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# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
'''Xception V1 model for Keras.
On ImageNet, this model gets to a top-1 validation accuracy of 0.790.
and a top-5 validation accuracy of 0.945.
Do note that the input image format for this model is different than for
the VGG16 and ResNet models (299x299 instead of 224x224),
and that the input preprocessing function
is also different (same as Inception V3).
Also do note that this model is only available for the TensorFlow backend,
due to its reliance on `SeparableConvolution` layers.
# Reference:
- [Xception: Deep Learning with Depthwise Separable Convolutions](https://arxiv.org/abs/1610.02357)
'''
from __future__ import print_function
from __future__ import absolute_import
import warnings
import numpy as np
from keras.preprocessing import image
from keras.models import Model
from keras import layers
from keras.layers import Dense
from keras.layers import Input
from keras.layers import BatchNormalization
from keras.layers import Activation
from keras.layers import Conv2D
from keras.layers import SeparableConv2D
from keras.layers import MaxPooling2D
from keras.layers import GlobalAveragePooling2D
from keras.layers import GlobalMaxPooling2D
from keras.engine.topology import get_source_inputs
from keras.utils.data_utils import get_file
from keras import backend as K
from keras.applications.imagenet_utils import decode_predictions
from keras.applications.imagenet_utils import _obtain_input_shape
TF_WEIGHTS_PATH = 'https://github.com/fchollet/deep-learning-models/releases/download/v0.4/xception_weights_tf_dim_ordering_tf_kernels.h5'
TF_WEIGHTS_PATH_NO_TOP = 'https://github.com/fchollet/deep-learning-models/releases/download/v0.4/xception_weights_tf_dim_ordering_tf_kernels_notop.h5'
def Xception(include_top=True, weights='imagenet',
input_tensor=None, input_shape=None,
pooling=None,
classes=1000):
"""Instantiates the Xception architecture.
Optionally loads weights pre-trained
on ImageNet. This model is available for TensorFlow only,
and can only be used with inputs following the TensorFlow
data format `(width, height, channels)`.
You should set `image_data_format="channels_last"` in your Keras config
located at ~/.keras/keras.json.
Note that the default input image size for this model is 299x299.
# Arguments
include_top: whether to include the fully-connected
layer at the top of the network.
weights: one of `None` (random initialization)
or "imagenet" (pre-training on ImageNet).
input_tensor: optional Keras tensor (i.e. output of `layers.Input()`)
to use as image input for the model.
input_shape: optional shape tuple, only to be specified
if `include_top` is False (otherwise the input shape
has to be `(299, 299, 3)`.
It should have exactly 3 inputs channels,
and width and height should be no smaller than 71.
E.g. `(150, 150, 3)` would be one valid value.
pooling: Optional pooling mode for feature extraction
when `include_top` is `False`.
- `None` means that the output of the model will be
the 4D tensor output of the
last convolutional layer.
- `avg` means that global average pooling
will be applied to the output of the
last convolutional layer, and thus
the output of the model will be a 2D tensor.
- `max` means that global max pooling will
be applied.
classes: optional number of classes to classify images
into, only to be specified if `include_top` is True, and
if no `weights` argument is specified.
# Returns
A Keras model instance.
# Raises
ValueError: in case of invalid argument for `weights`,
or invalid input shape.
RuntimeError: If attempting to run this model with a
backend that does not support separable convolutions.
"""
if weights not in {'imagenet', None}:
raise ValueError('The `weights` argument should be either '
'`None` (random initialization) or `imagenet` '
'(pre-training on ImageNet).')
if weights == 'imagenet' and include_top and classes != 1000:
raise ValueError('If using `weights` as imagenet with `include_top`'
' as true, `classes` should be 1000')
if K.backend() != 'tensorflow':
raise RuntimeError('The Xception model is only available with '
'the TensorFlow backend.')
if K.image_data_format() != 'channels_last':
warnings.warn('The Xception model is only available for the '
'input data format "channels_last" '
'(width, height, channels). '
'However your settings specify the default '
'data format "channels_first" (channels, width, height). '
'You should set `image_data_format="channels_last"` in your Keras '
'config located at ~/.keras/keras.json. '
'The model being returned right now will expect inputs '
'to follow the "channels_last" data format.')
