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Dekel Barzilay Bumped version to 3.2.1
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README.md

feathers-objection

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Feathers database adapter for Objection.js, an ORM based on KnexJS SQL query builder for Postgres, MSSQL, MySQL, MariaDB, SQLite3, and Oracle.

Installation

npm install --save feathers-objection
npm install --save objection
npm install --save knex

Then add one of the following:

npm install --save pg
npm install --save sqlite3
npm install --save mysql
npm install --save mysql2
npm install --save oracle
npm install --save mssql

If you want to use a MariaDB instance, you can use the mysql driver.

Feathers CLI

Use feathers generate service command to generate a new Objection service.

Documentation

Please refer to the Feathers database adapter documentation for more details or directly at:

Refer to the official Objection.js documention.

It works like the Knex service adapter, except it has all the benefits of the Objection ORM.

Initializing the Library

config/defaults.json

{
  "mysql": {
    "client": "mysql2",
    "connection": {
      "host": "mysql.example.com",
      "user": "root",
      "password": "secret",
      "database": "example"
    }
  }
}

objection.js

const { Model } = require('objection');

module.exports = function(app) {
  const { client, connection } = app.get('mysql');
  const knex = require('knex')({ client, connection, useNullAsDefault: false });

  Model.knex(knex);

  app.set('knex', knex);
};

Service Options

  • model (required) - The Objection model definition
  • id (optional, default: model.idColumn or 'id') - The name of the id field property. Use array of strings for composite primary keys
  • events (optional) - A list of custom service events sent by this service
  • paginate (optional) - A pagination object containing a default and max page size
  • multi (optional) - Allow create with arrays and update and remove with id null to change multiple items. Can be true for all methods or an array of allowed methods (e.g. [ 'remove', 'create' ])
  • whitelist (optional) - A list of additional query operators to allow (e.g. [ '$eager', '$joinRelation' ])

Default Query Operators

Starting at version 2.0.0 feathers-objection converts queries securely. If you want to support additional Objection operators, the whitelist service option can contain an array of additional allowed operators. By default, supported operators are:

'$eq',
'$ne',
'$gte',
'$gt',
'$lte',
'$lt',
'$in',
'$nin',
'$like',
'$notLike',
'$iLike',
'$notILike',
'$or',
'$and'

Eager Queries

Eager queries is one way of solving the SQL database relational model in Feathers services, instead of relying with hooks.

Service Options

Note that all this eager related options are optional.

  • allowedEager - relation expression to limit the allowed eager queries in the service. Defaults to '[]', meaning no eager queries allowed. See allowEager documentation.
  • eagerFilters - option to impose compulsory eager filter. It takes an object or array of objects with the following properties:
    • expression - the relation expression that the filter will be applied.
    • filter - the filter function. It uses filterEager internally.
  • namedEagerFilters - object containing named eager filter functions. Filter is opt-in via $eager parameter.

Query Operators

  • $eager - eager load relations defined in models' relationMappings getter methods or in the namedEagerFilters option. See eager documentation.

  • $joinRelation - filter based on a relation's field. See joinRelation documentation.

  • $joinEager - filter based on a relation's field using JoinEagerAlgorithm. See $joinEager documentation.

  • $pick - pick properties from result models. See pick documentation.

  • $between - filter based on if a column value is between range of values

  • $notBetween - filter based on if a column value is not between range of values

  • $like - filter column value based on a LIKE pattern

  • $notLike - filter column value based on a NOT LIKE pattern

  • $regexp - filter column value based on a REGEXP pattern

  • $notRegexp - filter column value based on a NOT REGEXP pattern

  • $ilike - (Postgres) filter column value based on a case-insensitive LIKE pattern

  • $notILike - (Postgres) filter column value based on a case-insensitive NOT LIKE pattern

  • $iRegexp - (Postgres) filter column value based on a case-insensitive REGEXP pattern

