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Enhanced Version of the jQuery Cookie plugin that uses HTML5's localStorage feature and that support chunking of values in multiple cookies to save big size content.

branch: master
README.md

Introduction

The enhanced version of the jQuery Cookie plugin is based on Klaus Hartl's jQuery Cookie pluging. The code of the chunkedcookie function comes from the original jQuery Cookie plugin.

This extension to the jQuery Cookie plugin adds the capability to save content that is bigger than 4096 bytes long using two different mechanism: the usage of HTML5's localStorage, or the usage of a series of cookies where the content is chunked and saved. This extension is backward compatible with the jQuery Cookie plugin and its usage should be transparent to the users. Even if existing cookies have been created with the normal Cookie plugin, they will still be usable by this new extension. The usage syntax is the same, but 3 new options have been created.

New Options

Before I explains how this extension works, let me introduce three new options that have been added to the Cookie plugin. These new options will be put into context, and properly defined later in this blog post.

  • maxChunkSize - This defines the maximum number of bytes that can be saved in a single cookie. (default: 3000)
  • maxNumberOfCookies - This is the maximum number of cookies that can be created for a single domain name. (default: 20)
  • useLocalStorage - This tells the extended Cookie plugin to use the HTML5's localStorage capabilities of the browser instead of a cookie to save that value. (default: true)

How Does This Extension Works?

As I said in the introduction of this blog post, this extension to the jQuery Cookie plugin does two things:

  • It uses the HTML5 localStorage capabilities of the browser if this feature is available instead of relying on the cookies. However, if cookies are needed by the developer, this feature can be turned off with the useLocalStorage = false option
  • If the localStorage option is disable, or simply not available on a browser, and if the content is bigger than the limit of the size of a cookie, then this extension will chunk the input content, and save it in multiple cookies

If the useLocalStorage is true, then the plugin will try to see if the HTML5 localStorage mechanism is available on the browser. If it is, then it will use that local storage to save and retrieve content to the browser. If it is not, then the plugin will act like if useLocalStorage is false and the process will continue by using cookies to save and read that content from the browser.

If useLocalStorage is false, or if the HTML5 localStorage mechanism is not available on the browser, then the plugin will check if the content is bigger than the maxChunkSize option, than all the chunks will be saved in different cookies until it reaches the limit imposed by the maxNumberOfCookies option.

If cookies are used, then two use-cases can happen:

  • The content is smaller than or equal to maxChunkSize
  • The content is bigger than maxChunkSize

If the content is smaller than or equal to maxChunkSize than only one cookie will be created by the browser. The name of the cookie will be the value provided to the key parameter.

If the content is bigger than maxChunkSize than multiple cookies will be created, one per chunk. The convention is that the name of the first cookie is the value provided to the key parameter. The name of the other chunks is the value provided to the key parameter with the chunk indicator ---ChunkNum append to it. For example, if we have a cookie with a content of 10000 bytes that has maxChunkSize defined to 4000 bytes, then these three cookies would be created:

  • cookie-name
  • cookie-name---1
  • cookie-name---2

Usage

Create a Cookie

Let's create a cookie that expires in 365 days and where the path is the root:

$.cookie('my-cookie', "the-content-of-my-cookie", { expires: 365, path: "/" });

By default, this value will be persisted in the localStorage if the browser supports it, and not in a cookie. So, let's see how to force the plugin to save the content in a cookie by using the useLocalStorage option:

$.cookie('my-cookie', "the-content-of-my-cookie", {useLocalStorage: false, expires: 365, path: "/" });

Delete a Cookie

Let's see how a cookie can be deleted. The method is simply to put null as the value of the cookie. This will instruct the plugin to remove the cookie.

$.cookie('my-cookie', null);

With that call, the plugin will try to remove my-cookie both in the localStorage and in the cookies.

Read a Cookie

Let's see how we can read the content of a cookie:

var value = $.cookie('my-cookie');

With this call, value will get the content that has been saved in the localStorage, or the cookies. This will depend if the localStorage was available in the browser.

Now, let's see how to force reading the cookies by bypassing the localStorage mechanism:

var value = $.cookie('my-cookie', {useLocalStorage: false});

Note that if the cookie is not existing for a key, then the $.cookie() function will return null.

Using Limitations

Let's see how to use the maxNumberOfCookies and maxChunkSize options to limit the size and the number of cookies to be created.

With this example, the content will be saved in multiple cookies of 1000 bytes each up to 30 cookies:

var value = $.cookie('my-cookie', "the-content-of-my-cookie-is-10000-bytes-long...", {useLocalStorage: false, maxChunkSize  = 1000, maxNumberOfCookies = 30, expires: 365, path: "/" });
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