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React.Suspense provide a lifecycle so components can handle the display:none removal #14536

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oliviertassinari opened this issue Jan 5, 2019 · 34 comments
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@oliviertassinari
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@oliviertassinari oliviertassinari commented Jan 5, 2019

Do you want to request a feature or report a bug?

It's a feature.

What is the current behavior?

React.Suspense mounts its children with a display: none style if a promise is thrown. Once the thrown promise is resolved, React removes the display: none style.

What is the expected behavior?

The children components have no easy way to know when the display: none style is removed by React. This is problematic when one child component needs to read from the DOM layout to correctly display its elements. Most people wait for the componentDidMount callback to trigger, but because the element is display: none, it can't read any value from the DOM layout.

The issue was discovered in mui/material-ui#14077. I believe that React should provide a lifecycle so the children components know when they are visible, that it's safe to do layout computations.

The best workaround I'm aware of it to use the Intersection Observer API but it requires a polyfill on IE 11 and Safari.

Which versions of React, and which browser / OS are affected by this issue? Did this work in previous versions of React?

Version: 16.7.0-alpha.2

@ryancogswell
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@ryancogswell ryancogswell commented Feb 18, 2019

A new lifecycle doesn't feel like the right solution to me. In hooks implementations, the logic typically involved would be in useLayoutEffect and it seems that it would get convoluted to need to interact with a separate lifecycle for this Suspense scenario (brings back the kind of bugs that people tend to introduce with the separation of componentDidMount/Update/Unmount).

It seems that this really needs to be treated more like state of the Suspense element -- especially since it can toggle any number of times if anything causes a descendant to re-render in a way that now loads a lazy-loaded component (and of course many more scenarios once Suspense is supported for fetching, etc.). Then the appropriate way for descendants to use this information would be for it to be provided via some sort of Context. Perhaps there could be something like a useSuspenseContext hook that would return whether or not the element is currently contained within a Suspense that is in its fallback state. This boolean could then be leveraged in the useLayoutEffect dependency array. Alternatively, something like a useSuspenseAwareLayoutEffect could automatically execute whenever this boolean changes and/or provide the boolean as an argument to the effect function.

@ryancogswell
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@ryancogswell ryancogswell commented Feb 19, 2019

Perhaps someone on the React team has already put a lot of thought into this and knows what they plan to do and I'm just wasting brain cycles on it, but I want to follow-up on my earlier thoughts after some more consideration.

I like the idea of using a context type built into React (e.g. React.SuspendedContext). This avoids needing a new hook or lifecycle to get at this information. Since this likely needs to be taken into account by any component that uses useLayoutEffect to get the dimensions of itself or one of its parts in the DOM, it seems like there should be a mechanism built directly into useLayoutEffect to get this information. I propose for consideration the approaches in the following two examples. The intent would be for these two examples to behave identically (though in the second, it would be possible to avoid a re-render and execute only the effect when suspended changes).

const MyComponent = props => {
   const suspended = useContext(React.SuspendedContext);
   useLayoutEffect(() => {
      if (!suspended) {
         // measure stuff in DOM and do something with that info
      }
   }, [suspended]);
   return <Stuff/>;
};
const MyComponent = props => {
   // use arity of effect function as a shorthand indicator of subscribing to React.SuspendedContext
   // as a dependency for this effect and provide the value as the effect function argument.
   useLayoutEffect((suspended) => {
      if (!suspended) {
         // measure stuff in DOM and do something with that info
      }
   }, []);
   return <Stuff/>;
};

I would actually prefer for the boolean to be the opposite of suspended since you would generally only care about doing something in the "not suspended" case, but I was having a hard time coming up with a variable name for the opposite that relates clearly to Suspense and that doesn't imply something that may not be true (e.g. visible isn't necessarily true if the component is hidden for reasons other than Suspense).

@gaearon
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@gaearon gaearon commented Mar 5, 2019

Can you please provide a minimal reproducing example? Without Material UI etc. Just React.