  • $notIRegexp - (Postgres) filter column value based on a case-insensitive NOT REGEXP pattern

  • $containsKey (Postgres) - filter based on if a column contains a key

  • $any (Postgres) - filter based on if a column contains any key from array of strings

  • $all (Postgres) - filter based on if a column contains all keys from array of strings

  • $contains (Postgres) - filter based on if a column contains a value

  • $contained (Postgres) - filter based on if a column is contained in a value

Params Operators

  • transaction - A transaction object. See transaction documentation.
  • mergeAllowEager - Just like allowEager but instead of replacing query builder’s allowEager expression this method merges the given expression to the existing expression. See mergeAllowEager documentation.

Composite primary keys

Composite primary keys can be passed as the id argument using the following methods:

  • String with values separated by the idSeparator property (order matter, recommended for REST)
  • JSON array (order matter, recommended for internal service calls)
  • JSON object (more readable, recommended for internal service calls)

When calling a service method with the id argument, all primary keys are required to be passed.

Service Options

  • idSeparator - (optional) separator char to separate composite primary keys in the id argument of get/patch/update/remove external service calls. Defaults to ','.
app.use('/user-todos', service({
  id: ['userId', 'todoId'],
  idSeparator: ','
})

app.service('/user-todos').get('1,2')
app.service('/user-todos').get([1, 2])
app.service('/user-todos').get({ userId: 1, todoId: 2 })

JSON column

JSON column will be automatically converted from and to JS object/array and will be saved as text in unsupported databases.

Query against a JSON column in PostgresSQL:

app.service('companies').find({ query: { obj: { numberField: 1.5 } } });
app
  .service('companies')
  .find({ query: { obj: { numberField: { $gt: 1.5 } } } });
app.service('companies').find({
  query: { obj: { 'objectField.object': 'string in obj.objectField.object' } }
});
app.service('companies').find({
  query: {
    obj: { 'arrayField(0).object': 'string in obj.arrayField[0].object' }
  }
});
app.service('companies').find({
  query: {
    arr: { '(0).objectField.object': 'string in arr[0].objectField.object' }
  }
});

Graph upsert

Arbitrary relation graphs can be upserted (insert + update + delete) using the upsertGraph method. See examples for a better explanation. Runs on the .update(id, data, params) service method.

The relation being upserted must also be present in allowedEager option and included in $eager query.

Service Options

  • allowedUpsert - relation expression to allow relations to be upserted along with update. Defaults to null, meaning relations will not be automatically upserted unless specified here. See allowUpsert documentation.
  • upsertGraphOptions - See upsertGraphOptions documentation.
  • createUseUpsertGraph - If set to true, Graph Upsert will also be used for .create(data, params) method instead of Graph Insert.
app.use('/companies', service({
  model: Company,
  allowedEager: 'clients',
  allowedUpsert: 'clients'
})

app.service('/companies').update(1, {
  name: 'New Name',
  clients: [{
    id: 100,
    name: 'Existing Client'
  }, {
    name: 'New Client'
  }]
})

In the example above, we are updating the name of an existing company, along with adding a new client which is a relationship for companies. The client without the ID would be inserted and related. The client with the ID will just be updated (if there are any changes at all).

Graph insert

Arbitrary relation graphs can be inserted using the insertGraph method. Provides the ability to relate the inserted object with its associations. Runs on the .create(data, params) service method.

The relation being created must also be present in allowedEager option and included in $eager query.

Service Options

  • allowedInsert - relation expression to allow relations to be created along with insert. Defaults to null, meaning relations will not be automatically created unless specified here. See allowInsert documentation.
  • insertGraphOptions - See insertGraphOptions documentation.