K.set_image_data_format('channels_last')
old_data_format = 'channels_first'
else:
old_data_format = None
# Determine proper input shape
input_shape = _obtain_input_shape(input_shape,
default_size=299,
min_size=71,
data_format=K.image_data_format(),
include_top=include_top)
if input_tensor is None:
img_input = Input(shape=input_shape)
else:
if not K.is_keras_tensor(input_tensor):
img_input = Input(tensor=input_tensor, shape=input_shape)
else:
img_input = input_tensor
x = Conv2D(32, (3, 3), strides=(2, 2), use_bias=False, name='block1_conv1')(img_input)
x = BatchNormalization(name='block1_conv1_bn')(x)
x = Activation('relu', name='block1_conv1_act')(x)
x = Conv2D(64, (3, 3), use_bias=False, name='block1_conv2')(x)
x = BatchNormalization(name='block1_conv2_bn')(x)
x = Activation('relu', name='block1_conv2_act')(x)
residual = Conv2D(128, (1, 1), strides=(2, 2),
padding='same', use_bias=False)(x)
residual = BatchNormalization()(residual)
x = SeparableConv2D(128, (3, 3), padding='same', use_bias=False, name='block2_sepconv1')(x)
x = BatchNormalization(name='block2_sepconv1_bn')(x)
x = Activation('relu', name='block2_sepconv2_act')(x)
x = SeparableConv2D(128, (3, 3), padding='same', use_bias=False, name='block2_sepconv2')(x)
x = BatchNormalization(name='block2_sepconv2_bn')(x)
x = MaxPooling2D((3, 3), strides=(2, 2), padding='same', name='block2_pool')(x)
x = layers.add([x, residual])
residual = Conv2D(256, (1, 1), strides=(2, 2),
padding='same', use_bias=False)(x)
residual = BatchNormalization()(residual)
x = Activation('relu', name='block3_sepconv1_act')(x)
x = SeparableConv2D(256, (3, 3), padding='same', use_bias=False, name='block3_sepconv1')(x)
x = BatchNormalization(name='block3_sepconv1_bn')(x)
x = Activation('relu', name='block3_sepconv2_act')(x)
x = SeparableConv2D(256, (3, 3), padding='same', use_bias=False, name='block3_sepconv2')(x)
x = BatchNormalization(name='block3_sepconv2_bn')(x)
x = MaxPooling2D((3, 3), strides=(2, 2), padding='same', name='block3_pool')(x)
x = layers.add([x, residual])
residual = Conv2D(728, (1, 1), strides=(2, 2),
padding='same', use_bias=False)(x)
residual = BatchNormalization()(residual)
x = Activation('relu', name='block4_sepconv1_act')(x)
x = SeparableConv2D(728, (3, 3), padding='same', use_bias=False, name='block4_sepconv1')(x)
x = BatchNormalization(name='block4_sepconv1_bn')(x)
x = Activation('relu', name='block4_sepconv2_act')(x)
x = SeparableConv2D(728, (3, 3), padding='same', use_bias=False, name='block4_sepconv2')(x)
x = BatchNormalization(name='block4_sepconv2_bn')(x)
x = MaxPooling2D((3, 3), strides=(2, 2), padding='same', name='block4_pool')(x)
x = layers.add([x, residual])
for i in range(8):
residual = x
prefix = 'block' + str(i + 5)
x = Activation('relu', name=prefix + '_sepconv1_act')(x)
x = SeparableConv2D(728, (3, 3), padding='same', use_bias=False, name=prefix + '_sepconv1')(x)
x = BatchNormalization(name=prefix + '_sepconv1_bn')(x)
x = Activation('relu', name=prefix + '_sepconv2_act')(x)
x = SeparableConv2D(728, (3, 3), padding='same', use_bias=False, name=prefix + '_sepconv2')(x)
x = BatchNormalization(name=prefix + '_sepconv2_bn')(x)
x = Activation('relu', name=prefix + '_sepconv3_act')(x)
x = SeparableConv2D(728, (3, 3), padding='same', use_bias=False, name=prefix + '_sepconv3')(x)
x = BatchNormalization(name=prefix + '_sepconv3_bn')(x)
x = layers.add([x, residual])
residual = Conv2D(1024, (1, 1), strides=(2, 2),
padding='same', use_bias=False)(x)
residual = BatchNormalization()(residual)
x = Activation('relu', name='block13_sepconv1_act')(x)
x = SeparableConv2D(728, (3, 3), padding='same', use_bias=False, name='block13_sepconv1')(x)
x = BatchNormalization(name='block13_sepconv1_bn')(x)
x = Activation('relu', name='block13_sepconv2_act')(x)
x = SeparableConv2D(1024, (3, 3), padding='same', use_bias=False, name='block13_sepconv2')(x)
x = BatchNormalization(name='block13_sepconv2_bn')(x)
x = MaxPooling2D((3, 3), strides=(2, 2), padding='same', name='block13_pool')(x)
x = layers.add([x, residual])
x = SeparableConv2D(1536, (3, 3), padding='same', use_bias=False, name='block14_sepconv1')(x)
x = BatchNormalization(name='block14_sepconv1_bn')(x)
x = Activation('relu', name='block14_sepconv1_act')(x)
x = SeparableConv2D(2048, (3, 3), padding='same', use_bias=False, name='block14_sepconv2')(x)
x = BatchNormalization(name='block14_sepconv2_bn')(x)
x = Activation('relu', name='block14_sepconv2_act')(x)
if include_top:
x = GlobalAveragePooling2D(name='avg_pool')(x)
x = Dense(classes, activation='softmax', name='predictions')(x)
else:
if pooling == 'avg':
x = GlobalAveragePooling2D()(x)
elif pooling == 'max':
x = GlobalMaxPooling2D()(x)
# Ensure that the model takes into account
# any potential predecessors of `input_tensor`.
if input_tensor is not None:
inputs = get_source_inputs(input_tensor)
else:
inputs = img_input
# Create model.
model = Model(inputs, x, name='xception')
# load weights
if weights == 'imagenet':
if include_top:
weights_path = get_file('xception_weights_tf_dim_ordering_tf_kernels.h5',
TF_WEIGHTS_PATH,
cache_subdir='models')
else:
weights_path = get_file('xception_weights_tf_dim_ordering_tf_kernels_notop.h5',
TF_WEIGHTS_PATH_NO_TOP,
cache_subdir='models')
model.load_weights(weights_path)
if old_data_format:
K.set_image_data_format(old_data_format)
return model
def preprocess_input(x):
x /= 255.
x -= 0.5
x *= 2.
return x
if __name__ == '__main__':
model = Xception(include_top=True, weights='imagenet')
img_path = 'elephant.jpg'
img = image.load_img(img_path, target_size=(299, 299))
x = image.img_to_array(img)
x = np.expand_dims(x, axis=0)
x = preprocess_input(x)
print('Input image shape:', x.shape)
preds = model.predict(x)
print(np.argmax(preds))
print('Predicted:', decode_predictions(preds, 1))
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