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This is new version of fhirbase, with support of DSTU-2 and planned support many advanced features:

  • Extended query syntax
  • Terminologies
  • Profile validation
  • References validation
  • ValueSet validation


While crafting Health IT systems we understand an importance of a properly chosen domain model. FHIR is an open source new generation lightweight standard for health data interoperability, which (we hope) could be used as a foundation for Health IT systems. FHIR is based on a concept of resource.

FHIR® is a next generation standards framework created by HL7. FHIR combines the best features of HL7 Version 2, Version 3 and CDA® product lines while leveraging the latest web standards and applying a tight focus on implementability.

We also learned that data is a heart of any information system, and should be reliably managed. PostgreSQL is a battle proven open source database which supports structured documents (jsonb) while preserving ACID guaranties and richness of SQL query language.

PostgreSQL is a powerful, open source object-relational database system. It has more than 15 years of active development and a proven architecture that has earned it a strong reputation for reliability, data integrity, and correctness.

Here is the list of PostgreSQL features that we use:


To install fhirbase you need postgresql-9.4 and plv8 extension.

sudo apt-get install postgresql-contrib-9.4 postgresql-9.4-plv8  -qq -y
psql -c "CREATE USER \"user\" WITH PASSWORD 'password'"
psql -c 'CREATE DATABASE fhirbase;' -U user
psql -c '\dt' -U postgres
export DATABASE_URL=postgres://user:password@localhost:5432/fhirbase

wget<version of the fhirbase>/fhirbase-<version of the fhirbase>
unzip fhirbase-<version of the fhirbase>

cat fhirbase-<version of the fhirbase>.sql | psql fhirbase


export DATABASE_URL=postgres://user:password@localhost:5432/fhirbase

wget<version of the fhirbase>/fhirbase-<version of the fhirbase>
unzip fhirbase-<version of the fhirbase>

cat fhirbase-<version of the fhirbase>-patch.sql | psql fhirbase

Development Installation

Development installation requires node v6.2.0 or newer and npm 3.0.0 or newer, which could be installed by nvm:

# install node < 0.12 by nvm for example
sudo apt-get install postgresql-contrib-9.4 postgresql-9.4-plv8  -qq -y

git clone
cd fhirbase-plv8
git submodule init && git submodule update

npm install && cd plpl && npm install
npm install -g mocha && npm install -g coffee-script

psql -c 'CREATE DATABASE fhirbase;' -U postgres
psql -c '\dt' -U postgres

export DATABASE_URL=postgres://fb:fb@localhost:5432/fhirbase

# build migrations
coffee  utils/ -n  | psql fhirbase
cat utils/patch_3.sql | psql fhirbase

# change something
# reload schema

plpl/bin/plpl reload
npm run test

# goto: change something

Run test suite in docker container

git clone fhirbase
cd fhirbase
docker build .

PostgreSQL Config For Plv8

If you have permissions to edit PostgreSQL config, add directive for auto setting plv8 parameter for every connection. It will make your debugging and development much easier:

echo "plv8.start_proc='plv8_init'" >> /etc/postgresql/9.4/main/postgresql.conf


To make fhirbase-plv8 work, just after opening connection to postgresql, you have to issue the following command (read more here):

SET plv8.start_proc = 'plv8_init';


SET plv8.start_proc = 'plv8_init';

-- work with storage

SELECT fhir_create_storage('{"resourceType": "Patient"}');
SELECT fhir_drop_storage('{"resourceType": "Patient"}');
SELECT fhir_truncate_storage('{"resourceType": "Patient"}');
-- delete all resources of specified type

-- the above commands should look like this:
$ psql fhirbase
psql (9.4.6)
Type "help" for help.

fhirbase=# SET plv8.start_proc = 'plv8_init';
fhirbase=# SELECT fhir_create_storage('{"resourceType": "Patient"}');
 {"status":"ok","message":"Table patient was created"}
(1 row)



SELECT fhir_create_resource('{"resource": {"resourceType": "Patient", "name": [{"given": ["Smith"]}]}}');

-- create will fail if id provided, to create with predefined id pass [allowId] option or use fhir_update_resource
SELECT fhir_create_resource('{"allowId": true, "resource": {"resourceType": "Patient", "id": "smith"}}');

-- conditional create
SELECT fhir_create_resource('{"ifNoneExist": "identifier=007", "resource": {"resourceType": "Patient", "id": "smith", "name": [{"given": ["Smith"]}]}}');

SELECT fhir_read_resource('{"resourceType": "Patient", "id": "smith"}');

SELECT fhir_vread_resource('{"resourceType": "Patient", "id": "????", "versionId": "????"}');

SELECT fhir_resource_history('{"resourceType": "Patient", "id": "smith"}');

SELECT fhir_resource_type_history('{"resourceType": "Patient", "queryString": "_count=2&_since=2015-11"}');

SELECT fhir_update_resource('{"resource": {"resourceType": "Patient", "id": "smith", "name": [{"given": ["John"], "family": ["Smith"]}]}}');

-- conditional update
SELECT fhir_update_resource('{"ifNoneExist": "identifier=007", "resource": {"resourceType": "Patient", "id": "smith", "name": [{"given": ["Smith"]}]}}');

-- update with contention guard
SELECT fhir_update_resource('{"ifMatch": "..versionid..", "resource": {"resourceType": "Patient", "id": "smith", "name": [{"given": ["Smith"]}]}}');

SELECT fhir_search('{"resourceType": "Patient", "queryString": "name=smith"}');

SELECT fhir_index_parameter('{"resourceType": "Patient", "name": "name"}');
SELECT fhir_unindex_parameter('{"resourceType": "Patient", "name": "name"}');

SELECT fhir_search_sql('{"resourceType": "Patient", "queryString": "name=smith"}');
-- see generated SQL

SELECT fhir_explain_search('{"resourceType": "Patient", "queryString": "name=smith"}');
-- see execution plan

-- mark resource as deleted (i.e. keep history)
SELECT fhir_delete_resource('{"resourceType": "Patient", "id": "smith"}');

-- completely delete resource and it history
SELECT fhir_terminate_resource('{"resourceType": "Patient", "id": "smith"}');

-- expand valueset
SELECT fhir_valueset_expand('{"id": "issue-types", "filter": "err"}');


SELECT fhir_conformance('{"default": "values"}');
-- return simple Conformance resource, based on created stores


-- use different methods to calculate total elements to improve performance: no _totalMethod or _totalMethod=exact uses standard approach
SELECT fhir_search('{"resourceType": "Patient", "queryString": "name=smith"}');
SELECT fhir_search('{"resourceType": "Patient", "queryString": "name=smith&_totalMethod=exact"}');

-- _totalMethod=extimated - faster but 'total' is estimated.
SELECT fhir_search('{"resourceType": "Patient", "queryString": "name=smith&_totalMethod=estimated"}');

-- _totalMethod=no - fastest but no 'total' is returned.
SELECT fhir_search('{"resourceType": "Patient", "queryString": "name=smith&_totalMethod=no"}');


See the


Copyright © 2016 health samurai.

fhirbase is released under the terms of the MIT License.