Service

users.service.js

const createService = require('feathers-objection');
const createModal = require('../../models/users.model');
const hooks = require('./users.hooks');

module.exports = function(app) {
  const Modal = createModal(app);
  const paginate = app.get('paginate');

  const options = {
    model: Modal,
    paginate,
    whitelist: ['$eager', '$joinRelation'],
    allowedEager: 'todos'
  };

  app.use('/users', createService(options));

  const service = app.service('users');

  service.hooks(hooks);
};

todos.service.js

const createService = require('feathers-objection');
const createModal = require('../../models/todos.model');
const hooks = require('./todos.hooks');

module.exports = function(app) {
  const Modal = createModal(app);
  const paginate = app.get('paginate');

  const options = {
    model: Modal,
    paginate,
    whitelist: ['$eager', '$joinRelation'],
    allowedEager: '[user, subtask]',
    namedEagerFilters: {
      unDone: function(builder) {
        builder.where('done', false);
      }
    },
    eagerFilters: [
      {
        expression: 'subtask',
        filter: function(builder) {
          builder.where('archived', true);
        }
      }
    ]
  };

  app.use('/todos', createService(options));

  const service = app.service('todos');

  service.hooks(hooks);
};

Use eager queries as follows:

// Get all todos and their unfinished tasks
app.service('/todos').find({
  query: {
    $eager: 'subtask(unDone)'
  }
});

// Get all todos of an active user with firstName 'John'
app.service('/todos').find({
  query: {
    'user.firstName': 'John',
    $eager: 'user(active)',
    $joinRelation: 'user(active)'
  }
});

See this article for more information.

Models

Objection requires you to define Models for your tables:

users.model.js

const { Model } = require('objection');

class User extends Model {
  static get tableName() {
    return 'user';
  }

  static get jsonSchema() {
    return {
      type: 'object',
      required: ['firstName', 'lastName'],

      properties: {
        id: { type: 'integer' },
        firstName: { type: 'string', maxLength: 45 },
        lastName: { type: 'string', maxLength: 45 },
        status: {
          type: 'string',
          enum: ['active', 'disabled'],
          default: 'active'
        }
      }
    };
  }

  static get relationMappings() {
    const Todo = require('./todos.model')();

    return {
      todos: {
        relation: Model.HasManyRelation,
        modelClass: Todo,
        join: {
          from: 'user.id',
          to: 'todo.userId'
        }
      }
    };
  }

  static get namedFilters() {
    return {
      active: builder => {
        builder.where('status', 'active');
      }
    };
  }

  $beforeInsert() {
    this.createdAt = this.updatedAt = new Date().toISOString();
  }

  $beforeUpdate() {
    this.updatedAt = new Date().toISOString();
  }
}

module.exports = function(app) {
  if (app) {
    const db = app.get('knex');

    db.schema
      .hasTable('user')
      .then(exists => {
        if (!exists) {
          db.schema
            .createTable('user', table => {
              table.increments('id');
              table.string('firstName', 45);
              table.string('lastName', 45);
              table.enum('status', ['active', 'disabled']).defaultTo('active');
              table.timestamp('createdAt');
              table.timestamp('updatedAt');
            })
            .then(() => console.log('Created user table'))
            .catch(e => console.error('Error creating user table', e));
        }
      })
      .catch(e => console.error('Error creating user table', e));
  }

  return User;
};

module.exports = User;

todos.model.js

const { Model } = require('objection');

class Todo extends Model {
  static setup(app) {
    this.app = app;
  }

  static get tableName() {
    return 'todo';
  }

  static get jsonSchema() {
    return {
      type: 'object',
      required: ['userId', 'text'],

      properties: {
        id: { type: 'integer' },
        userId: { type: 'integer' },
        text: { type: 'string', maxLength: 500 },
        complete: { type: 'boolean', default: false },
        dueDate: { type: 'string', format: 'date-time' }
      }
    };
  }

  static get relationMappings() {
    const User = require('./users.model')();

    return {
      user: {
        relation: Model.BelongsToOneRelation,
        modelClass: User,
        join: {
          from: 'todo.userId',
          to: 'user.id'
        }
      }
    };
  }

  static get namedFilters() {
    const knex = this.app.get('knex');

    return {
      overdue: builder => {
        builder
          .where('complete', '=', false)
          .where('dueDate', '<', knex.fn.now());
      }
    };
  }

