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PyMPL: A Mathematical Programming Toolbox

Copyright (C) 2015-2016, Filipe Brandão
Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto
Porto, Portugal. All rights reserved. E-mail:

PyMPL is a python extension to the AMPL modeling language that adds new statements for evaluating python code within AMPL/GMPL models. PyMPL also includes, among others, procedures for modeling piecewise linear functions, compressed arc-flow graphs for vector packing, sub-tour elimination constraints for TSP, and lot-sizing reformulations (LS-LIB). PyMPL is fully compatible with both python 2 and 3.

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Useful links


Install from the repository:

$ pip install pympl

Or build and install locally:

$ pip install -r requirements.txt
$ pip install . --upgrade
$ cd examples; py.test -v --cov pympl

PyMPL can also be used inside a Docker container that includes a simple web app for an easy usage.



# Evaluate python code:
xvalues = [0, 10, 15, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50, 55, 60, 70]
yvalues = [0, 20, 15, 10, 0, 50, 18, 0, 15, 24, 10, 15]

var u >= 0;
# Model a piecewise linear function given a list of pairs (x, y=f(x)):
$PWL[x,y]{zip(xvalues, yvalues)};

maximize obj: 2*x + 15*y;
s.t. A: 3*x + 4*y <= 250;
s.t. B: 7*x - 2*y + 3*u <= 170;


# Load a vector packing instance from a file:
from pyvpsolver import VBP
instance = VBP.from_file("data/instance.vbp")
var x{I}, >= 0;

# Generate the arc-flow model:
$VBP_FLOW[Z]{instance.W, instance.w, ["x[{}]".format(i) for i in range(instance.m)]};
# Variable declarations and flow conservation constraints will be created here

minimize obj: Z;
s.t. demand{i in I}: x[i] >= b[i]; # demand constraints

PyMPL Parser

import os
from pympl import PyMPL  # import the parser

# Create a parser and pass local and global variables to the model:
parser = PyMPL(locals_=locals(), globals_=globals())`

# Parse a file with PyMPL statements and produce a valid AMPL model:
parser.parse("pympl_model.mod", "ampl_model.mod")

# Call GLPK to solve the model (if the original model uses only valid GMPL statements):
os.system("glpsol --math ampl_model.mod")

# Call AMPL to solve the model:
os.system("ampl ampl_model.mod")

[Folder with examples]

Advanced features:

  • Given a function f(varname) that takes a variable name and returns its value:

    • If any command used implements solution extraction you can use parser[command_name].extract(f) to extract the solution;
    • If any command used implements cut generators you can use parser[command_name].separate(f) to generate cutting planes.

Copyright © 2015-2016 Filipe Brandão < >. All rights reserved.