))
def main(model=None, output_dir=None, n_iter=100):
"""Load the model, set up the pipeline and train the entity recognizer."""
if model is not None:
nlp = spacy.load(model) # load existing spaCy model
print("Loaded model '%s'" % model)
nlp = spacy.blank('en') # create blank Language class
print("Created blank 'en' model")
# create the built-in pipeline components and add them to the pipeline
# nlp.create_pipe works for built-ins that are registered with spaCy
if 'ner' not in nlp.pipe_names:
ner = nlp.create_pipe('ner')
nlp.add_pipe(ner, last=True)
# otherwise, get it so we can add labels
ner = nlp.get_pipe('ner')
# add labels
for _, annotations in TRAIN_DATA:
for ent in annotations.get('entities'):
# get names of other pipes to disable them during training
other_pipes = [pipe for pipe in nlp.pipe_names if pipe != 'ner']
with nlp.disable_pipes(*other_pipes): # only train NER
optimizer = nlp.begin_training()
for itn in range(n_iter):
losses = {}
# batch up the examples using spaCy's minibatch
batches = minibatch(TRAIN_DATA, size=compounding(4., 32., 1.001))
for batch in batches:
texts, annotations = zip(*batch)
texts, # batch of texts
annotations, # batch of annotations
drop=0.5, # dropout - make it harder to memorise data
sgd=optimizer, # callable to update weights
print('Losses', losses)
# test the trained model
for text, _ in TRAIN_DATA:
doc = nlp(text)
print('Entities', [(ent.text, ent.label_) for ent in doc.ents])
print('Tokens', [(t.text, t.ent_type_, t.ent_iob) for t in doc])
# save model to output directory
if output_dir is not None:
output_dir = Path(output_dir)
if not output_dir.exists():
print("Saved model to", output_dir)
# test the saved model
print("Loading from", output_dir)
nlp2 = spacy.load(output_dir)
for text, _ in TRAIN_DATA:
doc = nlp2(text)
print('Entities', [(ent.text, ent.label_) for ent in doc.ents])
print('Tokens', [(t.text, t.ent_type_, t.ent_iob) for t in doc])
if __name__ == '__main__':
# Expected output:
# Entities [('Shaka Khan', 'PERSON')]
# Tokens [('Who', '', 2), ('is', '', 2), ('Shaka', 'PERSON', 3),
# ('Khan', 'PERSON', 1), ('?', '', 2)]
# Entities [('London', 'LOC'), ('Berlin', 'LOC')]
# Tokens [('I', '', 2), ('like', '', 2), ('London', 'LOC', 3),
# ('and', '', 2), ('Berlin', 'LOC', 3), ('.', '', 2)]