@gaearon
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@gaearon gaearon commented Mar 5, 2019

(For future bug reports, that's generally a good idea since it lets avoid stalling on the issue when we're finally ready to look at it :-)

@rovansteen
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@rovansteen rovansteen commented Mar 5, 2019

What’s there to reproduce here? It’s not really a bug, but a feature request.

If you want to animate a component for example there’s no way to know when it’s actually mounted and visible to the user to start the animation.

If there’s a bug here ignore what I said, but in that case I’m wondering how this problem (in theory) would be solved with Suspense.

@gaearon
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@gaearon gaearon commented Mar 5, 2019

A code sandbox demonstrating the problem you're running into (which necessitates the feature request) is what I'm asking for.

@ryancogswell
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@ryancogswell ryancogswell commented Mar 5, 2019

@gaearon The code sandbox I provided in #14869 (https://codesandbox.io/s/40kw74nyk9) reproduces the problem without any other dependencies.

@eps1lon
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@eps1lon eps1lon commented Mar 5, 2019

I think this is only ever a problem if the component that didn't suspend tries to read its size. Since the Suspense adds a parent DOM node with display: none the dimensions are 0 (or rather unknown).

I guess this was always a bug if you used these components inside a node that was initially display: none;. However, before at least one component in the tree knew about the change (and could implement some API to read/notify others about the change). Now react does this behind the curtain without giving us some API to check if the parent switched from display: none to display: not-none;.

Edit: Another codesandbox: https://codesandbox.io/s/qx4mv0q2vw. This is a bit constructed. For an actual example the material-ui tabs can be used. They display scroll buttons depending on scrollLeft or scrollRight.

@gaearon
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@gaearon gaearon commented Mar 5, 2019

Thanks @ryancogswell.

I think the problem is just that we unhide the parent node after inserting the children. If the order of DOM operations was swapped I think this would have worked. Does this sound right?

@eps1lon
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@eps1lon eps1lon commented Mar 5, 2019

Thanks @ryancogswell.

I think the problem is just that we unhide the parent node after inserting the children. If the order of DOM operations was swapped I think this would have worked. Does this sound right?

Aren't the components that didn't suspend currently mounted immediately? In other words: Let A and B be children of Suspense. A suspends, B doesn't: B is immediately mounted but wrapped inside <div style="display: none;" />. Are you saying you want to defer mounting of every child until none is suspended anymore?

@gaearon
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@gaearon gaearon commented Mar 5, 2019

Aren't the components that didn't suspend currently mounted immediately?

No. React never mounts trees in an inconsistent state.

@eps1lon
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@eps1lon eps1lon commented Mar 5, 2019

I think we're not talking about the same thing:

<Suspense>
  <SomethingThatSuspends />
  <SomethingThatMountsImmediatelyAndNeedsLayout />
</Suspense>

or https://codesandbox.io/s/8894qpr3w2

@sebmarkbage
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@sebmarkbage sebmarkbage commented Mar 5, 2019

No. React never mounts trees in an inconsistent state.

Actually, we do in sync mode.

@eps1lon
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@eps1lon eps1lon commented Mar 5, 2019

No. React never mounts trees in an inconsistent state.

Actually, we do in sync mode.

That actually fixes it. If I put everything in unstable_ConcurrentMode it works as exepcted: https://codesandbox.io/s/8894qpr3w2. In sync mode it displays "We have 0px"; in concurrent it displays "We have 732px" (depending on screen size).

@gaearon
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@gaearon gaearon commented Mar 5, 2019

My bad.

@ryancogswell
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@ryancogswell ryancogswell commented Mar 5, 2019

@sebmarkbage So in Concurrent Mode, if children within a Suspense have already been rendered and mounted and a state change occurs that causes a new lazy child to be introduced, will the existing children be unmounted and then remounted once the lazy child is loaded?

If so, then it sounds like the behavior in Concurrent Mode would take care of this completely. In the React 16 Roadmap it indicates that Concurrent Mode will be opt-in. Is that just for React 16? Would it likely become the default for React 17? I'm just trying to figure out whether there is any need for an enhancement to address this other than the release of Concurrent Mode. If Concurrent Mode is going to remain opt-in beyond the next major version, then there may still be a need for an enhancement to address this issue when not using Concurrent Mode.

