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Getting Started with Detectron2

This document provides a brief intro of the usage of builtin command-line tools in detectron2.

For a tutorial that involves actual coding with the API, see our Colab Notebook which covers how to run inference with an existing model, and how to train a builtin model on a custom dataset.

Inference Demo with Pre-trained Models

  1. Pick a model and its config file from model zoo, for example, mask_rcnn_R_50_FPN_3x.yaml.
  2. We provide demo.py that is able to demo builtin configs. Run it with:
cd demo/
python demo.py --config-file ../configs/COCO-InstanceSegmentation/mask_rcnn_R_50_FPN_3x.yaml \
  --input input1.jpg input2.jpg \
  [--other-options]
  --opts MODEL.WEIGHTS detectron2://COCO-InstanceSegmentation/mask_rcnn_R_50_FPN_3x/137849600/model_final_f10217.pkl

The configs are made for training, therefore we need to specify MODEL.WEIGHTS to a model from model zoo for evaluation. This command will run the inference and show visualizations in an OpenCV window.

For details of the command line arguments, see demo.py -h or look at its source code to understand its behavior. Some common arguments are:

  • To run on your webcam, replace --input files with --webcam.
  • To run on a video, replace --input files with --video-input video.mp4.
  • To run on cpu, add MODEL.DEVICE cpu after --opts.
  • To save outputs to a directory (for images) or a file (for webcam or video), use --output.

Training & Evaluation in Command Line

We provide two scripts in "tools/plain_train_net.py" and "tools/train_net.py", that are made to train all the configs provided in detectron2. You may want to use it as a reference to write your own training script.

Compared to "train_net.py", "plain_train_net.py" supports fewer default features. It also includes fewer abstraction, therefore is easier to add custom logic.

To train a model with "train_net.py", first setup the corresponding datasets following datasets/README.md, then run:

cd tools/
./train_net.py --num-gpus 8 \
  --config-file ../configs/COCO-InstanceSegmentation/mask_rcnn_R_50_FPN_1x.yaml

The configs are made for 8-GPU training. To train on 1 GPU, you may need to change some parameters, e.g.:

./train_net.py \
  --config-file ../configs/COCO-InstanceSegmentation/mask_rcnn_R_50_FPN_1x.yaml \
  --num-gpus 1 SOLVER.IMS_PER_BATCH 2 SOLVER.BASE_LR 0.0025

To evaluate a model's performance, use

./train_net.py \
  --config-file ../configs/COCO-InstanceSegmentation/mask_rcnn_R_50_FPN_1x.yaml \
  --eval-only MODEL.WEIGHTS /path/to/checkpoint_file

For more options, see ./train_net.py -h.

Use Detectron2 APIs in Your Code

See our Colab Notebook to learn how to use detectron2 APIs to:

  1. run inference with an existing model
  2. train a builtin model on a custom dataset

See detectron2/projects for more ways to build your project on detectron2.