Although successfully tested with limited functionality, this project is still currently work in progress and there is no guarantee that it works as intended.
This is an experimental port of Adafruit's CircuitPython Tiny LoRa / LoRaWAN driver to MicroPython which allows IoT things to transmit light payloads to The Things Network (TTN).
Original Adafruit repository from which this project has been forked is available here:
The aim is to enable LoRa / LoRaWAN capability on MicroPython ESP32 builds, using only minimal (and where possible) native MicroPython libraries. By in large the code resembles the original, but where applicable, libraries and syntax have been adapted for MicroPython. One notable modification is the omission of Adafruit's Bus Device library (replaced with native SPI libraries).
Being tested on
The project is currently being tested in a limited capacity using:
- HelTec Automation ESP32 LoRa development board V2, equipped with Semtech SX1276 module. Pin out for this development board can be found here: https://github.com/Heltec-Aaron-Lee/WiFi_Kit_series/blob/master/PinoutDiagram/WIFI_LoRa_32_V2.pdf.
- The Things Network (TTN), with ABP Activation Method (more information on TTN setup: https://learn.adafruit.com/using-lorawan-and-the-things-network-with-circuitpython/tinylora-ttn-setup).
- Note that as is the case with the TinyLora library this has been forked from, it can only perform unconfirmed data up message type.
The premise of the port is that CircuitPython is equipped with a RF module, namely the RFM9x module. As the LoRa component of the RFM module is based on a Semtech SX1276, all of the code relating to the SPI communication should be transferrable. It may work with other SX127X variants.
Further information on CircuitPython can be found here:
Note that DEVADDR, NWKEY and APP are shown against your device in the TTN console (if ABP has been configured).
SX1276 module requires a number of standard SPI pins (CS, SCK, MOSI and MISO), as well as IRQ and RST.
import utime from ulora import TTN, uLoRa # Refer to device pinout / schematics diagrams for pin details LORA_CS = const(18) LORA_SCK = const(5) LORA_MOSI = const(27) LORA_MISO = const(19) LORA_IRQ = const(26) LORA_RST = const(14) LORA_DATARATE = "SF9BW125" # Choose from several available # From TTN console for device DEVADDR = bytearray([0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00]) NWKEY = bytearray([0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00]) APP = bytearray([0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00]) TTN_CONFIG = TTN(DEVADDR, NWKEY, APP, country="EU") FPORT = 1 lora = uLoRa( cs=LORA_CS, sck=LORA_SCK, mosi=LORA_MOSI, miso=LORA_MISO, irq=LORA_IRQ, rst=LORA_RST, ttn_config=TTN_CONFIG, datarate=LORA_DATARATE, fport=FPORT ) # ...Then send data as bytearray lora.send_data(data, len(data), lora.frame_counter)
Throughout, the region (and therefore frequencies) defaults to "EU" unless explicitly specified.
The Semtech SX1276 LoRA transceiver datasheet can be found here:
The LoRaWAN specification can be found here:
Rosie the Red Robot blog post detailing the experience with this driver can be found here: