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One of the main challenges in Gitorious is its installation process. It is
anything but trivial.

The main piece is a plain vanilla Ruby on Rails web application, and this is
the easiest part.

The purpose of the web front-end is to concentrate all Git projects in an easy 
to manage user interface, which also makes it easy to make clones, send merge 
requests, manage committers and participate through comments in the website 
itself. The user interface also provides a nice visualization of the commit log 
and the source tree. So this is a high quality website for Git project management.

It can be used for any number of Git workflows. It is easier to create a 
Centralized Workflow model, where you have one central Git repository and many 
committers added to it, as well as the Integration Workflow, where you have a 
"mainline" repository. Other developers can clone from it, keep pushing commits 
in their own cloned repositories and once they're done with some feature, they can 
easily send a merge request back to the maintainer of the original mainline.

Take a look at Scott Chacon's explanation on these workflows:


For all of this to work, we need more than a front-end web application. There are
backend pieces that we will have to understand and deal with.

I'll make a general explanation of the architecture and then you will find 
specific procedures at:

* doc/recipes/install-centos.txt
* doc/recipes/install-ubuntu.txt

First of all, we need Git installed in the machine. We also need a MySQL database
where the project metadata is stored.

All non-web operations goes through SSH, so we need that installed too. More
than that, Gitorious was kind of inspired by an older project called Gitosis. It
has a clever idea on which there is one local user (usually called "git"). And
every developer from any project use this same user.

That's how you clone a remote repository from what's called your "Push URL":

  git clone

It is very similar as operating over an SSH URL:

  git clone ssh://

And that's exactly what happens. Let's break it down:

* git           - is the 'special' user on the server
* - is the server itself, which needs to have 
* ~             - (tilde) as all Unix users will know, it is the alias for the home 
                  directory, in this case it means "/home/git"
* gitorious     - is the project directory under the home directory of the user git.
                  And the neat thing about this is that every clone of the mainline
                  repository goes under this umbrella directory.
* mainline.git  - is the git repository directory under the project. 

But it would be odd if everybody had permission to login under the same username:
anyone could mess around any project's directories. But the advantage of using SSH is
that it is flexible enough to provide an infrastructure to disallow such a thing.

As a technical detail, whenever you log in either using a normal ssh client or the git
command line, it will read its local .ssh/authorized_keys file. Inside it you will find
something similar to this:

  ### START KEY 1 ###
  command="gitorious akitaonrails",no-port-forwarding,no-X11-forwarding,
  no-agent-forwarding,no-pty ssh-rsa AAAAB...MCay0w== fabioakita@MacHal9001.local
  ### END KEY 1 ###

I cut off the big ssh key for brevity. So whenever you try to login through ssh, you will
have your public key transferred and compared to those in this file. This allow for the
SSH server to find your entry and therefore, which 'command' it should run. Then it will
execute 'gitorious [your_login]' and it will check with the website's data if you do or
do not have access to the project you want to (it passes the SSH arguments through to the
gitorious command as well). That's how it determines your identity and your permissions
regardless of everybody logging into the same local user account (ex. 'git').

You do all this through what's called a "Push URL", meaning that you only use it if you 
have permission to push your changes back to the repository (you're either the owner of 
the project or someone added you as a committer).

If you don't have push permission, you will only see a "Public Clone URL" that resembles 
this one:
  git clone git://

Instead of going through the SSH port, this one will connect to port 9418 of your server
(if you have firewalls up, be sure to have this port open).

If there is an open port, there is a daemons. The Gitorious project also give your what's
called the "git-daemon" which keeps running and listening to this port. It allows for 
the git command to clone the remote repository but not to push stuff back. This is good 
for read-only scenarios.


Whenever you:

* Add a new ssh key to your account
* Create a new project
* Clone an existing project

Nothing will happen. Until you manually run the script/task_notifier task inside your
website's directory. This script will see what's queued and run those tasks. It would
be too time consuming to stay inside a Controller's Action, so they were correctly
detached into an asynchronous process that will run when it can. Usually people set it
up as a Cron Job.

These kinds of actions triggers notifications to the users, so e-mails are sent through
plain vanilla sendmail as well.

So that covers the main pieces.


The website provides a search functionality that depends on Sphinx and the Ultrasphinx
plugin for Rails. It is way smarter than a plain "LIKE" operator from SQL, but it 
requires a living daemon and a task.

So you will need another daemon for Sphinx and you will also need another Cron Job
for Ultrasphinx's task that rebuilds the index to reflect recent changes. Those are
optional if you don't want or don't need the search functionality.

There is another task called script/graph_generator which depends on the Gruff and
RMagick rubygems as well as the native ImageMagick library. It generates a nice
graph on commits frequency through the days. When you run it, it will generate a
PNG static image. If you don't run it, Gitorious will simply ignore it. It is very
cumbersome to make this component work correctly.


The original intent of Gitorious is for an open source public website where every 
project is open to the public.

But as Gitorious itself is an open source project, people can choose to have their
own installation (as you will, as you're reading this documentation).

Sometimes people want to install their own private Gitorious in a VPS server. And 
then host their company's internal projects, for example. But in this scenario, their
private Gitorious would be publicly exposed to the Internet.

Now you can change your config/gitorious.yml file and change this:

  public_mode: false

The default mode is 'true', which make your Gitorious public. But if you want your
own private server, change it to 'false'.

In private mode, the 'Register' page is also locked and you need to create a super
user manually. Do this in the server running the task 'script/create_admin'. It will
ask for the administrator's email and password and will create it for you.


So, the shopping list goes like this:

* install several operating system components, including Git and SSH
* set up a 'git' (or whatever other login name) local account
* install the Gitorious Rails-based website
* set up the git-daemon
* set up the sphinx daemon
* set up the task_notifier cron job
* set up the ultrasphinx cron job
* set up the graph_generator cron job

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