It may also be sufficient to just add documentation for Suspense that warns about this specific limitation when using it without Concurrent Mode. It really depends on how you intend to support the "full" set of Suspense features (e.g. data fetching). Will the full Suspense features be available with and without Concurrent Mode (just with some differences in behavior)? Or will you have to opt-in to Concurrent Mode to use them?

@sebmarkbage
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@sebmarkbage sebmarkbage commented Mar 6, 2019

@ryancogswell For an update in concurrent mode, the existing children will be hidden without issuing any life-cycles and then once they unsuspend, they will be unhidden before the life-cycles fire.

Adopting Concurrent Mode will be hard for a lot of people so it will remain opt-in for quite a while.

@ryancogswell
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@ryancogswell ryancogswell commented Mar 6, 2019

I thought I was going to be able to still expose this as an issue in the update case in concurrent mode, but the timing of the effects in concurrent mode allows everything to work wonderfully! 🥇

Here's my modified sandbox using sync on the top and concurrent below with a "Toggle Header Size" button that demonstrates the issue for an update. Both the initial render and update demonstrate the issue in sync mode. Both work great in concurrent mode.

Given that concurrent mode fully handles this, I don't think any separate enhancement is necessary, but given that many people won't be using concurrent mode any time soon, the documentation for React.lazy/Suspense should probably warn about this limitation when not using concurrent mode.

@gaearon
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@gaearon gaearon commented Apr 29, 2019

It seems like the fix to this will be #15504. Note it requires that your tree is Strict Mode compliant. We can't fix this in legacy mode.

@oliviertassinari
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@oliviertassinari oliviertassinari commented Apr 29, 2019

I will be happy to give it a try once it's available for test. I will see if it fixes the bug reported on Material-UI side 😍.

@zioth
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@zioth zioth commented Sep 27, 2019

I think this is a bug. In non-lazy components, you can depend on render() producing something visible before componentDidMount is called. In lazy components, that's not true. This means components have to be aware of something happening outside of them (whether they were lazy-loaded). I'm not a fan of fixing what looks to be a bug, with an opt-in, unstable feature like unstable_createSyncRoot.

What makes this worse is that componentDidUpdate is not called when display:none is removed, so there's really know way to know when the element becomes measurable.

@More4ever
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@More4ever More4ever commented Oct 2, 2019

Any update here?

unstable_createSyncRoot or unstable_createRoot fix issue with suspense direct styles manipulation, but break hot module replacement (page content adds to previous each update)

Maybe it worth prevent Suspense child renders in progress of async request (using some props for Suspense component)

@chrisvasz
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@chrisvasz chrisvasz commented Nov 6, 2019

Here is another use case that is really difficult right now:

I'm building a chat UI that uses some lazy components in the "thread" view. I want the thread view to open to the most recent message at the bottom, but without an event to tell me when the thread is no longer suspended, I'm having to hack an event together with a MutationObserver. Is there a better way to do this?

function App() {
  ...
  return (
    <Suspense>
      <Thread />
    </Suspense>
  );
}

function Thread() {
  let ref = useRef(null);
  const scrollToBottom = useCallback(() => {
    let current = ref.current;
    if (current) current.scrollTop = current.scrollHeight;
  }, []);

  // Since the children of this component may or may not suspend, I have to handle both cases
  useLayoutEffect(scrollToBottom, []); // children don't suspend
  useCallbackOnUnsuspendEffect(ref, scrollToBottom); // children do suspend

  return <div ref={ref}>...</div>;
}

function useCallbackOnUnsuspendEffect(ref, callback) {
  return React.useEffect(() => {
    let node = ref.current;
    if (node == null) return;
    const observer = new global.MutationObserver(mutations => {
      if (mutations.find(m => m.attributeName === 'style')) {
        callback();
      }
    });
    observer.observe(node, { attributes: true });
    return () => observer.disconnect();
  }, [callback, ref]);
}

This implementation is brittle for multiple reasons:

  • it relies on an undocumented internal behavior of suspense (modifying the style attribute of a DOM node)
  • it relies on a specific component structure between the Suspense and the DOM node that gets observed by the mutation observer. If I add a component that renders DOM between the Thread and the Suspense boundary, then the display: none will be applied to the top-most rendered DOM node and my MutationObserver misses the events.