  $beforeInsert() {
    this.createdAt = this.updatedAt = new Date().toISOString();
  }

  $beforeUpdate() {
    this.updatedAt = new Date().toISOString();
  }
}

module.exports = function(app) {
  if (app) {
    Todo.setup(app);

    const db = app.get('knex');

    db.schema
      .hasTable('todo')
      .then(exists => {
        if (!exists) {
          db.schema
            .createTable('todo', table => {
              table.increments('id');
              table.integer('userId');
              table.string('text', 500);
              table.boolean('complete');
              table.timestamp('dueDate');
              table.timestamp('createdAt');
              table.timestamp('updatedAt');
            })
            .then(() => console.log('Created todo table'))
            .catch(e => console.error('Error creating todo table', e));
        }
      })
      .catch(e => console.error('Error creating todo table', e));
  }

  return Todo;
};

Complete Example

Here's a complete example of a Feathers server with a todos SQLite service:

$ npm install @feathersjs/feathers @feathersjs/express body-parser feathers-objection objection knex sqlite3

app.js

const feathers = require('@feathersjs/feathers');
const express = require('@feathersjs/express');
const rest = require('@feathersjs/express/rest');
const errorHandler = require('@feathersjs/express/errors');
const bodyParser = require('body-parser');
const createService = require('feathers-objection');
const { Model } = require('objection');

const knex = require('knex')({
  client: 'sqlite3',
  connection: {
    filename: './db.sqlite'
  },
  useNullAsDefault: false
});

// Bind Objection.js
Model.knex(knex);

// Clean up our data. This is optional and is here
// because of our integration tests
knex.schema.dropTableIfExists('todo').then(function() {
  console.log('Dropped todo table');

  // Initialize your table
  return knex.schema.createTable('todo', function(table) {
    console.log('Creating todo table');
    table.increments('id');
    table.string('text');
    table.boolean('complete');
    table.timestamp('createdAt');
    table.timestamp('updatedAt');
  });
});

// Create a feathers instance.
const app = express(feathers())
  // Enable REST services
  .configure(rest())
  // Turn on JSON parser for REST services
  .use(bodyParser.json())
  // Turn on URL-encoded parser for REST services
  .use(bodyParser.urlencoded({ extended: true }));

// Create an Objection Model
class Todo extends Model {
  static get tableName() {
    return 'todo';
  }

  static get jsonSchema() {
    return {
      type: 'object',
      required: ['text'],

      properties: {
        id: { type: 'integer' },
        text: { type: 'string' },
        complete: { type: 'boolean', default: false }
      }
    };
  }

  $beforeInsert() {
    this.createdAt = this.updatedAt = new Date().toISOString();
  }

  $beforeUpdate() {
    this.updatedAt = new Date().toISOString();
  }
}

// Create Objection Feathers service with a default page size of 2 items
// and a maximum size of 4
app.use(
  '/todos',
  createService({
    model: Todo,
    id: 'id',
    paginate: {
      default: 2,
      max: 4
    }
  })
);

// Handle Errors
app.use(errorHandler());

// Start the server
module.exports = app.listen(3030);

console.log('Feathers Todo Objection service running on 127.0.0.1:3030');

Run the example with node app and go to localhost:3030/todos.

You should see an empty array. That's because you don't have any Todos yet, but you now have full CRUD for your new todos service!

Migrating

feathers-objection 2.0.0 comes with important security and usability updates.

Important: For general migration information to the new database adapter functionality see crow.docs.feathersjs.com/migrating.html#database-adapters.

The following breaking changes have been introduced:

  • All methods allow additional query parameters
  • Multiple updates are disabled by default (see the multi option)
  • Objection related operators are disabled by default (see the whitelist option)

License

Copyright © 2019

Licensed under the MIT license.

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