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README.md

JSONApi Download License MinSDK

=================================================================================================================================================================

A simple way to implement JSONApi specifications to convert Models to Json and Json to Models.

INSTALL

Add this dependecy from jCenter:

compile 'com.gustavofao:JSONApi:${latestVersion}'

If the installation fails, add this line to your top level gradle:

maven { url "http://dl.bintray.com/faogustavo/maven" }

USAGE

The first step to use the library is to initiate the deserializer with your classes. To show how it works, we will use the default JSON that is on jsonapi.org homepage and on raw folder.

FIRST STEP - Create your models

All models to be converted need to:

NOTE:

  • Do not include a field name "id" or "type" as those two fields are taken care of by Resource and Type
  • Do include an empty/ zero argument constructor
import com.gustavofao.jsonapi.Annotatios.Type;
import com.gustavofao.jsonapi.Models.Resource;

@Type("comments")
public class Comment extends Resource {

    private String body;
    private Person author;

    /*
    Important: If you leave this out, de-serialisation might fail "... has no zero argument constructor"
    If you use proguard minify, add the rule mentioned in the end of this page.
    */
    public Comment() {}

    public String getBody() {
        return body;
    }

    public void setBody(String body) {
        this.body = body;
    }

    public Person getPerson() {
        return author;
    }

    public void setPerson(Person author) {
        this.author = author;
    }
}

SECOND STEP - Instantiate the JSONApiConverter

The JSONApiConverter have to be instantiated with all your models.

JSONApiConverter api = new JSONApiConverter(Article.class, Comment.class, Person.class);

THIRD STEP - Serialize or deserialize

SERIALIZE INTO JSON

To serialize one object, it have to be an instance or inherit from Resource and have to be passed as parameter to toJson. The return will be a String with the JSON.

Article article = new Article();

//
//       SET VALUES HERE
//

String jsonValue = api.toJson(article);

WARNING LINKS FIELDS ARE NOT GOING TO BE SERIALIZED. I'M WORKING ON IT FOR THE NEXT VERSION.

DESERIALIZE FROM JSON

To deserialize the JSON, you have to pass it as parameter for fromJson method. The return will be an JSONApiObject.

JSONApiObject<Article> obj = api.fromJson(json);
if (obj.getData().size() > 0) {
    //Success   
    if (obj.getData().size() == 1) {
        //Single Object  
        Article article = obj.getData(0);
    } else {
        //List of Objects
        List<Article> resources = obj.getData();
    }
} else {
    //Error or empty data
}

WARNING DATA WILL ALWAYS COME AS LIST. YOU HAVE TO VERIFY IF THERE IS ONLY ONE OR MORE. I'M WORKING ON IT TOO.

TIPS

ONE-TO-MANY RELATION

To handle with one-to-many relation you have to use JSONList with the type of the Object. Example below.

CHANGE SERIALIZATION NAME

To change the name of the object on the JSON you can use the Annotation SerialName on your field. Example below.

IGNORE FIELDS

To ignore fields of the model you have to use the Annotation Excluded on your field. Example below.

import com.gustavofao.jsonapi.Annotatios.Excluded;
import com.gustavofao.jsonapi.Annotatios.SerialName;
import com.gustavofao.jsonapi.Annotatios.Type;
import com.gustavofao.jsonapi.Models.JSONList;
import com.gustavofao.jsonapi.Models.Resource;

@Type("articles")
public class Article extends Resource {

    private String title;
    private JSONList<Comment> comments;

    @Excluded
    private String blah;

    @SerialName("author")
    private Person person;

    public String getTitle() {
        return title;
    }

    public void setTitle(String title) {
        this.title = title;
    }

    public Person getPerson() {
        return person;
    }

    public void setPerson(Person person) {
        this.person = person;
    }

    public JSONList<Comment> getComments() {
        return comments;
    }

    public void setComments(JSONList<Comment> comments) {
        this.comments = comments;
    }
}

MULTIPLE TYPE TO SAME OBJECT

When you have different types for the same object you can use the annotation @Types(String[] value).

@Types({"test", "test02"})

METADATA

Meta data can be retrieved from the JSONApiObject using getMeta()

JSONApiObject<Article> obj = api.fromJson(json);
JSONObject meta = obj.getMeta();

ERRORS

The documentation from errors can be found in this link. To handle with it you have to check your JSONApiObject if it hasErrors().

JSONApiObject obj = api.fromJson(json);
if (obj.hasErrors()) {
    List<ErrorModel> errorList = obj.getErrors();
    //Do Something with the errors
} else {
    //Handle with success conversion
}

The attributes from ErrorModel are:

private String status;
private String title;
private String detail;
private ErrorSource source;

And from ErrorSource:

private String pointer;
private String parameter;

Retrofit

The library has integration with Retrofit. To use you have to pass the JSONConverterFactory as converterFactory and

Retrofit retrofit = new Retrofit.Builder()
    .addConverterFactory(JSONConverterFactory.create(Article.class, Comment.class, Person.class))
    .baseUrl(url)
    .build();

All requests have to be with parameter from server JSONApiObject.

Call<JSONApiObject> obj = service.testRequest();
obj.enqueue(new Callback<JSONApiObject>() {
    @Override
    public void onResponse(Call<JSONApiObject> call, Response<JSONApiObject> response) {
        if (response.body() != null) {
            if (response.body().hasErrors()) {
                List<ErrorModel> errorList = response.body().getErrors();
                //Do something with the errors
            } else {
                if (response.body().getData().size() > 0) {
                    Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "Object With data", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                } else {
                    Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "No Items", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                }
            }
        } else {
            try {
                JSONApiObject object = App.getConverter().fromJson(response.errorBody().string());
                handleErrors(object.getErrors());
            } catch (IOException e) {
                Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "Empty Body", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            }
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onFailure(Call<JSONApiObject> call, Throwable t) {
        Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "Fail", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
    }
});

SERIALIZATION MAPS

At this moment we can do the mapping listed above (java -> Json):

  • String -> String
  • Date -> String
  • char -> String
  • double -> Double
  • float -> Double
  • int -> Integer
  • boolean -> Boolean
  • Map -> JSONObject
  • Resouce -> Relationship + Include

PROGUARD

If you have minifyEnabled on your proguard, you have to add this rule to your proguard file. This way, you will not receive an error with the message "YourResource has no zero argument constructor".

-keep public class * extends com.gustavofao.jsonapi.Models.Resource

Next steps

  • Configure CI and add build badge
  • Add unit tests
  • Use generics to get the value
  • Make resources variables protected #21
  • Use custom attribute decoders
  • Create more samples
  • Parse JSONObjects and arrays/lists under attributes #12

License

Copyright 2016 Gustavo Fão. All rights reserved.

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

    http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.

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A library to implement the specifications from jsonapi.org with Java for android developers.

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