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geolocation
Geolocation

The Geolocation API extends the Geolocation web spec.

As a browser polyfill, this API is available through the navigator.geolocation global - you do not need to import it.

Configuration and Permissions

Projects with Native Code Only

This section only applies to projects made with react-native init or to those made with expo init or Create React Native App which have since ejected. For more information about ejecting, please see the guide on the Create React Native App repository.

iOS

You need to include the NSLocationWhenInUseUsageDescription key in Info.plist to enable geolocation when using the app. Geolocation is enabled by default when you create a project with react-native init.

In order to enable geolocation in the background, you need to include the 'NSLocationAlwaysUsageDescription' key in Info.plist and add location as a background mode in the 'Capabilities' tab in Xcode.

If you are using CocoaPods for React Native, make sure to include the RCTGeolocation sub-podspec.

Android

To request access to location, you need to add the following line to your app's AndroidManifest.xml:

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION" />

Android API >= 18 Positions will also contain a mocked boolean to indicate if position was created from a mock provider.

Android API >= 23 Requires an additional step to check for, and request the ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION permission using the PermissionsAndroid API. Failure to do so may result in a hard crash.

Methods


Reference

Methods

setRNConfiguration()

geolocation.setRNConfiguration(config);

Sets configuration options that will be used in all location requests.

Parameters:

Name Type Required Description
config object Yes See below.

Supported options:

  • skipPermissionRequests (boolean, iOS-only) - Defaults to false. If true, you must request permissions before using Geolocation APIs.

requestAuthorization()

geolocation.requestAuthorization();

Request suitable Location permission based on the key configured on pList. If NSLocationAlwaysUsageDescription is set, it will request Always authorization, although if NSLocationWhenInUseUsageDescription is set, it will request InUse authorization.


getCurrentPosition()

geolocation.getCurrentPosition(geo_success, [geo_error], [geo_options]);

Invokes the success callback once with the latest location info.

Parameters:

Name Type Required Description
geo_success function Yes Invoked with latest location info.
geo_error function No Invoked whenever an error is encountered.
geo_options object No See below.

Supported options:

  • timeout (ms) - Is a positive value representing the maximum length of time (in milliseconds) the device is allowed to take in order to return a position. Defaults to INFINITY.
  • maximumAge (ms) - Is a positive value indicating the maximum age in milliseconds of a possible cached position that is acceptable to return. If set to 0, it means that the device cannot use a cached position and must attempt to retrieve the real current position. If set to Infinity the device will always return a cached position regardless of its age. Defaults to INFINITY.
  • enableHighAccuracy (bool) - Is a boolean representing if to use GPS or not. If set to true, a GPS position will be requested. If set to false, a WIFI location will be requested.

watchPosition()

geolocation.watchPosition(success, [error], [options]);

Invokes the success callback whenever the location changes. Returns a watchId (number).

Parameters:

Name Type Required Description
success function Yes Invoked whenever the location changes.
error function No Invoked whenever an error is encountered.
options object No See below.

Supported options:

  • timeout (ms) - Is a positive value representing the maximum length of time (in milliseconds) the device is allowed to take in order to return a position. Defaults to INFINITY.
  • maximumAge (ms) - Is a positive value indicating the maximum age in milliseconds of a possible cached position that is acceptable to return. If set to 0, it means that the device cannot use a cached position and must attempt to retrieve the real current position. If set to Infinity the device will always return a cached position regardless of its age. Defaults to INFINITY.
  • enableHighAccuracy (bool) - Is a boolean representing if to use GPS or not. If set to true, a GPS position will be requested. If set to false, a WIFI location will be requested.
  • distanceFilter (m) - The minimum distance from the previous location to exceed before returning a new location. Set to 0 to not filter locations. Defaults to 100m.
  • useSignificantChanges (bool) - Uses the battery-efficient native significant changes APIs to return locations. Locations will only be returned when the device detects a significant distance has been breached. Defaults to FALSE.

clearWatch()

geolocation.clearWatch(watchID);

Parameters:

Name Type Required Description
watchID number Yes Id as returned by watchPosition().

stopObserving()

geolocation.stopObserving();

Stops observing for device location changes. In addition, it removes all listeners previously registered.

Notice that this method has only effect if the geolocation.watchPosition(successCallback, errorCallback) method was previously invoked.