@stale
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@stale stale bot commented Feb 4, 2020

This issue has been automatically marked as stale because it has not had recent activity. It will be closed if no further activity occurs. Thank you for your contribution.

@stale stale bot added the Resolution: Stale Automatically closed due to inactivity label Feb 4, 2020
@stale
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@stale stale bot commented Feb 11, 2020

Closing this issue after a prolonged period of inactivity. If this issue is still present in the latest release, please create a new issue with up-to-date information. Thank you!

@gaearon
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@gaearon gaearon commented Feb 26, 2020

See my reply here: #18141 (comment).

@codyml
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@codyml codyml commented Mar 22, 2020

Had this same issue trying to trigger a transition on suspended component mount; ended up writing a wrapped Suspense that passes suspended status to descendants via context. Also relies on potentially hacky approach of tracking mount status of the fallback, but might help:

import React, {
  useEffect,
  useState,
  Suspense as ReactSuspense,
  createContext,
  useContext,
} from 'react';
import { node } from 'prop-types';

const SuspenseContext = createContext();

/*
 * Suspense apparently renders a suspended tree before it resumes,
 * hiding it with `display: none;`.  This tweaked version lets child
 * components use the `useSuspended` hook to know if they're in a
 * rendered-while-suspended tree.
 */

export default function Suspense({ fallback, children }) {
  const [suspended, setSuspended] = useState(true);
  const Fallback = props => {
    useEffect(() => {
      setSuspended(true);
      return () => setSuspended(false);
    }, []);

    return props.children;
  };

  return (
    <ReactSuspense fallback={<Fallback>{fallback}</Fallback>}>
      <SuspenseContext.Provider value={suspended}>
        {children}
      </SuspenseContext.Provider>
    </ReactSuspense>
  );
}

Suspense.propTypes = {
  fallback: node,
  children: node,
};

Suspense.defaultProps = {
  fallback: null,
  children: null,
};

export function useSuspended() {
  return useContext(SuspenseContext);
}

Then, you can do something like this: https://codesandbox.io/s/wild-feather-vynpq. Might need to be modified for situations with multiple nested Suspense/lazy?

@gaurav5430
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@gaurav5430 gaurav5430 commented Oct 7, 2020

As I understand from the conversation this is not fixable in sync mode (legacy mode), I would like to understand how is this fixed in concurrent mode?
What is the behaviour in concurrent mode? Are effects fired after display:none is removed?
Are effects fired twice, once when the component renders with display.none and once when it is visible?

@eps1lon
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@eps1lon eps1lon commented Oct 8, 2020

What is the behaviour in concurrent mode? Are effects fired after display:none is removed?

@gaurav5430 Trees are not mounted in an inconsistent state i.e. a sibling of a suspended component is simply not mounted instead of being mounted with display: none. That way you can rely on React.useEffect().

@Cheng007
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@Cheng007 Cheng007 commented Jun 16, 2021

Is there a way to use Suspense as global loading without its children display: none?
because toggle display will cause flash,
other words, no display: none while loading.
Thanks

@gaearon
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@gaearon gaearon commented Jun 16, 2021

Please create a new issue and add some more details about what you're asking. It's not clear what behavior you want.

@gaearon
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@gaearon gaearon commented Jun 16, 2021

Small update.

We released 18 alpha for libraries authors to start testing. Notably, there is no concurrent "mode" anymore, instead you opt into features as you use them. So it's much easier to adopt.

The new behavior is to delay effects from firing until the tree unsuspends, which solves a bunch of issues like in this thread. See mui/material-ui#14077 (comment) for a concrete example.

@gaearon
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@gaearon gaearon commented Mar 29, 2022

React 18 is out with the change described in #14536 (comment).

@ppJuan
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@ppJuan ppJuan commented Jun 24, 2022

I hack an "myDomNode.style.setProperty = () => {};" within React 16.13

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